Friday, June 30, 2023

CWP, 30 June MMXXIII Anno Domini

Greetings Sheepdogs,
Table of Sections:  
*****     *****     ***** Prevention *****     *****     *****
All the things you can do to avoid the lethal force incident.  
Table of contents:  
[The more you train and practice, the lower the probability of being forced to use the skills.  
Like golf.  Because you will leak information that the criminal predator will recognize.  
You simply won't look like a soft target.]  
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
    "Violence begins and ends with injury.  Injury is the raison d'ĂȘtre.  In a fight for your life,
there is no substitute for inflicting injury on your enemy.  It is, in no uncertain terms, the
arbiter of success in violence.  Those who fully understand this have a distinct advantage
over those whose understanding is dim and instinctual.  . . .  I want to sear the knowledge,
and the advantage, into your brain for all time."  
-- Tim Larkin, "When Violence Is The Answer", 2017.  
     "When you strip all the social baggage away, intent is nothing more than the business-like
execution of a single-minded goal:  the infliction of injury to save your life.  A strike driven
home with the intention to knock your assailant into the ICU gets the job done.  A strike with
the 'hope' of discouraging him from hurting you does not.  The will to injure him is the spark
that fuses all of your assets and your efforts -- your body weight in motion, your structure --
into a single terrible unit that will hit him with everything you have."  
-- Tim Larkin, "When Violence Is The Answer", 2017.  
     "If you look at someone bigger, faster, and stronger and immediately think,
' I'm at a disadvantage ',  
I have news for you:  you are.  
But that's only because you just put yourself there for no reason.  
     The truth is that anyone can do debilitating violence to anyone else.  
Your size, your speed, your strength, your gender --
all the factors that untrained people think make
the difference when it comes to violence --
all matter far less than your mindset and your intent."  
-- Tim Larkin
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.”
from Principles of Personal Defense by Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
     "We don’t decide what is necessary to survive a lethal force encounter initiated
by someone else.  That person decides what’s necessary for us to survive."  
– William Aprill
Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens
“Willingness” is a state of mind.  Readiness is a statement of fact!”  
-- David M Shoup, USMC Commandant, 1960-1963
     "You need to have the capacity for danger.  You need to be ‘dangerous’.  
Yet, you need to learn how to not use it except when necessary.  
And, that is not the same thing as being harmless.  . . .  
     There's nothing virtuous about harmlessness.  
Harmless just means you’re ineffectual and useless."  
-- Jordan Peterson
----- Safety -----  (How to prevent the bad thing from happening in the first place.  
How to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders.)
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
"6 Required Behaviors To Stop Negligent Discharges –
Follow These Like It’s Religion" by Jacob Paulsen
     "If the gun can fall out or come out of the holster unintentionally,
then you are a very short step away from a negligent discharge.  
Ask the guy whose gun fell out of his shoulder holster while he was
strapping his kid into the car seat.  Oh, wait you can't ask him.  
He died when he went to catch the gun and shot himself."  
"Skill Set: Rule 3 “Testing” " by Rich Grassi [Rule 3, see immediately above.]
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     You need to fill in time for visual acquisition, judgement, others wandering
about the area, what’s behind/either side of the perpetrator, where is cover?  
 . . .  I think the time consumed for going from high register [trigger finger
straight on the frame of the pistol] to rounds down range is the least of your
     "If violent crime is to be curbed, it is only the intended victim who can do it.  
The felon does not fear the police, and he fears neither judge nor jury.  
Therefore what he must fear is his victim."  
-- Col. Jeff Cooper
"Home Invasion – Part I" by the Tactical Professor
"Home Invasion – Part II" by the Tactical Professor
"Property Crime: Shifting the Power Back to the Homeowner
Good home security is like an onion (or a parfait): It has layers."
by Shelley Hill
"Tactical Training Scenario- Dealing with “Stoppers” " by Greg Ellifritz
     Our snipers would use such tactics, because it is very difficult to hit a moving target
at distance.  But things change.  
"Marine Corps eliminating its elite scout sniper platoons" by Richard Pollina
"Marines remove scout sniper platoons from infantry battalions" by Irene Loewenson
"The Marine Corps is getting rid of Scout Snipers" by Jeff Schogol
     In case you don't understand, Scout Snipers were the eyes of the Commanding Officer.  
The Scout Snipers reported to Intelligence (the S-2 or the G-2), not the Recon chain of
command.  The Scout Snipers were Intel assets.  Scout Snipers rarely shot anything.  
Well, they could call in fire missions (mortars, artillery, naval gun fire, and air strikes).  
But we, artillery forward observers, usually did that.  In my experience, the Scout Snipers
would only call fire missions to aid in their escape.  
     In the rare instance where the SS's found a high value target of opportunity, higher
command would tell them not to shoot, because they didn't want to give away the fact
that we had SS's in the area.  Sensitive Sources and Methods.  
     Speaking of snipers,
"A first-of-its-kind effort describes police sniper use of force engagements in U.S."  
by Derrick D. Bartlett
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.
     "Contrary to common belief, fewer than half of the persons shot were struck
in the head.  Most suspects were hit in the body or extremities."  
[Yes, but where were the shots aimed? -- Jon Low]
     [It's so good to see text and pictures advocating learning and using the squatting position.  
I teach it and have tried to get other instructors to teach it.  But people won't teach what they
cannot do.  But they should.  
     When I was in the Marine Corps, we used the squatting position.  Of the lower, more
stable positions, it is by far the fastest position to get into and out of. -- Jon Low]  
American Sniper Association
"More Matches Or More Practice?" by Chris Christian
     Please look at the last photograph.  You must be aware and practice to avoid muzzling
yourself when presenting from a seated position.  
"Bears will be bears!" by John Farnam
Hi John,
     Just last week the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency
sent an email to everyone in my neighborhood, Woodbine,
(across the street from the Zoo) in Nashville, TN to watch out
for big black bears that had torn open smokers and trash cans
to get at the food inside.
     I'm thinking my 45 ACP pistol may not be enough for
the non-human predators.
Dear Jon
     Thanks for your note.  
Yes, I don't think any 45ACP pistol is going to do much more than annoy a bear!  
When bears are around, my advice is to keep a military rifle in 308 caliber
(eg: RA/XCR/M) with a twenty-round magazine, ever handy!  
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don’t go to stupid places.  
Don’t associate with stupid people.  
Don’t do stupid things.  
Be in bed by 10:00pm (your own bed!).  
Don’t look like a freak.  
Don’t fail the attitude test.  
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to practice) -----
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
     I have read and heard from far too many that training is not necessary, because
thousands of untrained good guys use guns every year successfully to defend themselves.  
This false notion is perpetuated because in the vast majority of defensive gun use,
the gun is never fired.  So the good guy's incompetence is never revealed.  I suspect
that if the untrained good guy had to fire, they would not have been able to, because:  
     They didn't know that their pistol had a manual safety that needed to be defeated.  
     They didn't remember to defeat the manual safety.  
     They knew to defeat the safety, but were not able to defeat the manual safety.  
     They did not have a round in the chamber.  
     They did not know that the solution to their failure to fire problem was to
Tap, Rack, Fire.  
     They recognized the failure to fire problem, knew that they needed to Tap, Rack,
and Fire; but were not able to execute under the debilitating stress of a lethal force
     This list could go on for pages, but you get the idea.  
     Refusing to practice will get you killed.  Not knowing what to practice because
you've had no training will get you killed.  Practicing the wrong things will get you
     I have read and heard that using a gun is natural and instinctive, so no training is
necessary.  This is completely false.  
     The way to get your bullets to hit your intended target every time on demand is
to execute a surprise trigger break on every shot.  There is nothing instinctive or
natural about this skill.  It is a learned skill.  And can only be learned if it is taught
     Anyone who tells you that you won't have enough time to execute a surprise
break in combat is lying to you.  Or doesn't know what a surprise break is.  Or hasn't
practiced enough to see that with practice it compresses in time and becomes very
fast.  It takes a significant bit of practice before the shooter gets the epiphany.  
     Nobody shoots low left groups (right-handers).  If they did, they would just adjust
their sights to move their group to match their point of aim.  What untrained people
do is scatter their shots low left, assuming they're right-handed.  [Untrained 
left-handers will scatter low right.]  
     If you're not shooting tight groups, as in 5 shots making a single ragged hole at
3 yards (maybe as much as 5 yards), don't touch your sights.  It's you, not the pistol.  
The only time you move your sights is when your tight group doesn't match your
point of aim.  
     If you're not capable of shooting tight groups, seek out qualified instruction and
learn the proper grip, learn the correct muscle tension (push with your firing side hand,
pull with your support side hand), learn the surprise break.  Exercise your hands so
that you have a strong grip.  The pistol is going to recoil, you have to be able to
control it.  The stronger you are, the better your control of the pistol.  That's just
reality.  If you think you can buy your way out of this reality, you are delusional.  
     If your elevation control is okay, but you're scattering horizontally, it's probably
that your rear sight is too narrow.  Have a machinist open up the rear sight by
2 hundredths of an inch.  Or maybe more if your sight radius is short because of
your short barrel.  Or maybe more if your arms are long.  Etc.  
--- Classes ---
"Pistol Choice for a Shooting Class" by Greg Ellifritz
     If you take your Dremel tool or  a piece of sandpaper and deburr your pistol
and other equipment, you won't get cut up.  
     I agree with Greg.  You want to use the largest pistol that fits your hand.  
It fits your hand if your middle finger points back toward you, and your trigger
finger is perpendicular to the displacement vector of the trigger.  So your
trigger finger is pressing the trigger straight to the rear; no vector component
of lateral force.  
     I think that carrying a smaller pistol than fits your hand is a bad idea.  You
may think it is more concealable, but being able to manipulate your pistol in
a high stress situation if far more important.  You can take care of concealment
by dressing appropriately.  
     I went to the "Active Shooter Response" training at Royal Range in Nashville, TN.  
This is a state mandated class for state licensed armed guards who guard schools.  
(There is also a "Dallas Laws" special training for those who guard places that sell
alcohol.)  Some of the things I learned:  
     Are you competent to distinguish the bad guys from the good guys from the innocent
bystanders in a chaotic high stress environment?  Is your vision good enough?  Do you
need glasses?  Do you actually wear the glasses that you need?  (If your eyes are bad,
get a red dot sight.)  Is your hearing good enough?  Do you need hearing aids?  Do you
actually wear your hearing aids?  Can you hear the person screaming at you, "Don't
shoot him!  He's the good guy!"  Because he is holding the bad guy at gun point.  
     Can you run 100 yards from where you are to where the kids are being shot, fast
enough to save lives?  (Or is everyone going to be dead by the time you get there?)  
Are you physically fit?  Are you going to arrive on scene, only to have a heart attack
and die?  When you arrive on scene gasping for air, with elevated pulse rate, will
you be able to distinguish between shoot and no-shoot targets, and apply accurate fire?  
[This was part of the live fire exercise.]  This is a crowded school, so every miss is
killing a child.  
     Are you willing to kill bad guys?  How do you know?  Have you ever killed before?  
Even if you have, will you be willing to kill in the future?  One of the bad guys
shooting kids in the building was a young white pregnant female.  Several of the
armed guards did not shoot her (so she shot and killed them).  Several armed guards
hesitated to shoot her (so she got off a few shots, and probably killed them, before
they killed her).  I admit, I shot her immediately upon seeing the gun in her hand.  
I guess that says something about me.  [This was part of the Simunitions exercise.]  
     Place ballistic film on all glass windows, walls, and doors.  This will prevent
the glass from being shot through or shattering.  So it prevents entry.  Several mass
murderers have shoot out glass doors or walls to gain entry when the doors were
locked.  On the other hand, you won't be able to get through it, until the firemen
arrive with their circular saws.  
     Note that when the fire alarms go off, all of the doors will unlock.  
     Place bollards to prevent vehicle ramming attacks.  On the other hand, if the
doors are locked preventing good guy entry, consider ramming with a vehicle.  
Don't ram through walls, as teachers are taught to line up students against walls
to prevent them from getting shot through doorways.  
     Do you have the keys for the external doors.  They are generally locked.  
     Observe the parking lot.  The Covenant shooter reconned for 2 years.
On the day of the attack, she sat in her car for 2 hours before entering the
Covenant school building.  
     Besides the uniformed armed guards, you must have plain clothed sleepers.  
The uniforms will be the first ones shot in any criminal scenario.  This will
give the sleepers a chance to shoot the bad guys.  
     Feel free to shoot the bad guys in the back.  If you can't do this,
find another job.  
     Place 4 foot diameter concrete tubes in the playground for the kids to play in.  
They will provide cover for the kids in the event of an attack on the playground.  
     Carry "Don't Shoot Me" sashes and use them (which means you have to practice
putting them on and folding them up).  So the responding officers don't shoot you.  
So the other good guys don't shoot you.  So your partner, whom you got separated
from, doesn't shoot you.  
     We learned two man team room clearing tactics.  COMMUNICATE!  
"Contact front.", "Contact right.", "Contact back.", etc.  
     If you have multiple directions to search, DO NOT split up.  Stay with your
partner.  Lots of documented cases of partners shooting each other because they
separated and lost track of where the other one was.  
     Squeeze your partner's arm to let him know you're ready to go.  
"Set.", "On me."
     The first one through the door is never wrong.  Whichever way he turned,
you turn the other way and cover his back.  Stay close.  Don't get separated.  
     When in plain clothes, wear patterned shirts to better conceal your pistol.  
     If the bad guy is wearing body armor, shoot the hips.  Head shots are difficult
and usually not effective.  Pistol bullets bounce off the skull.  Remember,
we are in reality, not the movies.  
     Keep your priorities straight!  
1.  The hostages / innocents / children.  (So, you can't leave.  You must charge in.)  
2.  You.  (You need to get home to your spouse and kids.)  
3.  The bad guy.  (Do whatever you have to do to stop the attack.  If you're
worried about hurting the bad guy, your priorities are wrong.)  
     Learn and practice weapon retention.  You can't let the bad guy take your gun.  
     "Some shots can't be made."  Too many people in the background.  People running
around in the foreground.  The available target area is too small.  The target is too far
away, beyond the range at which you can guarantee a hit.  The target is moving too
fast.  The target is moving between innocent persons.  Etc.  You MUST know when
you cannot, should not, take the shot.  
     If someone offers to help you, what do you do?  
     If you know they are competent and have training compatible with your training;
"Follow my lead."  "On me."  
     If you don't know them; "Stay here and watch my back.  Tell the responding
officers which way I went and what I am wearing."
     Pay attention to "hands", "threat", "action".  
     Look first, then drive.  
     When crossing doorways:  
Cross cover - one of you on each side of the doorway, "Set." to make sure the other
guy is ready.  "On me."  So there is no confusion as to who is leading the task.  
Whoever said, "On me." will initiate the entry.  Don't muzzle your partner.  
Slice - both of you on one side of the doorway.  Leader says "Set." telling the
second man to get ready.  Second man squeezes the arm of the first man to let
him know that all is ready.  First man initiates the entry.  J-hook around the
     Stay close to your partner.  Stay within touching distance of walls.  
Eyes go to corners.  
     When shooting moving targets, either:  
Move sights with the target, track target, smoothly press trigger while tracking
Set up sights on point that you know the bad guy will cross.  Track the target
with your eyes.  Release shot when bad guy crosses your sights.  
[Remember, we are talking about pistol distances.]  
     Do you have breaching tools?  Do you know how to use them?  Do you have
breaching rounds for your shotgun?  Do you know how to use them?  
Do you have bolt cutters?  (Real bolt cutters, 4 feet long.)  
     Use support to stabilize your position.  There is always a wall, table,
or something you can use.  
     Be able to shoot out to 100 yards.  Know exactly how high or low you need to
hold at every distance from 0 to 100 yards.  This is with your carry ammo, not
your practice ammo.  
     Your holster must hold your pistol securely.  If your pistol fell out during the
100 yard run, fix your gear.  
     In the class we reviewed and analyzed the video from Columbine high school in
Colorado; Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, TX; and Covenant Elementary
school in Nashville, TN.  What a world of difference.  The Nashville cops searched
when there was no stimuli and charged when they heard the gun shots.  The
Covenant shooter was shooting at the cops outside in the parking lot when the
team made contact.  So they shot her in the back.  
     They told us a lot of stuff that was not released to the media.  You'll hear it when
you take the class.  
--- End of Classes ---
     "Take training from different instructors.  
We are all wrong about something."  
-- John Farnam
From an email from Jason Hanson --
     Today, I will no doubt ruffle some feathers, but I don’t mind…
     I often get asked by readers what I think of jiu-jitsu and if they should train in it.  Well,
here’s the good, the bad, and the ugly.  
     First off, jiu-jitsu is wonderful to learn for self-defense . . . IF you are willing to train
in it for several hours a week.  Jiu-jitsu is very technical and complicated and is definitely
not something you can learn in an afternoon.  You’ve got to invest hours a week for years
to become very skilled in it.  And that’s the major issue.  I’ve dabbled in jiu-jitsu but I’m
too busy to go to the dojo multiple nights a week to train.  Also, I’ve got several friends
who are very skilled at jiu-jitsu and who own studios and I always joke with them that
it’s a cult.  Many of these guys take the position that it’s jiu-jitsu or nothing and there is
nothing else in the world that you need to train in or do.  They’ve definitely drunk the
Kool-Aid.  I joke with these guys that they’re just like CrossFit folks – who also believe
it’s CrossFit or nothing and they won’t even think about or consider another way to
     Also, here’s one of the biggest myths that I always hear surrounding jiu-jitsu . . .
That you have to learn this martial art because most fights go to the ground.  The fact is,
that is absolute nonsense, most fights do not end up on the ground.  Do you know where
I think this myth came from?  I believe, although I’m not 100% sure, that this came
from police departments because when you see police videos, the cops often end up on
the ground.  And this makes sense, because the police are trying to arrest someone and
they get in struggles and end up wrestling on the ground.  Whereas, you and I are not
trying to arrest someone, so we can do quick punches and take people out and the police
can’t do that.  In fact, of all the fights I’ve been in and that my friends have been in,
only one time did it end up on the ground.  Most of the time, it was a quick strike to
the attacker and then we got the heck out of Dodge.  
     So, if you have the time to invest in jiu-jitsu then I’d say to certainly do it . . .
     But if you don’t have the time, don’t worry about it.  
-- Jason Hanson
     “The secret of success is this.
Train like it means everything when it means nothing –
so you can fight like it means nothing when it means everything.”
-- Lofty Wiseman
     "Those motivated by a desire to improve their gunfighting skills as opposed
to a quest for trophies, must be willing to bleed ego on the match results to avoid
shedding real blood in combat." -- Andy Stanford
"Competitive Shooting — Dangerous Diversion or Practical Pastime?"
by Ralph Mroz
     When I take my students to an IDPA or IPSC match, I tell my students --
     When we shoot the match, we will go very slowly to ensure we positively identify
every shoot-target and every no-shoot-target.  We will not be racing to win the game.  
     It is common for the Safety Officer to inform the shooter that he failed to engage
several targets, because he just ran past them without seeing them.  Moving faster than
you can see.  Moving faster than you can think.  Is wrong and dangerous.  
     We will stay back away from corners, windows, and doors, because we understand
that there is someone hiding behind the corner who will grab our pistol.  
     We will shoot at the first part of the enemy that comes into view, because we can
do so without exposing our bodies.  We can always get the center-of-mass hit later as
we come around the corner.  We understand that whoever gets the first hit will usually
win the gunfight.  
     We will not muzzle no-shoot-targets.  We will not sweep across no-shoot-targets
when transitioning from one shoot-target to another shoot-target.  Because unlike
the other competitors, we are not playing a game.  We are training for combat.  
Shooting the no-shoot-target is shooting faster than you can think.  (Muzzling the
innocent bystander is aggravated assault with a firearm, there is a 10 year sentencing
enhancement for the firearm.)  
     Do not do "walk throughs".  Do not choreograph the scenario.  Shoot the targets
as they come into view.  Do not count rounds.  Do not plan your reloads.  Shoot until
empty, then reload.  Planning a scenario is a training scar.  Combat is surprising.  
     Remember, we are training for civilian concealed carry for self-defense.  
We are not playing the game.  
"Close Dark Fast" by Mike Boyle
     ". . . the bottom line is you’re more likely to run out of time than bullets."  
     "In order for training to be valid, it must meet the challenge of the anticipated
encounter.  Think close, dark and fast."  
     "In a worst-case scenario, an attacker may have closed the distance and has
denied you the opportunity to draw your firearm."  
     ". . . the inert training gun is just the ticket."  
     "Do something fast, do something as hard as you can.  
The last thing your assailant expects is a sudden, violent counterattack."  
"Hierarchy of Combative Firearms Training" by Dave Spaulding
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.
Base Level: Essentials
Mid-Level: Combative Aspects
Upper Level: Interactive Aspects
     ". . . you should not try to fight with a pistol until you’ve learned how to shoot
and manipulate it.  Some think they are one in the same but that is not the case.  
If you throw a punch before you’ve learned how to make a fist, your punch won’t
be effective and will likely result in injury and failure."  
     "I have found that moving quickly, planting and shooting accurately,
and then moving quickly again to be more effective [than shooting while moving]."  
     ". . . despite the training’s effectiveness, I found that a week or two before a
force-on-force course it was not unusual many student to develop “family problems”
and bail out.  
     It's unfortunate because training is the time to make mistakes!  Better than when
the stakes are real!  Funny how the human ego can’t comprehend this."  
     ". . . confidence in skill is the single biggest factor in overcoming fear.  
And, conversely, fear is the single biggest factor in why people do not
take action in a crisis."  
Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
----- Practice (how to get competent at that task) -----
     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
"How fast should you dry fire so you don’t outrun the gun in live fire?" by Mike Ox
     One-front-sight, two-front-sight, three-front-sight, etc. will give you 1 shot per second.  
(1.0 second between shots)
     One-and, two-and, three-and, four-and, etc. will give you 2 shots per second.  
(0.5 seconds between shots, half second splits)
     One, two, three, four, five, etc. will give you 4 shots per second.  
(0.25 seconds, quarter second splits)
     Shooting faster than you can think is bad.  
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.  
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
"3 Top Defensive Handgun Drills" by Richard A. Mann
Why practice?  
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."  
-- Winston Churchill
     "Practice malfunction clearing because fights never come out the way we plan them."  
-- Clint Smith
Excerpt from "Shotgun Malfunctions" by Clint Smith
"Be careful what you practice.  
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."  
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
*****     *****     ***** Intervention *****     *****     *****
Suggestions on how to deal with the incident that you failed to avoid.  
Table of contents:  

----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it,
which tactics to use, which includes walking away) -----
"Handgun Defenses Against Bears –
170 Documented Incidents, 98% Effective"
by Dean Weingarten
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     Handguns have been shown to be effective tools when used to defend against bears.
[Just last week, the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency sent an email to everyone
in my neighborhood, warning of a black bear.]  
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
"You win gunfights by not getting shot."  
-- John Holschen
----- Tactics (maneuver and fire in support of your strategy) -----
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
"Answer, but don’t open your door" by John "Hsoi" Daub
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
“Fortuitous outcomes reinforce poor tactics.”  
-- Chuck Haggard
     "Counter Robbery in Non Permissive Environments"
     Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task in support of your tactics) -----
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
"The Dreaded Shooting Low and Left [for right-handed shooters]" by Joel Park
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     Ya right.  Everyone thinks they can reinvent the wheel.  If you want to defeat all of the  
autonomic nervous system responses to report and recoil, as Jeff Cooper taught us decades
ago, execute a surprise trigger break.  Pushing against the anticipated recoil is just one of
many autonomic nervous system responses.  This results is scattering low left for
right-handed shooters and low right for left-handed shooters.  The solution is Surprise Break.  
     If you don't know what a surprise trigger break is or how to achieve it, find an
instructor who understands it and take lessons.  In person instruction is really the
best way.  
     If you don't have access to instruction (because you live in a bad place like
North Korea or such), I will explain.  
     Trigger terms:
slack = trigger movement without sear movement (necessary for combat pistols).  
break dawn = the hard stop at the end of slack and the start of sear movement.  
creep = the movement of the sear before the break (there shouldn't be any).  
break = when the sear releases the firing pin or striker.  
over-travel = movement of the trigger after the break (this should be minimized).  
reset = releasing the trigger until you hear or feel the click of the trigger resetting.  
0.  Assuming you have a tight grip.  Grip first, then press the trigger.  Do not tighten
your grip while pressing the trigger.  
     Assuming you have proper sight alignment.  This is important because misalignment
causes large errors in point of impact.  
     Sight movie is not as important because incorrect sight movie will cause small
errors in point of impact, and will generally take care of itself automatically (with practice).  
1.  Touch the trigger.  To find out where the trigger is.  No, you don't know where it is,
especially if you grabbed it quickly in a high stress situation.  You might not have a
perfect grip, which means the trigger is not exactly where you expect it to be.  
2.  Take the slack out of the trigger.  You should feel a hard stop, the break dawn.  
If you don't, either get a trigger job or get a decent pistol.  (Jerking the trigger through
the slack to fire the pistol will prevent accuracy.  You must take the slack out of
the trigger before you start the press to fire the shot.)  
     [If you're using a revolver, there is no point in staging the trigger.  Just press
smoothly through the entire arc of the trigger.  The revolver will fire.  Keep pressing,
trapping the trigger to the rear.]  
3.  Without firing the pistol, smoothly increase pressure on the trigger.  The pistol
will fire, but because you did not intentionally fire the pistol, you will get a surprise
break.  Because you didn't know exactly when the pistol was going to fire, the bullet
will be out of the muzzle before any autonomic nervous system responses occur.  
So any flinch, push, jerk, freezing, tensing, etc. will not affect the point of impact.  
The bullet will go where you aimed it.  Every time, on demand.  That is the beauty
of the surprise break.  (There are many techniques for achieving the surprise break.  
Send me an email for a list of suggestions.)  
4.  Keep pressing the trigger.  Trap the trigger to the rear.  Get your sights back onto
the target that you just shot.  So you will have one sight picture before the shot and
one sight picture after the shot.  That is correct, two sight pictures for each shot.  
That is follow through.  
     You should see your sights move through your follow through.  If you don't,
you are closing your eyes.  Watch your sights.  See how they move through recoil.  
     You should see the muzzle flash of your pistol.  Yes, even in bright day light.  
If you don't see your muzzle flash, you are closing your eyes.  Look for your muzzle
[Can't get a Bible in North Korea either.]  
"Good people find out the hard way that their gun is
worthless in a fight until it's actually in their hands."  
-- Mike Ox
     Presentation (because drawing is what you do with crayons) exercises --
     [You must practice these techniques dry, before attempting them live.]  
1 – Presentation to the target
     Clear concealment garment (support side hand continues to hold concealment out
of the way to prevent it from fouling the presentation).  Establish grip with firing side
hand.  Clear your holster.  Rotate pistol to point at the enemy with elbow pulled back
as far as possible, bottom of grip pressed against rib cage, slide of pistol away from
your body to avoid fouling the slide with your clothes when firing from this close
contact position.  (You may have to shoot from this one-handed close contact position,
so practice doing so.)  Establish a two handed grip with both forearms still pressed
tight against your torso.  (You may have to shoot from this two-handed close contact
position, so practice doing so.)  Punch your pistol straight out to your line of sight.  
Aim in, slack out of the trigger.  
2 - Firing Hand Only Presentation [Avoid muzzling your support side hand.]
     Clear concealment garment.  Establish grip.  Clear holster.  Close contact position.  
(Your pistol may be covered by your concealment garment.  If so, shoot through it.  
Don't play silly games.)  Extend your firing side arm to bring your sights to your
line-of-sight (you may have to clear the concealment garment to do this, keep pistol
pointed in correct direction).  Aim in, slack out.  
3 - Support Hand Only Presentations (in order of preference)
     [Avoid muzzling your firing side hand.]  
     These first two techniques allow for establishing the correct grip before removing
the pistol from the holster.  
- Reaching in front to establish correct grip:  Twist your support side hand to point
your thumb forward, palm outboard.  Reach across your front.  Establish grip.  
Clear holster.  Aim in, slack out.  (Another reason to use the 3 o'clock position for
right-handers or 9 o'clock for lefties.)  
- Reaching in back to establish correct grip:  Reach behind your back.  Establish grip.  
Clear holster.  Aim in, slack out.  (Another reason to use the 3 o'clock position for
right-handers or 9 o'clock for lefties.)  
     The next two techniques require more manipulation of the pistol to get the correct grip.  
- Reaching in front:  Pull pistol up far enough to rotate it in the holster.  Establish grip.  
Cross draw.  Aim in, slack out.  
- Reaching in front:  Pull pistol out of holster.  Trap it between your legs.  Establish grip.  
Aim in, slack out.  (This technique prevents movement.)  
     The following technique does not establish the correct grip but allows for a quicker shot.  
- Reaching in front:  Establish upside down grip, using little finger as your trigger finger
in the register position.  Cross draw.  Aim in, slack out.  (This technique was demonstrated
in a course called “Semi-Auto Pistol Level 2” at the Georgia Public Safety Training Center.  
It's faster than the previous two techniques, because you don't rotate the pistol or your grip.  
But the chances of getting a second shot are slim, because the pistol slide will probably hit
your hand and not cycle.)  
4 - Surreptitious Presentation
     - From your bladed interview stance, with one hand, clear concealment garment.  
Establish grip.  Clear holster.  Extend arm down along your side, concealing your pistol
behind your thigh.  (You might want to practice doing something else with your support
side arm to draw attention away from your presentation.)  
     - From a seated position, with one hand, clear concealment garment.  Establish grip.  
Clear holster.  Keep pistol concealed under the table or under a napkin or behind your
jacket or down by your knee.  
5 – Presentation to the ready
If you do this competently and with confidence, you might not have to go any further.  
     - Presentation to close contact.  (To avoid letting anyone grab your gun.)  
To point the pistol at the ground in front of you, rotate at the elbows, not the wrists.  
     - Presentation to low ready.  (To let the enemy, see your pistol.)  
To point the pistol at the ground in front of you when using the Weaver arm position,
rotate down at the shoulders, resting your support side upper arm against your rib cage.  
If using the isosceles, rotate down at the shoulders while keeping your arms straight.  
6 – Clearing the concealment garment and establishing a proper grip.  If you do this
competently and with confidence, you might not have to go any further.  
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
*****     *****     ***** Postvention *****     *****     *****
Suggestions on how to treat your wounds, avoid prosecution, conviction, and prison time.  
Table of contents:  
     Survival, Medical, etc.
----- Aftermath (You must be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.) -----
     In the right hand column of this web page, click on "Never Talk To The Police"
or use the direct address
The high stress of a lethal force confrontation induces constipation of the brain and
diarrhea of the mouth.  Anything you say will be used against you, to facilitate your
arrest and conviction.  No, the police are not your friends in this situation.  Police
raises and promotions are based on arrests and convictions.  Exonerations don't count.  
     “The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him,
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
     In America, you get as much justice as you can afford.  You must have a
powerful politically connected attorney from an established firm with deep
connections in the legal community.  You want all charges dismissed.  You
don't want a trial.  Do you have the ability to generate the hundreds of thousands
of dollars for legal fees when the need arises?  If not, you must have an insurance
     In the right hand column, click on the link labeled "Self Defense Insurance".  
Or, the direct link is,
Read this before you buy insurance.  You need to make an informed decision.  
The various policies are drastically different.  
     "You need to read the fine print." -- Massad Ayoob  
     “Your understanding and consent are not required
for someone to take your life, kill your loved ones,
and destroy all you hold dear.”
-- William Aprill
----- Survival, Medical, etc. -----
     "If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House
"Ankle IFAK Trauma Kit"
"2 MUST HAVE Items for Bleeding Control" by Brian McLaughlin
     "If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit.
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained.
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     *****
Table of contents: 
     "You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
"What the Shoulders Say About Us" by Joe Navarro M.A.
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     The shoulder rise is not indicative of deception (there is no single behavior indicative
of deception) and it must not be construed that way but rather as an indicator of lack of
confidence.  It should serve as a warning that the person does not fully back up what
they are saying.  
"Weekend Knowledge Dump- June 23, 2023" by Greg Ellifritz
"Active Response Training" by Greg Ellifritz
"History of Concealed Carry Pistols & Revolvers" by Travis Pike
Rangemaster Firearms Training Services


     "Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     *****
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
"The Essential Second Amendment" by The Heritage Foundation
FREE eBook
"Law of Self Defense" book (free of charge, just pay shipping so you don't have to
go to Colorado to pick it up)
Excerpt from email correspondence --
     [This is just my unlearned opinion from my reading and the classes that I
have taken.  I am not an attorney.]  
     You've got to be careful about that "transferred intent" legal doctrine.  
It's fine as far as it goes, but the fact that you hit an innocent bystander
is prima facie evidence of recklessness.  (You should have known there
were persons down range of your target.  You should have known persons
were up range of your target.  And everyone was running around in a panic.)  
     The civil law suit is not going to be wrongful injury or wrongful death,
but rather negligent injury or negligent homicide.  (Plaintiff's attorney
knows all about transferred intent.  They aren't stupid.  They are not going
to file a law suit that's going to get thrown out by the judge.  Or overturned
on appeal.)  
     The criminal charge is going to be reckless endangering or reckless
homicide (the exact wording would depend on the jurisdiction).   (The
prosecutors knows all about transferred intent.  They aren't stupid.  They
are not going to file charges that are going to get thrown out by the judge.  
Or dismissed on appeal.)  
     So it's important to keep your mouth shut.  Because if you say that you
shot with your eyes closed, or without aiming, or couldn't see your target,
or anything stupid like that, you're screwed.  
Or any kind of "excited utterance", that shows reckless behavior, like
"I didn't mean to shoot him." or "It was an accident." you're screwed.  
Lots of cases of such.  
     [If your attorney doesn't know what you're talking about when you mention
this to him, you might want to find a competent attorney.  As Andrew Branca
says, in law school, students only get a few minutes of self-defense law.  So
if your attorney is a recent graduate or not specialized in self-defense law,
don't expect him to know anything about self-defense law.]  
"After 29 Years on Death Row, Barry Jones Was Dumped at a Bus Station.  
But He Was Finally Free.  
The Supreme Court said his innocence didn’t matter.  
Jones was released thanks to a plea deal between his lawyers and Arizona.  
by Liliana Segura
     The headline is deceptive.  Appellate courts, such as the U.S. Supreme, do not question
matters of fact found by the trial court.  They are not going to second guess the trial court.  
If new facts arise, the proper action is for defense counsel to petition the trial court for a
new trial.  If the defense counsel was ineffective, the new defense counsel should appeal
on those grounds.  
     In this case, the "false" conviction is the result of incompetent (ineffective) defense
attorneys.  You get as much justice in the U.S. as you can afford.  So you better have
an insurance policy that provides the money for effective counsel.  Otherwise, you may
be on death row for 3 decades.  Or executed.  
     It doesn't matter who is at fault.  This is the system that exists.  Take action to beat
the system (political campaign contributions, insurance policies, etc.).  Or else the
system will grind you up.  
     Or, just be rich.  In American the only reason that a person is not rich is that the
person has made many bad decisions, such as doing drugs, being lazy, dropping out
of school, marrying a bad woman who divorced him and took everything, etc.  
Anyone with a decent work ethic can become rich in America.  Claims of racism
and such are lies.  Rich people have a much more pleasant life.  So be rich.  
Dave Ramsey's Financial Peace University will teach you how.  Your pastor will
teach you how.  Your parents will teach you, if you choose to listen to them.  
     Here is the secret,
     Only spend your money on things you need (housing, clothing, food).  
[Soda pop is not food because it has no nutritional value.  A girlfriend, who was
a nutritionist for WIC (Women Infants and Children), told me that soda pop is
the primary cause of childhood obesity.  Ice cream is food because as the great
nutritionist, Raylan Givens, said to his ex-wife in the TV show "Justified",
ice cream has cream, milk, eggs; it's health food.]  
     Live within your means (10% to your church, 10% to your savings account,
80% for living expenses).  
     If you've got a car loan, you are WRONG.  Buy used, pay in cash.  
     If you are spending more than ¼ of your living expense money on housing,
you are WRONG.  Move into a place you can afford.  It doesn't matter that you
have 15 kids.  Move into a place you can afford.  
     If you are spending money on a cable subscription for movies and such,
you are WRONG and wasting your invaluable time (God has given you very
little time on Earth).  Watching TV and movies prevents you from doing
constructive things, like reading to your children or playing with your children.  
     Yes, it is that simple.  
     Did Barry Jones rape and murder the 4 year old girl?  We'll never know because
we were not there at the scene at the time of the event.  What are the facts?  He was
convicted of the crime.  Decades later he sign a plea deal confessing to the crime.  
     "But he only signed the confession to get out of prison."  
     Yes.  But he signed the confession.  Honorable men don't lie.  They don't confess
to crimes that they did not commit.  
     "That's easy for you to say.  You were not in prison for 3 decades."  
     Yes, it is easy for me to say.  Death Before Dishonor.  
"Supreme Court Decision Changes Second Amendment Landscape Forever!"
by Armed Scholar
     Does the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act protect magazines?  
Lower courts say no.  What will the U.S. Supreme Court say?
     Banko Brown (trans gender, homeless, Black, etc.) was shoplifting at Walgreen’s.  
Security officer, Michael Earl-Wayne Anthony, stopped Brown.  A fight ensued.  
Anthony shot once killing Brown.  
     San Francisco District Attorney declines to prosecute.  The DA published a
statement explaining why the DA's office declined to prosecute.  Andrew Branca
reviewed the statement and found it to be nonsense.  Unfortunately, the review
was on a members-only posting.  So I can't share it with you.  But the point is
legal arguments don't matter.  All decisions are made on political grounds.  
Sorry, that's reality.  
"Can You Kill An Innocent Person So YOU Can Live?" by Andrew Branca
     Rulings in civil cases being applied to criminal cases?  
"The shocking reason behind almost half of Hawaii's firearm permit denials"
by Cam Edwards (I know this guy, but can't remember how.  My dementia progresses.)
Excerpt:  (because it's behind a pay wall)
      According to a new report issued by Hawaii Attorney General Annie Lopez,
the number of firearm permit applications in the state actually declined slightly last year;
somewhat surprising given that the Supreme Court’s decision in Bruen has generally
led to a growing number of Americans applying for both concealed carry licenses and
permits to possess firearms in the handful of states where those government-issued
permission slips are still required.  The biggest takeaway from Lopez’s report isn’t
the 6.1% decrease in permit applications, however, at least not to me.  It’s the hundreds
of Hawaiian residents who’ve been denied a permit because they possess a state-issued
medical marijuana card.  In fact, possessing a medical marijuana card is the biggest
prohibiting factor for would-be gun owners in the state, and it’s not even close.  Almost
43% of all denials were due to the applicant possessing a medical marijuana license
that allows them to consume cannabis with a doctor’s approval, even if they may
choose not to partake.  In fact, as the AG notes, police departments in cities like
Honolulu will issue blanket denials to any and all applicants with a medical marijuana
card for up to a year after that card has expired, so even those who no longer possess
a valid medical marijuana license are still being turned away and are unable to lawfully
exercise their right to even keep a gun in their home for self-defense.  The 230 denials
may pale in comparison to the more than 20,000 applications that were approved,
but behind every one of those rejections is a person who tried to stay within the bounds
of the law and were told they must make a choice between their health and their
fundamental right to keep and bear arms.  In fact, just 13 permits were denied to
individuals for drug offenses, so those folks who are making an effort to comply with
all of the applicable state laws are likely getting caught more frequently than drug
abusers who apply for a permit.  For now, recreational marijuana remains illegal in
Hawaii, though the state Senate voted in favor a legalization bill earlier this year.  
While the legislation failed to make it out of the state House, Lopez testified that
she’s willing to work with lawmakers to craft a legalization bill to be introduced
next session . . .  
[From the image of the chart embedded in the page linked below, the next most
common reason for denial was mental-health issues, at 25.7%, followed by a
string of different types of criminal offenses, restraining orders, citizenship and
dishonorable military discharge, the latter being equivalent to a felony conviction.  
-- Stephen P. Wenger]  
"Seventh Circuit revives non-violent felon's quest to restore 2A rights"
by Cam Edwards
"Everything You're NOT Supposed to Know About Suppressors" by T.REX ARMS
"National Firearms Act: Hearings, Seventy-third Congress, Second Session, on ..."
By United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means
     It's about freedom.  

"Supreme Court Ruling & Remand Order Backs All "Assault Weapon" Bans Into a Corner!!!"
by Armed Scholar
"Supreme Court's PRO-GUN Ruling Sparks Over 100 Pro-Gun Federal Lawsuits"
by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
     National Association for Gun Rights,
"Acquittal!" by John Farnam
"Scott Peterson Found Not Guilty" by WPBF 25 News
     This is reality.  Nobody else is going to protect your children.  Only you can protect
your children.  Better accept the fact and act accordingly.  
     The government has never had any obligation to protect the citizen.  Lots of U.S.
Supreme Court rulings on this point.  
"Supreme Court Agrees to Take Up New Gun Case" by Stephen Gutowski
     Is owning guns while being subject to a domestic violence restraining order constitutional?  
    “Is there no virtue among us?  
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, will insure liberty and happiness
for a dishonorable population represents the height of self-deception.”  
-- James Madison, 1788
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****
     Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:  
"We are not God's gift to our students.  
Our students are God's gift to us."  
----- Instructors -----
the students who require the extra effort
are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
"What is “Training”?" by Kathy Jackson
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
"Online Marketing for Firearms Instructors" by Kevin Creighton
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Andragogy -----
     "An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented."  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Salomon
     It may well be that you never come in contact with low IQ persons in your social circles.  
As you get selected via tests, such as the ASVAB (The Armed Services Vocational
Aptitude Battery) test used by the Armed Forces, or the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test)
or the ACT (American College Testing) used by the colleges, and move up in your career,
you effectively self-select yourself out of populations that contain low IQ persons.  
     But your student body will contain such persons.  Are you able to teach them?
capable of teaching them?  [No, not the same thing.  That's why they are different
words.  Check out The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language at
"What to Do about Cognitive Inequality?" by Glenn Loury and Jordan Peterson
     As Tiffany Johnson says, "Some people have never performed a chamber check.  
They don't know what to look for.  So you have to explain."  
     No, it is not obvious to your student.  No, your student cannot figure it out for
himself.  This does not make him unsafe or incorrigible.  You must teach him to make
him safe.  He may not catch on immediately.  You must have the patience to keep
working with him.  Giving up on the slow student is a sin.  As John Farnam says,
     "Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!"  
     Students who get fed up or frustrated, and leave are not your fault.  If you caused
them to leave, it is your fault.  
     As Dave Spaulding says, it's the Dunning-Kruger Effect, at the
experienced / competent end of the curve (right side of the diagram).  
You, the experienced competent instructor, find the skill easy,
so you think it should be easy for your students to learn.  
Because you forget how difficult it was for you (or maybe it was
never difficult for you) and how much you had to practice (probably
because you enjoyed the practice).  You don't think you're very skilled,
so you don't think you are teaching at a very high level.  But you are
wrong.  You are highly skilled, teaching at a very high level.  If you
don't realize this, you're going to make things very hard for your
     As Brian Hill says, you have to be 50 to 60 years old to be a
competent instructor.  It takes that long to find out what you don't
know.  Before then, you don't know what you don't know.  
"Tips to Become a Successful Firearms Instructor" by Pat Mac
     Find your own niche.  Don't copy others.  
     Use your own style.  Don't copy others.  
     Range prep.  Have all the stuff you will need, and all the stuff you might need.  
     Volunteer to teach at SWAT convention free of charge, for the experience and to
get known.  
     Learn your flow, logical sequence of events in your classes.  
     Learning to be a good instructor takes time.  [Absolute truth.  Be willing to
make mistakes.  Because you will.  Be patient.  Learning takes time.   -- Jon Low]
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
*****     *****     ***** Gear *****     *****     *****
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
"Lumens, Candela, and Lux" by Richard Nance
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     "Most Americans don’t carry guns at all and manage not to get killed.
     Of the millions who do carry, most will never need to draw against a criminal opponent.  
     Of those who do have to draw, the exhaustive research of Professor John Lott,
Professor Gary Kleck, and others indicate they won’t have to shoot anyone:
the presentation of the gun by the Good Guy, far more often than not, causes
the Bad Guy to surrender or flee.  
     When defensive gunfire by an armed citizen does become necessary,
it rarely goes high volume."  
-- Massad Ayoob
Excerpt from "Spare Ammo" by Massad Ayoob
     "Think of spare ammo as analogous to your fire insurance:  
“It’s not about the odds, it’s about the stakes.”  
Extra rounds are like the gun itself:  
“Better to have and not need, than to need and not have.” "  
"Pistol Red Dot Training: Beginner’s Guide" by Travis Pike
"Concealment Camisole" by Natalie
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.
"Long-Term Flashbang Teddy Bra Holster Review [2023]" by Ally Corless
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
"Weapon Selection for Defensive Situations" by Steve Tarani
     Humans are at the top of the food chain because they use tools.  Weapons are tools.  
Emergency escape tools.  Refusing to keep and bear weapons is shirking the responsibility,
nay the duty, to protect self and loved ones.  Those who don't believe that they are worth
protecting have a mental problem.  
"How I Clean My Firearms" by Pat Mac
     He uses WD-40, as do I.  I never understood the guys who teach not to use WD-40.  
It's cheap and universally available.  And it works.  
     Ya, you've got to use a chemical bore solvent (Hoppes or other) because the heat
and pressure causes the copper jacket or lead to chemically bond to the bore.  Scrubbing
it with a bronze brush is not sufficient.  
     Eye protection is a must.  The springs will shoot little sharp objects into your eyes.  
"Iconic 1911 Pistols Have Finally Been Retired From Marine Corps Service
The Marine Corps’ time as the last major U.S. military user of the legendary
1911 pistol has come to an end."  byJoseph Trevithick
     1981 to 1985 I carried a beat up old Colt single stack 1911 in a leather shoulder holster
as I waddled around the armory of 1st Radio Battalion, FMF Pac, Kaneohe MCAS.  
Kaneohe, HI.  
     The Marine Corps also had double stack 1911's, Canadian Para-Ordnance.  
Everyone in my son's battalion had one.  He was in one of the infantry battalions at
Camp Lejeune.  
     When I was in Tampa, Florida we had single stack Kimber 1911's with Wilson Combat
stainless steel magazines.  
     Fond memories.  
Holster characteristics:  
     MUST -
1.  Must fit the pistol.  So the Kydex or whatever type of plastic is heated to make it
pliable and then vacuum molded to fit the pistol exactly.  Or, the leather is wet molded
(using water or paraffin) using a vacuum to press the leather tight against the pistol.  
Or something equivalent.  When you turn the holstered pistol upside down and shake,
the pistol must not fall out of the holster.  
2.  Must completely cover the trigger guard preventing anything from coming in
contact with the trigger.  
3.  Must extend beyond the muzzle of the pistol.  Otherwise, something will bump
the muzzle and push the pistol out of the holster.  The front sight could get caught
on the edge of the holster, preventing you from getting the pistol out of the holster.  
4.  Must cover the outboard magazine release button, so the magazine cannot be
unlocked when something bumps you.  
5.  Must attach to the gun belt with high friction so the holster never moves relative
to the belt.  It must be impossible for the enemy to pull your holster off your belt.  
If you can easily pull your holster off your belt, you are WRONG.  I have seen many
instances in classes and in competitions where the shooter could not fire the pistol
because the holster was still on the pistol.  
6.  Must stay open to allow one handed holstering.  If you need two hands to holster,
you are WRONG.  If you need to muzzle yourself in order to get the pistol into
the holster, the holster is WRONG.  If the holster collapses when you present the
pistol, throw that holster away, and get a real holster.  Do not give the collapsing
holster to a newbie who doesn't know any better.  That would be doing the newbie
a grave disservice.  
     SHOULD -
a.  Should allow access to the inboard magazine release button to allow changing
magazines while the pistol is holstered.  
b.  Should have leather (or some appropriate material) between the pistol and any
part of your body, so no part of your sweaty fragile body is in contact with the pistol.  
•  Should not have any retention devices.  Defeating retention devices requires a
huge amount of practice (at least 2000 repetitions).  Otherwise, you won't be able
to do it in the stress of combat.  
     Defeating retention devices takes time.  You will never have enough time in
     Defeating retention devices requires thought.  You will never have enough
mental bandwidth in combat.  (Ya, I know you think you're unconsciously competent.  
Bless your heart.)  
     No one will attempt to grab your weapon in the first place because you always
carry concealed (real concealed, no printing, no indication of any type), and you
never show it to anyone, and you never talk about it.  (As my parents would tell
me, "It's not secret, it's private."  People love to tell secrets.  But you never talk
about private things because it's inappropriate, too much information, and icky.)  
     If someone does attempt to take your pistol, you will maintain control of your
weapon, because you have taken weapon retention courses and you have practiced
the weapon retention techniques.  
•  The position of your holster should not force you to muzzle any part of your
body when presenting or holstering, even from awkward positions such as sitting,
laying prone, laying supine, or lateral decubitus.  [If your holster position forces
you muzzle your support side arm when presenting, you are WRONG!]  
     The position of your holster should not force you to muzzle anyone around
you when presenting to an enemy anywhere around you.  [Muzzling an innocent
bystander is aggravated assault with a firearm.  Ten year sentencing enhancement
for the firearm.]  
I love the smell of leather.  The smell is easily recognized.  If the bad guy smells
leather on you, but doesn't see a leather belt or leather shoes or leather jacket,
what's he going to think?  
I always wear a leather belt.  I find them much more comfortable than the synthetic
belts.  I think they look much less tactical.  (When I hung out with 4th Recon in
Honolulu, by the airport, the riggers made me a belt.  I wore it and thought it was
cool.  Then it became tacti-cool.  So I never wear such.)  
     If you look like an operator (high and tight haircut, short fingernails, cuticles
pushed back, clean shaven, good posture, etc.), smell like an operator (no body
odor, no bad breath, no perfume, etc.), act like an operator (looking around, sitting
in the tactical seat, etc.) are you really the gray man?  Do you think no one will
notice you?  Don't you notice them?  
"Bullets HITTING Bullets in Slow Motion -
Smarter Every Day 287" by SmarterEveryDay
     "Intellectual humility."  "Lock time."  "Dwell time."  
     May be of interest to those of you working as expert witnesses.  
"Maryland Supreme Court imposes limits on ballistics evidence used to link guns to crimes"
by Alex Mann
      In Maryland, firearms experts will no longer be allowed to testify that a specific gun
fired a specific bullet, the state’s highest court ruled in an opinion published Tuesday.  
Authored by Chief Justice Matthew J. Fader of the Supreme Court of Maryland, the
opinion imposes limits in the courtroom on the practice known as firearm “tool mark”
analysis.  The forensic technique postulates that machines used to make guns leave tiny
imperfections on their components, and that those components imprint unique marks on
ammunition – composed of softer metal – when fired.  Until now, it was commonplace
for firearms examiners – usually employed in police crime labs – to testify that a gun
recovered by law enforcement fired bullets or used casings found at a crime scene,
if they believed that to be true based on their observations under a microscope.  
But four of seven justices on the state Supreme Court found that the scientific
methodology is not reliable enough to allow examiners to testify that a particular gun
fired a particular bullet.  Examiners can, however, testify “that patterns and markings
on bullets are consistent or inconsistent with those on bullets fired from a particular
known firearm,” the opinion said.  The ruling responds to the appeal of a murder case
in Prince George’s County, but all decisions by the state’s highest court are binding
on lower courts . . .  With the opinion, Maryland becomes one of the nation’s first
jurisdictions where an appellate court has recognized shortcomings in the forensic
practice and imposed limits on its use in court . . .  
     [Unless a chip breaks off a rifling broach or button between the production of two barrels,
it's tough to see how normal wear on such a tool would allow differentiation between bullets
fired from barrels produced consecutively or even a few apart.  The same would seem to
apply to toolmarks on breech faces.  I don't know how much difference there is among the
markings transferred to fired cases by extractors.  As noted, this ruling – apparently handed
down Tuesday – applies only in Maryland but I'd not be surprised to see the usual suspects
use it to boost their push for microstamping mandates.  
-- Stephen P. Wenger]
PHLster videos -
"The Basics of Concealment Mechanics"
"3 Building Blocks For GREAT Concealment"
"5 ROOT CAUSES for Concealed Carry Discomfort"
"420 rounds isnt enough!" by Special Operations Equipment
     We only carried seven 30-round magazines.  One in the rifle and 3 in each pouch on our
belts.  That's only 210 rounds.  Though we did carry 4 grenades, 2 on each mag pouch.  
     Water and ammo.  Drop everything else.  
“Your car is not a holster.”
-- Pat Rogers
*****     *****   Religion, Politics, Opinion, Etc.   *****     *****     *****
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
     “They have guns, and therefore we are for ‘peace and reformation through the ballot.’
When we have the guns, it will be through the bullet.”  
-- Saul Alinsky
“When we have the guns . . . ” by John Farnam
"Poll: Tennessee Voters Prefer Enforcing Existing Laws to Red Flag Gun Confiscation"
"Defensive Gun Uses By People Legally Carrying Guns: 28 Cases During February 2023"
"California man who pummeled, shot at female deputy found not guilty despite video of attack"
By Michael Ruiz
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.
     Greg's comments --
     A very interesting case.  A deputy responds to a call where a mother is reporting
her schizophrenic adult son was threatening/attacking her.  
      Upon the deputy’s arrival, the son charged the deputy, beat her senseless, and
took her gun.  He fired multiple shots at her but missed.  It doesn’t appear that she
had considered carrying a backup gun for that kind of a situation and is only alive
because of the son’s ineptitude or willful missed shots.  
      This is who is coming to save you when you call 911.  If she had spent her
money on a backup gun or combatives training instead of fake eyelashes, she
might still be working.  
      Oh, and to make things even better, the jury found the son NOT GUILTY of assault,
robbery (of her gun), and attempted murder.  Prosecutors cited an “anti-police bias” in
the jury pool.  
      Why would someone be a cop in this area?  And why would any of the working
cops do anything except slowly respond to scenes and take reports?  The sea change
is coming faster than I expected.  I wouldn’t be surprised if this isn’t status quo
everywhere within the next few years.  
      If there is a single case that shows you why you better stop relying on the police
and learn to take care of yourself, this is it.  
     "Guns are Normal and Normal People Use Guns."
-- Prof. David Yamane, sociology professor at Wake Forest University in
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
     "What I Would Like Clinical Psychologists to Know About Gun Owners"
by David Yamane
      Guns and gun ownership is not deviant.  
"RELEASED: Nashville trans-shooter's autopsy - what's missing?"
by Legally Armed American (Paul Glasco)
     The narrator lists drugs that were not tested for.  And therefore not reported.  But are
commonly used in sexually transitioning a person.  
"US Supreme Court Issues MAJOR Election Decision Ahead of 2024"
by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
     Consider which Justices voted to affirm this ruling.  
     Majority Decision:
     Dissenting Opinion:
     If you think the FBI is corrupt at the top,
you should know that the FBI is also corrupt at the bottom.  
"The FBI Groomed a 16-Year-Old With “Brain Development Issues” to Become a Terrorist
An undercover FBI agent befriended the teenager online. When he turned 18, he was
arrested for supporting ISIS."  by Murtaza Hussain
     FBI agents are lazy and cowardly.  It is much easier to entrap than to investigate.  
Investigation is hard work and requires intelligence.  (Considering the pay and
recruiting techniques used by the FBI, there ain't much work ethic or intelligence.)  
Arresting law abiding citizens is much safer than arresting criminals.  Law abiding
citizens won't shoot FBI agents.  
     That's why Clint Eastwood felt compelled to make the movie "Richard Jewell".  
Cooperating with the FBI or their informants is a pipeline to arrest and prosecution.  
Conviction if you or your family doesn't have the money for an attorney powerful
enough to fight the U.S. Justice Department.  We're talking hundreds of thousands
of dollars.  
"Last Resort!" by John Farnam
Tucker Carlson Episode 5
     "It makes you feel stupid for going to work."  
"Jesse Watters: The White House can't protect Biden from this"
Tucker Carlson Ep. 6  Bobby Kennedy is winning
"Delusion Affirmation!" by John Farnam
     Who foist this depravity upon innocent children,
all within our public school system, are truly evil!  
     I donated blood.  My iron was 17.0, blood pressure was 110/80.  And learned that some
Africans have rare blood type U and some have Duffy Negative, as opposed to A, B, AB,
or O.  One learns all kinds of stuff when actually doing the required reading when donating
blood.  Of course, most people don't read the documents.  
    Good to see that the Red Cross has defied the homosexual activists and still disqualifies
male homosexual blood donations.  Political correctness will get you killed (especially
in the Armed Forces) and will get innocent persons killed if the organizations bow to the
woke activists.  The Bible says male homosexuality is an abomination.  But I can't find
anything explicitly about lesbians.  As Michael Barry (the conservative talk show host)
says, < self censored to avoid a warning message on this blog post >
     Don't let political correctness get you or your loved ones killed.  Just say NO to stupidity.  
"People are falsely denying firearm ownership, and it's not who you might think"
by Patrice Harley
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     ". . . women living alone in urban environments."  
[This makes sense because a huge number of women bought pistols for the first time
over the last three years according to the National Shooting Sports Foundation.  These
women have made the decision that they will not suffer murder, rape, robbery, assault, etc.
-- Jon Low]
     Primary source,
"Predicting potential underreporting of firearm ownership in a nationally representative sample"
by Allison E. Bond,  Aleksandr T. Karnick, Daniel W. Capron, and Michael D. Anestis
"Pride Marchers Saying It Out Loud" by Docent
     Homosexuals do not reproduce.  So to maintain their population, they must constantly
recruit from the heterosexual population.  This must be done at birth by adoption or in
early childhood by indoctrination, because adults won't convert.  
"Ep. 7  Irony Alert: the war for democracy enables dictatorship."
"Ali Wong Exposes Why Women Initiate 70% / 80% of Divorces And
Why She Divorced Her Husband" by Manosphere Highlights
     Truth!  Deep truth.  
     “Sometimes the law places the whole apparatus of judges, prisons, and
gendarmes at the service of plunderers, and
treats the innocent victim, when he defends himself, as a criminal”
-- Claude Frederic Bastiat
"Unhelpful Advice!" by John Farnam
"John Rich talks with Tomi Lahren regarding
the #RedFlagDown mission to defeat Gov. Lee’s
proposed Red Flag law"
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thomas Jefferson
     *****     *****     *****  Cryptology *****     *****     *****
     "Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe,
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use."
-- Thomas Paine
[Cryptosystems are considered "arms" by federal law.  
ITAR, International Traffic in Arms Regulations]
"Making variables atomic in C" by Jacob Sorber
"Double it Like Dekker:
A Remarkable Technique to Double Floating Point Precision (Part 1)"
by Creel
     Change of position in space is displacement.  First derivative of displacement
with respect to time is velocity (no feeling of movement, the speedometer needle
is stationary).  Second derivative of displacement with respect to time is acceleration
(the feeling of movement, the speedometer needle is moving).  Third derivative
of displacement with respect to time is jerk (because that is what if feels like,
speedometer needle is accelerating).  All higher derivatives of displacement with
respect to time would feel the same as jerk (you would feel yourself being jerked
     The Special Theory of Relativity ["no acceleration" some would say "no gravity"
because inertial acceleration is equivalent to gravitational acceleration, because
inertial mass is equivalent to gravitational mass], as opposed to the
General Theory of Relativity [which includes accelerations / gravity], says:  
Position is relative (assuming you believe in isotropic space, because physics is
a religion as any other; resulting in conservation of mass-energy).  
Velocity is relative (assuming you believe in isotropic space, and smooth and
continuous time; resulting in conservation of momentum).  
Acceleration is absolute.  WHAT?  Where does that come from?  How do you
derive that?  
"Why The Theory of Relativity Doesn't Add Up (In Einstein's Own Words)"
by Dialect
     Dialect's discussion of miscalibration of an accelerometer on a rocketship in space with
the thrusters on is wrong.  Because the person inside the rocketship would perceive that
he was standing on a floor and that there was a ceiling above him.  If he turned his
accelerometer in 3-dimensional space, he would recognize a well defined acceleration of
the rocketship due to the thrusters being on.  
     A correct example of being in an accelerated frame of reference while not being able
to detect it, would be when in stable elliptical (not necessarily circular) orbit around a
massive body, such as the Earth about the Sun.  The Earth doesn't feel any acceleration.  
The Earth thinks that the Earth is free floating in space, no forces, no accelerations.  The
only way to detect acceleration is astronomical observation.  But without such observation
the Earth would be correct in concluding that it is in an inertial frame of reference.  
     Do you see how you can use this?  Things that are relative can be calculated
by anyone.  Things that are absolute cannot be calculated by anyone, because
the results of the calculation depend on the coordinates; where you are, when
you are, how fast you are going, how fast you are accelerating, how fast your
clock is running, etc.  
     Simplistic example - two cryptosystems are not synchronized unless they have
the same time on their clocks and their clocks are running at the same speed,
and the speed of the clocks change at the same rate.  
     For instance - A clock on the Earth's surface will not be in synch with a clock
in a satellite in low Earth orbit, as GPS.  A clock on the Earth's surface will
not be in synch with a clock in a geosynchronous orbit, as Milstar.  Because the
clocks are running at different speeds, because they are in different gravitational
     A clock on the Earth's surface won't even be in synch with a clock in an aircraft.  
Yes, that was the first experiment, much cheaper than a satellite.  
     All kinds of corrections must be made to keep the systems in synch.  
     Can you move the various calculations in your cryptosystem back and forth
from relative to absolute to relative . . . ?  The enemy can.  Better catch up.  
"How Pros Wrap Extension Cords, Cables & Hoses" by LRN2DIY
     Do you understand this?  It's topology.  It's knot theory.  Do you see how you can extend
this?  Can you jump to any point in a chain?  Or do you have to step through the chain.  Why?  
     By reversing the stacking, are you reversing the twisting?  What is topological twisting
in number theory?  
     "Premature optimization is the root of all evil."  
-- Donald Knuth
     *****     *****     *****  Intelligence   *****     *****     *****
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution
"Russia coup: Here’s what to know about the Wagner rebellion against the Russian military"
by Cami Mondeaux
     "The plane belonging to Putin was later reported to have left Moscow to head
toward St. Petersburg, indicating the Russian leader is attempting to distance
himself from the unrest."  
[Which means Putin believed the coup would succeed. -- Jon Low]
"Russia’s Wagner Rebellion ‘Shows Real Cracks’ In Putin’s Regime, Blinken Says"
by Ana Faguy
"Russia’s ‘Civil War’ Crisis Explained:
Prigozhin Accepts Peace Deal Without Charges, Moves Wagner Forces To Belarus"
by Ty Roush
     Do you see what's happening?  
"The Sound of Silence: Putin's Biggest Problem" by Docent
"$28.3 Billion USD Three Gorges Dam Has Failed |
Tofu Dreg Construction Quality |Drought & Flood (2)"
by China Observer
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm,
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
     "You can’t truly call yourself 'peaceful' unless you are capable of great violence.  
If you’re not capable of violence, you’re not peaceful, you’re harmless.  
Important distinction." -- Stef Starkgaryen
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Radio:  KI4SDN