Thursday, October 31, 2019

CWP, 31 October MMXIX Anno Domini

Happy Halloween Sheepdogs,

*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****

----- Mindset -----

     Opportunities are missed because they are
often dressed in overalls and look like work.
-- Thomas Edison

The Myth!

     Responsibility is proportionate to opportunity.
-- Woodrow Wilson

     Knowing that I am going to die allows me to avoid
the trap of thinking I have something to lose. 
-- Steve Jobs

Avoidance, Deterrence, and De-escalation
-- John Farnam

----- Safety -----

Don't go to stupid places.
Don't do stupid things.
Don't hang out with stupid people.
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.
Don't look like a freak.
Don't fail the attitude test.
-- John Farnam

Daily lesson -- always keep the safety on on your pepper spray.
Mine just shot off in my pocket. My whole damn leg is on fire lol.
-- Selmar K. Dorsey II

Former Punta Gorda officer who shot and killed librarian won’t go to jail
“There was no appointed safety officer for the exercise.
The department had adapted its exercise from a YouTube video
without developing written lesson plans or scripts. Officers
couldn’t distinguish between blanks and live ammunition.
The immediate vicinity was not cordoned off, and protective
gear was not required.  Participants and onlookers were not
searched for unauthorized weapons or live ammunition, and no
safety briefings were conducted before the exercise — just
some of the revelations uncovered by investigations following
Knowlton’s death.”

Guest column: ‘To the Knowlton family…’
". . . police training [with regards to Simunitions] is abysmal . . ." 
     Actually, in many cases, it's non-existent.  So, before you go to any force-on-force
training, find out what their safety protocols are.  If they won't tell you, don't go. 
If their instructors haven't had any formal training, don't go.  If their protocols
aren't as good as those practiced at the annual Tactical Conference, don't go. 
Lots and lots of people have been injured or killed in force-on-force training,
because the instructors were incompetent.  This incident was not a rare occurrence.

“The fast and/or emphatic reholster
is an awesome way to shoot yourself.”
-- Chuck Haggard

----- Training -----

     "The real value of training, though, is that it improves competence,
which leads to a higher level of confidence." 
-- Rehn & Daub

Six Do’s and Don’ts of Handgun Training

"You train for the people who love you."
-- Tatiana Whitlock

Solving Trigger Jerk: Drills & Techniques
     This article is a little deeper than it may appear at first blush.

Care enough to continue your training.

Forget About Setting Goals. Focus on Systems Instead.

Why train?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill

     I took John Farnam's Instructor Development class this past weekend
(5-6 October 2019 A.D.).  And I graduated!  (More of an accomplishment
than you might think.)  Some of the things I learned: 
     Concerning gun shot wounds:
~75% are self inflicted accidents (incompetent gun handling)
~25% are self inflicted intentional (suicide or attempted suicide)
~1-2% are inflicted by another person
So, you are by far the most likely person to shoot you.
So, you must know and practice the safety rules.  Yes, during a gunfight.
Bad guys don't practice the safety rules, because they don't care about
injuring or killing people.  We are the good guys.  We care.
Of those who get shot, only 3% die.
     It's important to shoot targets that have faces and look like persons. 
     Perceptual distortions are common. 
     You will be sued.
     Failure to achieve your goal of bullet placement is a judgment error,
not a marksmanship error.  You have not judged how fast or slow you need
to shoot at that distance to hit that target area.
     Is violence every a good thing?  No.
Force = to compel by physical means.
Violence = force used unlawfully.
This is proper word usage.  Some people use words without knowing what they mean.
Remember, precision of language is precision of thought.
     Avoid training scars.  Don't train things that you wouldn't do in combat.
     We load and unload guns.  Charge and void magazines.  [Overloading words
is fine in computer programming languages such as C++.  But, it's confusing
to beginners.  And when using guns, confusion is dangerous.  -- Jon Low]
     Unnecessary gun handling is an accident generator.
     Make sure your safety glasses cover the sides.  Wear wide brimmed hats.
Wear ear protection.  (Young girls are very sensitive.  They may need both ear plugs and muffs.)
No shooting without protection. 
     Speak in complete sentences.
Silence is better than "um", "ah", "you know", etc.
Use pregnant pauses.  Silence is better than a defensive response.
Make your point, then shut up.
     You must demonstrate!  [Both, Mr. John Farnam (the instructor)
and Mr. James Yeager (the assistant instructor) demonstrated the
course of fire for our test.  They both failed to pass the test. 
As Mr. Farnam says, we fail magnificently.  We are here to fail,
because we are here to learn.  You learn very little when you succeed. 
I suspect they both intentionally failed the test to make a point. 
It was after all an Instructor Development course, not a shooting
     If the student shows up with a Hi Point, teach him how to use it. 
Don't be arrogant.
     In stranger kidnappings, one hour after the abduction,
there is a 75% probability the hostage is dead.  After 24 hours
there is a 100% probability the hostage is dead.  So, you can't
let the kidnapper get away.  You have to take the shot. 
Don't fear killing the hostage.  If you don't stop the kidnapper,
the hostage will die.
     Use red dots for bad eyes or old eyes.  Using a red dot sight extends the
effective range of your pistol.
     When holding someone at gun point, aim at his navel.  So, you can see his
hands.  [But, you should not be doing this.  In the Marine Corps, we were
taught to never take prisoners. -- Jon Low]
     Ride the trigger forward and backward.  Don't lose contact with the trigger.
Trigger terms:
slack = trigger movement without sear movement (necessary for combat pistols)
break dawn = the hard stop at the end of slack and the start of sear movement
creep = the movement of the sear before the break (there shouldn't be any)
break = when the sear releases the firing pin / striker
over travel = movement of the trigger after the break (this should be minimized)
reset or catching the link = releasing the trigger until you hear or feel the
click of the trigger reset
     James Yeager (the assistant instructor) suggested eliminating the tactical reload
from your repertoire.  Instead, do an emergency reload.  He told us that Massad Ayoob
has been searching for 20 years for a case where a partially loaded magazine that was
retained during a reloading process was ever used.  Mr. Ayoob has never found such a case.
     Mr. Yeager also recommended eliminating malfunction clearing from
your repertoire.  Instead, reload.  Because, most of the time, a failure
to fire is due to lack of ammunition, not a malfunction.  And a failure
to extract is rare.  But, attempting to reload will not fix a failure to extract.
     [There are pros and cons to every technique.  You have to calculate
your probabilities and decide what compromises you are willing to make.
If you believe in Hick's Law, Yeager's suggestions will significantly speed
up your reloading and stoppage reductions operations. 
     Hick's Law says that the fewer decisions you make, the faster you go. 
And the fewer options you have to choose from in any decision, the faster
you go.
Hick, W.E. (1952), “On the Rate of Gain of Information”,
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 4, p11-26.  ]
     Don't modify your gun.  Your gun must be "within factory specifications and serviceable".
[This is what the expert witness is going to say at your trial, when you are
prosecuted for murder.  Even though it was a righteous self defense shooting. 
The police did not arrest.  The grand jury did not indict.  The district attorney
declined to prosecute.  So, the governor appointed another prosecutor to
prosecute you.  Think that would never happen to you?  It happened to George Zimmerman
in Florida. -- Jon Low]

A review of "Defensive Shotgun taught by Tom Givens" by Dr. LateBloomer

A review of "Pistol Shooting Solutions taught by Gabe White" by Tom Givens

I not only use all the brains that I have, but all that I can borrow.
-- Woodrow Wilson

You’re Going To Be In A Gunfight Tomorrow!

Drop It!
     Through it all, it is vital to have a real person in front of you,
doing something dangerous for you to properly draw your weapon for the
right, legal reasons, not a bell, not a whistle, or timer.  A person!
Thus, the desperate need for interactive, simulated ammo training.

7 Defensive Handgun Training Myths

Gunfighters I Have Known
     "Fit cops shoot better, think more clearly and have the will,
stamina and strength to survive and win."
-- Police Officer III Scott Reitz (ret.)
     ". . . you must look at your front sight in a gunfight; . . ."
-- Patrolman Bill Allard (ret.)
     ". . . surviving in combat is simple: bottom-up planning,
combat marksmanship, thinking outside the box and medical training."
-- Sergeant Major Kyle Lamb (ret.)
     "Don’t have a preferred weapon. Learn to excel and win with whatever you have."
-- Detective III John Helms (ret.)
     "The winner is always the best-trained, most-focused combatant."
-- Robert Kolesar

"Police chief: 'Absolutely no excuse' for Fort Worth woman's death"
     This is the result of insufficient training or poor training.
     As Greg Ellifritz says, if you lack training, you will lack confidence,
which will cause you to go to the gun too soon.  And use the gun inappropriately.

Worst Possible Case and 100 percent Standards
     I think this is the class that Tiffany Johnson and Aqil Qadir taught at
KR Training in Manheim, TX
I had taken the NRA CCW student class and the instructor class from Tiffany and
Aqil a couple of weeks earlier in Woodbury, TN.  [See earlier blog posting,
October 1st of 2019, for my review of their class.]

Support-Hand Shooting: Setup & Skill-Building Tips

3 Perspectives: A Rangemaster Defensive Shotgun Instructor Course AAR (After Action Report)
     Please note the list of things learned.

The Firearms Training Checklist: How to Avoid Mall Ninjas, Gun-Fu Gurus & Other Tactical Clodhoppers
by Tamara Keel (not Administrator)
     Yes, good instructors encourage their students to seek training from other instructors.

"Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner

----- Practice -----

      Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III

6 Defensive Handgun Drills to Master

Slow is smooth.  Smooth is efficient (no wasted motion).  Efficient is fast. 

"It’s not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee

Handgun Drills: The Things To Practice – Part 1
Handgun Drills: The Things To Practice – Part 2

5 Shooting Drills To Keep Your Skills Sharp

----- Techniques -----

“Use only that which works, and take it from any place you can find it.”
-- Bruce Lee

Video: Finer Points Of Clearing Corners

"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee

Hostage Shot -- (Thanks to John Farnam)
From cover, assume a Sul position. 
Step into view.
Ask, "What do you want?" 
When the bad guy starts to answer, aim in and take the shot to the cranio-ocular cavity. 
     This is just like the disarm strategy.  Talking, especially answering a question,
is a high order intellectual activity.  It is effectively impossible to answer the
question and shoot at the same time.  This will cause a delay in the bad guy's reaction
to your presentation, giving you the time to make the shot.

Insults and Challenges- 5 Tips for Effective Verbalization During a Violent Encounter

     There are techniques in every discipline that allow the practitioner to
do the job well.  The techniques are not secret.  It's just that most persons
are ignorant of the correct techniques.  Because they have not endeavored to
get training from masters of the discipline.  Let me give you three examples: 
     When spray painting, create or find a dust free environment. 
Apply a very light coat.  So light that you can barely see it.  Wait for it to dry. 
Apply a very light coat.  Wait for it to dry.  After several very light coats,
the object will look sharp.  (This is common knowledge to anyone who paints
cars professionally.  Thanks to John "Anthony" Grass.)
     When casting an arrow with a recurve bow, during the draw, the arrow must
continuously and smoothly move backwards relative to the riser.  It may slow down,
even approaching a stop at anchor.  But, it must never move forward relative to
the riser before release.  (This takes a great deal of practice to achieve. 
Thanks to Coach Alfred Lizzio, Columbia University Archery Teams.) 
[This is done by all recurve archers at the National and International level. 
Though not all such archer are aware that they are doing this.  Being aware
of all of the technical details is not necessary.  Only executing correctly
is necessary.  You see how this is different from spray painting?  You see
why being a good practitioner does not necessarily make you a good teacher.]
     When shooting a modern firearm with a correct trigger mechanism,
marksmanship is trigger control.  Trigger control is achieving a
"surprise trigger break".  Because the surprise break defeats all of your
autonomic nervous system responses to the report and recoil of the firearm. 
[The archer achieves a surprise break by smoothly drawing the arrow and
training himself to automatically releasing the arrow when the clicker clicks. 
Using the lats between the shoulder blades to pull through the clicker,
triggers the clicker.  But, the archer is not intentionally triggering
the clicker.  The clicker is triggering the archer's release.] 
The shooter does not intentionally fire the shot.  Rather, the shooter
smoothly increases pressure on the trigger (after all slack has been
removed from the trigger) and the sear disengagement releases the shot.
Similar to archery, but the movement is much more subtle.  Similar to
spray painting, as knowledge and awareness of what you are doing is
essential to executing the process correctly.

Run and Gun: The Oscar Plasencia Incident
"It was clear to investigators then and now [that] Simms saw [that] the officers
were wearing ballistic vests, and deliberately targeted them for head shots.
It was equally clear to Oscar Plasencia that in his final shootout with Simms,
the cop killer was aiming high, for his head."
     [Concealed means concealed.  Don't let anyone know you are carrying a gun. 
Don't let anyone know you are wearing body armor. -- Jon Low]
"Oscar waited to shoot until he was certain he could hit his target and not send a
bullet past the cop killer into the inhabited background the situation had given him."
     [Such is responsible good guy behavior.  Please do likewise.  -- Jon Low]

Skill Set: A Slower Pace

----- Tactics -----

You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen

"Audacity wins."
-- Carl von Clausewitz

----- Education -----

"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam

Institutional Memory
     A fine list of books to read.

Revisiting The 21-Foot Rule

"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you’re unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin

"If you haven’t read hundreds of books, you are functionally illiterate,
and you will be incompetent, because your personal experiences alone
aren’t broad enough to sustain you."
-- General James “Mad Dog” Mattis

*****     *****     ***** Hardware *****     *****     *****

"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley

----- Gear -----

     The surgeon has no favorite scalpel.  He has a skill.  Any scalpel will do. 
If no scalpel is available, any knife will do.  I have seen a surgeon grab a steak
knife off a dining room table to perform a tracheotomy.
     Invest in yourself.  Spend your money on training to develop your skill. 
     The only requirements of gear are reliable and safe operation.  Satisfying
those requirements is not expensive.

Defense in Depth

     I often tell my students to seek training now, because the fine instructors
don't teach forever.  I find this truth applies to gear as well.  I recommended
a fine holster a few months ago in this blog.  Unfortunately, that holster has
gone out of production.  Fine products go out of production for all kinds of
unrelated reasons:  incompetent management in the company, an unfavorable change
in the currency exchange rate, intellectual property disputes, etc.  So, get
the good stuff while you can.  Get the training while you can.

Wadcutters For Self Defense
. . . priorities for choosing defensive ammunition:
1. Reliability.
2. Accuracy.
3. Terminal Effectiveness.
4. Logistics.
5. Other Considerations.
     [If you can't shoot a tight group with your +P high performance personal
defense ammo, you are wrong.  Shoot a lighter recoil cartridge for self defense. 
So, that you can shoot a tight 5 shot group (all bullet holes touching at
5 yards with no time limit).  Which means your equipment will allow you to
get your first shot on target and you can get subsequent shots on target. 
If you can't shoot tight groups with your chosen carry ammo, you will miss
in combat.  Every miss is destroying property, injuring good guys, maybe
killing good guys. -- Jon Low]

Choosing the Best Concealed Carry Belt for You
     Gun belts with exotic animal skins,
     Wearing such a belt labels you as a metro-sexual, which
reduces the probability that you will be mistaken for a
gun carrier. 

6 Areas To Focus On To Ensure Your Semi-Auto Pistol Runs Right

     I got my Remington RP45 back from Remington's repair facility.  They replaced
the slide.  It's much smoother now when you rack the slide.  The pistol does not go
into battery after firing every time.  The top front edge of the chamber is getting
stuck on the back bottom edge of the ejection port.  (It's a Glock clone.)  Aidan
is going to look at it and see if he can machine one or both edges to fix the problem. 
     At least the precision is acceptable for a combat pistol.  The slide is no
longer sloppy loose on the frame. 
     Aidan had to machine the breech so that it would properly mate with the bolt face. 
     The slide is just too massive.  It will not move back far enough to get behind
the cartridge when firing standard .45 ACP cartridges.  So, half the time it won't
strip a round from the magazine and feed it into the chamber.  We'll try to fix that
by machining out the slide to reduce its mass.  After Aidan did all these things,
the pistol functioned reliably and grouped well (all 5 bullet holes touching at 5 yards).
     Aidan also did a trigger job.  That is, he polished all contact points in the
trigger mechanism.  He also shaped and polished the inside of the extractor claw where
it engages with the rim of the cartridge.
     It took a cumulative total of 5 hours of machining, an hour (cumulative) of test firing,
and about 250 rounds.  (Not including the computer time necessary to layout the machine
work, or the calculations to figure out how much mass to remove from the slide to get
the slide to move the required distance to get behind the cartridge in the magazine, or
the time to file off all the sharp edges by hand.)
     Which proves that a competent gunsmith can take a piece of junk and turn it
into a race gun.

Tactica Concealed Carry Leggings

----- Technical -----

"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen

Sheriff's Tips: Winter Carry

Gun Barrels: How Do They Work?
     The diagram is correct.  The second clause of the last sentence is wrong. 
The crown is at the muzzle, not the chamber.

AK-12 Meltdown by Kalashnikov Media [VIDEO]
     AK-12 barrel ruptured after 680 rounds of continuous full auto fire. 
Postmortem disassembly of the rifle and explanation (in Russian, not English)
at the end of the video shows that except for the barrel rupture and the plastic
hand guards burning due to heat from the barrel, everything else appears to be okay.

The Ghost Gunner 3
     Making high quality guns in the comfort of your home.

“Destiny doesn’t make appointments,
nor does she waste her time with the naive and unready!”
-- John Farnam

*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God’s gift to our students.
Our students are God’s gift to us."

----- Instructors -----

Qui docet, discit.  (Who teaches, learns.)
-- motto of the American Society of Law Enforcement Trainers

     You are not paying me for 5 minutes of work.  You are paying me for
the years of study and experience that allow me to do it in 5 minutes. 

Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam

"Every time I teach a class,
I discover I don't know something."
-- Clint Smith, Director of Thunder Ranch

----- Pedagogy -----

Teach positive.  Teach what to do.  Don't talk about what not to do.
-- from John Farnam's Instructor Development class

     "The biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has happened." 
-- (Attribution unknown)

Letter to a colleague --
Hi Cindy,
When I teach, I always:
      Email or snail mail a written explanation of the techniques before the class [1]. 
I include my email address, and tell my students to ask questions [2].
(for the academic learner)
     Verbally explain the technique in class.  [Ask for questions.]
(for the auditory learner)
     Demonstrate the technique.  [Ask for questions.]
(for the visual learner)
     Observe the student performing the technique.  [Make corrections.  Offer feedback.]
(for those who learn by doing, the tactile learner)
[1]  Dustin Solomon, in his book “Building Shooters” states that an instructor
should not expect any learning to take place the first time new information is
presented.  So, by giving the student the opportunity to read the explanation
of the techniques beforehand, the in-class explanation will not be the first time
the student has encountered the material.  Of course, some students won't
bother to read the handouts, but there is nothing you can do about that.  You
can only lead a horse to water, you can't make him drink.
[2]  Please ask questions. If you can’t form a question, tell us what you are doing or thinking.
     “It is better to be wrong than to be vague.”
– Prof. Freeman Dyson, at a lecture at the University of California Berkeley
If you are wrong, we can correct you. If you are vague, no one can help you.
. . .

Email to my present and former riflery athletes --
Hi Team,
     Primary source -- (technical, difficult to read and understand, at least for me;
but some of you are going to med school, so have at it)
     Johns Hopkins Medical School press release (easy to read, but not useful for
out purposes) --
     Article originally published on November 1, 2018, by Inc. magazine, and republished
with permission. -- (easy to read and understand)
"A Johns Hopkins Study Reveals the Scientific Secret to Double How Fast You Learn"
     The point is "Don't be a drone."  Feel free to experiment and modify.
Rote repetition (as a form of practice) is wrong.  Rote memorization (as a form
of study) is wrong.

     "Don't memorize anything.  Rather, study it until it becomes obvious."
-- Prof. Norman Christ, Physics Department, Columbia University

     Never memorize formulae.  You can always derive them from first principles.
(Which is better, because then you will know that they are correct.)
-- Prof. Sven Hartman, Physics Department, Columbia University

If a computer can do it better than you can do it, you should not be doing it.
If a monkey can do it with a lower error rate than you can do it, it's monkey work,
not human work.  Don't waste your time doing it.
     Grow up.  Pay attention.  Don't do stupid work.  Don't work stupidly.
Coach Jon
(856) 952-9585

     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.

*****     *****     ***** Legal, Political, and Philosophical *****     *****     *****

How do you win a gunfight?
Don’t be there.
-- John Farnam

Alien Gear CCW Reciprocity Map

ERPO (“Extreme Risk Protective Order” or “Red Flag” Law)
     Coming to a neighborhood near you.

Legal Boundaries By State: The Travel Guide For American Gun Owners
- BOTH Digital & Physical Book
     The digital book is $10.00.  The physical book is $20.00 plus $5.00 shipping.
Andrew Branca says they update the book regularly and you get the updates free of
charge (in digital form I assume).

Concealed Carry Corner: Limitations Of Concealed Carry During Mass Shootings
     Unlike IDPA or IPSC matches, in the real world, there will be lots of
no-shoots and only one or two shoot targets.  So, your primary job is not
to shoot the bad guys, but rather to avoid shooting the good guys.  You
can't miss.  You can't have innocents in your background.  You can't
accidentally shoot the panicked person who runs into your line of fire. 
At least not if you're one of us.

Compiling Cases where concealed handgun permit holders
have stopped mass public shootings and other mass attacks

Tennessee Attorney General Opinions:
     Note the opinion,
Possession of Antique Firearms by Felons 19-19 – October 9, 2019
Tennessee changed its definition of firearm to coincide with the federal
". . . as a result of the passage of Public Chapter 279,the prohibitions
in § 39-11-1307 on the possession of firearms and handguns by individuals
convicted of felonies and certain misdemeanors no longer apply to antique
     So, those convicted of felonies and those convicted of domestic abuse
can now possess flintlocks, matchlocks, percussion cap or similar type of
ignition system muzzle loaders.  So, they can hunt with a muzzle loader.

     Mr.Steven A. Kolb, Director, Industry Operations, Nashville Field Division
of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.
Spoke last night (15 October 2019) at the Tennessee Firearms Association meeting
at the Golden Corral in Hermitage, TN. 
     He told us that you may build your own non-NFA (National Firearms Act)
firearm for your personal use, and that no serial number is necessary. 
You may also transfer said fire to an FFL (Federal Firearms Licensee) and
that the FFL can receive it without a serial number. 
     A receiver does not need to have a model name or model number.
     Shipping an NFA firearm for repair is not considered a transfer.
An ATF Form 5 is recommended, but not needed.
Section 9.5 Conveyances of NFA firearms not treated as "transfers" under the NFA

9.5.1  Repair of firearms.  ATF does not consider the temporary conveyance of an NFA firearms to an
FFL for repair to be a "transfer" under the NFA.  Thus, a transfer application is not required to convey
the firearm for repair or to return the repaired to its owner/possessor.  Nevertheless, in order to
avoid any appearance that a "transfer" has taken place, ATF recommends that a Form 5 application be
submitted for approval prior to conveying the firearms for repair.  It is also recommended that the FFL
making repairs obtain an approved Form 5 to return a repaired firearm.  If Form 5 are not used to
convey a firearm for repair or return the repaired firearm to the owner, the parties should maintain
documentation showing that the conveyance was for purpose of repair, identifying the firearm, and
showing the anticipated time for repair.  Approved Forms 5, or the recommended documentation, will
show that a unlawful "transfer" did not take place and that the FFL making the repairs is not in
unlawful possession of the firearm.  A non-FFL who proposes to transport a destructive device,
machinegun, or short-barrel shotgun or rifle interstate to an FFL for repair should first obtain an
approved ATF Form 5320.20 before transporting the firearm. [170]
In general a non-FFL (you) may ship a firearm to an FFL for repair and
receive it from the FFL upon completion of said repairs.  You don't have
to use an FFL on your side. 
     Concerning rule making (as opposed to laws passed by Congress and signed
by the President), it's a very tedious process.

The Moral Component of Deadly Force

Self-Defense & Communication: Be Careful What You Say

Might judge’s discovery overturn decades of ATF interpretation on what constitutes a “receiver”?
John R. Lott, Jr.
Crime Prevention Research Center
(484) 802-5373

    I have been taught how to hold a suspect at gunpoint by the Marine Corps Military Police,
Larry Lindenman, Tom Givens, Massad Ayoob, and others.  It's not easy.  It's not safe. 
It is a high stress procedure.  My advice, don't do it. 
     In the Marine Corps, we were taught to never take prisoners.  Either kill the person or
let them run away.  Because, what are you going to do with them?  You can't protect them. 
You can't feed them.  You can't provide medical help for them.  You can't allot Marines
to guard them. 

     Doctors for Responsible Gun Ownership
A pro-gun doctor referral service.

Pepper Spray Laws by State: A Simple Cheat Sheet With All You Need To Know
Pepper spray laws Tennessee
Tennessee has no laws that prohibit individuals from carrying or using pepper spray.
It is legal to buy, carry, use, or ship to Tennessee.

USCCA Sued in Federal Court: Refused to Cover Platinum Member?

Kayla Giles files lawsuit over halted payments on self-defense policy

Andrew Branca says (concerning self defense insurance programs),
     "If, however, the “self-defense insurance” provider you’ve spent years
paying, reserves to right to DECLINE to cover you, at THEIR discretion, in
the ABSENCE of any apparent qualifications to make such an assessment, and
even worse WITHOUT prior notice to their members that they intend to reserve
the option to apply this condition, ambush-style — well, then what the heck
have you been paying for all those years?"

*****     *****     ***** Survival *****     *****     *****

"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House

Hi Kiddies,
     You buy life insurance to protect your family in case you lose the fight. 
You buy self defense insurance to protect your family in case you win the fight. 
You structure your finances, so that when you are sued, your family is insulated
from your heroic / stupid / courageous / inept actions. 
Being destitute and bankrupt is the result of lack of planning, which is
gross negligence.  There is no justice in this world.  If you want justice,
you will have to wait for heaven.  In this world, there are only winners and
losers.  As G. Gordon Liddy tells his children, "Win!"
     Self defense insurance:
6 Concealed Carry Insurance Options To Protect Your Six (2019)
     Self-Defense Gun Owner Insurance Programs Compared
     This web page, the chart, and the PDF file are updated on a regular basis.

Love is action.  Love is the things we do.
-- The Senior Pastor at Sunnyvale (California) Presbyterian Church

Hearing loss is permanent and cumulative.

“Preparation doesn't assure victory.  It assures confidence.”
-- Amit Kalantri

     Rest is essential for quality work. 
Quality rest, not just sitting or lying still,
but actually resting.

Faith without action is dead.
Faith with works causes break throughs.
-- Pastor Mike Ayon

*****     *****     ***** Basics *****     *****     *****

"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."
-- Tom Givens

Handgun Training: 7 Critical Aspects of Pistol Shooting

"Fear is an instinct. Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN

*****     *****     ***** Miscellany *****     *****     *****

When it’s least expected, you’re selected.
-- John Farnam

     With time your body degrades and dies. 
But, that's okay, because if you aren't wasting
your time, your spirit grows in wisdom.
-- Pastor Mike Ayon

 If you lose your wealth, you have lost nothing;
if you lose your health, you have lost something;
but if you lose your character, you have lost everything.
-- Woodrow Wilson

Semper Fidelis,

Jonathan D. Low

The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish
friend from foe from innocent bystanders.
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly.
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the attack
without excessive force, without revenge.
In Jesus name,

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