***** ***** ***** Software ***** ***** *****
----- Basics -----
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
Tom Givens, Facebook posting
"As my friend, John Farnam, says "When you least expect it, you're selected"."
"10:52 A.M., not midnight. At the gym, literally minding your own business."
"Carry your damned gun."
"Guns 101: Rifles, Shotguns and Pistols" by Guy Sagi
"How To Load a Handgun Magazine" by Jeff Gonzales
No, it's not obvious. Lots of my students insert the bullet-end of the cartridge
in first, instead of the primer-end of the cartridge. I have had persons familiar
with the M-16 / AR-15 type rifles attempt to push the pistol cartridge straight down
into the magazine through the lips of the magazine, as opposed to pushing down in
front and then sliding the cartridge back under the lips of the magazine.
Teaching beginners is much more difficult than teaching non-beginners. And
requires far more patience. Patience is not the same as tolerance. One should
never tolerate safety violations; that's just unacceptable.
"Mission of the Handgun" BY JOHN FARNAM
"Few seek-out competent training."
Back to Basics with Jeff Gonzales
Ya, you could watch the video on YouTube.com, but this web page has a
transcript and I prefer reading. It's about how to avoid negligent discharges.
"Handgun Operation: Types Of Pistol Actions" by SSUSA Staff
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm,
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
----- Aftermath -----
(You have to be alive to have these problems: criminal and civil liability.)
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him,
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
Please read and share the article on self defense insurance in the link
in the right hand column labeled "Self Defense Insurance". You have insurance
to drive your car. You have insurance to protect your loved ones in the
event of your death. So, carry self defense insurance, so your loved ones
are not left destitute after your use of lethal force to protect their lives.
George Zimmerman's legal defense cost eight million dollars, $8,000,000.
Nashville Police Officer Andrew Delke's legal defense cost three million
dollars, $3,000,000 before jury selection started. And both of these
gentlemen were completely justified in shooting their assailants. Don't be
a fool. Get insurance.
I fought the Cherry Hill, NJ police and the New Jersey prosecutors.
I plead not guilty and my attorney got the prosecutor to drop all charges
in New Jersey state court.
I fought the civilian Department of Defense police and the U.S. Attorney
in federal court on Fort Dix. I plead not guilty and my attorney got the
Federal Magistrate to dismissed all charges.
You too can win. But, you've got to have money to hire competent,
connected attorneys. Otherwise, the legal system will grind you up.
As Andrew Branca says, you get as much justice as you can afford.
Andrew says you should have an insurance policy that allows you to
choose your own attorney. That may be correct for Andrew, as a sophisticated
knowledgeable attorney himself (so he uses CCW Safe), but how many of
us have the wherewithal to choose a competent attorney?
I use U.S. Law Shield because they vet their attorneys. So, I feel
confident that the attorney that they give me is competent. (I also happen
to know the self defense attorneys in my area, so I am biased.
U.S. Law Shield is also the only company that will cover licensed armed
guards. So, I don't have a choice.)
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.”
-- William Aprill
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
James Clark: What’s the one thing to always remember in a firefight?
Norm Hooten: Keep your head. It’s never as good as it seems and it’s never
as bad as it seems, but keep your head and there’s always a way out.
That’s the most important thing: Keep your head, don’t panic.
Never ever panic, it’s the worst thing you can do.
Be careful. The bad guy might have a gun, and friends (that you can't see).
The other "good guys" might have guns and not recognize you as a good guy.
The police (uniformed and plain clothes) have guns and recognize you as a suspect.
So, unlike force-on-force training, there are lots of people who may shoot you.
And then of course there is friendly fire, which will cause casualties just as
effectively as enemy fire.
"I would never shoot anyone on my team." "Everyone on my team is competent.
We would never have a friendly fire casualty."
Oh really? Statistically, it happens all the time. And remember, there are
people on your side who are not on your team.
Also, unlike IDPA or IPSC, in the real world there are one or two shoot targets
and scores of no-shoot targets. Hitting one of the no-shoots means criminal
prosecution and civil law suits (at least in the civilian world).
Remember the Marine pilots who hit the ski lift cables in the Italian Alps
killing all those passengers on the ski lift? They avoided prosecution and civil
liability in Italy because we have a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) with all
of the countries that we defeated in World War II (as well as many others).
They were court martialed in the U.S. and were acquitted because their maps did
not show the ski lifts. But, that ain't your reality. You're going to be
prosecuted where it happened.
Nashville Police Officer Andrew Delke accepted the plea deal because every
focus group drawn from Nashville residents convicted him. Hey, it's your fault
for living in a limp dick liberal community. You're not going to be able to
claim it was an accident because you lacked some bit of information. (Andrew
Branca says "accident" is a legitimate legal defense. But, there are no accidents
in combat. There are only negligence and recklessness.) And if you live in
Davidson County, Tennessee, consider what the prosecutor said about Officer
Delke's shooting of the armed suspect (who pointed his pistol at Officer Delke)
"1st Degree Murder, the premeditation for which can be formed in an instant"
-- District Attorney Glen Funk
No joke, Funk charged Delke with First Degree Murder for shooting an armed
suspect who was pointing his pistol at Officer Delke. This isn't the Twilight
Zone, this is liberal Nashville.
"KNOWING WHAT WE CANNOT AND DO NOT KNOW
IS JUST AS IMPORTANT AS WHAT WE *ARE* AWARE OF.
THE MAN WHO IS UNAFRAID TO ACKNOWLEDGE AND
ACCEPT HIS WEAKNESS BECOMES THE STRONGEST.
Concealed carry is EITHER a fashion statement
or it's a means to effective self-defense."
-- Patrick Kilchermann
"Fairy tales are more than true.
Not because they tell us that dragons exist,
but because they tell us that dragons can be defeated."
-- G. K. Chesterton
Clint Smith from Thunder Ranch - 60 minutes clip
Actually, there are a lot of people that need to be killed.
And because we killed them, we haven't had a 9/11 type attack
since the 9/11 attacks. Thank God and President Bush for the
Global War On Terrorism. (By executive order, not congressional
declaration of war. Yes, there is a difference.)
"There are no victims, only volunteers.
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are,
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
----- Safety -----
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET.
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.
"Negligent discharge" by John Farnam, 16 June 99
"If you’re careless about which direction your muzzle is pointed, you’ll
have it pointed at yourself before you know it! This is no business for the
careless, the overly casual, and the nonchalant. True warriors pay attention
to what they’re doing."
"Negligent discharge" by John Farnam, 12 May 99
"When fingers are where they don’t belong and people are oblivious
of where their muzzle is pointed, this kind of incident will continue to happen."
"Tucker: Biden was forced to stop lying"
The trigger puller failed to positively identify his target before attacking it.
Violation of Rule IV. (see above) Marine Corps pilots as a matter of doctrinal
protocol will fly low and inverted over the target to positively identify the target
before making a second pass to strike it. Air Force pilots would not do this.
Now, even Air Force drone pilots neglect to positively identify their targets.
Now you understand the importance of Rule IV in combat. All safety rules must be
obeyed at all times. [Yes, Anastasia, I'm talking to you. When you fly an air
strike mission, you must positively identify your target before striking it.
Your instructors will tell you that verification of the targets for air strikes,
artillery, and naval gun fire (all missiles now days) are the responsibility of
the forward observer. My uncle Tai Chun, Colonel U.S. Air Force, B-52 pilot and
bombardier, found the bombing of innocent civilians very disturbing. Will you?
-- Uncle Jon]
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:
Don't go to stupid places.
Don't do stupid things.
Don't hang out with stupid people.
Be in bed by 10 PM. Your own bed.
Don't look like a freak.
Don't fail the attitude test.
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
"When the Moment of Truth arrives,
The Time for Preparation has passed."
-- Mike Mercer
"Q and A 2" by John Farnam
John gives a list of things you need to know. Copy it down, and decide to get
training in each thing listed. Ya, it will take several years. But, you've
got nothing better to do. Really, you don't have anything more important to do.
You need training because:
You don't know what you don't know.
Much of what you know is false.
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
Guardian Conference, 1st Annual
I know it's late notice. Maybe you'd like to attend next year.
The list of courses:
"The real value of training and practice isn't gaining technical competence,
it's achieving confidence in your abilities."
-- Claude Werner
"Visual Perception Delay and In-The-Back Shootings" by Mike Ox
"Build up to stress training at a level where you experience choppy vision
so you can identify it for what it is and compensate for it when you realize
you’ve got it."
Read the comments to this article.
“The secret of success is this.
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.”
-- Lofty Wiseman
"8 Critical Handgun Skills and Concepts: Beyond the Basics" by Col. Benjamin Findley
1. Shooting With Your Off-Support Hand
2. Shooting One-Handed And Two-Handed
3. Shooting On The Move And While In Various Positions
4. Shooting From Different Self-Defense Distances
5. Shooting Various Sizes And Numbers Of Self-Defense Targets
6. Drawing And Loading The Handgun
7. Shooting Different Calibers Of Handguns
8. Shooting Different Handgun Actions And Features
Jeff Gonzales, training videos -
"REACTING to a surprise, complex visual cue to shoot is amazingly different
than being primed and reacting to a binary audible cue to shoot. But once you've
reacted, the response is almost identical."
-- Mike Ox
'Grip strength exercises for accuracy' by Kevin Michalowski, USCCA
Physical fitness is a key element of self defense.
"All the HiTS!!" by Lee Weems
"Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
A lot of people have the will to win.
Very few people have the will to prepare to win.
Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
. . . “dry-firing is the most often overlooked element of a comprehensive
training program. But it shouldn’t be. It’s simple and almost cost-free.”
-- Mike Green
"To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents. What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
"Be careful what you practice.
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do) -----
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
"Basic Tactics: Angular Searches" by Michael Kurcina
"Contact Distance Shooting . . . Rescuing a Friend or Family Member" by Greg Ellifritz
Ralph Mroz recommends locking up with the good guy by grabbing a hold of
the good guy and then shooting the bad guy where the neck meets the shoulder
aiming towards the heart and lungs.
Front Sight Reality Check #85
Brad Ackman analyzes a dashcam video.
There are bad guys behind you, guarantee!
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
----- Techniques (ways to do that task) -----
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
"Most defensive handgun engagements occur at ranges and in time frames
where there may only be the opportunity to get a very fast visual confirmation
of the gun’s body index on the threat. The late Jim Cirillo offered a method
to accelerate this process by using only the silhouette of the handgun for
aiming. To understand this method, aim your unloaded gun at something that
can safely absorb a bullet and then shift your focus below the sights. On an
autoloader you should be looking at the rectangular shape of the rear of the
slide; on a revolver you should see the circular shape of the cylinder.
If you slowly cock your wrist to one side, you’ll begin to see the side of
the slide or the cylinder. Come back to where you see only the rectangle or
the circle and then slowly cock your wrist to the other side. Again, return
the gun to its desired silhouette and then slowly cock your wrist upward until
you begin to see the top of the slide or the upper surfaces of the cylinder.
Return the gun to its proper silhouette alignment and then confirm its
alignment by returning your focus to the sights — they should be quite close
to alignment with your original aiming point. This weapon silhouette point,
as Jim called it, may allow you to get a faster visual alignment, particularly
in low light. To use it, simply place the silhouette of the gun over the area
of the target you wish to hit. Revolver shooters may find it works better to
place the silhouette of the cylinder on the lower edge of where you wish to hit.
Some people actually shoot tighter groups this way, probably because they don’t
have a precise sight picture to tempt them to snatch the trigger. For most
people who can use this technique, it’s good out to 7 yards; some can use it
out to 10 yards or beyond. In my experience, it seems to work better for my
students with autoloaders than with revolvers."
-- STEPHEN P. WENGER from the book "Defensive Use of Firearms"
"Even if you have failed to keep a flashlight at hand or cannot flip an
appropriate light switch, there is always the option of calling out – preferably
from behind some sort of cover – for a suspected intruder to identify himself.
With the high intensity of even inexpensive flashlights these days, there is
no requirement for techniques to co-witness the main beam of the light with
the muzzle of the gun. Further – and particularly for those who use
weapon-mounted lights – searching should be done by reflecting the beam off
light-colored surfaces, including floors, walls an ceilings rather than risking
being startled while searching with the muzzle."
-- STEPHEN P. WENGER from his weekly emailings
"Handgun Grip Vs. Hold: What's the Difference?" by STEVE TARANI
Well, no, not exactly. The firing side hand should be pushing the pistol
forward. The support side hand should be pulling the pistol backward. Because
that minimizes muzzle flip. Which allows faster subsequent shots.
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
----- Education -----
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
Infographics from the National Shooting Sports Foundation, Inc.
Good for posting around your gun range.
Born on This Date (9/20/2021): In 1842, Lord James Dewar, physician who invented
the vacuum flask and cordite, and the first smokeless powder. (Actually, the first
true smokeless powder – Poudre B – was invented by Frenchman Paul Vieille, in 1884
but the French tended to be secretive about their weapons developments. Along with
Sir Frederick Abel and a Dr. W. Kellner, Dewar did not patent cordite until 1889
and it entered British military use in 1891. Cordite is so named because it was
made in strings, whose thickness varied according to the rifle cartridges or
artillery shells in which it was used. For many decades, fiction writers
erroneously referred to “the smell of cordite” after the discharge of handguns.
By the way, the “B” in Poudre B is for “blanche” – the French word for “white” – used
to distinguish the new powder from blackpowder.
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA from his weely emailing
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
***** ***** ***** Hardware (which includes you) ***** ***** *****
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
----- Gear -----
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
"What Makes A Good Handgun Holster?" by TAMARA KEEL
. . . a holster needs to safely hold a handgun in such a way that
it cannot be inadvertently fired when in the holster.
. . . [the holster] should . . . present the gun to your hand at
the same angle, in the same orientation, every time you reach for it.
The holster needs to have positive enough retention that the gun
won’t come out unless you mean it.
. . . the holster should allow your hand to achieve a full firing
grip on the gun.
. . . the holster should be durable and well-built.
"Skill Set: What Is a Good Holster?" by Tiger McKee
"Gun Owner 101: Choosing a Carry Gun" by Justin
". . . wait until a gun has been on the market for a while before jumping in."
Paraphrasing -- Don't spend all your money buying an expensive pistol.
Save enough money to buy several magazines for your pistol, a good quality
holster, and quality ammunition.
"I place a high priority on having equipment I can operate with either hand.
I am also a strong believer in carrying a gun accessible to each hand.
It certainly makes no sense to carry a gun intended for use in the left hand that
has a safety lever designed only for use in the right hand."
-- STEPHEN P. WENGER, "Defensive Use Of Firearms"
Just because you're right handed does not mean you are going to be right
handed in combat.
Accessible to each hand means you have to be able to access your pistol
with your support side hand, establish the correct grip while the pistol is
still in the holster, and present the pistol to the target with the support
side hand only. Oh yes, it can be done reliably.
Techniques for right handers using their left hand only when the pistol
is holstered on your belt at 3 o'clock:
1. Reach behind your back, establish your grip, keep your pistol pointed
down as you bring it around your back to present to the target.
2. Reach in front, palm outboard, thumb pointed forward, establish your grip,
and present to the target.
[If you don't have the flexibility for techniques 1 or 2, you can try the following.]
3. Reaching across your front, pull the pistol out of the holster just enough
to be able to rotate the pistol around 180 degrees, establish your grip, and
present to the target. [If it's dangerous to do this with your holster,
because you've got a SERPA Blackhawk and the pistol will get permanently jammed
in the holster, you can try the next technique.]
4. Reaching across your front, pull the pistol out of the holster and trap
it between your knees. Establish your grip and present to the target.
Techniques 1 and 2 require some flexibility, which you will have after stretching
for a week of two. But, notice that they don't require you to change your grip.
So, they are much faster.
[Some of these techniques are dangerous. So, you will never see them taught
in NRA classes. They will get you disqualified in any IDPA or IPSC match. I've
never seen them taught at the Tactical Conference. Similarly for techniques for
shooting at targets behind you (without turning around, because you're not able to,
as when you are buckled into your seat in a car or holding someone who doesn't
want to be held). Because you never need to do such things in training or competitions.
But, you may need to in combat. So, we teach such techniques. Such is freedom.
Freedom and safety are not mutually exclusive. . . . And then again, perhaps they are.]
If your pistol has a thumb safety on the left side of your pistol,
any competent gunsmith can add a lever for a thumb safety on the right
side of the pistol, so that you can use the pistol left handed.
No, really, don't let anyone tell that it can't be done. Gunsmiths are
like doctors, sometimes you need to get a second opinion. Because some
I remember my father trying to convince my grandfather to come to
Honolulu to see a real doctor, because my father thought that my grand-
father's doctor on Maui was a quack. But, grandfather loved his doctor,
trusted his doctor, etc. The problem is that charisma and a good bed
side manner are not correlated with competence. Similarly for all professions.
"While this double-action/single-action combination can be mastered,
it is a greater challenge than to master a gun that fires in the same mode for each shot."
-- STEPHEN P. WENGER, "Defensive Use Of Firearms"
When I see someone stabbing himself with a knife, I tell him stop doing that
because he is hurting himself. Similarly, when I see a person using a DA/SA
pistol, I tell him to stop using that pistol because he is developing all kinds
of training scars. And having to decock before holstering increases the complexity
of his manual of arms, and not decocking will lead to a negligent discharge.
And having a long heavy trigger pull almost ensures you won't have an accurate
first shot. Which is by far the most important shot.
The argument that a long heavy initial trigger pull prevents negligent
discharges is a fallacious argument. If the operator is getting negligent discharges
with a single action or striker action, he should not be carrying a pistol in
the first place, because his training and practice are insufficient.
"If you make a fist but leave your index finger extended and, while standing,
place it at your waist, just above your hip joint, you will find that your finger
points straight down. If you now start moving your fist to the rear, you will
find that the finger starts pointing increasingly to the rear. Similarly, if you
move the fist forward of the hip joint, the finger will point increasingly forward.
This should suggest that the angle or rake of the holster should be selected for
where on the belt you plan to position the holster."
-- STEPHEN P. WENGER, "Defensive Use Of Firearms"
Yes, it is essential that you acquire your grip on your pistol while the
pistol is still fully in the holster and that your wrist is straight when you
acquire your grip. Otherwise, you will eventually foul your presentation or
even drop your pistol.
The primary advantage of an inside the waistband holster and magazine pouch
is that the tension of your belt will hold your gear snugly against your body,
as opposed to flopping around outside of your belt when you move. Better concealment
"Hang Fires and Squib Loads – Dangerous Ammunition Malfunctions" by Practical Defensive Training
Ya, these could be frivolous law suits. But so many over the same issue, over a
widely dispersed geographic area? That would make a conspiracy very difficult.
Also, notice that there are a lot more reported incidents than there are law suits.
This would be statistically expected if the reported incidents were true.
"Lawsuit: Semi-automatic police service gun goes off by itself, nearly killing detective
Nine lawsuits are pending against Sig Sauer for similar claims.
The gunmaker has previously denied liability." (in Texas)
by David Scott, Gerry Wagschal, Knez Walker, Alexandra Myers, and Lauren Effron
"Hilton's $15 million lawsuit said, "there have been 54 reported uncommanded discharges
of the P320," meaning the gun went off by itself, over the last five years in 22 states and
"There are currently 10 pending lawsuits against Sig Sauer for this particular firearm,
all alleging the gun went off on its own. A number of those suing the gunmaker said they
are in law enforcement with extensive firearms experience."
"Villani, who is an expert witness for Hilton in her lawsuit, said he began
investigating the P320 after an officer in his police department was injured by an
upgraded version of the gun." [So, there are claims of "uncommanded discharges"
on pistols that have had the upgrade per the voluntary recall. -- Jon Low]
Note that this "uncommanded discharges" is a different problem from the pistol
firing when dropped or when hit by a hammer. There are dozens of YouTube.com videos
and articles documenting that problem. This claim is that the pistol fires without
any impact and without the trigger being pressed.
"New England gunmaker faces another lawsuit from police officer"
by Mike Beaudet (in Massachusetts)
"Four officers from two local police departments in Massachusetts have had their
weapons discharge without warning, without them pulling the trigger and 5 Investigates
reported in June that one of them sued Sig Sauer in federal court in Boston."
"5 Investigates has reviewed court records and media accounts and found dozens
of reports from around the country and in Canada of Sig Sauer P320 handguns firing
without a trigger pull since 2016."
"It happened to Marcie Vadnais, a sheriff's deputy in Virginia, in 2018.
Vadnais was sitting in her cruiser, removing her holstered weapon from her belt,
planning to leave it in the trunk while she went inside a building.
She said her P320 pistol fired on its own, into her thigh, shattering her femur."
"Back in June, a lieutenant in the Cambridge Police Department filed a civil
suit in federal court against Sig Sauer and the city of Cambridge after his
department-issued P320 fired on its own in May 2019 while he was in the
department's SWAT team van with six other officers."
From a friend via email -- [Proofread and edited for clarity. -- Jon Low]
I bought a P320 new in the box from a gun store in Bowling Green, KY.
I took it to a master machinist for inspection. (He asked not to be identified.)
His conclusion was that there was not sufficient sear engagement for the pistol
to be safe. On this sample, not supplied by the manufacturer for testing,
there was 0.015 inches of sear engagement (the real sear, not the thingy that
holds the striker back). Which makes for a fine crisp trigger. But, it also
makes it fairly easy for the pistol to fire without the trigger being pressed.
Maybe this pistol was defective? Maybe this pistol was out of spec.? But, it
passed the manufacturer's inspection and was sold on the retail market.
Jeff Gonzales is teaching a concealed carry class in Oklahoma City on
October 2-3, 2021 A.D.
I found the equipment list interesting.
BASIC CARRY GEAR:
Defensive pistol, 9mm recommended
1,000 rounds of practice ammunition
25 rounds of defense ammunition
5 x pistol magazines minimum (8 for single stacks)
5 x inert training rounds
Training uniform required:
Polo or T-shirt
Jacket or coat
Sweater or hoodie
Concealed carry gear
Inside the Waistband (IWB) holster
Outside the Waistband (OWB) holster
Single and or double magazine pouch
Handheld flashlight with pocket clip
Clear/tinted ballistic wrap around eye protection
Cleaning kit and lubrication
Notebook and pencil
Water and snacks
Course cost is $525
Free shipping on a case of TULA 223, 43 cents per round
use coupon code
HOW MANY ROUNDS SHOULD A PISTOL-PACKER PACK?
IT’S A CONTENTIOUS DEBATE"
BY MASSAD AYOOB
"Think of spare ammo as analogous to your fire insurance:
“It’s not about the odds, it’s about the stakes.”
Extra rounds are like the gun itself:
“better to have and not need, than to need and not have.” "
Your flashlight should have a pressure switch for your thumb at the rear end.
Press on, release off. Anything beyond that is a bad idea.
The following "features" will not serve your well:
click switches, colored lights, variable intensity lights, strobes, programmable
Simple is more reliable. Simple is easier to control under stress.
Simple is better.
"Energizer® Tactical Metal Flashlight" by Claude Werner
YOUR BEST DEFENSIVE TOOL"
BY TIGER MCKEE
"Lights with one mode of output are best. You don’t want the light cycling
from low to high to strobe to S.O.S. and back again as you’re using the
momentary switch. Keep it simple."
“Your car is not a holster.” -- Pat Rogers
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
Flux is the rate of flow of particles (light) through a given surface.
Candela is a measure of luminous intensity equal to 1/60 of the luminous
intensity per square centimeter of a blackbody radiating at 2,046 Kelvin.
In the SI system, Candela is a basic unit. So, the measure would be in
units of Cd, the symbol for Candela.
Lumen is a measure of luminous flux, equal to the amount of light per unit time
passing through a solid angle of one steradian from a light source of one candela
intensity radiating equally in all directions. (Candela - steradian) per second.
Lux is a measure of illumination in units of lumens per square meter.
So, flashlights should be rated by Lux, but it is so much easier to deceive
you by giving you measurements of Candela or Lumens, which as you can see
are meaningless without more context, such as the measurement of the cone
of the projected light in steradians. Such a cone is never uniform, so
the flux density at a given angle from the center axis of the cone needs
to be given as a function of the solid angle subtended, as well as the size
of the cone in units of steradians.
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
***** ***** ***** Instruction ***** ***** *****
Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
----- Instructors -----
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
"Marksmanship Matters. It really does." hosted by Lee Weems
John Holschen, John Hearne, David Cagle, and Lee Weems review a class
taught by the legendary Larry Mudgett.
Fire every student's gun to determine where it is zeroed. Your group may not be
in the same place as the student's group (assuming you both shoot tight groups).
Because of different grip pressure.
With iron sights, your front sight is about 18 MOA (minutes of angle), whereas
the typical red dot sight is about 6 MOA. So, you'll see movement with a red dot
that you won't see with an iron sight.
If your trigger has any over travel (movement after sear release), you've
got a problem that needs to be fixed. Call your gunsmith. Otherwise, you won't
get accurate shots because the trigger will be banging the frame as the sear is
released. All manufacturers who know what they are doing have some kind of
over travel stop. Don't adjust this yourself unless you really know what you're
doing, because if you reduce the over travel too much, you won't be able to press
the trigger far enough to release the sear and the pistol won't fire.
Skip loading. Also known as ball and dummy. (Having someone else load live
and dummy rounds into your magazine.) To reduce flinching. Strive for a surprise
break on each shot.
Take a class from Larry Mudgett. He's not going to be around forever.
Be careful what you teach.
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Andragogy -----
An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented.
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
"Women's issues" by Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA. Via email response to my question.
Aside from size-to-hand-issues, because of soft skin, many women are also sensitive
to sharp checkering and hard nubs on grip surfaces. A former student of mine purchased
- on my advice - a Kahr K9, before Kahr began offering the polymer-frame models. When
the latter came on the market, I purchased a P9 and had her shoot the two side by side.
I expected her to comment on the slight increase in recoil with the slightly lighter P9
but her comment was that, unlike with the somewhat soft wraparound grip of the K9, the
square checkering on the polymer frame bothered her. I find the size/contour of the
OEM grip on Ruger's SP101 a bit small for my average-size male hands but many women who,
for various reasons start with revolvers, like it because of its smooth, "soft" surface.
Note that Hogue offers many of their grips in "soft, overmolded" versions. Women
typically have thinner fingers than men, making many finger-groove grips uncomfortable
for them. (Note that with their pistols now being made in the US, Glock has been
phasing out the rudimentary finger grooves that had been used for "sporting purpose"
point on the imported models.) The OEM grip from Hogue on the Ruger LCR's has a more
female-friendly finger-groove ridge than most but, if you visit my own website's
Handgun Selection page, you will see that Hogue also offers a similar grip without it.
My protégée Natalie is troubled by the finger-groove grips on my J-frame S&W revolvers
but is able to shoot the similarly gripped K-frame guns without a problem.
Women often differ from men in the perception of spatial relations. Firearms
instructors often see this in their failure to grasp two-dimensional images of sight
alignment/sight picture. As a result, many female students will place their shots
high on the target (If the target is close enough for the hits to be seen) because
they raise the front sight out of the notch to focus on it as directed. At one time,
I actually built a coarse 3-D set of sights on a 2x4 for classroom demonstration.
On the range, I emphasize that the notch in the rear sight is a window that just
happens to have had the top removed. As soon as I see that a student is holding the
front sight out of the notch, I placed a finger over the top of the rear sight and
ask if she can still see the front sight. When she says "no," I have her adjust her
shooting position until she can see it, then repeat the window analogy. You may not
have time for this on the range but . . . Natalie had a persistent problem with this
so I began using Claude Werner's two-tone paint scheme on the front sights of revolvers
that have serrated, ramp sights. After applying a base coat of white, I paint the
portion of the blade that should be visible in proper sight alignment with
"sublime green" (others may prefer different colors) so that, when the student sees
white on the blade of the front sight, she knows that she's letting it climb out of
the notch. My experience with S&W revolvers is that the demarcation is usually right
at the halfway mark.
Regarding painting front sights on revolvers, Ruger's serration are quite
shallow and the ramps on the later Colt DS family (with the ejector shroud) do not
take paint well at all. Since Dean Caputo serves as armorer for his department, he
invested in a 25-line/inch (25 lpi) checkering file to prep those sight blades for
painting. It's probably not worth the investment for you but, if you have students
who benefit from that two-tone paint job, it may be worth checking whether any of
the gunsmiths in your area have such a file.
Many pistols and some revolvers come with some form of three=dot sights.
Before Natalie switched over to revolvers, I used the mnemonic "three in a row" to
remind her not to let the front sigh climb out of the notch.
Women sometimes hear words differently from men. While a male student will
generally understand the cumulative process of aligning the sights, superimposing
the aligned sights on the selected target, then operating the trigger without
disturbing the sight picture, some female students hear this as unlinked steps and
benefit from the wording, "while maintaining the sight picture, smoothly operate
Regardless of sex, I have long been a user of what I call the assisted trigger
drill: When a student is not operating the trigger smoothly, I have her aim the gun,
and place a relaxed finger on the trigger. I then operate the trigger a few times
(emphasizing that the return stroke should take the same time as the firing stroke)
to let her see the shots hit the aiming point. I then do a few repetitions with the
student "helping" me with slight pressure, then wrap up with the student doing all
the operation with my finger simply "monitoring" the stroke in each direction.
SIG Academy developed a desensitization drill for all first-time students:
Under close supervision, they fired the equivalent of a cylinder at a backstop with
their eyes closed, to get accustomed to the sound of the gun firing. Then they
fired a few rounds at the backstop without aiming but watching the gun, to get
accustomed to the appearance of its arc of recoil. It can be done with any gun but
several revolver instructors have adopted the practice of having students fire an
empty, primed case so hat they will recognize the reduced sound of a squib load and
It's been more than a decade since I read Vicki Farnam and Diane Nicholl's
"Teaching Women to Shoot: A Law Enforcement Instructor's Guide". I found it of
very limited value, partly because it is structured with a bias toward teaching
the Farnam version of a bladed - hence tactically limited "Weaver" shooting position
- as superior for women. In fact, I came away from it with the sense that the book
would better have been titled "Teaching Female Officers to Qualify with a Handgun".
That said, if you are routinely challenged in teaching female students, it may be
worth the price to gamble on picking up one more pearl or two.
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
"The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."
-- Robert John Meehan
***** ***** Legal ***** *****
"Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
"Estonia: Supreme Court Finds for Reasonable Self Defense" by Dean Weingarten
The lower courts convicted him and sentenced him to prison. The Supreme
Court reversed the lower courts. Sometimes we win.
"Law of Self Defense News/Q&A Show for September 16, 2021" by Andrew Branca
* Mohamed Noor Minnesota Supreme Court Decision re: depraved mind murder
* Man who shot teen on RTD bus says it was in self defense
* Analyzing Very Complex Use-of-Force Scenarios?
* Choice of OC Spray for Non-Deadly Self-Defense?
* Permitted to Argue Self-Defense Even if Elements Lacking?
* Legal Risks of Use of Suppressors for Home Defense
"Law of Self Defense Principles" by Andrew F. Branca
Free of charge.
"Illinois Supreme Court reviews decision on firearm owner rights" by Jerry Nowicki
The Illinois State Police denied Brown a Firearm Owners Identification card.
The State District Court overturned that decision, granting Brown the
Firearm Owners Identification card. The State Appeals Court overturned the District
Court ruling, and denied Brown the Firearm Owners Identification card. So,
the State Supreme Court is presently considering the case.
Brown has a 2001 conviction in California on a “misdemeanor offense of
inflicting corporal injury on a spouse” which is a misdemeanor domestic violence
conviction under federal law.
"Federal law does, however, allow exceptions for gun ownership if a person
convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor has had “civil rights restored” in
the jurisdiction that convicted them – in this case, California."
". . . California only penalizes gun possession for 10 years following a
misdemeanor conviction. That means, they (Brown's attorneys) argue, Brown had
his civil rights restored under California law in 2011, qualifying him for the
federal exception that would in turn qualify him for a Firearm Owners Identification
Actually, this is pretty significant, depending on how the majority decision
"Dozens of Supreme Court Briefs Supporting Gun-Carry Restrictions Come In as Submissions Close"
by Jake Fogleman
This is all about New York City's restrictive "may issue" carry permitting system.
Very corrupt, very difficult for the law abiding citizen to get a carry permit.
Donald Trump had a New York City carry permit.
"Judge Rules Against Cop Who Arrested Legal Gun Owner" by Guns & Gadgets
Sometimes we win!
“Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form,
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
***** ***** Political, Religious, and Philosophical ***** *****
"Goodby 1A!" BY JOHN FARNAM
This is coming to a neighborhood near you. Felony crime of disseminating
misinformation. "Misinformation" is never defined. So, you've committed the
crime. As Joe Biden has said, "Bingo!"
"General Smedley D. Butler: War Is A Racket"
"Let’s pretend!" BY JOHN FARNAM
This is reality. Be aware of it. Prepare for it.
Because if it takes you by surprise, it will kill you and your loved ones.
I am speaking literally, not metaphorically.
"One of the foundations of a democratic society is knowing where to place your machine gun."
-- Corporal Walter "Foggy" Dewhurst in "Last Of The Summer Wine"
"Strapped: Black Women Are Becoming Registered Gun Owners At An Incredible Rate"
by Shannon Dawson
This appeared in Yahoo!Life. Think about that.
"The Racist History of Gun Control" by Ashley Hlebinsky
There have been many psychology studies on attractiveness, physical beauty, etc.
in an attempt to quantify objective standards of what people consider pretty and
what people consider ugly. It is rare for these studies to get published in peer
reviewed journals because, by and large, they are politically incorrect and show a
correlation between political view and attractiveness. This goes back to Voltaire
(François-Marie Arouet), who said "The face is the mirror of the soul."
The truth is that pro-gun (which is the same as pro-freedom) people are
objectively good looking, and anti-gun (anti-freedom) people are objectively ugly.
And this is true across all races, all nationalities, and all times in which such
studies have been conducted.
"So, why are some super models anti-gun?"
I would suggest that they are not. They are simply parroting what they have
been told to advance their career. And if the policies were explained to them,
they would be de facto pro-self-defense and hence pro-gun. Listen to their
interviews and compare them to the interviews of models who are pro-gun.
The difference is fairly obvious.
The Russians are just as stupid as we are. Gun-free-zones create unarmed
victims for armed criminals to prey upon.
"Russia shooting: Gunman kills six at Perm University" by BBC from a Reuters news feed
[Tommy Glocer, a classmate from Columbia, used to be chairman of Reuters.
I've noticed that my "friends" who rise to position of power won't take
my calls, much less return them.]
At the end of the article, notice the links. The Russian government is using the
event to "tighten gun rules". Is there anything left to tighten?
"Shooting at Russian university leaves 6 dead, 28 hurt" by Jim Heintz - Associated Press
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution
Please read this. You'll be glad you did. It is a scholarly work, but it is
easy to read and has big color graphs to make the data easy to understand.
"2021 National Firearms Survey" by William English, Ph.D.
31.1% of gun owners, or approximately 25.3 million adult Americans,
have used a gun in self-defense.
• In most cases (81.9%) the gun is not fired.
• There are approximately 1.67 million defensive uses of firearms per year.
• The majority of defensive gun uses take place outside of the home (74.8%),
and many (51.2%) involve more than one assailant.
• Handguns are the firearm most commonly used in defensive incidents (65.9%),
followed by shotguns (21.0%) and rifles (13.1%).
"That 74.8% figure for DGU's outside the home drew my attention as news reports
of home defense are much more common. Then again, with 81.9% of DGU's [defensive gun use]
not involving shots fired, a large proportion of the latter may not be reported to police.
I've never identified myself as a Three Percenter but, in light of these figures,
it sounds as though I'm a Nine Percenter. In fairness, I've always been somewhat wary
of what gun owners tell pollsters but I am impressed by this report."
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
A magazine article that summarizes the scholarly work,
" ‘Nearly One-Third of Gun Owners Have Used Gun in Self-Defense,’ Says Report"
by Dave Workman
"At Real Clear Investigations: There Are Far More Defensive Gun Uses Than Murders In America.
Here’s Why You Rarely Hear Of Them." by John Lott
"Governments are instituted among men,
deriving their just power from the consent of the governed."
-- Thomas Jefferson
"Why the Ruling 'Elite' Is Anti-American | Highlight Ep.32" by Hillsdale College
"Guard with jealous attention the public liberty.
Suspect every one who approaches that jewel.
Unfortunately, nothing will preserve it but downright force.
Whenever you give up that force, you are inevitably ruined."
-- Patrick Henry, speech of June 5, 1788 A.D.
"The simple step of a courageous individual is to not take part in the lie."
-- Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn
So, if you're walking around wearing a mask, you've demonstrated your level of courage.
"How much is a little girl worth?" by Tulsi Gabbard
Oh yes, there are FBI agents far worse than wolves.
"FBI complicit in sex crimes of pedophile rapist" by Tulsi Gabbard
The FBI Special Agent in Charge was Jay Abbott, forced to retired by by
FBI Director Christopher Wray. Heard of him? Oh, he's infamous, right up
there with Lon Horiuchi. Good thing President Trump fired FBI Director James B. Comey.
Because Comey kept promoting Abbott.
The Supervisory Special Agent directly responsible for the investigation
was Michael Langeman, fired by FBI Director Christopher Wray. Never would have
been fired by Comey.
Elections have consequences.
More examples of men who are far more depraved than the wolves. Because they
protect the wolves and allow the wolves to prey on the sheep, in this case the children.
"In a U.S. House Judiciary Committee hearing, Congressman Thomas Massie (R-KY) relied
on the CPRC's research to fight against Democrats' push for Red Flag laws. Unfortunately,
Democrats are using the $3.5 trillion reconciliation bill to give financial incentives
for states to adopt them. Congress will vote on this soon."
-- Dr. John Lott
Sign up for the Crime Prevention Research Center newsletter at
It's well worth your time.
Stephen P. Wenger sends out a regular email reporting on defensive use of firearms,
so does the NRA in their magazines, so does Dr. John Lott in his emails and web site.
There is very little overlap in these mailings. So, a lot of bad guys are getting killed.
Statistically speaking, the average criminal costs society about $800,000 in damage.
Insurance companies put a price on a human life based on potential earned income and such.
So, every bad guy that gets killed is saving society $800,000 in pain, suffering, property
damage, etc. Sometimes we win.
"Militia, when properly formed, are in fact the people themselves . . .
And include all men capable of bearing arms."
-- Senator Richard Henry Lee, 1788, on "militia" in the 2nd Amendment
***** ***** ***** Survival, Medical, Security, and such ***** ***** *****
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
The normal color of urine is clear. If your urine is always yellow, you are
chronically dehydrated, which will cause long term health problems. You have to
generate large volumes of clear urine by drinking water. Water, not soda pop,
not Gator Aide, not sweet tea. Anything with sugar (and the afore mentioned
have huge amounts of sugar) has to be diluted down to the concentration of your
blood to be absorbed by your blood stream. So, drinking sugary drinks draws
water out of your blood stream to dilute the drink, effectively dehydrating
you. No, Gator Aide is NOT good for you. All research indicating that Gator
Aide is good for you was funded by Gator Aide. It's pure propaganda.
I can say this because I don't take money from Gator Aide.
The guy next to me in the Red Bicycle coffee shop says,
"She was T-boned. Some guy ran a red light. It wasn't her fault at all."
And then he tells of her injuries, quite severe.
The incident may be completely the other guy's fault. You may be completely
innocent. You can still get hurt and hurt bad.
So, what does it matter that you were the innocent good gal.
You have to live defensively. You have to protect yourself. Drive defensively.
Travel defensively. Reside defensively. Make friends defensively. Take lovers
defensively. Study defensive pistolcraft. So, that your personality, body
language, and life choices are defensive.
"I don't want to live like that, in a state of paranoia."
Nonsense. I live that way and am not paranoid.
Some people get banged up in traffic negligence, some don't. It's not random.
It's not an accident. Take responsibility for everything that happens to you.
Because you are in control. No, you are not a victim of anything.
Why do you suppose she let that driver T-bone her? Lack of awareness. Lack
of training. Lack of decisiveness. Lack of "I am in control. I am driving this
car, and I know who is around me what they are doing." Attitude.
She is going to lose more money than she would have spent on a defensive
driving course to avoid the incident. She is going to spend far more time in the
hospital and at home recovering than she would have spent on a defensive driving
course to avoid the collision. She is going to suffer a lot of pain; at a
defensive driving course, she would have had a lot of fun. Yes, choices have
"But, it's not my fault. I shouldn't have to spend the time and money to
compensate for other people's incompetence."
Stop and think about that statement. As a matter of fact, such thinking
is ridiculous (in the sense of the Harry Potter books).
I have a friend who is very Christian. She won't read the Harry Potter books
to her kids, because of the witchcraft. But, the Harry Potter stories are a very
conservative morality tale. That's why the liberals are always attacking
Joanne K. Rowling.
"Gather Round And Take A Knee: Survival Tips With Sergeant Paine" by Jeff Paine
The part about how to use a brassiere as a survival tool was useful.
Of course, you have to have someone who wears such a thing.
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit.
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained.
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
***** ***** ***** Miscellany / History / War Stories ***** ***** *****
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
I gave a lecture on Personal Security and Self Defense at the Gordon Jewish
Community Center. After the lecture, a lady who is an attorney approached me and
told me how difficult mounting a self defense case is. So, it's going to cost a
lot of money. She also mentioned an analysis of the battered spouse syndrome
defense, saying that it was a combination of self defense and temporary insanity
(in Tennessee case law).
During the lecture it became obvious that many of the audience members believed
that George Zimmerman was the bad guy who got off on a technicality and Trayvon
Martin was the unarmed innocent little child. I told them that was false. But,
people will believe what they choose to believe. Or, they believe the media that
they choose to consume.
I got side tracked answering questions and a lot of audience members had stories
to tell. Seniors love to tell stories.
"Houston Police Department: 3 suspects killed, 1 wounded by homeowner during home invasion"
by KPRC (a TV station)
Sometimes we win.
Notice how many rounds the home invaders fired (the shell casings found on the
street outside the home). Good guys sustained no injuries. Though there was
probably extensive property damage inside the house.
"Berry's Paradox - An Algorithm For Truth" by Jade
Do you see the connection to Godel's Incompleteness Theorem?
I spent a lot of time studying algorithmic information theory.
Yes, I have read Chaitin and Kolmogorov. Misspent youth.
"Leonard Susskind - Why Black Holes are Astonishing"
This is really sloppy. "Physics" does not say information cannot be lost.
Much to the contrary, the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics says the entropy of the
universe increases (and only stays the same in reversible processes).
Entropy increasing is the same as information decreasing (getting lost).
So, "physics" says information decreases (both forward and backwards in time).
What Susskind means is certain information is conserved at the quantum
mechanical level in certain processes which are assumed to be reversible,
in accordance with certain conservation laws. Because some conservation
laws are violated on the small scale.
All kinds of neat stuff at:
DTI Operator Series by John Farnam
"Tactical Moment" by John Holschen
Sheriff Jim Wilson
Stephen P. Wenger (you can download his books free of charge, as they
are presently out of print)
Practical Eschatology by Docent
The Tactical Professor by Claude Werner
Active Response Training by Gregg Ellifritz
Quips by John Farnam
Rangemaster newsletter by Tom Givens
CIVILIAN DEFENDER by Sherman House
Handgun Combatives by Dave Spaulding
Jerry Miculek - Pro Shooter
Active Self Protection YouTube.com channel
Michael Mann Security
Guardian News Podcast
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’.
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
This is the result of sloppy tradecraft. Don't be that guy.
"Salisbury poisonings: Third man faces charges for Novichok attack" by Gordon Corera
I have received email from foreigners who read this newsletter and the
"Defensive Pistol" pamphlet linked in the column to the right on this web page.
(The link is labeled "Lesson plans".)
Some seem to think that these postings are ethnocentric. Thank you. My mother
always told me to assume that any statement directed toward me is a complement
and to thank the person for the complement.
My ancestor (five generations ago) traveled from China to California to
work on the railroads. It was either that or starve to death in China. So, I
don't have much sympathy for first world socialists complaining. Move! As Massad
Ayoob says, "It is that simple." (People tell Mas "It's not that simple."
When he tells them to move to a free state where they can carry guns to protect
themselves and their loved ones.)
The Warrior's Prayer
Please give us discernment to distinguish friend from foe from innocent bystanders.
Give us clear vision so our aim is true.
Give us calm so we execute correctly.
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the enemy's attack
without excessive force, without revenge.
In Jesus name, Amen.
Jonathan D. Low