Monday, April 29, 2024

CWP, 29 April MMXXIV Anno Domini

Greetings Sheepdogs, 
      Because I believe that Greg Ellifritz is correct in espousing the elimination of 
indirection from training, in the classes that I teach, 
I have removed all colors from Jeff Cooper's Color Code and replaced them with 
descriptive words, as used by the NRA.  I have removed all numbers from 
malfunction labels and replaced them with descriptive words.  I have removed all 
numbers from the steps in the presentation from holster to target and replaced them 
with descriptive words.  If you have any other suggestions, please let me know.  
     For the latest version of my class outline, send me an email at
"Defensive Pistol" by Jonathan D. Low.  
     What color is urine?  
     Wrong.  Urine is clear, just like clean water.  If your urine is yellow, it means you are 
dehydrated.  If your urine is always yellow, it means you are chronically dehydrated.  
Chronic dehydration is putting  strain on your kidneys, which will lead to kidney stones, 
kidney failure, and death.  
     How do you know that you are properly hydrated?  You generate large volumes of 
clear urine.  You're welcome.  
"ГРАЙ - Марь ("Mist", live in Moscow, 22.10.2021)" by GRAI
 Table of Sections:  
*****     *****     ***** Prevention *****     *****     *****
Things you can do to avoid the lethal force incident.  
Table of contents:  
----- Mindset -----
Figuring out the correct way to think.  
Si vis pacem, para bellum.  
(If you want peace, prepare for war.)  
     CCW Safe words of wisdom.  
     CCW Safe nonsense.  
     Do you see how ridiculous his statement is?  There is no way for you to know 
what level of damage the enemy intends to inflict.  One punch IS sufficient to kill you.  
To think otherwise is foolish.  
     I have made the decision to never let anyone strike me.  At my age, in my physical 
condition, I cannot tolerate a strike of any sort.  I have made the decision to pre-emptively 
strike to protect myself and my loved ones.  No ifs, ands, or buts.  I will not take the 
chance that the enemy will only strike lightly and then walk away.  I will always assume 
that the enemy will continue until I am dead or incapacitated.  
     ‟We don’t decide what is necessary to survive a 
lethal force encounter initiated by someone else.  
That person decides what’s necessary for us to survive.”  
– William Aprill
"The “Right” People" by John Farnam
     ‟Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice.”  
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
"Keeping The Proper Perspective
A firearm is only part of the defensive lifestyle."  
     ". . . never forget that our mind is the greatest defensive tool we possess."  
     [If you must place your hand on your pistol, you have already failed many tasks 
on many levels.  (Failure to recognize the threat, failure to avoid the threat, failure 
to evade the threat, failure to de-escalate the threat.)  Which would indicate that 
you are incompetent.  That means you will probably lose the fight.  So, if you find 
yourself in a situation where you need to go to guns, your smart move is to 
disengage and escape.  It is not cowardice.  Retreat is not surrender.  Retreat is a 
tactical maneuver to conserve resources, such as your children, your spouse, and 
your ability to earn income. -- Jon Low]  
     ‷If you look at someone bigger, faster, and stronger and immediately think, 
‶I'm at a disadvantage″,  
I have news for you:  you are.  
But that's only because you just put yourself there for no reason.  
     The truth is that anyone can do debilitating violence to anyone else.  
Your size, your speed, your strength, your gender -- 
all the factors that untrained people think make the difference when it comes to violence -- 
all matter far less than your mindset and your intent.‴  
-- Tim Larkin
by Michael Seeklander
Hat tip to License2Kari.  
     "Mindset – This is the key area to work on during your training.  
Develop a “never quit” attitude.  Don’t even think about allowing 
yourself to quit during a drill or repetition during a training session.  
Even if no one is looking, fight through the mistake.  Visualize 
yourself in bad situations where you are at a disadvantage, and see 
yourself winning the fight, even if things are real bad.  See yourself 
getting hit and fighting through the pain to deal death or damage to 
your attacker.  Develop that “switch”, the one when flipped turns 
you into an unstoppable, thinking warrior intent on surviving by 
making sure your opponent does not.  Accept and embrace the 
violence you may have to bestow upon someone before the fight 
happens, so you are mentally ready when it does."  
     “You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
by Clint Smith
     Take what you need.  Eat what you kill.  
***** Situational Awareness ***** 
How to avoid being taken by surprise.  
     "Jeff Cooper's Color Code exists to help you get your head 
around the need to kill someone in the immediate future."  
-- John Hearne
     Jeff Cooper's Color Code of Mental Awareness  
But why add an extra layer of abstraction by assigning colors?  Better to just use 
meaningful words.  
UNAWARE of what's going on around you.  (White)  
AWARE of who is around you and what they are doing.  (Yellow)  
ALERT to a potential threat and taking action to avoid the threat.  (Orange)  
ALARM by a real threat and taking action to escape the threat, 
     which might include shooting the threat.  (Red)  
COMBAT front sight, press.  (Black)  
[The words on the left are from the NRA.  The descriptions are from Front Sight.  
The colors are from Col. Cooper.]  
     “You need to have the capacity for danger.  You need to be ‘dangerous’.  
Yet, you need to learn how to not use it except when necessary.  
And, that is not the same thing as being harmless.  
     There's nothing virtuous about harmlessness.  
Harmless just means you’re ineffectual and useless.”  
-- Jordan Peterson 
"ГРАЙ - Прощание ("Farewell", live in Moscow, 22.10.2021)" by GRAI
     First comment gives the lyrics.  
Privet! -- Irina Zybina  
----- Safety -----  
How to prevent the bad thing from happening in the first place.  
How to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders.  
Jeff Cooper′s Rules of Gun Safety  
     [These are universal rules.  They apply everywhere, all the time. -- Jon Low]  
"Be Your Own Safe Space
Have a plan to deal with home intruders, and have the tools and 
means to put that plan into action."  
     "Accidents (and crime) happen:  
It’s what we do to prepare for them that determines a successful outcome."  
      "Most people have the will to win, few have the will to prepare to win."  
-- Bobby Knight
     "It's easier to stay out of trouble than to get out of trouble."  
-- Claude Werner
"Kristallnacht?" by John Farnam
     Vehicle attacks where the bad guy runs over pedestrians is a thing.  Be aware.  
We've had several in the U.S.  
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don’t go to stupid places.  
Don’t associate with stupid people.  
Don’t do stupid things.  
Have a “normal” appearance.  [If you have tattoos all over your face, you have a much 
higher probability of getting beat up. -- John Farnam, TacCon 2024]  
Be in bed by 10:00 PM (your own bed).  
Don’t fail the attitude test.  [Addressing men as Sir and women as Ma'am makes it 
difficult for the person to feel that you are showing disrespect toward them.  On the 
other hand, if the person insists that you address them with inappropriate pronouns, 
they have failed the attitude test.]  
"ГРАЙ - Поступь зимы ("Tread of winter", live in Moscow, 12.04.2024)" by GRAI
----- Training -----
Figuring out the correct tasks to practice.
"Do I Still Have It?" by Greg Ellifritz
     If you want to become a better performer under stress, I would urge you to 
minimize novelty and “over learn” critical skills. 
     Practice doing hard things that get your adrenaline up.  Expose yourself to 
as many chaotic situations as possible to reduce novelty.  Mentally rehearse 
how you might respond to stressful chaotic incidents so that when those events 
happen you have a “mental map” of how you would like to perform.  When you 
identify a skill that is required for superior performance, train and drill that 
skill until you cannot fail.  Then go find another skill to “over learn.”  
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
From an email from Mike Ox -- 
     Eye dominance is one of the most misunderstood aspects of shooting . . . and your 
instructor probably tested it wrong, just like their instructor and THEIR instructor 
before them.  
     Most use a "triangle" or "circle" test where shooters make a triangle with their 
outstretched hands and then bring the triangle to their face.  
     Supposedly, the eye that you bring the triangle to is your dominant eye.  
     Ironically, that test really only works for people who already know which eye is 
dominant because one eye is WAY more dominant than the other.  
     Did you know that eye dominance is sometimes determined by one optic nerve 
being a SINGLE NEURON shorter than the other?  
     Did you know that eye dominance can change based on lighting, color, distance, 
angles, and what you're holding in your hands?  
     (This means that dominance can change between when you use the triangle test 
and have a pistol in your hands.)  
     Did you know that covering, patching, or closing an eye will make it MORE dominant?  
     Did you know that many shooters appear to not have a dominant eye initially? 
or that their dominance switches back and forth between their eyes every few seconds?  
     So, how DO you know which eye is your dominant eye for shooting and how do you 
make it MORE dominant?  
     I've got a super-simple drill that I want to show you on
that will help you figure out your dominant eye with a pistol . . . in seconds.  
     Here's the thing . . . eye dominance really doesn't matter that much for the vast 
majority of sports, so most vision specialists and sports vision specialists don't give 
it much weight.  
     But archery and shooting are two pursuits where eye dominance matters . . . and it 
can matter a lot . . . especially for people who seem to have shifting or unstable 
eye dominance.  
     You're probably getting a sense that this is a bigger deal than most realize.
     You're right.
     Vision and dominance issues can take a fun activity (shooting) and make it 
very frustrating.  That frustration creates a negative association with shooting that 
slows down learning, hamstrings performance, and even increases the chances 
that a shooter will struggle with flinch.  
     See the rest of the story and how to fix it in this video.
"Don't just train hard. Train smarter than the other guy!"
Stay safe and God Bless,
Mike (Ox) Ochsner
[I don't believe everything Mike teaches (as it conflicts with some of my training 
in psychology), but it's important to consider it. -- Jon Low]  
     "You brought a gun to the fight.  That doesn’t mean it’s YOUR gun.  
The gun belongs to whomever can keep it.  Think about that before intervening 
in other folks’ problems.  When is the last time you practiced your in-hand weapon 
retention skills?"  
-- Greg Ellifritz
     [When was the last time you practiced your holstered weapon retention skills?  
-- Jon Low]  
     "Widen your field of view.  Be aware of what is around your target.  In back of, 
in front of, to the side of, above, below.  Don't fixate on the target."  
     "Your pinkie finger should be engaged."  
[It's an essential part of your grip, as it has the longest lever arm (relative to the 
pivot point, the tang) and therefore can apply the greatest force to stablize your 
grip and defeat muzzle flip. -- Jon Low]  
     "Be aware of your eyes being closed when you release the shot.  Be aware of 
eye flutter during the shot process."  
     "Be aware of your emotional response to the shot."  
-- Jeff Gonzalez, TacCon 2024
     “The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – 
so you can fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
by Michael Seeklander
     "You CAN’T shoot if you CAN’T get your gun out!"  
     "Not getting knocked out might be the most important thing you can do 
during that moment in a spontaneous attack, and that skill might be much 
more valuable than simply knowing how to draw a handgun."  
     "Safe gun handling and knowing how to operate the gun competently is one thing.  
How to fight with the gun is a whole other plane of knowledge."  
-- Tiger McKee
     "Those motivated by a desire to improve their 
gunfighting skills as opposed to a quest for trophies, 
must be willing to bleed ego on the match results 
to avoid shedding blood in combat."  
-- Andy Stanford
--- Start of Classes and Conferences ---
6th Annual Church Security Summit, $179.00
July 25 - July 27, 2024 A.D.
at Cherry Hills Community Church, 
3900 Grace Blvd, Highlands Ranch, CO 80126
     Other events, 
The Guardian Conference, $800.00
September 20th - 22nd, 2024 in Oklahoma City
Registration at, 
     Wow, I bought a ticket for $400 at the last conference.  Now the price is up to $800.  
I guess whatever the market will bear.  
Tac Con 2025
     The registration for 2025 is at,   
TacCon25 is scheduled for 
March 28-30, 2025 at the 
Dallas Pistol Club in Carrollton, Texas.  
Tickets are only $620 for all three days of training. 
Last year’s TacCon sold out in less than 12 hours.  
Once tickets sell out, you’ll have the option to join the waiting list.  
Please keep in mind that Tac-Con tickets are non-refundable and non-transferable.  
     Student training - 
     Instructor training - 

--- End of Classes and Conferences ---
     “If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
"New Training Paradigms and The Courage To Go Outside The Box" by Marcus Wynne
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  
     "Nothing negative, just chat, let them process."  
     "Take a break and congratulate them on their improvement.  
No improvement?  Shame on you, instructor."  
     "You often don't know where the bad guy is who is shooting at you."  
-- Phillip Groff
"Body Language and Personal Defense
The best time to spot a potential threat is beforehand."  
     A beard will prevent your gas mask from sealing.  A beard will prevent a solid cheek weld 
on your rifle stock.  A beard will provide surface area for bugs.  That's why Marines are 
always clean shaven.  
     Pseudo-Marines let their beards grow when off duty or on leave.  Real-Marines are 
always clean shaven.  Because they are always on duty.  
     Ya, I know some sailors wear beards.  Ya, I know some soldiers wear beards.  If you're 
embedded with certain cultures, you have to wear a beard.  
     Lots of classes train one handed shooting.  Not many teach one handed drawing.  
You've got to get the pistol out of your holster before you can shoot it.  Lots of techniques.  
Do you know any?  
     Support side hand only presentation from the holster to the target (very difficult, 
if not impossible with a retention holster, that’s why we don’t recommend retention 
holsters for concealed carry).  
     First technique, reaching behind your back.  Difficult if your holster holds your pistol 
with a forward cant.  This is the preferred method, because you establish the high tight 
grip while the pistol is still in the holster, and you keep the pistol away from the bad guy.  
[This is a real-world technique.  This violates NRA and IDPA safety rules.]  
     Second technique, reaching across your front, twist your hand so that your thumb is 
pointing forward (yes, there actually are people who can do this, mostly young kids, 
maybe you too) establish a high tight grip.  [Thanks to Sorrel Schwartz.]  (If you can't 
do this, start practicing your stretching exercises a month before the course.  Support 
side hand outstretched in front of you.  Palm facing forward.  Fingers pointed down.  
Thumb pointed outboard.  Firing side hand grabs the support side fingers and pulls them 
toward you.  Firing side thumb against the support side wrist, rotate the support side 
fingers inboard.)  
     Third technique, reaching across your front, turn the pistol around in the holster 
and establish a high tight grip.  [Do not use this technique with a Blackhawk SERPA 
holster.  The pistol may get stuck in the holster.]  This is the technique taught at 
FLETC (Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Charleston, SC 
[there are several FLETCs]).  That’s why FLETC forbids the SERPA holster.  
     Fourth technique, reaching across your front, trap the pistol between your knees, 
and establishing a high tight grip.  This technique immobilizes you.  
     Fifth technique, reaching across your front, establish an upside-down grip with 
your little finger in the register position.  Muzzle awareness!  When on target, use 
your little finger to press the trigger for a surprise break.  This technique is faster 
because you are not turning the pistol around, but trigger control and grip suffer, 
and it is difficult to avoid sweeping the area around you.  [This technique was 
demonstrated in a course called “Semi-Auto Pistol Level 2” at the Georgia Public 
Safety Training Center.]  (Thanks to GySgt. Robert Shuman.)  
     We prefer the first or second technique because you’ve established the high 
tight grip while the pistol is still in the holster.  You can’t use the first technique 
if you’ve got a big backpack on or if you’re sitting with your back against something.  
You may not be able to use the second, third, fourth, and fifth techniques if you’ve 
got a big belly, as when you are pregnant.  
     ‟Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice.”  
-- Claude Werner
"Грай - Марево/ Песня мертвой воды (16.09.2017 клуб Альбион, Москва)"
----- Practice -----
How to get proficient at that task.  
Why practice?  
    “To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment 
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and 
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique 
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if 
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour.”  
-- Winston Churchill
"Dry Fire Drill | Rogers Range | Practice Shooting Techniques" by Tactical Rifleman
Hat tip to Michael Gallagher.  
     ‟Be careful what you practice.  
Because you will do in combat 
whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous.”  
-- ‶Shooting in Self-Defense″ by Sara Ahrens 
     From an email from Mike Ox -- 
     When you've got an attacker in your face and your gun in your holster, 
there's a really good chance that if you go for your gun, your attacker is 
going to jam your draw.  
     They may do it by grabbing for your hand, grabbing for your gun, deflecting 
your gun to the side, or punching you in the face.  
     Yet we see this play out in security videos all the time . . . 
     People who only stood flat footed, drew, and shot paper (or dry fire engaged 
bad guys on their TV) try to do the exact same thing when they've got an 
attacker in their face.  
     And it turns into a fight for the gun.  
     If you happen to be stronger, faster, or more skilled, that may work out OK . . . 
     But if you happen to be in a situation with a younger, stronger, faster attacker 
(or multiple attackers), you don't have time to screw around struggling over a gun.  
     Which is why you must have a plan to fight to your gun and actually practice 
it when you're doing dry fire.  
     Practice throwing what's in your hands at your attacker's face and stepping offline 
to create the time and space that you need to get your gun into the fight.  
     Practice throwing a PRECISE neck strike or face strike and then moving off 
of the line of attack as you draw and engage.  
     These life saving skills aren't things you can do at your local range...
...either because of their rules, . . . 
"Don't just train hard.  Train smarter than the other guy!"
Stay safe and God Bless,
Mike (Ox) Ochsner
     “Willingness is a state of mind.  Readiness is a statement of fact!”  
-- Lt. Gen. David M Shoup, USMC Commandant 1960-1963
"Follow Along: 15 Min Dry Fire Session (Rifle)" by Jade Struck channel,
     Web site, 
     "People rust faster than equipment."  
-- John Hearne
     “Train, Practice, Compete 
are the key elements in the development of humans.”  
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
     ‶Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.″  
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
"ГРАЙ - Мгла со мной ( HQ live in Moscow)" by GRAI
*****     *****     ***** Intervention *****     *****     *****
Suggestions on how to deal with the incident that you failed to avoid.  
     Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, Escape 
Table of contents:  
----- Strategy -----
Deciding on the end state and how to achieve it, 
which tactics to use, which includes walking away.  
     “How do you win a gunfight?  
Don't be there.”  
-- John Farnam
     "You win gunfights by not getting shot."  
-- John Holschen
"ГРАЙ - Полный гиг в Питере (Live in St.Petersburg, Russia, full set)" by GRAI
     Note @BOBAH_BOBAHbl4 's comment.  Gives a link into the video of each song 
in the video.  
----- Tactics ----- 
Maneuver and fire in support of your strategy.  
     "Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
"The Low Ready Position
A few moments to assess what's going on can make a big difference."  
     Must be able to see their hands and waist line.  If your hands and pistol are blocking 
your view, you're WRONG!  
     “Fortuitous outcomes reinforce poor tactics.”  
-- Chuck Haggard
"Home Defense Pistol Skills" by Claude Werner
"Home Defense Pistol Skills
Protecting what's important to you takes more than just owning a gun."
     [I think you ought to pull the elbow back as far as possible and press 
the bottom of the grip of the pistol tight against your rib cage and tilt 
the top of the pistol (slide) away from your body so the slide doesn't 
get fouled in your shirt.  
     I don't think "until the elbows touch the rib cage" is sufficient.  This 
position leaves the pistol too far forward, making it easier for the bad 
guy to grab your pistol.  
-- Jon Low]  
"Indoor Range Session 11 Flashlight" by Claude Werner
     Free download.  
     Don't say, "Show me your hands."  This will cause the bad guy to move his hands.  
Then you have to decide in a split second if the bad guy is presenting a threat.  
Better would be to say, "Don't move."  Then any movement can be legitimately 
interpreted as a theat.  
-- Gabe White, Tac Con 2024
     One way to avoid hitting innocent bystanders with your misses and pass throughs is to 
stab the bad guy with your knife.  Ya, there is always a trade off.  
Hat tip to Greg Ellifritz.  Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     ". . . you can start to concentrate on what has always been a better survival 
strategy than improving your technique — improving your tactics.  
Fighting smarter not harder."  
     ". . . hit the gym . . ."  
     "Get physical therapy if you need it."  
     "Become A Tribal Elder"  [Teach, mentor, advise.  Ya, a lot of people won't take heed.  
But making the effort punches your ticket for heaven. -- Jon Low]  
     "The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
----- Techniques -----
Ways to execute a given task in support of your tactics, 
especially when disabled or under stress.  
     "Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee 
"Israeli SF Monkey Plate Carrier Setup" by Agilite
     "The foundations of your grip are established 
before you even draw the pistol from the holster."  
-- Tanner Denton
     A lot of instructors teach to bring the pistol up in front of your face when reloading or 
clearing malfunctions, so you can see what you're doing.  This means the pistol is pointing 
     Just about all of the instructors at Tac Con 2024 that I talked to said to keep the pistol 
pointed down when doing administrative operations.  There are 10 tracks of instruction 
going simultaneously, so I did not talk to many.  
     How do you  get the pistol from pointing down to pointing up without muzzling the 
area that innocent bystanders could be in?  Think crowded church, shopping mall, movie 
theater, etc.  You can't.  The solution is to keep the pistol pointed down, and do your 
administrative operations with the pistol pointed down.  
     I think this is pretty important.  Our art advances.  Some have to be dragged along 
kicking and screaming.  That's how I got all those scrapes and bruises.  
     "Grip first, then press."  
--  Mike Seeklander
     [Otherwise, you will be increasing grip pressure as you increase trigger pressure, 
which will cause you to miss. -- Jon Low]  
"Friday Fundamentals – Terminology" by the Tactical Professor
     Fundamental Terminology -- 
Flash Sight Picture
Controlled Pair
     [You need to experiment (in the controlled scientific sense) to determine at what 
distance the technique is applicable.  You will be pleasantly surprised at what range 
you can get hand span size groups; without a perfect sight movie, without the second 
sight movie (no follow through after the first shot), etc.  
-- Jon Low]  
     "It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
*****     *****     ***** Postvention *****     *****     *****
     Suggestions on how to treat your wounds or the wounds of your loved ones.  
[NEVER treat the bad guy's wounds.  He just tried to kill you and still wants to.  
If you get close enough to treat his wounds, he is close enough to kill you.  
The EMTs won't treat the bad guy's wounds until the cops have secured the scene.  
Which means handcuffing the bad guys.  Why would you treat a bad guy who has 
not been handcuffed?  Is he begging you to help him?  That's his way of getting you 
close enough to stab.]  
     Suggestions on how to avoid prosecution, conviction, and prison time.  
     Suggestions on how to avoid the civil law suit and judgment.  
Table of contents:  
----- Aftermath ----- 
     You must be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.  
If you let the bad guy kill you, you won't have these problems.  Being alive 
is always better than being dead (even if you're in prison).  Being the victor 
is always better than being the victim (even if you get prosecuted and sued).  
     “The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
     Just because it's published on the internet, even when published in a respectable 
site like, doesn't mean it's true.  
     "If leaving the area is safer, or if staying might lead to further use of a firearm, 
it may be wise to exit the scene.  If you clearly explain your reasons, law 
enforcement investigators will likely understand your decision to leave."  
[NO!  Never talk to the police.  Never explain anything to anyone, except your attorney.  
Your attorney can explain things to the police for you.  
-- Jon Low]
     "Given these factors, you might wonder whether to say anything at all.  However, 
since a crime occurred, providing some explanation is crucial, particularly to establish 
self-defense.  It's generally safe to share indisputable facts that establish you as the 
victim:  the identity of the attacker and any known evidence such as the attacker's 
weapon, threats made to you, your injuries, potential witnesses, and the presence of 
any cameras that might have recorded the event."  
[No!  It is not "crucial" for you to say anything.  There is no such thing as "indisputable 
facts".  You don't know what actually happened because you were under extreme 
stress (you have false memories and amnesia due to stress) and you have no 
perspective from which to recall correctly.  Keep your mouth shut! 
-- Jon Low]  
     "The Miranda warning is a statement given by police in the U.S. to criminal 
suspects in police custody before they are interrogated."  
[False!  Completely false.  The police may be talking to you for hours, weeks, or 
months before (arresting you) reading you your rights.  Everything you say has 
been recorded on the body camera of the police officer (video and audio).  
You are totally screwed, if you said anything.  Nothing on the recording will 
match the physical evidence, because you were not in your right mind during 
the lethal confrontation nor after the incident.  You couldn't be, because your 
pulse rate was way too high, your blood pressure was way too high, and your 
blood was full of adrenaline and other hormones and chemicals.  
-- Jon Low]  
     "Find a good attorney . . . "  [Searching for a good attorney after the incident is 
bat shit crazy.  You must have an attorney on retainer before the incident.  If you 
have a good insurance policy, your insurance company will have many attorneys on 
retainer in your area.  How the hell are you going to find a good attorney?  How 
would you know what a good attorney looked like?  Do you have any expertise in 
choosing an attorney?  
-- Jon Low]  
     [U.S. Concealed Carry Association (USCCA) has a reputation for denying claims.  
-- Jon Low]
     In the right hand column of this web page, click on "Never Talk To The Police"
or use the direct address 
     In the right hand column, click on the link labeled "Self Defense Insurance".  
Or, the direct link is, 
Read this before you buy insurance.  You need to make an informed decision.  
The various policies are drastically different.  
     "You need to read the fine print." -- Massad Ayoob  
     “Your understanding and consent are not required 
for someone to take your life, kill your loved ones, 
and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
----- Medical -----
     "If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House
----- Survival -----
     "If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     *****
Table of contents:  
     "You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
"Tac Con 2024" by JULIE GOLOB
Rangemaster newsletter, May 2024
     Tom Givens -- 
It is pretty well known that I do not advocate the revolver as a primary sidearm. 
I have reasons, such as:
1. Bulky for the number of rounds available.  
2. Much too limited ammo capacity. In today’s world 5 or 6 small or medium caliber 
bullets may not be enough.  
3. It is extremely difficult to reload under stress in a survivable time frame with 
real concealed carry gear, not range gear.  
4. Malfunctions require time and tools to fix.  
Basically, I don’t carry a revolver for the same reason I don’t ride a horse to work or 
communicate via telegraph.  There are better choices, and my life or the life of a loved 
one is at stake.
-- Tom Givens 
by Massad Ayoob
     "The Instructor’s Role in Testifying for Students.  I addressed the successful court 
strategy of showing the triers of the facts that the defendant did what he was taught to 
do and what he was taught to do was “in the mainstream of common custom and practice” 
for dealing with the type of threat at issue, and hopefully even constituted “best practices.” "  
-- Massad Ayoob
[I agree.  And like Mas, I will always make myself available to testify for my students.  
     It is the courts decision as to whether or not I am an expert witness.  (And this varies 
from court to court.  A previous court recognizing you as an expert witness, does not 
mean that a future court will.)  
     It is the defendant's attorney's decision as to whether or not it is a good legal strategy 
for me to testify.  But, I will always be willing to testify.  I think the instructor has a duty 
to testify for his students.  
     If the instructor has to be subpoenaed, the instructor is WRONG.  And that's a red flag 
that you don't want that instructor to testify.  (He's probably scared of getting sued for 
something that he taught.  Professional liability as opposed to general liability.)  
-- Jon Low]  
"Does Your Range Training Make Bad Shooters?" by Dustin P. Salomon
"The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly – March 2024" by Claude Werner
     "Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
----- Legal -----
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
"Self-Defense Law:  Castle Doctrine Vs. Stand Your Ground"
by Dr. Art Joslin, J.D.  (A Jurisprudence Doctorate is equivalent to a Master of Arts 
degree.  Which is not the same as a Ph.D. from a law school.  I always thought it was 
kind of weird for an attorney with a J.D. to call himself a doctor.)  
     Just because he unlawfully broke into your house does not automatically mean you 
can shoot him.  You must have a reasonable fear of death or serious injury.  
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca 
(free book, just pay for shipping so you don't have to go to Colorado to pick it up)  
"The feds arrested, ‘humiliated’ a Richland man at work. 
He’s innocent and now he’s suing"
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     Incompetence runs rampant in the ATF.  (I know from first hand experience.  
I had an FFL for many years in Hawaii.)  And drags local police and innocent citizens 
down.  You think West Columbia police officers are ever going to participate in an 
ATF task force again?  Well, the dumb ones will, to get the federal deputization.  
But, wait, weren't West Columbia police officers, Calvin Brown and David Thompson 
deputized by the ATF?  If so, they could not be sued, Federal Tort Claims Act 
don't you know.  What's wrong with this picture?  Were the ATF agents using the 
local police to do their dirty work?  And then left them to hang?  
     “Your character is what you do when no one is looking.”  
-- Thomas Jefferson
      If the cops can do it . . .  
     "The 5 Elements of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca (free of charge) 
"Arkansas senators say Clinton airport executive killed by ATF with no bodycam: 
‘Violation of its own policy’ "
by Louis Casiano
     “The Department of Justice confirmed to us last night that the ATF agents involved 
in the execution of a search warrant of the home of Bryan Malinowski weren’t wearing 
body cameras,” Cotton and Boozman said in a joint statement. “We will continue to 
press the Department to explain how this violation of its own policy could’ve 
happened and to disclose the full circumstances of this tragedy.”  
     Bud Cummins, the attorney for the Malinowski family, noted that the ATF adopted 
a policy in 2022 that requires the use of body cameras during the execution of search 
     Stephen P. Wenger's comments -- 
I still find it hard to believe that, if F Troop had contacted Malinowski and asked 
him to come into the office – with or without an attorney – that the shooting could 
not have been avoided.  My suspicion is that F Troop was seeking to publicize 
Malinowski's arrest to boost support for the new rule change broadening the 
interpretation of “engaged in the business.”  Malinowski appears to have been 
sloppy about turning down sales to sketchy purchasers but the fact that he purchased 
more than 150 guns between May 2021 and Feb. 27, 2024 does not necessarily 
mean that he did not use them personally before selling them nor that he sold them 
soon after purchase.  Without an FFL, it's unlikely that he was buying them at 
wholesale prices to resell at a profit and, if he was completing 4473's for his purchases, 
it doesn't sound as though he was searching for low prices in private-party sales.  
-- Stephen P. Wenger
     [Why did the ATF agents disable the Ring doorbell and camera?  Why did the 
ATF agents intentionally neglect to wear their body cameras in violation of ATF 
policy?  Where is the front door?  (The ATF took the front door of the Branch 
Dividians' home in Waco, TX to hide the fact that they shot through the door to 
kill the Branch Dividians.  Those not killed by gunfire were burned to death in 
their home by the ATF.) 
     It's better to shoot the ATF agents and spend the rest of your life in prison 
than to let the ATF kill you.  (Being alive is always better than being dead.)  
A person like Donald Trump may be elected, and you may be pardoned.  
Brandon pardoned all the drug users, drug dealers, and Democrat rioters.  
Why wouldn't Trump pardon good people?  Oh, wait, Trump did pardon a lot 
of good people.  You can check it out on the .gov web site.  Search for Presidential 
pardons.  Remember all the terrorists Clinton pardoned?  
-- Jon Low]
"Supreme Court Issues 9-0 Decision" by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
     The 4th and 5th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution apply to lawmakers, not just 
"The Supermodel Scam: How a Prof who Looked for Love Ended up in Prison"
by Sabine Hossenfelder
     Sabine is correct.  Once you get caught, you will get crunched in the gears 
of the legal system.  
     You won't make such mistakes.  Because you take law of self defense classes 
and study the laws in your jurisdiction and regularly attend training.  Right?  
"U.S. Postal Service Will Process Electronic Fingerprints for Firearm Challenges"
     Stephen P. Wenger's comments -- 
Question 17 on the 4473 allows entry of a Unique Personal Identification Number (UPIN) 
or Appeals Management Database Identification (AMD ID) (if applicable).  A UPIN is 
issued to successful appellants of NICS denials to avoid false positives on future checks.  
     [Hey, when I lived in New York City (upper west side Manhattan, Columbia University) 
I had a telephone installed in my dorm room.  So the telephone company sent me a phone 
book.  There were 8 listings for a Jonathan Low in Manhattan.  A criminal may have lived 
at an address that you once live at.  (Which would give that criminal constructive possession 
of your firearms.)  I could go on, but you get the idea.  Lots of reasons for getting a false 
denial on a NICS check. -- Jon Low]  
"Tennessee lawmakers pass bill to allow armed teachers, 
a year after deadly Nashville shooting" by Jonathan Mattise
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     Gov. Bill Lee will sign it.  He never vetoes anything.  If he does veto it, the legislature 
will override his veto with a simple majority in each house.  So it's a done deal.  
"Gov. Lee signs bill preventing credit card codes for firearms store sales"
by Jon Styf
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger.  
     Credit card companies and banks in Tennessee cannot use a separate code to 
designate sales at firearms retailers in the state after Gov. Bill Lee signed a bill into law.  
Senate Bill 2223 prevents banks and credit card companies from requiring firearms 
retailers to have a separate merchant category code to separate firearms purchases 
and protects financial records of firearms purchases from being disclosed unless 
required by law. 
"Things You NEVER Knew Could Be Used Against You in Court" by Andrew Branca
     "Can the prosecutor use X against me in court?  YES!"  The prosecutor can use the 
ammunition that you used, the ammunition that you didn't use; the training that you 
took, the training that you neglected to take; your mad fighting skills, your lack of 
any skill (which caused you to panic and shoot); your social media posts, your lack 
of social media posts (indicating that you are an isolated loner incel); literally anything.  
     Ya, there are a lot of things that the judge should forbid the prosecutor from talking 
about or entering into evidence, but that doesn't mean the judge will prevent it.  The 
judge might be incompetent, the judge might want you convicted.  There are way more 
corrupt judges than there are corrupt police officers.  It's a little difficult to bribe a cop.  
It's easy to bribe a judge.  Even U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas.  
     Every prosecutor in the big cities is a Soros prosecutor, bought and paid for.  
They don't even need to be corrupt.  They start out in life loving Democrat criminals / rioters 
and hating law abiding citizens who use lethal force in self-defense.  Because that 
is their baseline mindset.  That's why Soros put them into office in the first place.  
"These prosecutors will push way beyond ethical boundaries to secure a conviction."  
-- Andrew Branca
They are truly disgusting people.  Nashville prosecutor Glenn Funk is a prime example.  
Funk prosecuted police officer Andrew Delke for shooting a criminal who was pointing 
a gun at Delke.  Why did Delke take a plea deal instead of taking the case to trial?  
Because every focus group / mock jury pulled from Davidson County convicted Delke.  
Nashville is saturated with anti-cop (defund the police), pro-criminal, 
pro-BlackLivesMatter, anti-semetic (pro-Hamas), flaming liberals.  You think I'm 
joking, but I'm not.  
     As Andrew Branca says, "some of the judges are insane."  No, really.  
Andrew's statement is true.  
     Get training and practice!  Because winning the fight is what counts.  If you don't 
win the fight, you're not around to care about the criminal and civil liability.  
     "If you only knew what law schools are like today, you'd be horrified."  
-- Andrew Branca
     "I assert my right to silence.  I assert my right to counsel."  And then shut your mouth!  
If you say anything after that, you have waived your right to remain silent.  What you say 
will be used against you.  You words will be twisted, taken out of context, and used 
against you.  
"Governor Lee Signs Law Requiring Firearm Safety Training For Tennessee Public Schools"
(It's not clear to me who the author of the article is.)  
by Dave Workman
     "Do you reside in one of the 28 enlightened states, or are you stuck where politicians 
still believe the right to keep and bear arms is really a government-regulated privilege?"  
"Cops Can Force You to Unlock Your Phone Without a Warrant" by Steve Lehto
     9th Circuit Court ruling.  
"NY Judge Convicts Man Over Gunsmith Hobby & 
Says 2nd Amendment Doesn't Exist In Her Courtroom"
by Colion Noir
     I donated $100 to "Dexter Taylor 2A Legal Fund" at 
I urge you to donate.  A software engineer and a gun guy, best people in the world.  
     Dex here.  Thank you from the bottom of my heart for blessing my campaign -- but even 
more importantly, thank you for caring about the Second Amendment and the Republic it 
helps protect.  
     Sometimes -- actually, often -- I wish I weren't in this fight.  It's not a fight I wanted to 
be in (at least not in this way), and it certainly is not a fight I went looking for.  I even 
hesitate to say that God decided to put me in this fight, because it would have been easy 
for Him to choose a more worthy combatant.  
     But I'm in it now, and I'm grateful that you're on my side.  
Thank you.
-- Dexter Taylor
    “Is there no virtue among us?  
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, will insure liberty and happiness 
for a dishonorable population represents the height of self-deception.”  
-- James Madison, 1788
----- Instruction -----
     Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:  
"We are not God's gift to our students.  
Our students are God's gift to us."  
----- Instructors -----
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
     "Teach them diligently . . . "
-- Deuteronomy 6:7 
the students who require the extra effort 
are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
     "You must teach skill sustainment as part of training."  
-- John Hearne
----- Students -----
----- Andragogy -----
     ‟An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.”  
-- ‶Building Shooters″ by Dustin Salomon
     Last night (4/23/2024), I taught a Low Light Pistol class.  I said that I do not 
recommend a weapon mounted light, because of the likelihood of using it to search, 
which violates our safety rule; never point the pistol at anything you are not willing to 
     A student asked about using his shotgun for home defense.  I'm sure he thought 
I would say that it's different with long guns (as opposed to handguns) and that a weapon 
mounted light is necessary because there is no way to competently handle a long gun with 
a hand held flashlight in one hand.  
     But knowing that he and the other students already knew that, I said that you should 
use whichever weapon system you are most familiar with.  Whichever weapon system 
you practice with the most.  For most of us, it is the pistol.  So, for most of us, it makes 
sense to use the pistol for home defense.  
     Also, long guns are too long.  It is much easier to maneuver in confined spaces with 
a pistol.  It is much easier for the bad guy to get a hold of your long gun than your pistol.  
     It's fine to answer the question that the student asked.  But, it's really important to 
answer the question that he meant to ask if he were able to articulate the question.  
It is essential to clear away any false assumptions.  The student assumed that he would 
use his shotgun in home defense.  Why?  He had very little training or practice with 
his shotgun.  He had lots of training and practice with his pistol.  Why not use the pistol?  
     “The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives.”  
-- Robert John Meehan
----- Gear -----
And the safe storage thereof.  
     “Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
     At his Terminal Ballistics Lab at Tac Con 2024, Chuck Haggard said that after 
talking with Emergency Room doctors and Medical Examiners, unless the bullet 
is recovered, none of them could tell the caliber of the bullet.  The bullet holes 
from pistols are all about the same.  
     Email from Jeff Gonzalez -- 
Hello Jonathan,
     As we roll into this weekend's Tactical Rifle 2 course we see some common 
problems for shooters who are running a Low Powered Variable Optic.  
While we love them, for a defensive rifle they are overkill.  I'm not saying you 
shouldn't have one, but its application on a defensive rifle used in close range 
engagements means you be using a really heavy red dot sight.  
     Problem #1: It's not bright enough.  
The biggest problem we run into at this course with an LPVO is the red dot 
brightness not being bright enough.  These optics were designed to be a general 
purpose, but as a result they do some things poorly.  Having enough brightness 
is definitely one of them.  If they are not bright enough then you end up running 
the duplex reticle as your sighting system and it is not a bad option, but slower 
and less effective than a red dot.  
     Problem #2: You don't understand your reticle.   
There are a lot of new variable powered optics entering the market and quite 
honestly hard to keep up with them all.  As the end user, you need to know as 
much about your reticle as possible.  Start by reading the owner's manual and 
keep it in your range back for quick reference.  If you have a bullet drop compensator, 
know the intended barrel length and bullet weight.  Otherwise you will be less 
precise since the BDC was intended to be zeroed at a known distance, through a 
specific barrel length with a specific bullet type.  
     Problem #3: Running with too much magnification.  
The default setting for a defensive rifle should always be on 1x.  If you are running 
a LPVO that is greater than 1x it is sub optimal on a defensive rifle and you will 
pay for it trying to shoot fast at close range.  If you power up magnification for a 
shot once the engagement is over, return to 1x for any immediate threat you may 
face in the future.  If you have to take an immediate shot at close range, but fail to 
return to 1x you are dealing with magnification that produces either a poor shot or 
slow shot.  
     In the end, you have to define the mission.  If the defensive rifle is for close range, 
then you are better off with a red dot sight.  
Good luck, 
P.S. feel free to share with other like minded folks.  
"SHOOTING 101: Parts of Guns Identified & Explained" by Fred Mastison
     The modern manual of arms for the pistol includes the holster and holstering.  
Therefore, the modern pistol does not need an active safety (thumb safety).  
Because the holster is the safety.  So modern pistols only need passive safeties 
(trigger tabs, grip safety, striker / firing pin blocks, etc.).  
     Long guns, generally speaking, do not have holsters.  They are slung on the 
body when carried.  So the triggers are exposed.  So they need manual safeties, 
usually manipulated by the thumb.  
     So a proper holster will completely cover the trigger guard, preventing anything 
from touching the trigger.  
"Israeli SF Monkey Plate Carrier Setup" by Agilite
     Prevent your optics from reflecting light.  
"⭐️How Your Gun Holster Will Get You Killed ✝️⛪️"
by Christian Warrior
     Your holster and pouch must hold your gear securely.  
The gear can't fall out when running or grappling with a bad guy.  
If you don't think you will ever have to run or grapple, you are not 
operating in reality.  You see, it's not your choice.  
The bad guy dictates where, when, and the amount of force you 
need to apply to stop him.  
     A biometric lock on your gun safe is a bad idea.  Passwords are a good idea, because 
you can change a password if it is compromised.  You can't change a biometric.  
     A fingerprint reader won't work if your hands are dirty, bloody, cut up, etc.  
     You leave your fingerprints all over the place, everything you touch.  
So they are easily copied.  
     Biometric readers have a significant probability of false positive (they will let the 
bad guy in) and false negative (they won't let you in).  
"Nine (9) Things New Shooters (and Concealed Carry Permit Holders) 
Need To Know About Training" by Michael Seeklander
     "Never, ever fight your gear.  I have a common solution I give students when they 
show up to my classes with a gun that they are fighting or gear that does not work; 
“throw it over the berm or in the trash.”  Really, get rid of it!!  If it does not work in 
class, what makes you think it is going to work in the real world??"  
     "Train with an expert early in your development, and at least once per year."
"The Usual Suspects" by Docent
     Speed governors on police cars, what a terrible idea.  I quit an armored car company 
because they put governors on our unmarked sedans, which made it impossible for me 
to evade if chased.  I physically could not pass the horse drawn carriages in Kentucky.  
(Well, we don't want you speeding.)  
     Many modern cars have sensors and will automatically brake to prevent collisions.  
No PIT maneuvers, no ramming, no escape.  (Oh, but think of all the lives it will save.)  
     There are two sides to every stupidity.  Don't let anyone put a governor on your car 
(for your own good).  
     “Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
     *****     *****     *****  Cryptology  *****     *****     *****
     "Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, 
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use." 
-- Thomas Paine
     Cryptosystems are considered "arms" by federal law, ITAR, 
International Traffic in Arms Regulations.  That means cryptosystems are 
covered by the 2nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.  Never let the 
government infringe on your right to keep and bear cryptosystems, to 
include home made cryptosystems.  
"|i Factorial| You Won't Believe The Outcome" by BriTheMathGuy
|i!| = √(π / sinh(π))
Well, that's not very satisfying.  That only tells you how far from the origin (0 + 0i) 
|i!| is.  The equation doesn't tell you where on the complex plane i! is.  
i! = Γ(i + 1) = ∫˳ ૿  tⁱ e⁻ᵗ dt  
now that is a closed form complete solution.  
     "Computer science has nothing to do with computers or science."  
-- Donald Knuth
"Light Can Go Backwards Through Time, And This Experiment Proves It"
by Astrum
     A nice layman's explanation of a recently published experimental result.  
     "Nothing in life is to be feared; it is only to be understood.  
Life is not easy for any of us.  But what of that?  We must have 
perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves.  We must 
believe that we are gifted for something, and that this thing 
must be attained."  
-- Marie Curie
"Hopf Fibration Explained Better than Eric Weinstein on Joe Rogan"
by Carlos Farias
"Why Protons Can't Travel Faster Than This Speed" by Lukas Rafaj
     "Premature optimization is the root of all evil."  
-- Donald Knuth
***** Signals Intelligence and Ground Electronic Warfare, Cyber Security ***** 
"nation state backdoor found in Cisco firewalls (again..?)"
by Low Level Learning
     ‟If violent crime is to be curbed, it is only the intended victim who can do it.  
The felon does not fear the police, and he fears neither judge nor jury.  
Therefore what he must fear is his victim.”  
-- Col. Jeff Cooper, "Principles of Personal Defense" 
     *****     *****     *****  Intelligence  *****     *****     *****
Gathering, Analyzing, Disseminating
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
     The art and practice of Intelligence is an arm protected by the 2nd Amendment 
to the U.S. Constitution.  Never let anyone infringe upon your God given right 
to keep and bear intelligence.  (The enemy will try to dumb you down.  Resist!)  
"CEO Arrested in ‘Massive Data Breach’ Case, 
Given $500K Bond, House Arrest With Ankle Monitor"
by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
     Do you see the connection?  
     "Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
Ballot Mules Funded by Obama-Linked NGOs Pouring Billions Into ‘Local Insurgencies’ "
by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
"Another Biden Foreign Policy/Military Disaster" by Docent
     Hands across America.  
     Let's see, Afghanistan, Niger, and now Iran.  Do you see a pattern?  
     If you have loved ones in Iran, get them out.  
     If you have subordinates in Iran, give the evacuation order.  
"Physiognomy Is Real: AI Can Predict Your Politics Just From Your Face."
"L3Harris cuts 5% workforce in cost-saving measure" by Reuters
     When you fire the high paid (experienced, higher level engineers) employees and 
retain the entry level (inexperienced, low level engineers) employees, what do you 
think is going to happen?  
"The Merge"
     Where's the chatter?  In the comments of videos.  Do you understand why?  
     Where are the originals for steganographic XOR?  In videos.  The need for 
larger bit streams keeps growing.  It's becoming grossly inefficient to do small messages.  
Are there any small messages?  Long continuous videos with audio and without commercials.  
So, you don't have to cut the advertisements out.  Throws the timing off.  
     *****     *****     *****  After Thoughts   *****     *****     *****
Lauren Freebird - Like a Bomb
"[Oregon] Supreme Court Blocks 10 Republican [Senators] From Running for Re-Election"
by Facts Matter with Roman Balmakov
     Thalia is hocking my book.  
     Vivlio is hocking my book.  Seems to be in the section with all the romance novels.  
     Fable is hocking my book.  
     Reuben Fine says, with 2 bishops (different colors) checkmate in 18 moves.  
Two bishops of the same color cannot checkmate.  Not even 9 bishops of the same 
color can checkmate.  
     With bishop and knight, checkmate can be forced in 34 moves.  FIDE had to 
change the rules to accommodate this.  
     With 3 knights can checkmate in 20 moves.  
     Do you see how?  Do you see the strategy?  Do you see the algorithm?  
Or, it is obvious?  Something you can figure out when you see it?  
    “You can’t truly call yourself ‘peaceful’
unless you are capable of great violence.  
If you’re not capable of violence, you’re not peaceful, 
you’re harmless.  Important distinction.”  
-- Stef Starkgaryen 
     I ate what I killed.  
"ГРАЙ - Наяву (интро) / Тень ("Awake" / "Shade", live in Moscow, 22.10.2021)"
If you're using DSP filters, you're going to miss it.  
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Radio:  KI4SDN

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