Saturday, May 1, 2021

CWP, 1 May MMXXI Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs,
 
"Dying Civilizations!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/dying-civilizations/
     Train.  Train your loved ones.  Because being unprepared is a nightmare
that spirals into Hell.  
 
“Let us speak courteously, deal fairly, and keep ourselves armed and ready.”
-- Theodore Roosevelt
 
      If you enforce gun control laws, rather than getting fired, you are violating
your oath to uphold and defend the U.S. Constitution.  In the end, God is going
to ask you about that.  What are you going to say?  Something about a job?  
Something about a pension?  Something about at that time there were predators
and there were prey, I had to choose which one I would be.  God has read that
memoir.
 
     "Girad's formula says that the area of a spherical triangle is equal
to sum of its angles minus Pi."
-- Marcel Berger [1]
 
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.”
from Principles of Personal Defense by
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
----- Basics -----
 
     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
 
     Learning how to think clearly and react quickly to sudden violence . . .
can overcome almost any amount of training.
     Consider this personal anecdote from a combat veteran of the Bosnian war:
     "We were on the top of a small hill in the mountains near our Kosovo Liberation Army
hideout and a group of enemy infantry was coming up towards our positions. They
didn't see us, but we could hear them talking to each other. One guy, probably
their leader, told his troops: “Stop whining, guys!”
     When they were close enough we opened fire. We heard one of them screaming in pain.
After we had ceased fire we went down the hill to look at the aftermath. We found the
body of a dead soldier and what struck me first was how well this guy was equipped:
a US-style Kevlar helmet, combat fatigues, boots; all his gear was of the best quality.
One of my comrades searched his pockets and found his documents.
     My comrade read out loud what was written in the dead soldier’s papers.
This guy had been a sergeant and a professional soldier. He had fought in Bosnia
as well and was a member of a Special Forces unit.
     Then my comrade told me in a tone of regret:  “Look at him! This guy did all
the training, fought everywhere and then he gets himself killed by some peasants
like us.  What a waste!”
     That was quite an objective and modest statement and I was honestly surprised.  
We had very good soldiers who were well trained and highly motivated, but they were
no match to the soldier we had just killed.  He was better trained and equipped and
far more experienced than we were.  Still, he was dead and we were alive."
     We must never forget:  good tactics deployed against us will almost always
overcome our training.
     And good tactics deployed against our threats will almost always overcome
any advantage they have over us - in fitness, in age, in firepower, and in skill.
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
     Murphy's Law says that anything that can go wrong, will go wrong, at the
worst possible time.  Murphy's Law is like the Gravitational Law, it doesn't
matter if you believe in the law or not.  So, how do we defeat Murphy's Law?  
We create systems that minimize the number of things that can go wrong.  
For example, if we shoot with both eyes open, we might aim at the image from
the non-aiming eye.  This will cause a miss to the left for a right eye aiming
shooter and a miss to the right for a left eye aiming shooter.  So, we eliminate
the possibility of this happening by closing our non-aiming eye for the fraction
of a second that it takes to aim and release the shot.  Remember, Murphy's Law
says that anything that can go wrong will go wrong.  So, things that can't go
wrong, will go right.  
 
     “No possible rapidity of fire can atone for habitual
carelessness of aim with the first shot.” -- Theodore Roosevelt,
(26th President of the United States) The Wilderness Hunter, 1893
 
----- Aftermath -----
 
It’s about prevention, not response.
-- Michael Mann
 
     Just like criminals, prosecutors are looking for an easy win, not an
expensive tough fight.  So, if you can convince the prosecutors that you
have money and expertise to fight them, they are more likely to drop the
charges or offer you a better plea deal.  
     If you take a plea deal (confess to a crime that you did not commit),
you will have to explain your lie to God in the end.  Honorable persons don't
confess to crimes that they did not commit.  To do so, to avoid a long prison
sentence, is an act of cowardice.  You have to decide what type of person
you are.  
Death Before Dishonor!  
     I'm not a hypocrite.  I have never accepted a plea deal.  I have always
plead "not guilty" and fought every prosecution, state and federal.  That's
why I have no house, no retirement fund, no money, no wife, etc.  
Learn from my mistakes.  Get an insurance policy.  
 
----- Mindset -----
 
"Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
 
"Concealed Carry: Armed Self-Defense "The Headgame" " by John Murphy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toPyWfqByjE
Excerpt:  
     "I do not recommend revolvers."
---
     If the bad guy wants sex, there is nothing you can do to hide your sex,
so be aware that besides the items listed, all girls are high value targets,
ALWAYS.  Slender pretty white girls can be appraised for $50,000 (without
celebrity, without family connections, without social status), not for ransom,
for sale as sex slaves (because that's the marginal income the pimp 
can expect).  How many families can afford the armed security
necessary to prevent the kidnapping?  Not many.  That's why 10,000 disappear
every year in the United States.  That's an estimate, of course, because most
are never reported, because the parents don't give a shit or the parents sold
them for drugs (or cash for drugs).  I volunteered as a Court Appointed
Special Advocate for children.  I know.  (Tom Givens told us in one of his
classes that 20,000 persons disappear in the U.S. every year.  He counted
them in the murdered statistic, but I think many of them end up as sex slaves.  
Before they age out and are murdered.)
---
     The pistol fits your hand if:  
When the barrel is lined up with the bones in your forearm and
your hand is up high on the grip so that the flesh between your thumb and
index finger is bunched up under the tang of the pistol,
1.  at least the tip of your middle finger is pointing back towards you, and
2.  your thumb is able to lie flat against the side of the pistol (preferably
high on the slide), and
3.  the last bone segment of your trigger finger is perpendicular to the
barrel when all the slack is taken out of the trigger (assuming the trigger
is in the middle of your fingerprint, all fingerprints have a loop, whorl,
or arch).
 
"Skill Set: Il Ling New" by Tiger McKee
https://www.thetacticalwire.com/features/4b2408a8-a6c3-49ad-be21-6ad2146cbe3e
Excerpt:  
     "And if you know someone who questions their abilities when it comes to
firearms, Il Ling is a great role model to steer them towards."
 
Front Sight Reality Check #78
https://www.frontsight.com/fsrc78/patriot-tbd.asp
     The point is, COMMIT!  
When you dither, you get gut shot.  
     Giving the money to the armed robber is fine,
if you think that's your best way to avoid getting hurt.  
     Shooting the armed robber until the attack stops is fine,
if you actually do it.  You have to aim (That means a crystal
clear front sight.  Otherwise, you don't hit your intended
target.  It doesn't matter what the wacko instructors say
about both eyes open and point shooting.  They are just wrong.  
Close your non-aiming eye to eliminate the double image and
focus on your front sight.) and continue to fire until the
attacker is convinced that the fight is over, not you, the attacker.  
You don't get to choose when the attack starts.  You don't get to
choose when the attack stops.  So, you need to keep shooting
until the attacker stops.  
     "Oh, but I might be charged with using excessive force or murder."
     You have to be alive to be charged with anything (by cowardly prosecutors).  
Court-martials are awarded to the survivors of the combat actions (by cowardly commanding generals).
 
"Guile > Gadgets" by Chris Cypert
https://amplifiedbeing.com/2021/04/15/guile-gadgets/
Excerpt:  
     "It’s pretty clear that technical skill is important, but savvy, guile, and judgment are
perhaps the paramount assets we should be striving to develop.  I’m a relatively big,
physically imposing guy. I can fight and shoot passably well compared to the general
populace.  None of that does me any good if I’m pumping gas with my head buried
in my phone and a 120 lb crackhead fractures my skull with a tire iron, or if I let a
carjacker get close enough to me to put his screwdriver to my throat because he
feigned that he was selling tire and wheel cleaner as he approached me in a parking lot.
My sub-1.2 second draw to first shot or 0.2 second split times (time between shots)
aren’t helpful if I don’t understand when I am legally permitted to use lethal force.  
If I execute that draw to first shot and split times in a legally and morally unjustifiable
manner, I’m just rushing to jail-time.  In fact, being ignorant and wrong with lots of
speed is probably worse than just being wrong, because it’s a lot harder to get on the
brakes in time."
 
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens
 
----- Safety -----
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET.
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
"Casualties!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/casualties/
“Perfer et obdura. Dolor hic olim proderit olim.”
“Be patient and enduring. This pain will serve you one day.”
-- Ovid
     John takes the time to write to you.  Please take the time to consider his advice.  
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak.
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
----- Training -----
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
"Neural Based Training: Book One: Retrospectives" by Marcus Wynne
https://www.amazon.com/Neural-Based-Training-Book-Retrospectives-ebook/dp/B08PCBCTFV
     I highly recommend.  Worth way more than the $5 that Amazon charges.  
(I always use my Amazon Smile account to support my favorite charity, Paladin Training.)
Excerpt:  
     Random Tips for Winning On The Street --
     The number one option for personal security is a lifelong commitment to avoidance, deterrence, and de-escalation.  
     Make up your mind right now about what you are willing to do to win in a fight.  
     Be alert to your surroundings.  
     Avoid conflict.  There’s always someone better than you.  
     Keep moving  
     Action beats reaction
     There is no “second place” on the street.  
     Always cheat.
     Always win.  
     Keep breathing and moving your head.  
     Don’t escalate the situation.
     If they escalate, finish them.  
     Keep your head moving and your vision in play.  
     Always, always check behind you (check six);
always, always check around you (check 360).  
     Have the mentality to do whatever has to be done.
     Make up your mind in advance.  
     Fight until the threat is over.
     Be sure it’s over.  
     Watch the triangle (head (eyes) to shoulders) and the hands.  
     Have a plan.  
     Have a backup plan, because the first one won’t survive first contact.  
     Don’t drop your guard.  
     Be aggressive enough, early enough.  
     The faster you finish the fight, the less hurt you will be.  
     THE GOLDEN RULE: KNOW WHEN YOU’RE IN A FIGHT.
IT STARTS LONG BEFORE THE BLOWS GET THROWN.
MOST PEOPLE GET HURT BECAUSE THEY DON’T RECOGNIZE
AN INTERVIEW OR THE IMPENDING CUES AROUND THEM
THAT TELL YOU — YOU’RE IN A FIGHT.
---
Marcus Wynne --
     In defensive pistolcraft, assessing the situation faster and reacting faster
in a lethal engagement is what will ensure your survival.
---
     Marcus gives many exercises that you can do with your students to improve
perception.
 
"Neural Based Training, Paradigm Busting, and Principles of Training Design"
by Marcus Wynne
https://marcuswynne.com/neural-based-training-paradigm-busting-and-principles-of-training-design/
     In an interview for Black Belt magazine.
Marcus Wynne:  How many repetitions do you do in training?  
      (Expecting the answer would be in the hundreds.)
Bill Wallace:  Fifty a day.  But, I do everyone as if my life depended on it.  
. . .
Dennis Martin:  It is possible to take the training, get the certificate,
and never be in a mental state similar to that in a gunfight.  
The emotions make the learning deeper.  
The Nikita Project.  [We should take the responsibility to train and arm
the women in our life.  As we learned in Social Studies classes a half
century ago, women control the population, because only they can produce
babies.  So, societies that send their women into combat are stupid. -- Jon Low]
 
     A student of the Citizens Safety Academy in Murfreesboro, TN
(Aqil and Tiffany's school) cited an article by Commander Zero that
said a civilian self defender should spend a ratio of 1:10, gear to
training expense, and a professional should spend a ratio of 1:20
gear to training; and asked what we all thought the appropriate
ratio of equipment cost to training cost should be.  
     My response to the Facebook.com post was -
     A modern self-defense pistol will cost you ~$600 plus holster,
belt, magazine and flashlight pouch, flashlight, 1000 round case of ammo,
extra magazines, ear protection, eye protection, etc.; ~$2000 total.
     A 4 or 5 day pistol course at any of the renown gun schools
will cost you ~$2000 plus air fare, hotel, rental car, lost income
from not working, etc.; ~$4000 total.
     So, the ratio is 1:2, just to get started, if you are serious.  
     In the following years, if you take one training session per
year such as Tac Con that's ~$500 plus travel, hotel, lost income,
etc. (~$1000), the ratio is 2:1, gear to training, per year.  
     If you're independently wealthy and like to fly around and
take classes from various instructors, I guess you could push the
ratio.  
 
"The real value of training and practice isn't gaining technical competence,
it's achieving confidence in your abilities."
-- Claude Werner
 
From an email from Mike Ox --
. . .
     In "Teaching to the Test," teachers are less interested in students
learning real-world skills and more interested in racking up impressive
numbers on the test . . . so they teach the material that they know will
be on the test.
     This is how we end up with kids doing awesome on the math portion of
the SAT but not knowing how to make change.
. . .
     On a plate rack, you shoot 6 plates in quick succession . . .
     Once you get the timing of your gun down, and know the angles between
plates, you can burn it down in a couple of seconds . . . but that speed
and pre-defined transition angle doesn't really carry over to anything
other than shooting that size plate rack at that distance.
     It's ridiculously fun, but not ridiculously valuable.  Training for
the plate rack is training for the test.  
 
"I make guns happier by ensuring their owners are well trained."
-- Mike Seeklander
 
Jeff Gonzales Carbine Class (Part 8 - Remediation)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otceFLlOtao
 
"The Importance of the First Shot" by the Tactical Professor
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2021/04/09/the-importance-of-the-first-shot/
Excerpt:  
     "In a gunfight, the shooter who first scores a hit above the diaphragm of his
opponent is the one who seizes the initiative in the incident.
Making a good hit with the FIRST SHOT fired is key to seizing the initiative and
then retaining it until the incident is over.
No one’s performance improves after he gets shot in a vital area."
 
     There are only 4 things you need for combat:
Get the pistol out of the holster and on target.  (the presentation)
Get good hits at 0 to 7 yards.  (marksmanship)
Reload, if necessary.
Clear malfunctions, if necessary.
     Of course, you need to do this before the enemy kills you.  
So, you need to practice so that you can do it quickly.  And,
you need to pay attention to what's going on around you so that
you can do it proactively, as opposed to reactively.  
     Of course, the first thing you should do before jumping
into any dangerous situation is to mentally stop and take a deep
breath.  (Thanks to Marcus Wynne.)  Because exercising good judgment
is more important than all the other things you may or may not do
later.  You will have the time to do this, because you will have
seen the situation developing, because you are always in condition
yellow and so recognized the abnormality.  When you recognized the
potential threat and moved to condition orange you will take evasive
action, perhaps moved your loved ones away to avoid the situation.  
When you recognize the threat and move to condition red, you will
take action to stop the attack.  Because you have trained and
practiced, condition black will only last a few seconds.  
     We do not shoot to kill.  (If the bad guy dies a year after
you shot him, a prosecutor may charge you with one of the various
homicide crimes.)  A summary execution would be a shooting to kill.  
Which is justified under the Uniform Code of Military Justice in
certain circumstances.  Shooting to a non-vital area may eventually
kill the assailant, but we need to stop the assailant NOW to
prevent harm or further harm to us or our loved ones.  We cannot
tolerate a shot that will allow the assailant 10 seconds of animation.  
Ten seconds is more than enough time for the assailant to kill you
by shooting or stabbing you.
     We always shoot to immediately stop the attack.  We don't care
if it is a psychological stop or a physiological stop.  All we care
about is stopping the attack.  
     So, if all we see is an elbow or foot around a corner, that's
what we shoot at.  Whoever draws first blood usually wins the fight,
because it debilitates the enemy, allowing our continued counter
attack to succeed.  Or, it causes the enemy to give up and run away.  
A psychological stop.  
     If we have the opportunity to shoot at the brain, spinal column,
or vital organ (heart and lungs), we will shoot to the high thoracic
cavity to destroy the heart and lungs (This will require penetrating
the rib cage and perhaps the arm.  Not easily done with pistol
ammunition.) or we will shoot through the cranio-ocular cavity (eyes
and nose) or the external auditory meatus (ear hole) to get our bullet
into the brain.  The back of the skull has no hole, so the target
would be the spinal column at the base of the skull.  (Penetrating
the skull with pistol ammunition is a very low probability event.)  
A physiological stop.  
 
     The following is why you must exercise your God given right to
train and arm women, especially young ladies.  The following is real.  
It is not a hypothetical to be discussed in a class.  It is to be
acted on by you, by sending your loved ones to training.  
     I offer the following because a narrator tells the story of
Samantha Koenig's kidnapping, rape, and murder without graphic photos
or prejudicial stuff like that.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l65EL29NTjM
     This is why we must train and arm our women folk.  If Miss Koenig
had been trained, the assailant, Israel Keyes, would never have
attacked her in the first place.  If he had attacked, she could
have defended herself.  That is to say, she would have chosen
to defend herself, as opposed to choosing to cooperate and
never scream, never resist.  
     Never let anyone move you.  Never let anyone tie you up.  
https://samharris.org/the-truth-about-violence/
     If you have the stomach for it,
you can view his confession interview on YouTube.com at
https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=israel+keyes+interrogation
     I blame the parents.  Failing to train your children for
the realities of life is gross negligence.  I am not a hypocrite.  
I took my children to a 4-day Defensive Handgun class when each
turned 14 years of age.  (And I write to them often to keep them aware.)  
Not that they would carry at that age, but the lectures and mindset
training were invaluable.  It changes the persons behavior, which
causes the predator to deselect the person for victimization.  
[I have also trained and armed several ladies who are not related to me.  
While some are former girlfriends (not wives, never attempt to train or
coach your wife), the vast majority were not.  They were sent to me by
loved ones who cared for them.]
     It is your duty to train and arm your women.  Yes, there is
something you can do.  Send your female loved ones to
Vicki Farnam's Ladies' class,
16-17 October 2021 DTI Women’s Defensive Handgun, Nashville, TN.
https://defense-training.com/store/?model_number=59493970&option=16-17%20Oct%202021%20-%20Nashville,%20TN
(No, I'm not getting any kick back.  Quite the contrary.)
 
"Practicing the First Shot" by the Tactical Professor
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2021/04/27/practicing-the-first-shot/
 
"Conducting Executive Protection Operations" by Michael Mann Security Services
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/conducting-executive-protection-operations-tickets-151305915065

"Training Slow & Smooth or Go Fast, Don’t Suck???" by Mike Ox
https://dryfiretrainingcards.com/blog/training-slow-smooth-or-go-fast-dont-suck/

"Mastering the Trigger Press" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2021/4/23/mastering-the-trigger-press
Excerpt:  
     Bill Jordan once, jokingly, said,
“I don’t understand it.
The sights were perfectly lined up before
I shut my eyes and jerked the trigger!”
     "Regardless of what we think we are doing,
the bullet is going to go where the muzzle is pointing.
Gun muzzles and bullets don’t lie.
If you are having trouble getting them to do what they are supposed to do,
you might want to work on that trigger press."

"5 Tips To Improve Your Match Scores In Any Shooting Discipline" by Frank Melloni
https://www.ssusa.org/articles/2021/4/19/5-tips-to-improve-your-match-scores-in-any-shooting-discipline

"Getting Back In the Zone"
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2021/4/25/getting-back-in-the-zone
 
"Why Combat Accurate Training Doesn’t Work (Except When It Does)" by Mike Ox
https://dryfiretrainingcards.com/blog/combat-accurate-training-doesnt-work-except/
 
Latest Rangemaster newsletter, including link to register for Tac Con 2022.
I'm planning to take the Aug 14-15 Advanced Instructor Development at Royal Range, Nashville, TN.
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
 
----- Practice -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
     Strive for short recent practice sessions.  
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
     Hearing loss is permanent and cumulative.  
 
     "Be careful what you practice.
Because you will do in combat whatever you
have practiced, no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Techniques -----
 
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Should You Carry a Handgun in the Small of Your Back?" by Richard Mann
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2021/4/9/should-you-carry-a-handgun-in-the-small-of-your-back
     Mr. Mann's answer is no.  I concur.  
 
"Practical Skills:
Improving Your Draw for Competition Shooting"  by David Blanton, The Humble Marksman
https://www.thearmorylife.com/practical-skills-improving-your-draw-for-competition-shooting/
The video is at the top of the article, but a transcript follows below the
video.  
Excerpts:  (paraphrased)
     Not just for competition.  The principles apply to combat shooting.  
     The holster should hold your pistol where your hand hangs naturally.  
This minimizes movement to get a grip on your pistol.  Which means it is
faster.  Carrying your pistol anywhere else is slower because you have
to mover farther to get to it.  So, no, appendix carry is not faster.  
(See the explanation in the video.)  
     Canting the pistol grip forward to prevent printing is fine.  But,
canting the pistol grip backward is more efficient, because it requires
less movement to get the pistol on target.  It's always a compromise.  
     Use your whole body to aim.
     From the compressed ready position, push your sights forward along
your line of sight to the target.  (Martha Holschen taught me this at
Tac Con 2021.)
     Always present at the same speed.  Because this does not affect your
accuracy.  Only sight control and trigger control affect accuracy.  
     Keep the shoulders down and relaxed.  
     David demonstrates micro drills for timing and technique.  
     David teaches prepping the trigger in the presentation before the
sights are on the target.  (Fine for competition.  Dangerous in combat,
as John Farnam points out in his post "Prepping" on his Quips web page.)  
     David recommends you set your goal to achieve a one second draw
from open carry holster to target with the sights lined up on the target
and the slack out of the trigger.  (I agree that the shooting should
always be a separate intellectual decision, not part of an automatic
process.)  From concealment, I think it would be reasonable to add half
a second for a total of 1.5 seconds.  
 
"Visual Patience for faster hits — how to take your time and be quick about it . . ."
by Mike Ox
https://dryfiretrainingcards.com/blog/visual-patience-for-faster-hits-how-to-take-your-time-and-be-quick-about-it/
 
     "Functional Fighting Movement  
Speed is key in a fight for your life,
but it's a commonly believed myth that you need to
MOVE quicker to BE quicker.  << FALSE!
     The easiest way to move quicker and shoot quicker
is to eliminate wasted movement and
move smoother and more efficiently."
-- Mike Ox
 
Thoughts on "Signaling" by John Murphy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQriYJ9LxqE
 
"Sling Setup" by Larry Vickers
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3N9bBuswEUA
 
Mike Seeklander Teaches Us How To Suck Less With A Rifle!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L9ZuUncf3pw
Drop the firing side elbow down,
Drive the firing side shoulder into the gun,
Pull the gun into the firing side shoulder,
Press the firing side cheek onto the stock.
     The Weaver stance was developed with the idea that the shooter could use the same
position for handgun and long gun.  John Correia and Mike Seeklander are advocating
the same thing, except with the Isosceles position instead of the Weaver position.  
Seeklander is effectively using the rifle as one leg of the isosceles triangle and the
support side arm as the other leg of the isosceles triangle.  Correia is shooting with
a bit more bend in his support side arm.  
     I don't agree with their statement that boxers and Jiu Jitsu practitioners use the
Isosceles position.  I think they use the Weaver position.
     When Seeklander talks about getting gun to the center of your body as opposed
to having the stock way out on your shoulder, he means place the butt of the stock
on the clavicle as near the neck as possible (exactly what has been taught in smallbore
riflery and air rifle at the Olympic Training Centers, though not possible with all body types).
 
"Why Eye Dominance Matters for Personal Defense" by David Workman
Excerpt:  
     "That’s true for about 20 percent of people, where your dominant arm and eye are not on the same side."
     I don't agree with Mr. Workman that you should shoot with both eyes open. 
But, I'm happy to cite differing opinions.  
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
 
----- Tactics -----
 
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
"You cannot exceed your ability;
trying to do so invites failure."
-- Brian Enos
 
TACTICS is THINKING.
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
"How to Protect Your Personal Space" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2021/4/11/how-to-protect-your-personal-space
 
"Tactical Moment" by John Holschen
https://www.youtube.com/user/tacticalmoment
     John tells me he hopes to make more of these videos in the future.  
 
"The St. Ann’s Hospital Shooting" by Greg Ellifritz
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/the-st-anns-hospital-shooting
     Ya, I've worked security in Nashville hospital emergency rooms.  
You have to search the patient and his belongings when he first arrives.  
Otherwise, things go sideways fast.  
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
----- Education -----
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"Facing the Active Shooter (Tom Givens, Ed Monk)" by Michael Bane
     All mass murders occur in gun free zones.  Going into a gun free zone is an act of 
stupidity.  Sending your children into a gun free zone is an act of criminal stupidity.  
     There is absolutely no reason to talk to a bad guy shooting innocent persons.  
     Even when the police show up, they might not solve the problem.  They might 
just set up a perimeter and wait.  Oh, ya, it happens all the time.  
     Gathering the kids into clusters makes them easier targets.
     We never know when or where the attack will occur.
     Calling 911 is not a reasonable plan.  The cops just take too long to get there.  
Running away is optimal
 
"Time Analysis of a Certified Peace Officer's Drawing from Holster and Firing: 
Weapon and Holster Comparison" by Lon Bartel and David Blakes, Ph.D., Apr. 20, 2021
Excerpt:  
     "It should be noted that 3% of the officers missed the designated target zone at 3 yards." 
     This experiment shows that the bad guy can travel about 30 feet in the time it 
takes a police officer to draw and fire one round.  While the testing methodology is 
similar, note that all of the equipment is different from that used in 1986 for the 
Tueller Drill.  
 
DTI videos by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/videos/

"Concealed Carry: Issues and Perspectives" by John Murphy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Ju5GtzzgLE&list=PLkL2g0uY2GSduhVBwzGL2ROyN-TSdDGLq
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear -----
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
"Best Gun Cleaning Kits to Keep Handy
A clean firearm is a safe firearm"
by Luke Cuenco
https://www.outdoorhub.com/best-cleaning-kits/
 
"The anatomy of a gunshot and why your bullet choices matter" by Warren Wilson
https://www.police1.com/police-products/firearms/accessories/ammunition/articles/the-anatomy-of-a-gunshot-and-why-your-bullet-choices-matter-oZUuWmXRGA1txWdJ/
 
     Wear a tight undershirt, so it won't foul your presentation or holstering.  
Wear a loose overshirt / concealment garment, so you don't print.  
 
     "Which pistol should I use?"  
     Louis Awerbuck (January 27, 1948 - June 24, 2014) recommended the Springfield
Armory XD in 45 ACP.  
 
     If you don't have an ultrasonic cleaner, your dishwasher (the machine, not the
person) will do a good job on modern pistols.  Modern pistols don't have small parts
as the older pistols had.  I'm talking about field stripping, not disassembly.  
     Or, you can get a 5 gallon plastic bucket, pour in some WD-40, and let your
pistols soak over night.  
     Or, you could toss the parts into your vibrator / tumbler with pistachio hulls.  
(I eat a lot of pistachios.)
     I have found that sand blasting works really well.  If you want to take it
that far.   
 
     I sold my Kimber Custom Target in 45 ACP to a friend at work.  I made sure to
explain to him that if you install the buffer (I included six Wilson Combat synthetic
buffers, which are supposed to be changed every 1000 rounds.), you won't be able to
release the slide by racking the slide.  You will have to use the slide lock lever
to release the slide.  The buffer prevents the slide from moving back far enough to
push the slide lock down to release the slide.  
     Of course, you don't have to use the buffers.  But, the frame is aluminum and
the slide is steel.  So, eventually, the frame is going to wear out, in the sense
that the hole in the aluminum frame that holds the pin that holds the pistol
together, is going to get bigger and so looser.  Then you're going to have to
do some aluminum welding to close up the holes and then drill them out, and then
ream them to fit.  
 
"The Realities of Concealed Carry in a Purse" by Annette Evans
https://www.concealedcarry.com/safety/realities-concealed-carry-purse/
 
'Concealed Carry: Armed Self-Defense "Holsters and things!" ' by John Murphy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49oU8Vqg9qw
 
"This is Why I Believe Hybrid Holsters Are Awful | Active Self Protection Extra"
by John Correia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jM6ERorBLQQ
Excerpt:  
     "Tactical muffin top."
     Several valid points.  The retention point is most significant.  
I too have seen many pistols fall out of their holsters during classes,
IDPA matches, and IPSC matches.  
     The access to the trigger is a significant point.  Most modern
self-defense pistols do not have manual thumb safeties, because the
holster is the safety.  But, the holster only acts as a safety if
the trigger guard is completely sealed off.  
 
"Craft Holsters Double Magazine Pouch and Belt Review" by Matt at The Cosmic Freight Train
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZPNWqwHNjk
Hat tip to Mark at Practical Eschatology.
 
     I love patrolling at night.  Some guys don't like to patrol at night,
generally because they can't see in starlight or moonlight, generally
because they smoke.  
     "A pack-a-day smoker builds high levels of carbon monoxide in his blood,
which reduce 20 percent of normal night vision at sea level, an effect that
increases with altitude; by 10,000 feet, he’s lost 40% of his night vision."
-- “The Ultimate Sniper” by Major John Plaster, U.S. Army retired,
Paladin Press, Revised edition, January 2006, page 8.
ISBN-10: 1581604947, ISBN-13: 978-1581604948.  (Major Plaster is a mustang.)
     Because I was up and about at night, I saw a vast field saturated with
fireflies.  A sight I am sure few humans had ever seen.  God gives the
sentinels all kinds of gifts.  I never regretted that my duty stations
were the third world pits, not the Embassies in Paris or London.  There
are fantastic things you can't see in any big city.  
      Night vision gear -- When I was in Intel school and afterwards in the fleet,
we checked the U.S. Naval Observatory web site for civil twilight, sunset, sunrise,
moonrise, moonset, and weather conditions.  Because we wanted to conduct operations
in the dark.  Even without moonlight and with dense cloud cover to block starlight
young healthy Marines could still operate without night vision goggles.  Not being
able to see at night is like not being able to swim or not being able to run.  Such
Marines were quickly weeded out of the unit.  
     Ya, you could spend money on night vision goggles, or you could quit smoking.  
One option costs you a lot of money.  The other option saves you a lot of money
and improves your long term health.  
 
"Trust No One: an insider’s perspective" by Todd Louis Green
http://pistol-training.com/articles/trust-no-one-an-insiders-perspective
     Mr. Green speaks the truth.  You're not getting what was advertised.  
Because the specifications are constantly changing.  
     My philosophy has been that if the pistol does not function reliably after sending
it back to the manufacturer twice (e.g. Ruger American), I stop sending it back and decide
if I want to spend the time and money having a gunsmith fix it.  Sometimes the fix
is beyond what a gunsmith can do.  My Ruger Americans required having a machinist
fix a flawed design in the shape of the lugs that protrude from the bottom of the
chamber that control the motion of the barrel during recoil, extraction, and loading.  
It was an interesting project, so we did it.  It took a lot of technical design work
and machining.  If we hadn't had the resources of a medium sized corporate defense
contractor at our disposal, we never would have been able to do it.  
 
“Your car is not a holster.”
– Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"What is a Firearm Zero?" by Taylor
https://defendersanddisciples.com/zeroing/
 
Dear CMP Family,
     The CMP advises to not use .30/06 ammunition in M1 Garands, 1903s,
and 1903A3s that is loaded beyond 50,000 CUP and has a bullet weight
more than 172gr.  These rifles are at least 70 years old and were not
designed for max loads and super heavy bullets.  Always wear hearing
and eye protection when firing an M1 Garand, 1903 and/or 1903A3 rifle.  
     This warning is an update/addition to the Ammunition section in
the Read This First manual enclosed with each rifle shipment
(M1 Garand manual-page 6 and M1903 manual-page 10).
Civilian Marksmanship Program
 
     This posting is an in depth analysis of red dot sight pros and cons.  
Hat tip to Aqil.
"Let's talk about Red Dots for a minute." by Memphis Beech on IDPA
https://www.facebook.com/Mem.IDPA/posts/2266032686830509
Excerpt:  
     "If you're really just looking for ways to improve, getting professional
training will get you much further than any mere piece of equipment ever will.
Your cash will go much further.  A Trijicon RMR can be had for about $450-$500.
How many training hours could you have gotten for that same price?!  Possibly
dozens of hours of an instructor fixing mistakes you didn't even know you had,
and answering questions you didn't even think to ask. You've heard it before,
and you know it to be true:  There's just no substitute for hard work!"
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
Teach positive.  Teach what to do.  Don't talk about what not to do.
-- John Farnam
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Pedagogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
Marcus Wynne --
     Many instructors have a significant ego investment in being an "instructor"
-- as such, they don't want to give up that position and step aside at some
point and let the student be responsible for his/her learning process.
 
     In the University of Hawaii there is the School of Ocean and Earth Science
and Technology (SOEST).  In this school, there is a Department of Geology and
Geophysics.  There is also a Hawaii Institute of Geophysics.  I never understood
how they were related.  Anyway, there is a sub-department that is concerned with
physics on other planets.  Extra terrestrial geophysics, if you will.  
     Decades ago, we were speculating on the efficacy of a helicopter on Mars.  
Would there be enough atmosphere?  Would the density / pressure support rotary
wing aircraft?  A guy drinking with us said,
     "Of course, the rotation generated lift."  
     'But, it won't generate lift in a vacuum.'  
     "Why not?"
     The point is, nothing is obvious to everyone.  So, there is always that
person (the gun industry likes to call him "that guy") for whom the argument
you are making is not obvious.  You may not be able to logically convince
that person of the truth of your statement, because that person may lack the
background or education necessary to understand your train of thought.  
While you all think you are speaking English, there are many different English
languages.  Speak to a South African about robots or quagga.  Speak to a
mathematician about pencils.  You can't, because the definitions of the words
are completely different.  In the case of the mathematician, you might not be
able to understand the definition of "pencil".  
     So, you have to revert to a shared baseline of understanding, and then
build from there.  As William Zinsser said, you must assume your audience is
intelligent, but ignorant.  Louis Awerbuck was a master of this.  
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
*****     *****     ***** Legal, Political, and Philosophical *****     *****     *****
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
     The U.S. Department of Justice got a court order that allows the FBI
to "fix" computer systems without the owner's permission (or knowledge).  
Stop and think about that.  
     "DoJ used court order to thwart ‘hundreds’ of Microsoft Exchange Server web shells"
by Joe Uchill
https://www.scmagazine.com/home/security-news/vulnerabilities/doj-used-court-orders-to-thwart-hundreds-of-exchange-server-web-shells/
     "FBI Accesses Computers Around Country to Delete Microsoft Exchange Hacks"
by Joseph Cox
https://www.vice.com/en/article/y3dmjg/fbi-removes-web-shells-microsoft-exchange
     This is a pre-emptive action to prevent a possible future crime.  
Have you seen the movie "Minority Report"?  Be scared, be very scared, because
this Federal Court order has already been issued and is being implemented by the FBI.  
     DOJ announcement -
https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-announces-court-authorized-effort-disrupt-exploitation-microsoft-exchange
     Search Warrant -
https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1386631/download
     This is a "Remote Access, Searches, and Seizures".  The search warrant doesn't
need to be presented to anyone before the search.  The search and seizure can take
place anywhere in the world (even off the planet in satellites).  The government is
not specifying the specific places to be searched nor the specific things to be
seized.  The warrant specifically allows the FBI to tamper with the software of
non-criminal third parties because they might be vulnerable to attack in the
future.  
     United States Magistrate Judge Peter Bray desperately needs to be impeached.  
     [Do you think the DOJ would ever use the FBI to arm and train young women
because they might be attacked in the future?  Why not?  You see the problem.
     Thank God it is our right to train and arm women (The Nikita Project).  
As well as bears.]
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution
 
"The beat goes on!" BY JOHN FARNAM
https://defense-training.com/the-beat-goes-on-2/
     If you see the threat coming and prepare, you won't be taken by surprise.  
Losing is forgivable.  Being surprised is unforgivable, because it results in
really bad outcomes.
 
"Governments are instituted among men,
deriving their just power from the consent of the governed."
-- Thomas Jefferson
 
     Andrew Branca's info-graphic describing the 5 elements of the law of self defense.
https://lawofselfdefense.com/beginjourney/
 
"Police: FedEx gunman legally bought guns used in shooting" by Casey Smith
https://www.police1.com/gun-legislation-law-enforcement/articles/police-fedex-gunman-legally-bought-guns-used-in-shooting-GvBnSaeJWoNryt3x/
     Red Flag laws don't work, for the same reason drug laws don't work, for the
same reason prostitution laws don't work, for the same reason gambling laws don't
work, for the same reason Prohibition laws did not work.  We did the Prohibition
Constitutional Amendment experiment.  It failed.  So, we repealed Prohibition.  
We are slowly repealing the drug laws, by legalizing various drugs.  Here in
Tennessee we have legalized sports gambling.  
     I buy my guns legally, because that's the type of person I am.  But, I am
constantly being offered stolen guns.  I know lots of people who have stockpiles
of guns and ammo, and would willing sell (or even give me stuff).  You know
these people too.  So, Red Flag laws are not to take guns away from bad people.  
Red Flag laws (as all gun laws) are to criminalize political opponents.  Yes,
they will be used against you.  You will be bankrupted by legal costs.  That's
the purpose, that's the intent.  
 
"What’s good for ‘reform’ is bad for the ‘reformers’ " by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/whats-good-for-reform-is-bad-for-the-reformers/
     I met Donald Trump and his family when he spoke at the NRA Annual
convention in Nashville, Tennessee.  I was armed, carrying concealed.  
No one asked me to disarm.  No one frisked me.  He knew he was among
friends who would protect him.  Do you think any Democrat presidential
candidate or President can do that at any meeting of liberals?  They
always have their private or Secret Service security at such friendly
meetings, so they don't think so.  
 
"Good News!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/good-news/
     You notice Black Lives Matter is not praising the police officer for
saving the life of the black girl who was being attacked by the knife
wielding criminal.  
     If you use a knife in a fight, you are using lethal force.  Legally the
same as using a pistol.  So, you might as well carry and use the pistol, as
it gives you more range.  
 
"Armed shopper fires gun in Beech Grove Walmart
after shoplifter pulls weapon on security guard
Two Good Samaritans help officers contain suspect" by Shakkira Harris
https://www.wrtv.com/news/public-safety/beech-grove-walmart-shooting
     This happened in Indiana.  The aftermath would have been completely
different in New Jersey.  I know from first hand experience.  Where
you choose to live makes all the difference in the world.  As an American,
you are free to move.  God has smiled on you.  
 
"Defensive Gun Uses By People Legally Carrying Guns:
Cases From February to March 2020" by John R. Lott
https://crimeresearch.org/2021/04/defensive-gun-uses-by-people-legally-carrying-guns-cases-from-february-to-march-2020/
     We are the good guys.  We are the Holy Warriors.  
 
"Tennessee's Castle Doctrine - it is not what you think it is"
by John Harris
https://tennesseefirearms.com/podcasts/
Legal analysis of Tennessee law
Tennessee Firearms Association
 
Liz Wheeler
https://lizwheeler.locals.com/index.php
 
"I Asked Massad Ayoob About Saying Nothing" by John Correia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBy9L0gcqGY
1.  Explain what caused you to shoot the bad guy.  
2.  I will testify against him / them.  
3.  Point out the evidence.  
4.  Point out the witnesses.
5.  Tell the responding officer that you will cooperate after speaking with your attorney.
     Mas' final words about panic are worth remembering.  
 
"Marc Victor's Response to Massad Ayoob's Five-Point Checklist (Part 1) (John's Briefs)"
by John Correia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xejSKwnphI
Excerpt:  
     In the context of police involved shootings,
"Good police officers understand that the smart thing to do is to not
make a statement."
     As Marc says, just because you think it's a justified shoot, doesn't mean
anyone else thinks that.  The responding officer could be an anti-gun asshole.  
     The government has to prove the underlying crime, before I have to claim
self-defense, before the government has to prove beyond a 'reasonable doubt'
that it was not self-defense.  If the government can't prove the underlying
crime, I walk.  So, why would I give the government any evidence to help them
prove the underlying crime?  (My sister, the prosecutor, and my brother-in-law,
the prosecutor, explained this to me many years ago.  It's much harder to prove
that I shot the bad guy, than it is to prove that my confessed shooting of the
bad guy was not self-defense.)  
     Decades ago in Hawaii there was a notorious case referred to as the
Nanakuli Rape case, where the state accused several local persons of raping
a Finnish tourist on the beach in Nanakuli (on the Leeward side of the island
of Oahu).  The prosecutors applied pressure and got all of the juvenile
participants to confess to the crime and got them all sentenced before the
adults came to trial.  At the trial, the prosecutor presented her case and
rested.  The defense (in a state of shock) moved to have all charges dismissed
as the state failed to present a prima facie case.  The judge had no choice.  
The judge had to dismiss all charges.  The prosecution had failed to prove
that the underlying crime (forcible rape) had occurred.  The defense never
presented anything.  There was world wide outrage, but the victim was haole
(foreigner [caucasian]) and the accused were all kama aina (local resident).  
So, there were no riots.  
 
"A Southern Illinois judge has ruled that the Land of Lincoln's 
Firearm Owners Identification Card law is unconstitutional as 
it requires a fee for someone to exercise their right to keep and bear arms."
Let's give White County Resident Judge T. Scott Webb a round of applause.
 
     “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form,
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*****     *****     ***** Survival, Medical, Security, and such *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
"What To Do In The Event Of A Bomb Blast" by Docent
https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/2016/04/what-to-do-in-event-of-bomb-blast.html
     Practical stuff you can do to survive a blast.  
 
     ". . . you won't have a fire team leader directing you in your own,
private, 3-second war.
     You were built first to love and second to fight to protect that which you love.
     You can and should trust yourself to wage your own private 3-second war better
than anyone - and I mean anyone - could wage it for you.
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
When it comes to survival, “just barely” beats the heck outta “not quite good enough.”
-- John Connor
 
*****     *****     ***** Miscellany / History / War Stories *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
     I love stories about Koreans.
"Forgotten Or Unknown
Somebody’s Gotta Speak Up For Them . . . "
Written By John Connor
https://gunsmagazine.com/editors-picks/forgotten-or-unknown/
 
"Operation Eagle Claw: The Failed Attempt To End the Iran Hostage Crisis"
by Jason Bright
https://www.skillsetmag.com/2021/04/23/operation-eagle-claw-iran-hostage-crisis/
 
All kinds of neat stuff at:  
     Practical Eschatology by Docent
https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/
     The Tactical Professor by Claude Werner
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/
     Active Response Training by Gregg Ellifritz
http://www.activeresponsetraining.net/
     Quips by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/quips/
     Rangemaster newsletter by Tom Givens
https://rangemaster.com/publications/rangemaster-newsletter/
     CIVILIAN DEFENDER by Sherman House
https://civiliandefender.com/
     Handgun Combatives by Dave Spaulding
https://www.youtube.com/c/handguncombatives/videos
     Marcus Wynne
https://marcuswynne.com/blog/
     Jeff Gonzales
https://www.tridentconcepts.com/evolved-training/blog/
     Michael Bane
https://www.michaelbane.tv/category/blog/
 
     A colleague asked me to help with a security detail, paying $23 per hour.  
For a guy like me, that's great money.  (G4S only paid $16 an hour.  A friend
who works at Loomis, told me that they start at $18 an hour with annual raises.)  
And the fixed venue (404 Bar and Grill in Nashville, TN) was near my apartment.  
I was part of the third ring, inside watching the 'song writers night'
performances.  First ring was in the parking lot.  Second ring was at the front
door and perimeter of the building.  We were all in plain clothes, trying to
blend in and enjoying the cool dry weather.  [The principal didn't know we were
there.  The restaurant owner and manager didn't know we were there.  So, we
wouldn't have had the authority to tell anyone that they were trespassing and
to ask them to leave.  Not like church security.]
     We were protecting a young lady from up north who had come to Nashville
to seek her fame and fortune.  Unfortunately, some wacko got obsessed with
her, and so here we are.  I figured we had an advantage knowing who the bad guy
was and who his associates would probably be.  But, the bad guy had the big
advantage, because he would choose when and where to attack.  [This is how it's
done in the civilian world.  In the military world, we would have destroyed
the enemy.  Why wait for him to attack?]
     A couple of ladies were sitting at a table a three yards away.  
One of them was smiling at me, inviting me to come over and buy her a drink.  
[This sort of thing only happens when I'm working and can't.  Gals dig the
disinterested self confident persona.]  
     Nothing exciting happened.  Everyone went home happy.  Easy money.  
Life is good.  [Did we scare away the bad guys?  Did we waste our time?  
Did the client waste his money?  How much is peace of mind worth?  
Maybe we were cheap insurance.]
 
Math Skills You Need for Quantum Computing by Anastasia Marchenkova
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_v1_mlzyxs0
 
Just saw a young lady in a tee shirt that said,
Don't Piss Off Old People
The older we get
the less "life in prison"
is a deterrent
 
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’.
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
-- Anon
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com
 
[1]  from "Geometrie" by Marcel Berger
Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques
35, route de Chartres
91440 Bures-sur-Yvette
France
  published by CEDIC and Fernand Nathan, Paris, 1977.  (What a fine year.)
Translated from the French by
Michael Cole
Academic Industrial Epistemology
17 Saint Mary's Mount
Leyburn, North Yorkshire DL8 5JB
England
  and
Silvio Levy
Department of Mathematics, Princeton University
Princeton, New Jersey 08544
United States of America
  into "Geometry II", Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987.  (Another fine year.)
In case you want to see the details.  ISBN 3-540-17015-4
     The sum or difference of angles is an angle, not an area.  The inconsistency
of units is a thing we have to reconcile in physics, but not in mathematics.  
Mathematics is a form of philosophy.  Philosophy is pure thought; no data,
no experimentation, hence no connection to anything in reality.  When the
human makes the connection, he is not modeling, he is doing violence to nature.  
That's why Feynman chose to work on his problems in the presence of beauty.  
     When you listen to astronomers, they only talk angles, not distance,
not time.  

Sunday, April 11, 2021

CWP, 11 April MMXXI Anno Domini

Hi Sheepdogs, 
 
     "To properly plan for violence, you must first admit 
and accept that the world is not as it ought to be." 
     Criminal violence does exist, and we may encounter it.
     There are no time-outs.
     Life is a "come as you are" event.
-- Dr. William Townley Aprill (14 October 1966 - 6 August 2020)
 
     Our Drill Instructors taught us that we do not solve our problems 
by killing ourselves.  We solve our problems by killing our enemies.  
No matter how bad things get, suicide is not the answer.   
     The Enemy expends huge resources, time, and effort to kill you.  
If you kill you, you are doing the Enemy's work.  
     "But, you don't understand."  
     No, you don't understand, that's why you're contemplating suicide.  
If you understood, suicide would never occur to you.  Because there 
are a myriad of ways to solve your problems.  You're just too lazy to 
think of a way.  
     "Thinking is the hardest thing a person can do.  That's why so 
few people do it." -- Henry Ford 
     If you can't think of a way, pray to God for assistance, ask for 
help (from your pastor, from your friend, from your spouse, etc.); 
suicide is never the answer.  
 
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
----- Basics -----
 
     "Train, Practice, Compete 
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
 
     Invest in yourself.  Invest in training.  Invest in practice.  Invest in training your 
loved ones and your subordinates.  With proper training, they will select appropriate 
equipment for themselves.  With proper training they will be able to avoid the fight and 
so won't need the equipment (that they might not be carrying).  That's a BIG win.  
     If you've taken the Tennessee Handgun Permit class and you think you're good to go, 
you are in a state of self deception.  Tennessee now has permitless carry, so if you 
are eligible to acquire a permit to carry, you may carry without a permit.  This does 
not dispense with the training requirement.  There was never any real training requirement.  
The training requirement was pro forma at best.  
     Take at least one training class a year.  Tac Con is by far the best training 
for the money.  
     If you've never had any real training before, you need to take a 4 or 5 day pistol 
course from one of the legit schools.  It's going to cost you about $2000 for tuition, 
plus hotel, rental car, air fare, etc.  If you check their web sites, you might find 
that they give their course in a city near you.  For instance, Gunsite Academy sends a 
team to Nashville, TN every year to give their 5 day pistol course at Royal Range.  
Gunsite Academy
Thunder Ranch
Front Sight Firearms Training Institute
There are many others.  They expect you to be ignorant and eager to learn.  
     If you've had some training and you are serious, you would benefit from classes 
from:  
Rangemaster
Defense Training International
FPF Training
Massad Ayoob Group
and others.  But, these expect you to be serious and ready for serious training.  
 
     ". . . the one who is TRULY ready, . . . is the one who has stocked up on KNOWLEDGE. 
Skill. Ability. Battle Wisdom.  
     This is the one who is to be feared.  And this is the one who has nothing to fear."
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
"PERSPECTIVE . . . " by Massad Ayoob
 
     “No possible rapidity of fire can atone for habitual 
carelessness of aim with the first shot.” -- Theodore Roosevelt, 
(26th President of the United States) The Wilderness Hunter, 1893
 
----- Aftermath -----
 
"ANATOMY OF A CRITICAL INCIDENT RESPONSE" by Kyle Sweet and Gary Eastridge
Excerpt:  
     "Do not make a statement or let anyone question you until after two 
complete sleep cycles."
     [If this is the protocol for police officers after a shooting, why in 
the world would you do anything less.  Don't be stupid.  Ask for your 
attorney and then shut your mouth. -- Jon Low]
 
----- Mindset -----
 
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens 
 
     “Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. 
Everything we see is a perspective, not the truth.” 
-- Marcus Aurelius
 
"The Set" by Brian Enos 
 
"Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
 
"MAKE IT PERSONAL: 
TATIANA WHITLOCK ON MINDSET AND THE FEMALE CONCEALED CARRIER PT. 1"
by Steve Moses 
     [I met Tatiana a few years ago at Tac Con and have taken classes from her.  
I met Steve at this past Tac Con and took a class from him.  So, I feel confident 
posting links to their material, as I know that they know what they are talking 
about. -- Jon Low]
 
Front Sight Reality Check #77
Important stuff starts at 1:10 and ends at 4:18.
Good guys win with zero shots fired, just smart maneuver.  
All good guys are female.  Bad guy is male repeat offender.  
 
"Why Can’t I Achieve My Goals?
An Idea Isn’t a Plan. A Wish Isn’t a Goal."
by Chris Cypert
Excerpt:  
     "My failure was that I didn’t set a Top 16 finish as a true goal, 
then develop and enact a plan made up of intermediate goals to actually make it happen. "
     [As we teach the junior rifle shooters on our team, the difference between 
a goal and a dream, is that a goal has a plan for achieving it.  
     A coach's job is helping the shooter make and execute the plan. -- Jon Low]
 
"Dan Gable, Street Fights, and Mental Toughness" by Marcus Wynne
Excerpt:  
     "Some takeaways:
*  Mental toughness starts at home.
*  It’s recognizable in childhood.
*  Skill at violence correlates to previous exposure to violence. 
One doesn’t have to grow up in a violent environment to be good at 
violence — but it helps.  It fosters a familiarity with violence 
discoverable in selection, assessment and training if not already 
discovered (and perhaps hidden) by the student.  It needn’t be 
street fights — combat sports and contact sports can provide a context.  
*  Comfort in the unrestricted primal violence of previous real 
street fights is a big indicator of success with professional violence.  
*  One of the best indicators/predictors of successful professional 
violence is the satisfaction, enjoyment, even glee, one takes in 
righteous violence executed in an appropriate context."  
 
It’s about prevention, not response.
-- Michael Mann
 
----- Safety -----
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
     May I recommend,
"Choose Adventure: Safe Travel in Dangerous Places" by Greg Ellifritz
Autographed soft cover for $18.50, can't go wrong.  
A very enlightening book for the individual or small group civilian traveler.  
Greg gave a lecture on foreign travel as a civilian to many places in the 
world at Tac Con 2021.  I found it eye opening, as I have rarely traveled 
as a civilian.  When I accompanied by daughter's high school class to 
France and Spain, we were in a group and everything was taken care of for 
us.  But, traveling by yourself, there are many details that you have to 
take care of.  
     I have usually flown in and out of military bases, where we carried 
guns and never went through customs, showed passports, or things like that.  
So, I was ignorant of how things are in the real world.  
     Greg's information will keep you out of foreign jails.  Oh ya, there 
are a lot of honest mistakes that are a big deal in other countries, that 
can get you arrested.  For instance, there is a section on how to do bribes.  
Bribes are expected and customary in some countries.  Refusing to pay the 
bribe or reporting the corrupt cop to higher authority isn't going to 
work out the way it would in America.  
 
     The CDC recently released their death statistics for 2018 and there is 
something very, VERY interesting buried in the statistics.
Total homicides of all causes -- including firearms, knives, assaults, 
& poison -- were 18,830.  And that includes cases of self-defense where 
the good guy lived and the attacker died.
But . . . 
Total unintentional deaths from FALLS were 37,455!
Meaning your chances of dying from a fall is 2 TIMES greater 
than from a violent attack of any kind.  
-- Mike Ox
 
"Adversarial Attraction: the Predator’s Optic" by Steve Tarani  (Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz)
Excerpt:  
     ". . . Soft Target Indicators that command a predator’s attention 
at first glance.  . . . if you appear to be:
     Weak – physically, mentally or otherwise
     Unaware – distracted (lack of situational awareness) clearly not paying 
attention to your immediate surroundings – including them watching you
     Alone – easily accessible, vulnerable, exposed, or some combination thereof"
 
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
-- John Farnam
 
----- Training -----
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
     Wow!  Free Basic AR-15 class from Paladin Training.  
Pass the word to your newbie friends.  
Includes ammo (and rifle if you don't have one, loaners available).
Paladin Training got a grant from James O. and Harriet P. Rigney Endowment 
administered by the Coastal Community Foundation of South Carolina.  
Date:  Saturday, 24 APR 2021
Location:  Marion, SC (further TBD)
Prerequisite training:  None
Physical requirements:  Light
Start / Stop Times:  830 am – Dusk (Registration begins 8 am)
Contact:  Steve Cooper, 843-618-1381, steve@paladintraining.com
 
Mike Ox writes --
     In Retired Delta Force Sergeant Major, Kyle Lamb’s great book, 
“Green Eyes & Black Rifles: Warrior’s Guide To Combat Carbine” Lamb talks about training 
with a 9-hole barricade to get comfortable and proficient at awkward, unstable shooting 
positions that he experienced in combat in Mogadishu, Somalia, Iraq, and elsewhere.
     Why?  Because this is the kind of stuff that you want to figure out before your life 
depends on getting it right . . . especially if your body has some hard miles on it.  
     Real life isn't static.  And real fights don't look like the "average engagements" 
we read about and practice for.  They don't look like standards, qualifications, or 
drills.  They're chaotic, unstable, and unpredictable.  Which is why it's so critical 
that you figure out things like:
> How far can you lean around cover before you lose your balance?  
> How long does it take you to pop out over, around, or under cover, 
fire an aimed shot, and pop back?  
> How do you engage targets in a 360 degree environment more effectively 
(something you can't safely learn or practice at your local range).  
> How fast/accurate can you shoot on the move and how do you get better?
> How do you shoot better after being knocked to the ground?  Or after 
just making the move from standing to sitting on the ground?
     Most people don't find out that they've got a problem in one of these areas until 
they're in a fight for their life, behind the curve, and realize that their current 
situation is NOTHING like what they trained for. 
     But when you take solid fundamentals and then start pushing your limits . . . with 
speed, balance, position, distance, precision, orientation, movement, light, stress, 
etc. you do 3 really important things:
>1. You learn and internalize what your limits are and become 
familiar with the feeling of shooting from awkward positions/situations. 
>2. As you find your limits, you'll expand your limits.  You'll be able 
to make accurate shots from positions/situations that used to challenge 
you. (This is especially important for people who have nagging injuries 
preventing them from being as fast & mobile as they used to be.)
>3. When you find yourself in a high-speed shooting situation . . . whether 
it's competition, force-on-force, or a life and death situation, you'll be 
more comfortable, have less hesitation, and perform better.
-- Mike Ox
 
"The real value of training and practice isn't gaining technical competence, 
it's achieving confidence in your abilities."
-- Claude Werner
 
     I just returned from Michael Mann's class on "Protecting Soft Targets". 
(8 hours of continuing education credit, ASIS certified, American Society for 
Industrial Security)
     Tom Givens often says, the bad guys do not beam down from outer space.  
They do not appear out of nowhere.  The victims who think or say such things 
were in condition white and so were chosen by the predator for victimization.  
     Similarly, Michael Mann says there is no such thing as [an unplanned] attack on 
your church or facility.  Such attacks can be detected if your security team 
is observant.  The bad guy does in person surveillance and rehearsal.  
If your security team pays attention, they will see this.  
     In the last 20 years, there were 35 incidents of mass murder in schools.  
All of the schools were public schools.  (Private schools have armed faculty 
and staff, whether they admit it or not.  So, someone stops the attack before 
the body count gets high enough to be considered a mass murder incident.)  
The attackers may be crazy (many were mentally disturbed), but they are not 
stupid.  85% of the attackers were insiders (knew the security of the school).  
79% of the attackers were students or former students.  
     In the New Life Church attack, the good gal shot the bad guy 10 times 
(10 center of mass hits).  The bad guy did not die.  He was not incapacitated.  
She did stop his forward progress into the church building.  At which time 
he committed suicide by shooting himself.  She suffered no injury in the 
gunfight.  Lesson learned:  keep shooting until the bad guy stops.
[This ain't a Hollywood movie.  One shot ain't going to stop the attack.  
Pistol ammunition is ballistically deficient.  So, you better be able to 
deliver 10 rounds on target in rapid succession.  If you are unable to do 
that because of your lack of training or lack of practice or bad equipment 
choices, WAKE UP!  Fix yourself. -- Jon Low]
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
 
----- Practice -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"Top 10 Reasons Dry Fire Beats Live Fire Practice" by Mike Ox
Excerpts:  
     "One of the biggest problems I see with shooters doing live fire 
is that they either dip their wrist or dip their entire arm after each 
shot to see where the previous shot went.  It’s incredibly tempting to 
check to see where your shot went, but what ends up happening is that 
your body will actually move the gun out of the way before the bullet 
leaves the muzzle and you’ll end up with groups that string up-and-down."
     "Linear range training scars hurt."
     "One of the things that they learned is that the ideal training 
ratio for high stress combat performance is 80% dry fire, 10% live fire, 
and 10% force on force."
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
     One of the big problems with firearms training in general 
is that most training doesn't combine visual decision making 
with shooting fundamentals the way real world shooting 
situations demand.
     Contrary to what some spoof videos show, bad guys don't 
hit the button on your shot timer when it's time to "go."
     Now, one solution for this that I love are video based gun 
training scenarios . . . but besides being expensive, they tend 
to be involved to set up.
     Here's a cool tip...
     One thing that you can do to add randomness and visual 
decision making to your practice is to use a random color 
app on your phone.
     I like SwitchedOn, Twister Game Spinner, and Column B.
     There are several ways to use them.  Here are 2 to get you 
started.  For both of these, you want your phone or tablet set 
up so you can see both it and your target.
1.  Pick a "shoot" color and make the rest "no-shoot." If a 
shoot color appears, engage your target with one dry fire or 
live fire rep, depending on what kind of training you're doing. 
It's just as important that you don't over-react to the 
no-shoots as it is that you react correctly and quickly to the 
shoot targets.  You may want to have one color as a "shoot" 
color and another color as a "draw and cover" color.
2.  Use a target with 3-4 different colored targets on it.  
As colors appear on the app, engage those colors.  I'll usually 
shoot every 3rd or 4th color so that I have time to come back 
to a ready position or reholster.  
-- Mike Ox
 
     Come back to it.  Look over the technique you want to master, 
think about it a bit, leave it, and then return a few minutes or 
hours later.  Let the unconscious, intuitive part of your mind have 
a chance to work.
-- Michael Sipser, Donner Professor of Mathematics, MIT
(from a Theory of Computation class)
 
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you
have practiced, no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Techniques -----
 
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
     The following low light stuff is not just for cops.  It pertains to you.  
--- 
"Low-light SWAT operations training: 5 tips for flashlight use" by Dan Danaher
Excerpts:  
     "In just a few short days, I had dismissed what I had been trained to do as a 
standard operating procedure and adopted the new principles of low-light engagements."
     ". . . you should be able to maintain your light in your hand while clearing 
any type of stoppage with your weapon.  Placing the light on the ground, tucking it 
under your arm or between your legs just wastes valuable time in a critical moment."
     "There is not a single tool or tactic that works for every situation and in 
every environment.  Officers must learn a variety of applications in a variety of 
settings in order to be able to employ the proper selection of tools and tactics 
for a given situation and then be able to adapt and modify them fluidly in order 
to succeed.  Whether to use light, or to operate under the cloak of darkness takes 
practice, discipline and understanding.  To see without being seen is the greatest 
advantage in any tactical environment."
---
     You cannot afford a mistake-of-fact shooting.  You don't have limited immunity.  
You don't have a union attorney.  So, you better have a pre-paid legal policy.  
     Your flashlight must be bright enough to blind the enemy.  If you can blind him, 
you might not have to shoot him.  That's a big win for you. -- Jon Low 
--- 
"When it goes down in the dark, are you ready?" by Calibre Press, Inc.
     [Don't smoke.  Smoking is an act of criminal stupidity. -- Jon Low]
--- 
"The What & the Why: Flashlights & Handguns" by Doug Larson
 
     There was a lot of talk at Tac Con 2021 about how to avoid getting shot 
by police, the responding officers.  One lecturer (I can't remember which one 
it was.) told us that about one officer gets shot per year by other responding 
officers (blue on blue shooting).  
     The general consensus was, "Don't have a gun in your hand when the cops show up."  
Put it back in your holster and conceal.  Don't drop your gun on the ground, 
unless ordered to do so by police, because some bad guy will grab it.  
Arms straight up, fingers spread to show that you have nothing in your hands.  
     But, what if the situation dictates that you must have a gun in your hand to 
hold the bad guy at gun point or because there is still a real ongoing threat?  
We were taught to wear our badge on a necklace and to throw it over our shoulder 
so that it displayed on our back.  It's the good guys in back of you that you 
don't want to shoot you.  The bad guys are going to shoot you whether or not 
you are wearing a badge (because you've got a gun in your hands and you're 
shooting at their buddies).  
     "I will be charged with impersonating a police officer."  
     Well, I don't know what the laws are in your state, but in Tennessee you 
have to be attempting to get some sort of remuneration or committing a crime 
by the deception.  Otherwise, it's just a Halloween costume.  So, I don't see 
how you can be convicted in Tennessee.  Besides, what does that matter?  
The important thing is DON'T GET SHOT.  
     "Everyone will see that my badge is fake."
     Not likely.  In any given jurisdiction there are literally hundreds of 
different law enforcement agencies operating.  The IRS has agents that carry 
badges and pistols (I met one in Hawaii.  She was married to a guy I knew.).  
The U.S. Postal Service has Inspectors that carry badges and pistols.  (My 
first ex-wife was one.  Wow, I never imagined I'd be able to make a statement 
like that.  Not setting a very good example for my kids.)  If you get a quality 
black leather holder for your badge on a quality chain (available at whatever 
store the cops buy their gear from, or online) no one will notice you got the 
badge out of your box of Cracker Jacks.  
     "What about those Miss America sashes?"  
     Ya, that's great.  I know a lot of church security teams that use them.  
The problem is, how many law enforcement officers are going to recognize them?  
Remember when the shit hits the fan, local municipal police (maybe from several 
different municipalities), county sheriff deputies, state troopers, and who 
knows who else is going to respond.  They all don't know about your sashes.
     "I don't look like a law enforcement officer.  Nobody is going to believe 
that I am a LEO."
     Don't kid yourself.  Many LEOs are fat slobs, effete desk jockeys, or worse.  
Did you notice the U.S. Marshals that the presidents appoint?  Not the Deputy 
Marshals, the Marshals.  They are political appointments for reasons other than 
fitness.  County Sheriffs are elected and don't have to pass any sort of fitness 
or age requirement.  Besides, it just for the short period that you are in 
danger of getting shot.  
 
"Leads on Moving Targets With Pistols" by Mike Ox (with religious commentary)
 
"Trigger “Prepping” " by John Farnam
Excerpts:  
     "Accordingly, being able to draw and not fire is just as important 
as being able to draw and fire immediately!"
     ". . . the trigger-finger needs to remain in the register position 
until/unless sights are visually on-target, and the Operator has consciously, 
simultaneously made the decision to shoot immediately."
     [John points out that this competition technique, prepping the trigger, 
is wrong in combat.  You have to understand why.  So, you can explain the 
reasoning to others.  The reasoning will cause a change in behavior.  Just 
telling the student to do something (or not do something that they have 
practiced for years) is insufficient. -- Jon Low] 
 
"MALFUNCTIONS
‘BANK’ DRY-FIRE PRACTICE MEMORY"
by Tiger McKee 
Excerpt:  
     "To clear malfunctions I teach a “non-diagnostic binary technique.” 
You press the trigger and it doesn’t fire. 
Step 1: Load. You attempt to load, but the way the slide feels when you 
rack it says, “That didn’t work.” 
Step 2: Unload then Load again. 
     This two-step approach — Load/Unload & Load — is efficient, easy to learn 
and to apply.  You don’t need to identify what type of malfunction you have, 
or decide how to fix it."
     [I'm going to have to think about this.  If by "load", he means apply 
immediate action (tap, rack, point in), then it's what I've been teaching.  
Attempting to load when there is a magazine in the magazine well would 
require an unload first.  Maybe I don't understand what he's saying.  
Going to have to think about this. -- Jon Low]
 
"A Crash Course in Real World Self-Defense" by Eric Flynn
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
 
----- Tactics -----
 
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
"Your Tactical Training Scenario- Road Rage" by Greg Ellifritz
Excerpt:  
     "Don’t engage.  . . .   Driving away is the easiest option."
 
"Top 3 “Getting Off The ‘X’” Myths about Shooting On The Move" by Mike Ox
     Neat video comparison of tactics.  
 
"Tactical Moment" by John Holschen
     John tells me he hopes to make more of these videos in the future.  
 
"Why You Should Have a Partner for Firearms Training" by Jay Grazio 
     [Working as a team requires dedicated training and lots of practice.  
It complicates the scenario by an order of magnitude.  So, if you're not 
living with your partner, or working full time with your partner, I don't 
see this working very well. -- Jon Low] 
 
     Do not approach the bad guy.  Do not render first aid to the bad guy.  
The bad guy just tried to kill you.  If you get close to him, he will kill 
you.  Do not attempt to restrain the bad guy.  Handcuffing is an extremely 
dangerous task.  For trained military policemen, the experienced criminal 
can roll out and kill the MP about 50% of the time (at least that's the 
training statistics from when I was an MP).  
---
"Chauvin Trial Day 8 Wrap-Up: Defense Pummels Prosecution with Their Own Expert Witness" 
by Attorney Andrew Branca / April 7, 2021
Excerpt:  
     "To counter the prosecution’s suggestions to the jury that Chauvin’s 
use-of-force could no longer be justified once Floyd was handcuffed and 
prone, Nelson asked Stiger if a suspect in handcuffs can still be a threat?  
     Yes, answered Stiger. They can bite, kick, run. Yes.
     They can get the officer’s weapon? 
     Yes. 
     Even if handcuffed. 
     Yes.
     The notion that a handcuffed suspect is no longer a threat is not 
correct, a handcuffed suspect can continue to present a risk? 
     Yes, answered Stiger."
--- 
     [Stiger is an expert witness.  The court has determined that Stiger knows 
what he's talking about and so can render an expert opinion.  So, even if you
are able to handcuff the bad guy, he's still a threat.  So, just stay away 
from him. -- Jon Low]
 
"Self Defense with a Firearm Inside Your Car
Your holster may offer excellent accessibility when you’re standing, 
but will you be able to draw your gun when belted in and sitting behind the steering wheel?
by Sara Ahrens  
Excerpt:  
     "In the unlikely event that you’ll use your vehicle for cover or as a 
shooting position, be aware that taking up a shooting position behind the 
engine block requires that the muzzle clear the car hood.  Otherwise, you’ll 
probably shoot your car.  This may seem obvious, until you try it. This is a 
factor because the hood may not be visible in your sight picture because of 
your proximity to it."
     [I love Miss Sara's writing and use her material in my classes.  
-- Jon Low]
 
"Breaking Contact (Part I)" by Claude Werner
Excerpt:  
     " For some folks, escaping is a natural response 
but for others it is counter-intuitive and needs to be practiced."
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
----- Education -----
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
     For those who like to read, 
"Recommended Reading" by Greg Ellifritz
 
QUIPS ARCHIVE by John Farnam
 
"Concealed Carry: Issues and Perspectives" by John Murphy
 
A series of webinars on church security and related topics by Michael Mann
 
"Men Vs Women’s Self Defense" by Nick Hughes
     [I think eye gouging is an excellent technique.  I teach it. -- Jon Low]
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear ----- 
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
"Gear check!" by Kathy Jackson
Excerpt:  
     "Here’s a little secret that’s a surprise to a lot of people: carry gear wears out."
 
"Testing 9mm Home Defense Ammo" by Kevin Creighton
     Look at the gelatin blocks and notice how many bullets failed to expand at all.  
 
"Skill Set: Mag Capacity" by Tiger McKee
Excerpt:  
     ". . . while mag capacity is a consideration, it shouldn’t be the 
deciding factor in what pistol you choose for defensive use."
     "Remember, just because your weapon works flawlessly you still need to 
practice clearing a stoppage.  Most malfunctions are caused by the operator."
     "Is the pistol sized to where you can actually carry it, concealed and 
somewhat comfortable?"
     "Can you acquire a proper grip, and still get your finger properly 
positioned on the trigger?  When the pad of the finger is centered on the 
face of the trigger it should be at almost a ninety-degree angle to the hand; 
this ensures you press the trigger straight to the rear as opposed to pulling 
or pushing to one side or the other.  Finally, make sure you can manipulate 
the weapon – mag release, cycling the slide or any external safety devices."
     "There are many factors when selecting a firearm. Reliability, size, 
caliber and somewhere down the line – magazine capacity."
 
"Ultrasonic Gun Cleaners: Are They Worth The Money?" by Patrick Sweeney
Excerpt:  
     ". . . any paint, markings, labels or graphics you’ve applied to your 
firearm might not survive the experience of being ultrasonically cleaned."
    Hey, $600 ain't that much.  It's the price of a pistol (the kind I buy 
at the pawn shop).  [When I got married the second time, the wife would 
give me $500 and tell me to go buy a pistol (just about every month).  
It wasn't until years later that I realized that she was saying, 
"Go play Jonny, the adults are talking."]
 
     Oh, looky looky, Palmeto State Armory has .223 for sale.
     Steel cased Tul ammo made in Russia.  It's always gone bang in my guns.  
 
"8 Ways to Keep Your Guns From Getting Rusty" by Joseph Albanese
 
     Looky looky, Ammunition Depot has bulk ammunition in stock.
     Ya, it's steel case Wolf made in Russia, but it's (relatively) cheap and goes bang.  
 
9mm – 115 Grain – JHP  50 Round Box  $44.50
 
     If the modern 9mm pistols and ammo are so good (and they are), why would 
anyone still be using a 45 Auto (with its much lower magazine capacity)?  
     Because those who are observant and objective notice the effectiveness 
of the 45 Auto against steel plates (pepper poppers), bowling pins, and body armor 
(from news accounts such as the Garland, TX policeman shooting the Jihadists).  
Or, perhaps it's from witnessing ballistic gelatin tests in person, which is 
quite different from magazine articles about such tests or YouTube.com videos 
showing such tests.  No, really, I watched Chuck Haggard shoot a lot of different 
bullets into ballistic gelatin, it's nothing like the videos or magazine articles.  
The authors and videographers have an agenda (to sell product?). (Why do you 
think companies send them all kinds of free stuff?  Do you think they would like 
to continue receiving that free stuff?)  When you see it in person, it's different.  
For instance, (all other things being equal, which I know is impossible) assuming 
the bullets expand as advertised, the 45 Auto cavity is huge compared to the 9mm.  
If the bullets don't expand, the penetration of the 45 Auto is much deeper than 
the 9mm.  You might have to penetrate a car door or car window or heavy clothing 
or body parts or . . . to get to a vital organ that will stop the attack.  
The predators that you are likely to be shooting are born with excellent armor:  
a rib cage and a skull.  
 
"The Buick O’ Truth #1 – Windshields Inside/Out" by Old_Painless
Excerpt:  
     "The heavier the bullet, the less deflection you see."  [Deflected up.]
     "Lessons learned:  Shooting through the windshield of a vehicle is not the ideal 
way to engage a threat while you are in a vehicle.  The only time one would employ 
this tactic is if faced with a threat you cannot move away from.  A car is a much 
better weapon than a handgun and should be used if at all possible to evade the 
threat, or to just flat run the threat over.  But if your vehicle is immobilized or 
blocked in, shooting through the windshield might be the only means of defense that 
you have.  It should be noted that armored vehicle glass works 2 ways, so do not try 
to shoot through armored vehicle glass."
     At the end of the article are related articles that you might want to look at.
Hat tip to Patrick Kilchermann.
 
"The Buick O’ Truth #2 – Windshields Outside/In" by Old_Painless
Excerpt:  
     "Again, the bigger the bullet, the less deflection you are likely to see."  
[Deflected down.]
     "Lessons learned:  When shooting through the windshield into the passenger 
compartment of a vehicle, you need to keep three things in mind:  
1. Laminated glass and the angle of the windshield may cause your round to 
deflect lower than your point of aim.  How much depends on the angle of the 
windshield and the weight of the bullet you are using. 
2. When fired through laminated glass, bullets tend to partially fragment, 
reducing the effectiveness of the bullet and causing there to be secondary 
projectiles (bullet jackets, glass, etc.) that can impact the target OR other 
people in the vehicle. 
3. When firing a bullet into a passenger compartment, there is no guarantee 
that it will hit ONLY the target you intend to hit."
     At the end of the article are related articles that you might want to look at.
Hat tip to Patrick Kilchermann.
  
     So, heavier bullets deflect less and bullets that fragment are less effective.  
An argument for 230 grain ball, copper jacketed round nose, full metal jacket.  
Maybe that's why some people use them.  
 
“Your car is not a holster.” 
– Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Need To Know: Calculating Barrel Twist Rate" by Patrick Sweeney
     One of the comments after the article says, 
"In other words, C is not a constant, but instead a correction 
for a flawed empirical formula."
     Well, that's not necessarily true.  A simplification of a more correct 
formula is not a flawed formula.  The closer you want to get to "reality", 
the more complicated the math gets.  Sir Alfred George Greenhill's formula 
is for a specific audience, and so the level of math is appropriate for 
that audience.  You'll find fudge factors in all equations in physics.  
And these universal constants change with time.  Check CRC Handbook of 
Physical Constants and you'll see them change over the years.  
 
     In a previous posting, I mentioned that the air resistance to our bullet's 
trajectory was proportional to the cube of the speed (Speed, not velocity.  
Speed is a scalar, it only has a magnitude.  Velocity is a vector, it has 
a direction and a magnitude.).  Which is true for reasonable pistol bullets 
traveling at reasonable pistol bullet speeds in our atmosphere near sea level, 
based on data from experiments.  
     Some nerd who reads this blog called me on my statement and asked for the 
mathematical model.  I had to look it up in "Differential Equations", 2nd Edition, 
by Abraham Cohen, John Hopkins University, 1933.  Very old book, out of print, 
but in my personal library.  
So, we are assuming the cube relationship and solving the differential equation 
to get the displacement of the bullet as a function of the time of travel.  
I can't use LaTex or Tex, because this blog won't render that code.  
So, here goes -- (We are ignoring gravity.  Which is reasonable because we 
are generally shooting perpendicular to the gravitational field and our travel 
times are short.)
--- Excerpt from the book --- 
     The acceleration of a particle moving in a straight line is proportional 
to the cube of the velocity in the opposite direction from the latter.  Find 
the distance passed over in the time t, the initial velocity being v0, and 
the distance being measured from the initial position of the particle, i.e., 
x0 = 0 (the muzzle of your pistol).
     The differential equation of motion is 
dv/dt = -(k^2)(v^3)
or
dv / -(v^3) = (k^2) dt
Therefore, 
[1 / (v^2)] - [1 / (v0^2)] = 2 (k^2) t
or
v = v0 / sqrt[ (2 k^2 v0^2 t) + 1 ] = dx/dt ; 
and 
x = (sqrt[ (2 k^2 v0^2 t) + 1] - 1) / (k^2 v0)
--- end excerpt from the book --- 
dv/dt means the derivative of velocity with respect to time.
k is a constant that depends on bullet density, bullet shape, humidity, air 
pressure, air temperature, and so must be determined by experimentation.  
k^2 means k, a constant, raised to the second power.  
Juxtaposition means multiply.
v^3 means velocity raised to the third power.  
dv means the differential of velocity.  
dt means the differential of time.  
sqrt[] means the square root of the stuff in the square brackets.
dx/dt means the derivative of displacement with respect to time.  
x is the displacement of the bullet.  
--- 
So, if you plug in the initial speed of your bullet ("muzzle velocity" in 
the vernacular) for v0, the time of travel for t, an appropriate k which 
can be found in various ballistics books, and calculate for x; 
x will be the distanced traveled from your muzzle at time t.  
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
     Instructors, you must do an equipment inspection before allowing your students
to use any equipment.  (Even their own.  Just because they own the equipment does not 
mean the equipment works.)  You must teach your students how to do an equipment 
inspection so that they can inspect their equipment and the equipment of the friends 
and relatives that they take shooting.  
                    ***** Start of Equipment Inspection *****
Remove all live ammo from the room.
     Remove the magazine from the pistol.
     Chamber check to make sure the pistol is unloaded.
     If the pistol has a magazine safety and will only fire with a magazine inserted in 
the magazine well, insert an empty magazine and make sure it is locked in place.  
(A magazine safety is a design flaw.  You must be able to shoot the round in the 
chamber if attacked while reloading.)
     Keep the pistol pointed in a safe direction.  
     Rack the slide.  
     Press the trigger.  You should feel slack (no sear movement) and then a hard stop 
(sear engagement).  Press through the hard stop to release the firing pin (sear movement).  
(If the sear is machined correctly, the trigger release will be smooth and crisp, no 
catching, no gritty feel, no friction.)  You should hear the click of the firing pin 
being driven forward.
     Put a pencil in the barrel with the rubber eraser end toward the firing pin and 
point the pistol up.  The firing mechanism should have enough force to pop the pencil 
out of the barrel.  (Otherwise, the student is going to get a lot of misfires due to 
light firing pin strikes.)
     Press the trigger and hold it to the rear.  Rack the slide.  Release the trigger 
to reset the action.  There should be a distinct click on reset.  (The lack of a 
distinct click on reset is a design flaw.  Multiple clicks, making it impossible to 
determine which click is the reset, is a design flaw.)  Take the slack out of the 
trigger.  (Yes, there will be slack after the reset.)  There should be a hard stop.  
Press through the hard stop.  There should be a distinct click as the firing pin is 
driven forward.
     Make sure the pistol does not fire when any one of the safeties is on. 
     Make sure the pistol does not fire when holstering with the safeties off.  
(Yes, some ill-fitting holsters will press the trigger when holstering.) 
     Make sure the pistol does not fire when the slide is out of battery.
     Make sure the pistol does not fall out of the holster when you turn it upside 
down and shake it.  (Yes, even for inside the waistband holsters that use the pressure 
of the belt to squeeze the holster against the body.)
     Make sure the mouth of the holster stays open, so the student can holster with 
one hand.  (Two handed holstering causes the student to muzzle his support side hand.)
                    ***** End of equipment inspection. *****
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Pedagogy -----
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
"Teaching Tips- Process Before Product" by Greg Ellifritz
 
Teach positive.  Teach what to do.  Don't talk about what not to do.
-- John Farnam
 
     In mathematics we often abuse terminology, for instance saying, 
"slope of the curve", when of course a curve does not have a slope.  
We mean, "slope of the tangent to the curve at the point (x,y)".
In similar fashion, if you give the command, "Load your magazine."
Will the student load his pistol by inserting his magazine and racking 
the pistol's slide, or will he insert cartridges into his magazine?  
Overloading words, such as "load", to mean two different things in 
different contexts, is wrong and dangerous.  That is why John Farnam 
teaches:  
We load and unload our pistols.  
We charge and void our magazines.  
     Learn unambiguous terminology.  Use unambiguous terminology.  
Avoid confusing your students.  
 
     “The one important thing I have learned over the years 
is the difference between taking one’s work seriously and 
taking one’s self seriously.  
The first is imperative and the second is disastrous.”
-- Prima Ballerina Dame Margot Fonteyn
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
*****     *****     ***** Legal, Political, and Philosophical *****     *****     *****
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
     I just returned from Michael Mann's class on "Protecting Soft Targets". 
(8 hours of continuing education credit, ASIS certified,
American Society for Industrial Security)
One of the things that he emphasized was that the individual must have
pre-paid legal (self defense insurance).  Because even in a completely
justified use of force, you may be criminally prosecuted for political
reasons having nothing to do with the facts of the incident.  And you will
definitely be civilly sued (100% guarantee), even if no criminally charges
are filed against you.  
     Officer Andrew Delke (Nashville Police) hasn't gone to trial yet and 
he's already spent over $3,000,000.  
George Zimmerman's defense cost him $8,000,000.  
     If you're on your church security team, don't put this burden on 
your church.  Carry your own insurance.  
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
 
"Arizona Governor Signs Bill to Preempt Federal Gun Laws"
Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey has signed legislation that aims 
to prohibit police and sheriffs from enforcing federal 
gun laws that violate the 2nd Amendment.
by Associated Press
 
"Biden-Harris Administration Announces Initial Actions 
to Address the Gun Violence Public Health Epidemic"
Excerpts:
     The Justice Department, within 30 days, will issue a proposed rule 
to help stop the proliferation of “ghost guns.”
     The Justice Department, within 60 days, will issue a proposed rule 
to make clear when a device marketed as a stabilizing brace effectively 
turns a pistol into a short-barreled rifle subject to the requirements 
of the National Firearms Act.
     The Justice Department, within 60 days, will publish model “red flag” 
legislation for states.
     The Administration is investing in evidence-based community 
violence interventions.
     The Justice Department will issue an annual report on firearms 
trafficking.
     The President will nominate David Chipman to serve as 
Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.
---
     [Be scared.  Be very scared.  The Democrats are coming for our guns 
and they are using the full force of the federal government to do it. 
-- Jon Low]
 
"Battle of Palma" BY JOHN FARNAM 
 
"Governments are instituted among men, 
deriving their just power from the consent of the governed." 
-- Thomas Jefferson
 
"Protection?" by John Farnam
 
"Here's the truth: Biden is lying about AR-15s" by Liz Wheeler
 
"There Are 20 Constitutional Carry States" By Johnrlott (Dr. John Lott)
     The green states don't require a permit to carry.  The blue states 
shall issue you a permit to carry upon application.  Is it even possible 
to earn enough money in any of the grey colored states to justify living 
there?  Notice that those grey colored states have a very high cost of 
living compared to the other states.  
 
     “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*****     *****     ***** Survival, Medical, Security, and such *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
When it comes to survival, “just barely” beats the heck outta “not quite good enough.”
-- John Connor
 
*****     *****     ***** Miscellany / History / War Stories *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
"Mirror Neurons, Facial Recognition, and Training Man-Hunters" by Marcus Wynne
 
A BORDER TALE
SOMETIMES ONE GOOD MAN IS ALL IT TAKES . . . 
by John Connor
 
"2021 Rangemaster Round Up" by Greg Ellifritz
 
Lawyers, Guns & Freedom: Episode 3, April 1, 2021
Things covered in the video:
     Lyft fires female driver who used a pistol to defend herself 
from customers attempting to carjack her, even though police declined 
to charge her with anything.  These woke companies are disgusting.  
     Talk to your attorney first.  A search of your home may be the 
smart thing to do to prevent charges against you.  It all depends.  
     Speedy trial (a Constitutional right), in Colorado is 6 months.  
The time after which you may move to have all charges dismissed.  
     Explanation of Miranda Warning.  The police can arrest you 
without reading you your rights.  The Miranda warning does not have 
to be read to you verbatim.  The police can use any kind of screwed 
up wording they want to.  
     "Do you understand your rights?"  
     No.
     "What don't you understand?"  
     I don't understand anything.
     I assert my right to remain silent.  I assert my right to counsel.
If you don't say this, the police can continue to question you forever.  
If you invoke your right and start talking, you have waived your rights.
     The law is complex.  It's not like what you see on TV or the movies.  
Or, what your attorney friend (not an expert in self defense law) told you.  
Speak with your self defense expert attorney immediately.  Your pre-paid 
legal policy will have a list of them on retainer that you can call 24/7
(if you have a legit policy).  
No, you are not smarter than the police.  No, you are not smarter than 
the prosecutors.  Remember Michael Drejka.  After the police declined 
to arrest him, because it was self defense; and after the Sheriff 
declined to charge him because it was self defense; he gave the police 
a 2 hour video recorded interview without his attorney present and 
effectively talked himself into a manslaughter conviction.  
     The penalty for stupidity is spending the rest of your life in prison.  
     Bump stocks.  You can get the same effect with a rubber band or a 
belt loop.  6th Circuit Court of Appeals slapped down the BATFE.  
     Wyoming is a gun sanctuary state.  
     Many sheriffs are refusing to enforce state gun control laws.
 
All kinds of neat stuff at:  
     Practical Eschatology by Docent
     The Tactical Professor by Claude Werner
     Active Response Training by Gregg Ellifritz
     Quips by John Farnam
     Rangemaster newsletter by Tom Givens
     CIVILIAN DEFENDER by Sherman House
     Handgun Combatives by Dave Spaulding
     Marcus Wynne
     John Farnam
     Jeff Gonzales
     Michael Bane
 
"Women and Guns 2020 Data: The Woman Gun Owner" by Carrie Lightfoot 
 
     I always carry business cards with me, just as I always carry a black ink 
pen, a cell phone, and a pistol.  But, I rarely have occasion to give anyone 
my card.  I usually fold them up and use them to stabilize a wobbly table.  
The other day I got a call from a lady who asked me to sell her a pistol and 
teach her how to use it.  I asked her who referred her to me.  She said she 
found my business card under the foot of a table in a restaurant (that I had 
forgotten that I had ever gone to).  She said that she was praying for guidance 
in this matter when see saw my card folded up on the floor under the foot of 
the table and decided that God was answering her prayer.  
     God works in mysterious ways.  
 
     I published the course notes for my NRA Defensive Pistol course as a 
book on Smashwords.com at 
Unfortunately, people in other countries have downloaded the book, which is 
free of charge, and are using it for primary training, because they lack 
access to any formal training.  I have urged them to get in person training 
from experts.  But, training is not available everywhere.  In some countries 
after jumping through all the hoops to get a pistol, you can't find anyone 
to teach you how to use it correctly.  I wonder if I can find a pro-gun 
church to send missionaries to do this work?  
 
      I took a computer graphics course at the College of Charleston when 
I was attending the Citadel and the College of Charleston in a joint program.  
(You may remember the criminal that murdered the 9 persons at the AME Church 
in Charleston, SC.  Before he went to that church, he went to the College of 
Charleston, but he saw the armed guards and moved on.  As Michael Mann says, 
"It’s about prevention, not response.")  I remember a problem we had, figuring 
out if two objects in 3 dimensions intersect (actually occupied the same space), 
touched (were tangent at some point or curve), or did not intersect.  
It was quite a bit of work to figure out the algorithm and then to write the 
computer program to get the job done correctly including all exceptional and 
degenerate cases (especially for concave objects, think two doughnuts, tori, 
threaded through each other but not touching each other).  I wish we had such 
YouTube.com videos back then.
"A Strange But Elegant Approach to a Surprisingly Hard Problem (GJK Algorithm)"
by Reducible
     This sort of thing is necessary for Artificial Intelligence to determine 
what is or is not the target, if there is anything between the gun and the 
target, if there is anything beyond the target in the trajectory, etc.  
     Remember our RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  And what's beyond your target 
in case you miss or pass through, and what may move between you and your target, 
because untrained people will run into your line of fire when they panic in high 
stress situations.  So, as the trained person, it is your responsibility to not 
shoot the friendlies or the innocent bystanders.  
     All of the automatic gun systems that I know of, such as The Phalanx® weapon 
system
do not follow RULE IV.  Neither do the bad guys.  So, as the good guy, your 
problem is an order of magnitude more difficult than the bad guy's problem.  
Are you willing to take on that challenge?  God gave you the resources to 
execute the mission (you have binocular vision and spatial perception), 
but have you trained and practiced enough to execute the mission successfully?  
If so, to what probability?  Are you willing to accept that confidence level?  
If you don't know what level you're at, you can't answer the question.  If you 
can't answer the question, you are not good to go.  
     My marksmanship is not too good.  I don't have the confidence to take 
the 25 yard shot.  So, my protocol, that I train to, is to charge in to get 
close enough to take the shot.  That's what the Marine Corps taught me to do.  
So, it's not a big change for me.  What is your protocol?  That depends on 
your marksmanship.  What is the probability of your hitting your target at 
25 yards?  If you can't answer the question, how can you develop a protocol?  
 
"It’s Who You Are On the Outside That Matters" by Chris Cypert
 
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’. 
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
-- Anon
 
“Where you come from is gone, 
where you thought you were going to never was there, and 
where you are is no good unless you can get away from it.”
– Mary Flannery O’Connor
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com