Tuesday, April 4, 2023

CWP, 4 April MMXXIII Anno Domini

Greetings Sheepdogs,
     This newsletter is continuing education for students of defensive pistolcraft.  
     Why should you be reading my blog?  
My training record is listed at the end of the blog posting.  Lead by example.  
Because it's really the only type of leadership.  Doesn't matter what you say.  
If your subordinates / students see you cutting corners, they will think that
it's okay, and do likewise.  If they see you meticulously following the safety
rules, they will think that that is the norm and do likewise.  
     If I thought the training that I took was bad, I did not list it.  If you don't
have anything good to say, don't say anything.  
     This of course does not mean that I know what I'm talking about.  
It just means that I've tried to educate myself.  So, I'm not unintentionally
spewing nonsense.  Now, what I'm doing intentionally, you'll have to decide.  
     God said that Cain killed Able.  God does not mention a weapon.  Because it doesn't
matter.  Only the very weak of mind use terms such as "gun violence".  Because only
such persons would attribute violence to inanimate objects.  
*****     *****     ***** Prevention *****     *****     *****
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
     If you look at someone bigger, faster, and stronger and immediately think,
' I'm at a disadvantage ',  
I have news for you:  you are.  
But that's only because you just put yourself there for no reason.  
     The truth is that anyone can do debilitating violence to anyone else.  
Your size, your speed, your strength, your gender --
all the factors that untrained people think make
the difference when it comes to violence --
all matter far less than your mindset and your intent.  
-- Tim Larkin
"The Simple Reason You MUST Embrace Your Dark Side" by Jordan Peterson
     The language is wrong.  Genie (Jenie) is female.  Gin (Jin) is male.  Such
is part of Arabic / Islamic cultural tradition.  Just as angels are part of Christian
"Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
"On Aggression" by Rory Miller and Terry Trahan
     "In the brain, conditioning trumps training."  
The culture you live in conditions you.  Be aware.  Be careful.  
     Don't confuse decisiveness with aggression.
     Real Christian pastors say that we live in this world, but we are not of this world.  
We reject the cultural norms.  We reject the political correctness.  We reject the
wokeness.  We reject baby murder.  We reject homosexuality.  
     The Dowelltown United Methodist Church (my former church) voted to disaffiliate
from the United Methodist Church.  It cost them $15,000 to buy their way out of the
United Methodist Church.  It was a unanimous vote.  Why?  Because homosexuality
is a perverted sex crime.  Always has been, always will be.  Big church institutions
change their dogma with time.  The word of God never changes.  
     That is why transsexuals attack (with rifles) traditional churches, as in Nashville, TN.  
“Willingness” is a state of mind.  Readiness is a statement of fact!”  
-- David M Shoup, USMC Commandant, 1960-1963
"Mindset Beyond Platitudes" By tacticalprofessor
"What Does “Mindset” Actually Mean?" Part 2
We talk about the combat mindset,
but how do we create it in ourselves and put it into practice?
by Shelley Hill
In case you missed part I.  
"What Does "Mindset" Actually Mean?" (Part 1)
We hear that term quite often in the self defense world, but what does it really mean?  
by Shelley Hill
" There is the “ideal,” and there is the “real”. "
-- John Farnam
"Obsolete?" by John Farnam
     “OBSOLETE, adj.  No longer used by the timid.  A word which some
lexicographer has marked ‘obsolete’ is ever thereafter an object of dread and
loathing to the fool writer, but if it is a good word and has no exact modern
equivalent equally good, it is good enough for the good writer.  
     Indeed, a writer’s attitude toward ‘obsolete’ words is as true a measure of
his literary ability as anything except the character of his work.  A dictionary of
obsolete and obsolescent words would not only be singularly rich in strong and
sweet parts of speech; it would add large possessions to the vocabulary of every
competent writer, who might not happen to be a competent reader.”  
-- Ambrose Bierce
"Bouncer Stops Armed Man with a Devil Mask from Entering
a Strip Club and Potentially Committing Mass Murder."
     Could you articulate your justification if you shot the bad guy upon his initial
entry attempt?  Could you articulate your justification if you shot the bad guy
upon his attempt to regain his pistol?  
“You don’t fight with what you have . . .
You fight with what you have LEFT!”
-- Seyfried
"Never Surrender!" by John Farnam
     "You need to have the capacity for danger.  You need to be ‘dangerous’.  
Yet, you need to learn how to not use it except when necessary.  And, that is not
the same thing as being harmless.  . . .  There's nothing virtuous about harmlessness.  
Harmless just means you’re ineffectual and useless."  
-- Jordan Peterson
----- Safety -----  (How to prevent the bad thing from happening in the first place.  
How to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders.)
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE III:  KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER [in the register position]
RULE IV:  BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  [Also, what may move in front of your
target (in case someone panics and runs in front of you) and what is beyond your
target (in case your shot misses or passes through your intended target).]  
"Protecting Houses of Worship, Part 1: Training Organizations, Groups, and
Individuals" by David Yamane
"Protecting Houses of Worship, Part 2: Other Resources" by David Yamane
"The God Squad: Protecting Houses of Worship" by Steve Moses
     "If violent crime is to be curbed, it is only the intended victim who can do it.  
The felon does not fear the police, and he fears neither judge nor jury.  Therefore
what he must fear is his victim."  
-- Col. Jeff Cooper
"In Honor Of Peter Wang" by Marcus Wynne
     An analysis of school security.  If your child's school policy is to "lock down" or
"shelter in place", know that the persons who wrote the policy are idiots with no
knowledge, experience, or training in the subject; and are advocating criminal
     The correct solution is always for the child to flee.  
     The correct solution is always for the adults to be armed and to fight the assailants.  
If they are not willing to fight, they are WRONG!  If they are not trained to fight,
they are WRONG!  If they are not armed, they are WRONG!  
     If you don't understand this, take Ed Monk's class.  Unfortunately, Marcus Wynne
is no longer with us.  
     “ ‘Shelter in place!’ will always be the bean-counter’s directive.  They want only
to be able to ‘account’ for everyone.  
     Dead or alive is all the same to their mission, so long as you are ‘accounted for’ ”
-- Gochenour
"Faith in Fluff" by John Farnam
     "Who naively place “faith” in a piece of paper, and/or pious pronouncements
from political gas-bags, don’t get to die of old age, as we see!"  
-- John Farnam
     Your government school teachers / administrators may tell your children to
"shelter in place" or to "lock down", but you tell your children to run away / escape.  
Because to shelter in place is criminal stupidity, as it always has been.  
"Charges Dropped Against Driver Who Opened Fire on I-95 in Miami
The driver's attorney said that Florida's Stand Your Ground Law ensured
his client's actions were reasonable self-defense."  
by Ryan Erik King
Hat tip to Joe McCauley.  
     "Obviously how not to shoot from a moving vehicle.  An article on how to defend
yourself in a moving vehicle would be an interesting topic.  Probably best defense is to
drive away as quickly as possible if you can?"  
-- Joe McCauley
     "Yes, I agree with you that driving away is the best defense.  
In the case you cite, pulling over and stopping, letting the other guy
drive by, would probably have been a reasonable thing to do.  
Shooting without aiming, his eyes appears to be closed, is always a bad idea,
as it endangers innocent bystanders.  Shooting from inside a car is always
a bad idea, as the enclosed structure will cause ear damage.  
     If your car is blocked, that may require driving backwards.  
Which is worth the practice, as front steering vehicles are not stable
when driven backwards.  Also, note that when driving away backwards,
your engine block and front windshield are protecting you.  Your front
windshield is at least 2 layers of laminated glass and much stronger
than any of the other windows in your car.  The other windows are just
single pane tempered glass.  It's actually quite difficult for pistol
ammunition to penetrate a front windshield, unless the shooter is able
to get an angle perpendicular to the glass surface.  Which means he
has to get up fairly high.  
     How many people have dash cams pointed at the driver?  
Why would someone install such?"  
-- Jon Low
"11 Everyday Safety Tips" by Trevor Thrasher
     "Seek training from a competent organization that prepares you for violence
through realistic training that simulates real world events."  
"Running Away the Right Way
We encourage you to back out and run away from danger when you’re able,
but you can’t just randomly take off.  Here’s how to run away the right way."  
by Jo Deering
     ". . . remember when you’re escaping to run toward safety, not simply away from
     You are never "clearly dealing with a resource predator".  Any predator can easily
change into a "process predator".  If your gait is enticing to the predator he will want
to rape or sodomize you.  If the predator perceives that you have shown disrespect to
him, he will attempt to kill you.  ["Disrespect" is a noun, not a verb.  Using it as a verb
demonstrates a poor command of the English language.  "Architect" is a noun, not a verb.  
Only idiots in the computer science field use it as a verb, because they don't understand
the English language.  As Mark Levin says, many person with law degrees are idiots.  
True for any field. -- Jon Low]  
"Involuntary Hand Clenches Leading to Accidental Discharge" by Greg Ellifritz
"Tactical Training Scenario- Random Gunfire" by Greg Ellifritz
     "And you don’t have to “be a good witness” either.  If these jackasses get arrested,
do you want them getting you and your family’s names, addresses, places of
employment, and phone numbers?  As soon as their court appointed attorney files
for discovery, all of that information goes directly to them.  Now you’ve become
an active player in their game.  And in that game, they don’t care about the same
rules you do."  
     "Don’t involve yourself in this stupidity.  It will only harm you in the long term.  
If you intervene, you will either get shot by the thugs, shot by the cops, sued by the
person you shoot, or criminally arrested.  If that doesn’t happen and you make a
statement to the cops, you take the chance of being  hunted down by the arrested
party’s crew at a future date before trial."  
     Witnesses being murdered to prevent their testimony or intimidated to prevent their
testimony is a primary reason for good cases to be dropped by prosecutors.  I know of a
case in which two thugs followed the wife until she was alone.  They raped and beat her.  
They told her that if her husband testified, they would do the same to their daughter.  
     If the wife had been situationally aware and shot the two thugs, life would have turned
out differently.  The thugs had ensured that there were no witnesses.  So she had a free
fire zone.  But she chose not to be aware.  She chose not to be armed.  She chose to be a
victim (as Col. Cooper would say).  Ya, I often get accused of blaming the victim.  
     On the other hand, if you hunt down and kill the bad guys first, you win.  
But as a witness, you don't have legal discovery.  So how are you going to get the
intel to find the bad guys?  Private investigators.  As General Patton said,
"Don't worry about your flanks.  Let the enemy worry about his flanks."  
(By continuously attacking until they are all dead.)  
     As Vito Corleone (based on Joe Profaci) demonstrated, before he was a powerful Don,
Sicilian Mafia are human (as are all criminals).  They can be killed as easily as any other human.  
As Jared Reston says, some people need to be killed.  
And isn't it your duty to kill them, especially if they present a threat to you and your family?  
As Col. Cooper says, the criminal must fear the victim for he fears neither the cops, 
nor the judge, nor the jury.  
     "Oh, I could never do that."  
     Then you better follow Greg's advice.  
     To avoid getting shot by the responding officers.  (Actually, this is fairly common.)  
"Empty Hands
The threat has been stopped.  Now what?"
by Sheriff Jim Wilson
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak.  
Don't fail the attitude test.  
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
"Understanding The Defensive Double
What to do when it's not 'one and done.' "  
by Sheriff Jim Wilson
"Take training from different instructors.  
We are all wrong about something."  
-- John Farnam
"Tactical Training Scenario- Attacked While Seated" by Greg Ellifritz
“The secret of success is this.
Train like it means everything when it means nothing –
so you can fight like it means nothing when it means everything.”
-- Lofty Wiseman
"Survival Guide: Dave Spaulding Rules of Conflict"
"If the local language is violence, you need to be fluent." -- Randy Harris
"2023 Tac-Con" by John Farnam
     “Excellence is an art won by training and habituation.  We do not act rightly because
we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly.  
We are what we repeatedly do.  Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.”
-- Aristotle
     Keep your fingernails cut short and filed smooth.  Ripping a fingernail or losing a
fingernail in training can ruin your day.  
     "When you’re shooting in a standing position, see if you can wiggle your toes.  
It’s the longest nerve in your body and if you’re relaxed enough to wiggle your toes . . .
you’re relaxed.  In combat, you’re going to have enough stress going on around you;
your ability to relax enough to make accurate shots could just save your life."  
-- Chris Sajnog. "How to Shoot Like a Navy SEAL"
Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
----- Practice (how to get competent at that task) -----
"Deep Practice: Improve Your Shooting The Right Way" by Richard Nance
"Handbook: One-Handed Shooting
Range time should work on all of one’s skills,
not just the ones with which we are already proficient."
by Jeff Gonzales
"Easy Stretches And Strength Movements To Alleviate Low Back Pain
Here are six great stretches and strength movements that will
help build your spinal stability, so you won’t miss any matches."
by Corey Howard
     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
     A while ago, Massad Ayoob wrote an article advocating learning how to carry
and fight with your pistol left-handed, if you were right-handed, and vice versa.  
Because even minor injuries (not during combat) could force you to carry on the
other side, draw from the other side, etc.  I took his advice seriously.  I acquired
left-handed holsters for all of my pistols.  That's really the only piece of equipment
I had to purchase.  Everything else was ambidextrous.  Yes, all of my pistols are
     As fate would have it, this morning my doctor informed me that the report of the
radiologist concerning the x-rays of my neck and right shoulder, and the analysis of
my blood tests, indicate that I have (some particular type of) arthritis in my neck
and right shoulder; and will eventually lose quite a bit of function.  She prescribed
10,000 units of vitamin D3 daily, cutting out fast food, cutting out fried food, eating
lots of green leafy vegetables (I moved to the South for the collard greens, turnip
greens, and such.  Also for the women.), and physical therapy.  
     My former boss at ATM Solutions was right-handed, but carried and shot
left-handed.  Because he was more proficient shooting left-handed.  
     Many of my right-handed students discover that they are much better shooters
when shooting left-handed.  (I have not noticed this with left-handed shooters,
but that sample population is much smaller.)  Unfortunately, few pistol classes
stress support-hand shooting enough for the student to discover this about themselves.  
     I will inform my employer to get a left-handed holster and I intend to shoot the
semi-annual qualification course left-handed, when next I am scheduled to shoot it.  
I am confident that I will not be losing my job over this.  Actions have consequences.  
My preparation and practice to carry and shoot left-handed has paid off.  
Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.  
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
     I went to the range and fired a slow precise shot to ensure I got the surprise break.  
Sure enough the point of impact was 3 inches to the right of the point of aim at 7
yards.  (Because of recent incorrect adjustments, which included breaking one sight
pusher and damaging another.  Springfield Armory XDs are really tight.)  I then shot
5 rounds through a single hole at my point of aim.  Why?  Because my Id knew what
my Super Ego wanted, in spite of my Ego aiming at the center of the bullseye.  
     "What's the point, Staff?"  
     That tight 5 shot group should have appeared 3 inches to the right of the center of
the bullseye.  It's very easy to compensate for errors in your equipment, especially
if you are an experienced competent shooter.  Which makes zeroing your pistol a
little tricky.  You might want to use a machine rest.  
     Compensating is a good skill to have in combat.  
Why practice?  
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."  
-- Winston Churchill
"Shooting Drills . . . Why?" by Robert
     Why practice?  Because actions (or lack thereof) have consequences.  
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens
"9 Best Pistol Drills to Become a Better Defensive Shooter
We all want to shoot better with a pistol, but what drills do we need to practice?"  
by Patrick Sweeney
     "With a speed holster and gun specifically designed for speed competition,
this is very easy.  With a carry gun in a concealed holster, it is quite difficult."  
     "Shooting on a steel plate at 100 yards for score and soft drinks in the clubhouse
afterward makes head shots at 10 yards seem easy."  [This is significant.  Please 
understand this. -- Jon Low]  
     "Some of you may shoot primarily on ranges where rapid-fire shooting is frowned
upon or prohibited outright.  How do you practice any of these without getting yelled
at?  Shoot one-handed.  You really should practice strong and weak hand anyway,
so why not?"  
"Skills Check: Strength Through Strong Hand Only"
by Jeff Gonzales
     "Improving your firing grip while shooting one handed will always be your best
chance at doing well.  You want to concentrate on gripping with full force, which
should be the most you can bring to bear.  This needs to be a constant force, and
is where most people struggle.  The focus of our drill practice will be on a strong
and consistent one-handed grip.  
     First, apply intense pressure with your pinky.  Think of it crushing the
frame inward.  Don’t worry, the rest of your fingers will do their job, just focus on
the pinky.  
     Second, tighten the muscles in your shoulders.  You want good connection
between the hand, arm and shoulders."  
[I disagree.  I think your shoulders should be relaxed and therefore down.  Because you need
them to point the pistol.  Tense muscles are slow.  Relaxed muscles are fast.  
-- Jon Low]
"3 For Flinching! Tips to Iron Out That Flinch
Flinching at a loud sound and recoil is a natural response,
but you can overcome it.  Here's how."  
byMark Fike
1.  Dry-fire practice as much as you can.  
2.  Shoot small calibers.  
3.  Practice more. Yes, more than that.  
     I disagree.  None of Mr. Fike's recommendations will defeat autonomic nervous system
responses to report (the BANG!) and recoil (the kick).  If you want* to defeat all autonomic
nervous system responses, you must learn and practice the surprise trigger break.  You can
see and listen to Col. Jeff Cooper explain it at
"The master speaks on: trigger break"
     "You let it happen.  You don't force it."  
     If you don't understand the surprise trigger break, you won't execute it correctly.  If you
are not surprised on each shot, you are not doing it correctly.  If you think you don't
have enough time for a surprise trigger break, you are WRONG!  You don't have enough
time to miss.  The surprise trigger break ensures you hit.  The wobble of your sight movie
(because a picture is static, your view of your sights and the target is never static in combat)
does not matter.  The surprise break will ensure a good hit.†
* A lot of people pay lip service to getting better at shooting.  Very few are willing to expend
the money for expert training ($250 per day is normal), or the time and effort necessary for
practice (2000 correct deliberate intentional repetitions.  You may need to execute 5000 in
order to get 2000 correct.  If you think every repetition you execute is correct, you are in
a state of self-deception and need to pay an expert to watch you.  You can do these repetitions
dry, no need for live ammo.).  
     Of course, there are instructors who charge much more in an attempt to weed out the
non-serious students, those who are just looking for certificates or an "experience".  
In this world, you get what you pay for.  
† The human is God's master piece of creation.  If you let it work, it will function magnificently.  
If you force your will, if you think you know better than God when the shot should be fired,
you will get suboptimal results.  Just as God will give you the words, so God will give you
the shot.  Because God is real, as in operates in the real world (Supernatural does not mean
not-real.  One could argue that much of quantum mechanics is supernatural.).  The shooter's
belief or non-belief doesn't matter.  A lot of people (as Albert Einstein et al) don't believe in
quantum mechanics.  Doesn't matter.  Quantum mechanics still works (except when it doesn't,
as in Einstein's Theory of General Relativity as it relates to gravitation).  
     Gravitation is not a force field, because it does not cause a particular force at a particular
point in space.  Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei dropped a large cannon ball and a
small cannon ball from the top of the leaning tower of Pisa in Pisa, Duchy of Florence
(where he was born).  Everyone saw that he released them at the same time.  Everyone
saw that they hit the ground at the same time.  A larger force would have been required for
the larger (more massive) cannon ball to get the same acceleration as the smaller cannon ball.  
So the larger cannon ball experienced a larger force (was heavier) than the smaller cannon ball.  
Okay, so it is a force per unit mass, an acceleration field.  
     Gravitation is not an acceleration field, because it does not cause the same acceleration
for all particles at a given point in space.  Gravitation bends the trajectory of photons (light
particles), which are massless and chargeless.  So in a sense, photons don't accelerate.  In
the sense that photons don't travel along curved paths (a change in direction is an acceleration)
and they don't speed up or slow down.  They always travel at speed c, the speed of light in a
vacuum.  (When light appears to be traveling slower than c in material as quantified by the
material's index of refraction, that is actually the molecules in the material absorbing photons
and emitting photons that causes this decrease in speed.  When the photon is traveling in
free space, between the molecules (Yes, I meant molecules, not atoms.) of the material,
it is traveling at c.)  
     The generally prevailing model of gravitation presently is that masses cause gravitation
by bending space-time.  So gravitation is a curvature of space-time.  So, the photon is traveling
along a "straight line" through this curved space-time.  Why do we use this term, "space-time"?  
Because masses don't just curve space, they also change the rate at which clocks tick, to
observers not moving with the clock.  
     Is this the final theory?  No.  We have evidence that this theory is wrong.  The fudge factor
is "dark matter" / "dark energy" (The term really refers to mass, not matter in general.  And
mass is the same as energy, E = mc².).  The problem is that astronomical observations from
which we derive estimates of mass do not correspond with the motions of astronomical bodies
from which we can also derive an estimate for the amount of mass in the region.  So there
must be more mass out there that we cannot see.  Maybe.  
     If it is not observable, it's not in the realm of science.  Most things aren't observable.  
"Does anti-gravity explain dark matter?" by Sabine Hossenfelder
"Be careful what you practice.  
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."  
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
*****     *****     ***** Intervention *****     *****     *****

----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it,
which tactics to use, which includes not getting involved) -----
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
"Editor’s Notebook: The Unintentional Target" by Rich Grassi
     Not shooting the innocent bystanders is a strategic consideration.  This is part of the
end state consideration.  
     Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
"Intervention, Vel Non (or not)
A Bad Night in Britain"
by Jeremy Clough
     When intervening in the drama of third parties, you don't know what's going on.  
     "The bobbies thanked us, promptly pulled away, siren screaming . . . and turned
the wrong way.  We never saw them again."  [The cops didn't want to get involved,
so they drove away.  Why yes, as a matter of fact, this is common behavior of
unarmed police in Europe.  They are not stupid.  They don't want to get hurt.
-- Jon Low]  
     The point is that "our heroes" thought the "bad guy" was trying to hurt the girl, but
in objective reality he was trying to save her life.  Big mistake of perception.  
If "our heroes" had apprehended the "bad guy", the girl would have jumped off the
bridge, as she had initially intended, killing herself.  
     It is hubris to think that you know better than anyone else.  Sgt. Maj. Troy told
me, when you get to a new command, observe for the first month before making
any changes.  Because they may be doing it that way for a good reason.  
"Friends Don’t Let Friends Open Carry" by Greg Ellifritz
     Please share this with your friends and relatives.  The life you save may be a loved one.  
"You win gunfights by not getting shot."  
-- John Holschen
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be competent to do in support of your strategy) -----
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
"Two Person Tactics" by John Murphy
"Team Tactics: Pernicious
Pas De Deux"
by Tom McHale
"Defending Against Empty-Hand Attacks" with Robert A. Margulies, M.D.
     ". . . if someone has already grabbed you, you are too far behind the curve to be
able to get a firearm – especially one from concealment."  
     "We must eliminate the idea that one cannot be injured by an individual without
a visible weapon in their hand.  The danger is not the tool – the firearm, the knife,
the club – the danger is the individual.  The individual is the weapon; everything else
is simply a tool."  
     "The Marine Corps actually trains infantrymen to look past the end of their rifle."  
     "Somebody asks, “Do you have a light?”  
     You say, “Sorry, I cannot help you.”  That is going to slow them down.  
If someone comes past that, they are telling you, “I have chosen you.  Today is your
day.”  You do not pick the day. The day [bad guy] picks you."  
     "An emergency response must come before the conscious thought happens.  
The training in open hands, firearms, or edged weapons must be done before you
need it.  The training on awareness must be done before you are surrounded by a
group of 12 to14 year-olds who don’t care what you want.  They want what they
"Can-May-Must-Should in One Incident" by tacticalprofessor
"Clerk shoots robbery suspect" by NBC4 Columbus
Another one.  The robber is profiled the moment he walks in.  Clerk already has
weapon in hand and uses the concealment of the box to point in.  This is a perfect
example of preemption.  The robber is already pointed in, but the clerk has passed
him by in the decision to shoot . . . and shoots first.  
     Again, excellent example of mental timing and outpacing the other man's
OODA Loop.  And again, another example of why face shooting surpasses
everything at close intervals.  Three shots to the robbers face, as the clerk moved
off line would have enhanced not only his safety but also his ability to end the
problem quicker and more decisively.  We really need to drop that center of mass
-- Gabe Suarez
"Texas Tribune: Officers with AR-15s Were Scared to Confront Uvalde Shooter"
by AWR Hawkins
Cited source document -
" “He has a battle rifle”: Police feared Uvalde gunman’s AR-15 "
by Zach Despart
"The Covert Draw" by tacticalprofessor
     "Although the Covert Draw concept sounds appealing, the tradeoffs need to be
considered.  The costs may be found to outweigh any potential benefit."  
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task in support of your tactics) -----
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
"Following Through: A Shooting Fundamental
Learn why the most underrated shooting fundamental, follow-through,
is crucial to mastering marksmanship." by Richard Nance
     "There are two components to follow-through: mechanical and mental."  
     "Staying on your sights is not only important for follow-up shots,
but it also helps ensure you hit with the first shot.  If you start to look over your sights
to see your rounds impact, there's a chance you will alter the orientation of your
muzzle enough to miss."  
     "Even if he's fallen and has sustained a wound that will eventually be fatal,
that doesn't preclude an assailant from shooting you from the ground before
he succumbs to his wounds."  
     "If you don't follow through, you could miss your target.  Even if you hit,
statistics bear out that it will likely take more than one hit with a handgun round
to end the fight."  
"Miniaturized Red Dot Systems for Duty Handgun Use", Seventh Edition, 2023
by Aaron Cowan of Sage Dynamics
     You can’t miss fast enough to win a gunfight.
" VIDEO: "Methods of Self Defense" " by Docent
     When I was in the Marine Corps (the Old Corps, when it had tanks, helicopters,
and scout/snipers), we were taught baton techniques where we kept both hands on
the baton, much like using a rifle with a bayonet in close quarters.  Swinging a baton
around with one hand, as in "Resident Evil", is pretty stupid; as one is easily
     Note that the handgun disarming techniques usually break fingers, wrists, and
hands.  So, should be practiced with dummy guns that have had the trigger guard
cut off.  
     The police officer's uniform doesn't make sense.  The shoulder strap is to support
the weight of the pistol.  But, the police officer has the pistol holstered on his right
side and the shoulder is over his right shoulder, supporting the weight of something
on his left hip.  Maybe a sword?  (That's the way Marine Corps NCOs and Officers
wear it.)  
     The YouTube.com link is
"Long-Distance Handgun Shooting: How and Why to Take a Long Shot
The author attends a class with instructor Scott Reitz and comes away
being able to reliably hit a target at 250 yards with a handgun.  And that's
not an exaggeration." by Richard Nance
     Nance advocates "having a loose grip is advantageous because it will allow
the muzzle to rise more in recoil, which will set the bullet on a higher trajectory."  
[I disagree.  I think you should use the same grip all the time. -- Jon Low]  
     "The tendency is to peer over your sights to “see” your hit, but if you do that,
there will be no hit to see."  [Stay on your sights!  Follow through. -- Jon Low]
     As Nance says, the exercise is for confidence.  If you are comfortable shooting
targets at 200 yards, you will be confident shooting targets at 7 yards.  If you are
confident, you will take the shot.  If you lack confidence, you won't take the shot,
because you will fear hitting an innocent bystander or the hostage.  
"Jeff Gonzales Concealed Carry Manual:  The Draw Stroke"
     Reverse engineer your draw stroke, starting with pistol pointing at the target
with the trigger finger on the trigger.  
"Jeff Gonzales Concealed Carry Manual:  Firearm Selection"
"Jeff Gonzales Concealed Carry Manual:  Combat Marksmanship"
"Jeff Gonzales Concealed Carry Manual: Training Safely"
"Are Ground Slams WORTH the Risk in Self-Defense?"  
by Tim Larkin
     Practicing in a gym on mats is not the same as throwing a guy to the ground in
the real world, where the surface is hard.  
     You don't have to draw fast.  You have to draw competently.  Your competent draw will
be much faster than any incompetent draw.  You will achieve this by 2000 correct repetitions.  
(You must get expert training.  Otherwise, you won't know what a correct draw is.  And
you'll be practicing incorrectly, forming bad habits.  It may take 5000 repetitions to break
your bad habits.  Best to avoid that idiocy.)  
     Spread the practice out over many days.  (Unload, 5 slow correct presentations in the
morning before you go to work, load, go to work; unload, 5 slow correct presentations
in the evening when you get home, load.  Ten per day, 200 days, less than a year.)  
You don't want to cause repetitive stress injuries.  Especially if you have preexisting
medical conditions.  Everything in moderation.  No, you can't make competence happen fast.  
You will be competent before you need the skill by starting to practice NOW!  
If you promise yourself to start practicing next week, you might not be competent in
time for the event.  Remember, you don't get to choose the time and place of the event.  
     God grants you free will to learn, arm yourself, and practice.  That is how He protects
you.  You don't get protection by asking for a hedge of protection (that's just a traditional
prayer).  You get protection by doing the work to protect yourself and your loved ones.  
That is how you protect your loved ones.  No one will force you to take responsibility
for your self protection and the protection of your loved ones.  In fact, the Devil will put
many road blocks in your way.  If you shirk your responsibility, the Devil will laugh at
your apathy and neglect when the event takes you unprepared.  
     How do you shoot fast?  By getting your pistol out of your holster and on target
fast.  Not by pressing the trigger fast.  A fast presentation will give you all the time
in the world to align your sights (or index* your pistol if you are too close to use
sights) and smoothly press your trigger.  2000 correct repetitions will give you this
fast presentation.  The presentation starts with the pistol in the holster and ends
with the sights on target (pistol indexed), slack out of the trigger.  
     The decision to shoot or not to shoot is a separate intellectual activity and
should never be part of the presentation.  (Just as nobody teaches Tap, Rack, Bang
anymore.  The shooting should never be part of any malfunction clearing drill.)  
So you will never be as fast as those at the Rogers Shooting School.  But you
won't be shooting at movement either.  You will only be shooting at targets that
you have positively identified, which takes time.  Much more time than would
allow you to meet the standards of several shooting schools.  You have to decide
what you are training for.  And how you are going to train for that.  
* Indexing your pistol generally means firing from a close contact position --
bottom of the grip is pressed tight against your rib cage, top of the pistol is tilted
away from your body to prevent the slide getting fouled in your clothing (or
hitting your body), elbow pulled back as far as possible.  Support side arm is
protecting your head or attacking the enemy's eyes.  
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
*****     *****     ***** Postvention *****     *****     *****
----- Aftermath (You have to be alive to have these problems:  
criminal and civil liability.) -----
     In the right hand column of this web page, click on "Never Talk To The Police"
or use the direct address
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him,
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
     In the right hand column, click on the link labeled "Self Defense Insurance".  
Or, the direct link is,
Read this before you buy insurance.  You need to make an informed decision.  
     "You need to read the fine print." -- Massad Ayoob  
“Your understanding and consent are not required
for someone to take your life, kill your loved ones,
and destroy all you hold dear.”
-- William Aprill
----- Survival, Medical, etc. -----
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House
     I attended Ballistic Trauma and Stop the Bleed classes taught by Joey Story
at Strategic Edge Gun Range, a private gun club that I belong to, on 12 March 2023.  
Some of things I learned:  
Hands-only CPR (cardio pulmonary resuscitation)
(it's not worth the risk to put your mouth on some stranger's mouth).  
Six minutes without oxygen to the brain and cells die.  So, you've got time.  There
are 6 minutes of residual oxygen in the blood, so just keep circulating it.  
1.  Make sure they need help.  No, it's not obvious.  
2.  Make sure the scene is safe.  You don't help anyone by getting yourself injured
or killed.  
3.  Call 911.  Help is always good.  The ambulance crew is better equipped than
you are.  
4.  Start CPR.  Get them on the ground.  Expose their chest.  If she is wearing a
brassier, cut it off.  The underwire in the bra will mess up the AED (automatic
external defibulator).  Yes, bras have wires, metal clasps, and all kinds of other things.
Send someone to find the AED.  Tell someone to call 911.  Hands between the
nipples.  Push to the spine.  Ya, you're going to break ribs and sternum, so what?  
You don't need to do mouth-to-mouth resuscitation because pushing and releasing will
pump the lungs as well as the heart.  And exchanging body fluids with the victim is
not a smart move.  
Only stop when:  
help arrives,
the victim revives, or
you're exhausted.  
100 to 120 compressions per minute.  If you don't have a metronome, go fast and
hard.  It's really hard to hit 100 compressions per minute.  It's exhausting if you're
doing it correctly.  No need to breathe for the victim.  Your compressions are
substituting for the victim's 12 to 20 breaths per minute.  If you get exhausted and
have to swap with another person, do it quickly, less than 10 seconds.  Otherwise,
the victims blood pressure will drop and you're starting from scratch.  
     It's hard to feel for a pulse.  Check the carotid artery under the jaw bone.  
You're probably feeling your own pulse.  
     Just as your pistol, you have to carry trauma gear at all times.  You don't get to
decide when the bad thing is going to happen.  Tourniquets (4, because the victim
has 4 limbs, or because there are multiple victims), chest seals (at least 2, because
there is an entry and exit wound), hemostatic gauze (Israeli battle dressings or such,
because tourniquets only work on limbs and chest seals only work on the air cavity,
neck to navel).  
     How to treat for shock.  Too many details to mention here.  
     Epi pins treat the symptom.  Benedril treats the cause.  
     To stop the bleed:  direct pressure (constant, continuous), pack the wound,
     Soap and water work better than hand sanitizer.  
     Always know where you are.  What are you going to tell 911?  
     When searching for wounds, get the victim naked and rake all areas of the body
with your finger tips.  Search carefully.  There might not be much blood.  The
bleeding might be internal.  But, you will find it, if you search carefully.  External
clotting can hide the wound.  
     There are all kinds of tourniquets.  Only CAT and SOFT-T are adequate.  
The others are inadequate.  
     Stop the bleeding first.  If you do CPR without stopping the bleeding, you're
just pushing the blood out of the body.  
     Impaled object.  Leave it in.  Pack around it.  
     Splint to minimize movement.  
     Do what you can.  Don't worry about the victim dying.  He probably will.  
You did your best.  Good job!  
     Air goes in and out.  Blood goes round and round.  Anything else is bad.  
     After the event, talk to your pastor or loved ones.  It helps.  
[If you think that you are tough and won't get traumatized, you're probably wrong.  
Unless, you're a psychopath.  Or, have experienced this many times before. -- Jon Low]  
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit.
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained.
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     *****
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
"Winning an Armed Encounter with Jared Reston | Uncut LEO Version"
     A two hour lecture by Officer Reston.  The web page has a table of contents.  
     "Reston’s presentation is a detailed after action report (AAR) of the incident
with a strong emphasis on mindset, training, and what it’s like recovering from
multiple gunshots.  This is the full uncut LEO version of this presentation direct
to those that uphold the law."  
     Note how many reported facts are wrong.  As Reston says, the mind fills in the blanks.  
That's just the way the brain works.  
     "Complacency kills."  
     "It does not hurt when you get shot."  
     "Bullets do funny things."  [Don't assume your shots will be effective. -- Jon Low]
     "I am a huge capacity person."  "If I had to reload, it would have cost me my life."  
     "Enhance the grip.  Have metal sights.  Tritium is good for shooting at night."  
     "Getting shot doesn't hurt."  [Yes, Reston repeated this several times.  
Because Reston thought it was important. -- Jon Low]  
     "Close quarter shooting is different."  
     "It's hard to dehumanize an American citizen.  Some people need to be killed."  
"Importance of UNDERSTANDING Violence with Tucker Max" by Tim Larkin
"Collective Stupidity -- How Can We Avoid It?" by Sabine Hossenfelder
     You can educate ignorance.  You can medicate crazy.  But you can't fix stupid.  
(Which is not the same as low IQ.)
"The Educational BeatDown" by Rory Miller
There are three cases where the EBD may be dangerous.  
#1: If you are a dick.  
#2) If the group or the leadership is insecure.  
#3) Where you don’t know the rules.  
"The “Educational Beatdown” " by Greg Ellifritz
     "The reporters and news anchors expressed amazement of the rapidity and brutality
of the confrontation.  Believing that brutality is unpredictable is nothing but naivety
on the part of people who have never dealt with violence.  The entire incident proceeded
according to a logical progression.  It isn’t the progression that is commonly seen in
“civilized” upper class cultures, but it is widely understood by others.  It isn’t a
black/white thing.  The same type of confrontation would be seen with hillbilly white folks,
biker gangs, skinheads, Mexican cartel members, and others."  
     "The reporter’s amazement led to questioning about why the violence occurred and
how it happened so quickly.  The reporter was truly perplexed.  The homeowner answered
“I really can’t answer that question.”  He can’t answer because the basic idea of settling
disputes with violence is outside the reporter’s comprehension."  
     "Merely assuming someone won’t get violent because YOU wouldn’t get violent
in the same situation is erroneous thinking."  
Rangemaster April Journal
     Might be an interesting webinar.  
Day 1 goes live on Tuesday, April 11th @ 9 pm EST / 20:00 CST / 6 pm PST.  
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     *****
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
" When "Imminence" Does Not Mean "Immediate" " by Andrew Branca
     On March 5, 2020 Stephanie Clark, mother of a 5-year-old, found herself once again
subject to violent domestic abuse by her live-in boyfriend.  After inflicting serious
physical and mental abuse for some time, the boyfriend threatened to break Clark's
ribs after she had fallen asleep.  
     Clark retrieved a gun, shot the boyfriend once, then retrieved a second gun and shot
him again.  He would die of his injuries.  
     The next day, March 6, Minnesota Attorney General Keith Ellison charged Clark
with second-degree murder.  Clark raised the legal defense of self-defense.  
     At trial, the jury interrupted deliberations to ask the judge for clarification on what
was meant by the legal term "imminent," a required element of self-defense.  The judge
responded that "imminent" meant "immediate."  The jury then convicted Clark as charged.  
     This past Monday a MN court of appeals reversed Clark's conviction, holding that
"immediate" was too narrow a definition of "imminent."  
"State v. Clark, 2023 Minn. App. Unpub. LEXIS 225 (MN Supreme Court 2023)"
"Mexico Launches Appeal in Suit Against U.S. Gun Makers" by Reuters
     "Conspicuously absent from the list of plaintiffs is SIG, from whom Mexico buys
actual assault rifles for its own military."  
-- Stephen P. Wenger, http://spw-duf.info
     In Hawaii, people would say, "Lucky you live Hawaii."  Not really.  
"Honolulu City Council OKs bill designating gun-free places" by Tori DeJournett
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, http://spw-duf.info
     The taxes are astronomical.  The cost of living is back breaking.  The government
regulations have driven all high tech and small business out of the state.  And yet
the people continue to vote Democrat.  Of course, all of the tax paying people
move out as soon as they graduate from high school.  No, really, it's true.  One third
of the population is on welfare, one third work for the state government (another
form of welfare because they don't produce any goods or services, they just tax and
seize property), and the remaining third is made up of the military based in
Hawaii and the resort industry (who pay for everyone else).  
"Tennessee looks at lowering permitless gun carry age to 18" by Foxnews.com
"Tennessee bills would expand where some gun owners could carry by designating
them as law enforcement" by Brie Stimson
     "More than 680,000 Tennesseans have enhanced carry permits,
according to the Tennessee Department of Safety and Homeland Security."  
[Sometimes the legislators like to stick it to the police unions in retribution.  
Because they deserve it. -- Jon Low]  
     "Tennessee is one of only four states in the Union that denies it’s citizens the right
to bear long arms.  Every state that borders Tennessee allows the carry of rifles and
shotguns without it being a crime.  We join New York, New Jersey and of all places
Florida, in denying that freedom.  
     James Madison wrote,  
“Americans have the right and advantage of being armed - unlike the citizens of
other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms.”  
in his push to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.  
     That trust of the People does not live in the office of Governor of Tennessee nor 
the Departments of Law Enforcement that we the people fund and he controls."  
-- C Richard Archie and Norman Bobo
"Shooting to Slide Lock: Self-Defense or Overkill?" by Andrew Branca
     Can you shoot the bad guy in the back?  YES!  As long as the bad guy is a threat,
to anyone.  
     Don't chase the bad guys (unless they are kidnapping your grandchild).  
     Don't shoot at the bad guys running away from you.  Unless they are kidnapping
your grandchild, and you are competent.  Negligently hitting your grandchild is not
something your child will forgive you for.  
     Don't shoot the bad guy lying unresponsive on the ground.  You're allowed to
make mistakes, as long as they as they are reasonable mistakes.  If you've taken
the bad guy's gun and then shoot him in the back of the head, as he is lying on the
ground unresponsive, you can't claim he presented as an imminent lethal threat to
anyone.  Your attorney might be able to, if you keep your mouth shut.  
     Andrew feigns ignorance of the post incident machinations of the last incident.  
But, I assure you that the attorney has come up with a brilliant articulation of why
the good guy feared (and that's all that is legally necessary) that the bad guy lying
on the ground, unarmed (at least not possessing the pistol that he initially used,
which was a fake, but that doesn't matter, everyone thought it was real; he could
have had other weapons), and unresponsive was reasonably believed to be playing
opossum and still an imminent threat.  The bad guy had used the tactic in the past.  
No, the good guy need not have known this.  (For you legal beagles, WHY?  
Did the fact affect the good guy's decision making?  Did the fact affect the prosecutor's
decision making?)  
     That's why you have to have a top notch attorney.  Do you have the money to
hire one?  That's why you have to have top notch private investigators.  Do you
have the money to hire them?  That's why you need a self-defense insurance policy.  
Only two have no caps:  U.S. Law Shield (The West Freeway Church of Christ,
December 29, 2019, in White Settlement, Texas.  Jack Wilson.) and CCW Safe
(Used by Andrew Branca.)  And only U.S. Law Shield will cover us private
security types.  
"Arrested for Saying There Are Only Two Genders" by Liberty Doll
     Yes, there are woke Catholic schools.  
     Homosexuality is a perverted sex crime, and has been throughout history.  
Pretending to be of a sex that one was not born into, is a political statement,
not a mental disorder.  Surgery to "change" one's sexual appearance is self mutilation
or assisted mutilation.  Speaking the truth is not hate.  Speaking lies (and sincerely
believing the lies) is crazy, not progressive.  
     A school forcing a student to "renounce the student's beliefs".  
     Arrested for trespassing, because the student attended his school, which the
government forces students to attend.  
     This is all coming to your neighborhood.  
"Judge Blocks 1999 California Law Requiring Specific Safety Features for
Handguns" by Katabella Roberts
"Supreme Court 6-3 Decision Up For Immediate Emergency Reconsideration!!!  
N.Y. Stalls!" by Armed Scholar
"Supreme Court Emergency Review of Concealed Carry Decision & State
Defiance Expected!!!" by Armed Scholar
     The tip of the iceberg.  
"Seize & Destroy:  
South Carolina Judge fines SLED (South Carolina Law Enforcement Division) Chief"
by Queen City News
"2 Possess & Bear Arms" by Duaine Zeitz, Published by Smashwords
Copyright 2013 Duaine Zeitz, Updated 2014
     “If one is going to be buried, and the other is going to be prosecuted, make sure you get
your day in court!”
     Most of the people residing in the United States have been taught from the day they
were born that the police are here to protect them from harm.  Nothing could be further
from the truth.  It is the job of the police to enforce laws, good or bad.  It is the job of the
courts to see the law is enforced fairly.  Unfortunately, they have been much too busy
protecting the rights of criminals to provide simple justice to someone they see as a
vigilante, that has taken the law into their own hands.  
     The police cannot arrest someone for what they might do; they can only act after a
crime has been committed.  That is why restraining orders do not work.  
     Did you know, in spite of all of this, every year in this country there are approximately
twice as many criminals shot by private citizens than are shot by the police?  Did you know
many police officers go through their entire careers without ever having to draw their
weapon?  This is simply because they are seldom there when the crime goes down.  The
streets have always been a far safer place for a law enforcement officer than for a victim.  
     Remember, the right to bear arms is unique to the United States of America.  We fought
for it.  We died for it.  That is what makes us the envy of the world.  But when you step
across a border you give up all of your rights.  
     . . . approximately 12% of all policemen shot on duty are shot with their own gun.  
[If these cops can't retain their pistols, what makes you think that you can?  I hope your
answer is "I have taken courses in weapons retention at Tac Con." and "I have practiced
the weapon retention techniques that I learned." and "I always carry concealed." and
"I never tell anyone that I am carrying."  -- Jon Low]
"Self-Defense Law Optimization in EIGHT States!" by Andrew Branca
     The past week or so have seen a plethora of self-defense favorable laws either
advance through legislatures or actually become law -- sometimes having to override
a governor's veto!  
     Today we discuss eight states -- North Carolina, North Dakota Kentucky, Oklahoma,
Missouri, New York, Florida, and Idaho -- that have enacted or advanced improvements
to the laws that privilege their residents to use force in defense of themselves,
their family, and their property.  
    “Is there no virtue among us?  If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, will insure liberty and happiness
for a dishonorable population represents the height of self-deception.”  
-- James Madison, 1788
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****
Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:  
"We are not God's gift to our students.  
Our students are God's gift to us."  
----- Instructors -----
the students who require the extra effort
are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
"Teaching Tip- Expectations" by Greg Ellifritz
by Steve Moses
     "A handgun chambered in one of the aforementioned calibers [.22 Long Rifle,
.32 Long, or .380 ACP] may be all that some of our students with compromised
hands and wrists are able to manage."  
     [I have a Sig 365 in 9mm (for small hands) and a S&W M&P EZ in 380
(for weak hands) for my students.  I got familiar with the Sig 365 when one of
my students brought one to class.  I got familiar with the M&P EZ when I had
to find something for my sister. -- Jon Low]  
"Training Red Flags: What to Look Out for When Choosing Instructors
Choosing a gun class or instructor can be tough.  
So, we've got tips on the red flags to look out for when picking an instructor."  
by Travis Pike
     "An instructor should be able to accept that a shooter can meet their standards by
doing things a different way."  
     "No standards means no way to see if you are improving, which means no way to
tell if the class was worth it."  [I disagree.  Especially in beginner classes.  
     "Standards" can be demoralizing.  "Wow!  You're supposed to get 5 shots in the
pie plate in 5 seconds?  I didn't get any.  I must suck.  I better give up this shooting.  
I'm not cut out for this."  
     Dumbing down standards can be demoralizing.  "You made the standards easier for me?  
Because I'm a girl?  What a sexist thing to do."  
-- Jon Low]
     ". . . I look for military or police service . . ."  [Why?  Does such experience mean
that they are a good teacher of civilians?  I have never seen such a correlation. -- Jon Low]  
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Andragogy -----
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Salomon
"Your Best Training Session Ever" by Daniel Coyle
"Conducting Quality Force-on-Force Training" by Greg Ellifritz
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
*****     *****     ***** Gear *****     *****     *****
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
"Glove Up!
Protect your hands for better shooting" by Clayton Walker
     "Patrol Incident Gear’s (PIG) gloves fit tightly and as a result, there’s almost
no loss of bare-handed control.  They have the “Echo” glove models specifically
designed for women."  
     I wholeheartedly agree!  Just as you wear ear protection and eye protection,
you should wear hand protection.  
     Of course, you should also grind off all sharp edges on all of your equipment.  
A Dremel tool works well for that.  
     Don't be afraid to grind the bottom of your trigger guard, if it is causing a blister
on the joint of your middle finger (between the middle phalanx and the proximal
phalanx) giving you "Glock knuckle".  Everyone under cuts their trigger guards
where it connects to the grip.  
     Don't be afraid to grind the top of the tang, if it is hurting your thumb joint
(between the proximal phalanx and the metacarpal, sesamoid bones).  Everyone
does this on their Springfield Armory XDs.  And many people do it on their Glocks.  
     A colleague at work told me that he had never had any problem with such things.  
So I asked him if he had ever taken a real training class where they had fired 500 rounds
per day for four days in a row.  He said no.  He had never heard of anything so outlandish.  
He had never shot more than the 50 rounds, slow fire (because the time limits are very
generous) in one day during our qualification every 6 months.  Well, there you have it.  
What I speak of is outlandish.  
[My daughter also says that what I say is outlandish.  She rose to the rank of Lt. Cmd. as a
Naval Surface Warfare Officer, participated in the rescue of cargo ships and tankers from
pirates, and in all those years never came in contact with any covert operators.  Just goes
to show that persons can have entirely different experiences in the Armed Forces.  Much 
less the real world. 
-- Jon Low]  
"Off-Centerline Tool Carry – Every-Day Carry (EDC)" by Chris Fry
"Choosing an Everyday Carry Handheld Flashlight" by Uncle Zoby
"The Best Self Defense Ammo – Ballistic Testing"
by Brandon
"Inexpensive Methods of Testing Bullet Penetration by Old N Bold"
by Dean Weingarten
"+P Ammunition: What it Means to You
What you need to know about cartridge pressure."
by NRA Staff
     "In general, factory ammunition is loaded to pressure levels standardized by the
Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI).  However, there
are "+P" versions of some handgun cartridges that operate at 10 to 20 percent higher
pressures.  What this extra pressure does is produce greater velocity and muzzle
energy, which is of particular importance when discussing handgun ammunition
designed for self-defense.  Greater velocity and muzzle energy translates to more
kinetic energy behind the bullet, and better terminal performance.  
     However, these loads are intended for use only in firearms designed to handle
those higher pressure levels.  The "+P" designation of these loads is usually found
on the ammunition box and the cartridge headstamp.  Firearms designed for such
ammunition normally have a "+P" marking on the barrel, slide, or frame."  
Google Drive
(You have to submit a request for access to this drive.  The web site responds with
a message saying that you will receive a message, but never asks for your email
address.  Very strange.  I never got a reply message.  Maybe you'll have better luck.)
     "After some high profile bullet failures in the 1986 FBI Miami Gunfight,
lots of folks started on a quest to find bullets that would both expand and penetrate
adequately, even when shot through intermediate barriers.  One of the groups that
was at the forefront of this research quest was the International Wound Ballistics
Association (IWBA).  They were the ones who introduced and publicized the use
of calibrated ballistic gelatin as a bullet test medium.  I was a member of this
organization more than 20 years ago before it became defunct.
     Here are all of the old IWBA journals.  This is a goldmine of reading for all you
ballistic nerds.  Link opens to a Google drive where the journals are stored."  
-- Greg Ellifritz
"The Serpa Compendium" by Greg Ellifritz
     Greg list 2 reasons for not using the Blackhawk SERPA holster (or any similar holster):  
1.  Lots of documented cases of persons shooting themselves when drawing the pistol out
of these holsters, because the trigger finger continues to press (as would happen in high
stress situations) and hits the trigger.  
2.  The retention mechanism getting jammed by stuff (dirt, snow, small rocks, etc.) getting
into the mechanism, preventing the person from drawing the pistol.  
     Another reason cited in documents from the U.S. Department of the Interior, National
Park Service, and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is that when inserting the
pistol backwards into the holster (the support-hand-only technique taught at FLETC, the
Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers [there is one in Charleston, SC]), the pistol
will get jammed.  The holster has to be disassembled to extract the pistol.  I would be
happy to send you copies of these documents.  Marcus Wynne had sent them to me.  
     Also happy to see the cited link in Greg's article,
"Army Unveils Holster for Modular Handgun System" by Matthew Cox
saying that the U.S. Army is dumping the SERPA holster.  
     You, yes YOU, should have at least 2 exact duplicate copies of your self-defense
pistol.  I have 5 exactly the same, every modification.  
     Because you need to take a spare to every class you attend, because Murphy's Law
guarantees that something will go wrong with your pistol (but only at the worst possible
time).  Redundancy is good.  
     Because in any self-defense incident, the police will take your pistol into evidence.  
I've lost three pistols in this way.  Ya, I spent lots of money on attorney fees to get
two of them back.  It wasn't worth it.  If I were more mature at the time, I would
have abandoned those pistols.  
     When your car is in the shop for repairs or normal maintenance, you need something
to get to work.  It should not be a clunker that may break down.  It should be reliable.  
It should be an exact duplicate, so you know how to operate it in a high stress situation
to avoid the collision caused by your lack of familiarity with the replacement, which is
negligence.  You must be able to drive backwards, fast.  This requires practice, because
front steering cars are not stable when driven backwards.  (That's why most forklifts
have rear wheel steering.)  
“Your car is not a holster.”
-- Pat Rogers
*****     *****   Religion, Politics, History, War Stories, et al   *****     *****     *****
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
Congratulations Zander Rhodes (V Fencing Club, Columbia University)!  
"Baboons!" by John Farnam

Body cam video and audio from two different Nashville Police Officers showing the killing
of the bad guy (gal) at Covenant Presbyterian School in Nashville, TN.  
From https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/
"Covenant School Active Shooter Case--MNPD Body Camera Footage"
     "After the horrific police response to Uvalde, it’s great to see some officers from
Nashville handle business correctly.  Watch this six minute badge cam video.  
     A quick explanation for those of you who have never done this stuff or had active
shooter response training . . .  
     The officers make immediate entry to the school but don’t have any actionable
intelligence about where the killer might be located.  They correctly began a slower
search of all the open rooms in the school.   Once they got an indication of where the
killer was (motionless body in the hallway and sounds of gunfire) they rushed to that area.  
     The leading three officers were armed with a rifle, a shotgun, and a handgun.  Any of
those weapons would be fine in the close quarters of a classroom.  Once they realized the
shooter might be down a long hallway in an open area, you hear an officer say
“Push the LPVO” at about the 5:35 mark.  “LPVO” is an acronym for “Low Power
Variable Optic.”  It’s a lower magnification rifle scope that is the better choice for longer
range confrontations.  “Push the LPVO” is an order to move the guy with the scoped
rifle up to the front of the group to best insure the most accurate shot.  
     Excellent work."
-- Greg Ellifritz
"Nashville Police Release Body-Cam Footage from Christian School Shooting"
by Ari Blaff
"Nashville school shooter was transgender, had ‘manifesto,’ police say"
by Matt Delaney and Jeff Mordock
     ". . . casualties were minimized because the school staff, who – rather than following
the conventional advice to shelter in place – began moving students to safer areas."
-- Stephen P. Wenger, http://spw-duf.info
As evidenced by this story --
"Nashville parent Melissa Joan Hart reveals that she helped
students escaping school shooting: 'Enough is enough' "
by Raechal Shewfelt
     The editor tried to make this a pro-gun-control article.  But what it really shows is that
running away works.  "Shelter in place" makes it much easier for the bad guy to kill the victims.  
Just as disarming the victims makes it much easier for the bad guy to kill the victims.  The
school had to wait 14 minutes for the police to arrive.  If any of the adults had been armed, they
could have stopped the bad guy; much sooner, with fewer casualties.  The best thing to stop
a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.  
Nashville Shooter Was TRANSGENDER (Aka: A Woman) &
Proves Queer Theory Is Working | Ep. 303
by Liz Wheeler
     Marxist Theory (communists) -> Critical Race Theory (Black Lives Matter) ->
Queer Theory (homosexuals) -> Transgender Ideology (cultists)
     LGBTQ people are the vanguard of the Marxist revolution.  
"Nashville Shooter Amassed an Arsenal Despite Being Under Doctor’s Care
Audrey Hale’s parents told authorities they had no clue their (28 year old) child
was hiding a cache of guns inside their home."
by Josh Fiallo
     Audrey Elizabeth Hale was autistic, but high functioning.  
Practical  Eschatology
by Mark has several articles on this subject at
     I listened to the Metro Nashville Police Department press briefing today (4/4/2023) on the  
radio.  They had every police officer involved in the shooting of the bad guy (gal) describe
exactly what happened from their perspective.  They are doing their best to be transparent, 
because they don't want the vigilantes hunting the trans.  This is actually, quite admirable.  
     Which do you think is more effective for a church security team:  stopping the bad guy 
in the church when he is shooting, or killing the bad guy as he sleeps at home in his parent's 
house?  Only one scenario results in zero friendly casualties.  [Before you get your panties 
in a wad, remember that this was the tactic employed in the Global War on Terrorism, which 
is ongoing.  Isn't it nice to be alive and safe in the U.S.?  Well it didn't happen by accident.  
All of those who presented a threat to the U.S. were identified, located, and arrested 
(Guantanamo Bay) or killed.  No, it wasn't arbitrary.  Some O-6 or above had to sign a finding.  
(at least in my experience)  And believe me, a lot of the Colonels and Captains shirked their responsibility and refused to sign.  So, there are a log of enemy armed combatants still out 
there.  Remember, Joe Biden opposed the killing of Osama bin Laden and many others.  
     When we graduated Intel School (NMITC), the commanding officer told us that when 
we were fighting the Soviets, the enemy was easy to find, hard to kill (big armored units).  
Now that we are fighting the terrorists, the enemy is hard to find, easy to kill.  That's why 
we are increasing the Intel Marines from 5% to 15% of the Marine Corps. Our job is to 
find them.] 
Tennessee Firearms Association 2023 Annual Event
TFALAC’s 2023 Annual Event is set for Saturday, September 9, 2023
(the Saturday after Labor Day).  
Admission starts at 9:00 AM CST
Event Activities start approximately 10:30 AM CST or shortly thereafter.  
Lunch will start as early as 11:00 AM CST.
Tickets are $60 per person. Groups of 6 are $350 per group.  
     I haven't heard of any Friends of the NRA banquets.  Have you?  Might as
well support the Tennessee Firearms Association.  
     I donated a training certificate for defensive pistolcraft.  In the past years, it has sold for
as little as $300.  The course will cover:  administrative operations, manual of arms,
cleaning and storage, flashlight techniques, lower positions, moving and shooting,
passing a gun to someone, don't shoot yet, one-handed techniques, and ground techniques.  
"Get Woke, Go Broke: Silicon Valley Bank Edition" by Docent
     Silicon Valley Bank.  When I was the treasurer of the Silicon Valley (formerly
Santa Clara Valley) Chapter of AFCEA (Armed Forces Communications and
Electronics Association), I would deposit the chapter funds from the monthly
meeting in Silicon Valley Bank.  The lobby was always awash with Chinese from
China who would ask me to start a company with them.  They had lots of money.  
They just needed an American to help them.  They didn't care what kind of
company you wanted to start.  They had venture capital money and were ready
to go.  No, I never got involved with them.  I wanted to keep my security clearance.  
     Speaking of "Be woke, go broke."  Claremont Institute's Center for the American
Way of Life database of corporate contributions shows that Silicon Valley Bank
donated 70 million dollars to social justice initiatives that sought to advance the
Black Lives Matter agenda.  Hat tip to NewsMax.com.  
     Signature Bank.  For the idiots who "believed" in crypto currencies.  Because
if they "understood" the underlying mathematical basis for crypto currencies, they
would never have invested in such.  Oh, maybe some of the depositors figured it out.  
Oh, maybe that's why they executed a run on Signature Bank.  
     I got sucked into a discussion with colleagues at work.  E wanted to buy a new
motorcycle.  H said, buy a used motorcycle, it's cheaper, so you won't have to take
out a loan.  I agreed with H, noting that my father said one should never take out a
loan to buy anything that depreciates, that is stupidity.  Borrowing money to buy a
thing only makes a little sense (and assumes risk) when one believes the thing will
appreciate.  One can never know that a thing will appreciate.  Even a rise in value
is not appreciation if the rise in inflation or cost of living is greater than the rise in
the value of the thing.  Dave Ramsey says, never borrow money, under any conditions.  
     E said that he "wanted" to buy new, as opposed to having any logical reasons for
buying new.  I said that is fine as you are a free man.  That is free of any morality.  
Because E is (or claims to be) an atheist.  But, if you are a Christian (which I suspect
he is de facto or would like to be), your money is not your money.  Your money is
God's money.  You are just a steward of the money that God has given you.  Buying
new glorifies E.  Buying used and using the vehicle to do good works (whatever
they may be, even living a good life), glorifies God.  
     The fact that this resonated with him, caused me to think that E is on the road to
becoming a Christian.  
     The conversation degenerated into "I have a good morality.  I don't need God.  
My opinions are my own.  I came up with them myself.  I don't let anyone influence
me." and other nonsense.  (One's beliefs are based on the media that one chooses to
consume.  Including the violent anti-police rap music.)  To which I replied, without
the Word of God, what are you basing your morality on?  For instance, do you
think abortion is okay?  
     "Yes, it is a woman's right to choose."  
     If you had a God based morality, you would know that murder is wrong
(a morality), and that life starts at conception (a scientific truth denied by those
who choose not to believe it, a morality [a choice]).  So you would conclude that
abortion is baby murder and wrong.  But because you have a human based morality,
abortion is not murder, is not wrong; rather it is a woman's right, a Constitutional
right, a human right; the father has no rights in the matter; the society has no say
in the matter; etc.  
     Do you see how your morality is derived from the assumptions you choose to
start with?  Your choices determine your morality.  This is purely deductive
reasoning.  (No inductive reasoning.)  Morality is a branch of philosophy.  
Thus, it is pure thought.  Nothing in the real world affects your morality.  Only
your choices as to what you believe affect your morality.  
     God put us here to work.  Rotarians believe that work is honorable.  This is an
intended slight against the idle rich.  Do not confuse your earning money with
being a steward of God's money.  Render unto Caesar what is Caesar's and unto
God what is God's.  Your tithe is a transfer from one steward to another steward.  
Due diligence is required.  Giving God's money to "administrative overhead" or
"fund raising" is poor judgment.  In the end, God will ask you about that, "What
were you thinking?"  "Were you too lazy to do your due diligence?  And just set
up an automatic payment?"  
     Pray that God gives you good judgment before he gives you great wealth.  
You don't want to be Jeffrey Edward Epstein .  You might have fantasies of how
cool that would be.  But, it really wasn't.  Pray that God denies you wealth if you
cannot handle it.  Remember the Prodigal Son.  
"ILEETA 2023" by John Farnam
     "Ruger’s current flagship service-pistol is their Glock-like “American”. "  
[I have a couple of these pistols chambered in 45 ACP.  I have found that they need
quite a bit of gunsmithing to make them reliable.  The pistols have a magazine
capacity of 10 rounds, as opposed to the Glock's or SA XD's 13 rounds.  This is
because the cartridges are stacked in a manner in-between a single stack and a double
stack.  This allows the American to have a grip with smaller girth, allowing persons
with smaller hands to use their pistol.  The American comes with 2 back-straps to
increase the size of the grip, but can also be used without a backstrap (and perhaps
wrapped with tape) to accommodate a smaller hand.  
     I haven't seen any 45 ACP for sale recently, only the 9mm are advertised.  
-- Jon Low]  
"Brazil's Socialist President Orders Nationwide Gun Grab After Surge in Sales"
by Ben Kew
     This has already happened in some cities and states in the United States of America.  
"Governor Gordon (Wyoming) restores gun rights to non-violent felons"
by Buckrail @ Staff
"Good guys’ guns save lives more often than reported
FBI limits database of active shooting cases"
by Stephen Dinan
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, http://spw-duf.info
Excerpt:  (Thanks to Stephen P. Wenger, because the article is behind a pay wall.)
     Mercedes Perez crashed her car into another car on a San Antonio street in 2021
and then jumped out with a gun and blazed away at neighbors who came out of
their homes to see what happened.  She killed one man, the car’s owner, and
wounded his wife and son before another neighbor heard the shooting.  He grabbed
his gun and ran to the scene, where he killed Perez with a shot to the neck.  
John Lott, founder of the Crime Prevention Research Center, said it’s a case of a
good guy with a gun stopping a bad guy with a gun.  Yet the incident was left out
of the FBI’s database of active shooting incidents.  Mr. Lott said it’s one of dozens
of such incidents missing from the bureau’s statistics, which he said has fueled a
false narrative that rarely do good guys with guns stop shootings.  The FBI says
the rate of active shooting incidents ended by good guys with guns is 4.4% over
the years.  Mr. Lott says it’s 34.4%.  The FBI’s conclusions are widely cited,
particularly as new shootings revive old debates about gun control and whether
more access to weapons is safer or more dangerous.  When an armed citizen
does intervene and it draws national headlines – as happened at an Indiana mall
food court last year – news accounts are quick to point to the FBI’s findings as
evidence that it’s a rarity.  The FBI’s numbers also have been used in court cases,
and they pepper legislative debates on Capitol Hill and in state assemblies.  
Mr. Lott said the numbers are so distorted by shoddy work and judgment calls that they
are not just worthless but also misleading.  “It’s garbage,” Mr. Lott told The
Washington Times.  “They should be embarrassed.”  The FBI’s active shooter
definition is different from all shootings, or even mass shootings.  The FBI says
it covers instances in which someone with a firearm is “actively engaged in killing
or attempting to kill people in a populated area.”  The point is to zero in on
instances of ongoing use of a weapon and where intervention could affect the
outcome.  Instances of self-defense, drug and gang violence, hostage situations
and domestic disputes are discounted.  Mr. Lott said there are several sources of
error.  The first is the FBI’s reliance on news accounts, which he said are less
likely to cover instances of good guys with guns.  Then there are the judgment
calls about what meets the definition of an active shooter case.  The FBI says
it’s when a gun is used in a confrontation outside of a criminal incident such as
domestic violence or drug dealing.  There are also judgment calls about who
qualifies as a regular citizen, or “good guy.”  The FBI says a security guard
doesn’t count.  When those judgments are bungled, the data suffers.  In 2019,
the FBI counted 30 active shooter incidents and said none was stopped by an
armed citizen.  Mr. Lott said the bureau missed 11 incidents altogether and
misclassified one.  That was a Dec. 29 shooting at a church in White Settlement,
Texas, that the FBI listed as stopped by a security guard.  That meant it didn’t
count as a good guy with a gun.  Mr. Lott spoke to the shooter, Jack Wilson,
who said he wasn’t a security guard but just a member of the congregation.  
Mr. Wilson also said probably 20 other members of the congregation were
armed that day, too . . .  
[The linked article provides many more figures than does my excerpt.
“Figures don't lie but liars figure.”  As I recall the White Settlement incident,
Wilson headed and trained a volunteer security team at the church.  
And the community was so named because it was founded amid three
indigenous settlements. -- Stephen P. Wenger]  
At the Washington Times:
FBI data on good guys with guns called ‘garbage’ as critic finds many more cases"
by Stephan Dinan
     Because the Washington Times article is behind a pay wall.
"Defensive Gun Uses By People Legally Carrying Guns:
20 Cases During November 2022" by John R. Lott
"Concealed Handgun permit holder stops mass public shooter at a mall in
El Paso, Texas" by Adam Sabes
     Many initial news reports had falsely claimed that an off-duty police officer
stopped the attack.  
Compiling Cases where concealed handgun permit holders have stopped
likely mass public shootings" by John R. Lott
"Tucker: This is infuriating"
     There are those who will lie to you to deceive you.  And there are those who
lie to you to insult your intelligence.  But it's a thing that some will lie to you to
demonstrate to you that they have power over you.  Deny the lie and they will
cancel you, cause you to lose your job, lose your security clearance, lose your
commission, lose your enlistment, lose your job as a policeman, etc.  
     Never schedule a late night flight out of San Diego.  San Diego airport has a curfew.  
If your plane has not taken off by 23:00, the tower orders the plane back to the terminal
and cancels the flight.  You can try to re-book your flight.  
     I had a lay over in Chicago, O'Hare Airport.  Some friends met me to keep me company.  
I mentioned that the black-market price for a healthy new born in Nashville was $50,000.  
(As I had worked security at several hospitals in Nashville.)  They told me that in Chicago
it was $75,000.  Grey-market, I should say.  You can get an attorney to handle it for you.  
So you don't get your hands dirty.  In Tennessee, if you're trying to adopt through the
government, you're looking at a 3 year wait.  In Illinois, it's worse.  Women in liberal states
would rather murder the baby than give the baby up for adoption.  ("You men just don't
understand what a terrible inconvenience it is.  And the unpaid labor cost."  My sister had
to explain the "unpaid labor cost" to me.)  Because the government creates the incentives
for that behavior.  Humans will always do what is in their best financial interest.  That is
microeconomics.  On the macroeconomic scale, cities don't want babies, as they won't pay
taxes for at least 18 years, 22 after college, 26 after grad school.  And are a huge expense
to educate and such.  Cities want adult tax payers.  Let the suburbs or rural areas take
care of the babies.  Let the working, tax paying, adults migrate to the city.  
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thomas Jefferson
     *****     *****     *****  Cryptology *****     *****     *****
     "Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe,
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use."
-- Thomas Paine
[Cryptosystems are considered "arms" by federal law.  
ITAR, International Traffic in Arms Regulations]
     Remember how the Mirror Visitor was all about various inversions?  
Let ↑ mean exponentiation.  Let e be the famous transcendental constant.  Let i be
the first imaginary unit, √(-1).  (Oh yes, there are many imaginary units.)  Let ln()
be the natural logarithm function.  Let two variables next to each other mean
multiplication (the second binary operation in the ring).  
     Let w = ln(z) be the inversion of z = e↑w.  But, ln(z) is not restricted to the Real number
system, R.  If playing in R, ln(z) is undefined for z < 0.  Why?  Because, the graph of e↑w is
the the graph of ln(z) inverted through the line y = x, or in slope intercept form
y = 1x + 0.  [Consider inversions through the origin.  Consider other inversions.]  
     But playing in the Complex number system, C, ln(c) is well defined as
c = A e↑(iθ) in polar form, [except for A = 0, because the ln(0) is undefined in the
Reals] where A is the amplitude (distance from the origin to c ), and θ is the angle
of the vector pointing from the origin to c, from the positive x-axis (the positive
Real number line).  
ln(c) = ln( A e↑(iθ) ) = ln(A) + ln( e↑(iθ) ).  
If A < 0, then add π to θ modulo(2π) and negate A.  
So, we see that A is an element of R and A > 0.  
Thus, ln(A) is well defined.  
ln( e↑(iθ) ) = iθ, by definition of ln().  Which is well defined.  
Hence, ln(c) = ln(A) + iθ, in rectangular form.  Which is well defined.  
So ln(c) is defined on the complex plane, except for the origin, (0 + ix).  
The measure of any single point in the 2-dimensional plane is zero.  
So we're pretty safe.  
     For completeness,
e↑c = e↑(a + bi) in rectangular form.  
= e↑a * e↑bi.  Let e↑a = A.  Let b = θ.  And we have
e↑c = A e↑iθ in the polar form.  
     Consider the inversion in other number systems.  
"Dumb Password Rules"
Hat tip to Bruce Schneier, https://www.schneier.com/
     "There are some pretty bad disasters out there.
     My worst experiences are with sites that have artificial complexity
requirements that cause my personal password-generation systems to fail.  
Some of the systems on the list are even worse:  when they fail they don’t
tell you why, so you just have to guess until you get it right."
-- Bruce Schneier
     [Anyone who tells you to periodically change your password is criminally
stupid and has no knowledge or understanding of cryptology.  Good passwords
never go stale.  Bad passwords are not mitigated by periodic replacement.
Forcing users to regularly change their passwords, causes the users to record
the password somewhere else (because they can't remember it), defeating the
security of the password.  Because that "somewhere else" is findable.  
-- Jon Low]  
     Have you noticed that in the painting "Return of the Prodigal Son" by Rembrant,
the father's left hand middle finger is too short?  [The fingernail is clearly visible,
so the finger has not been cut.]  (or is it not, in your print of the painting?)  
And that in the upper left corner, a woman looks on?  (or is she not in your print?)  
     Steganography can be done on many levels as long as the original is widely
available and vastly downloaded, so observers can't determine who is downloading
it.  The "who" is not the person or IP address.  It is the tenet / tenant / . . .
     One generally does an XOR (exclusive-or) between the original and the
received copy to extract the intelligence.  XORs can be done at many levels.  
"Whistleblowers Take Note: Don’t Trust Cropping Tools
Cropping tools like those in Google Docs allow viewers to see the full, original images."
by Nikita Mazurov
     Do you see how this can be used for steganography?  
"Breaking a Fifth-Order Masked Implementation of CRYSTALS-Kyber by
Copy-Paste" by Elena Dubrova, Kalle Ngo, and Joel Gärtner
     Elliot Schneider says to check the units of your solution and to check limiting
Email from Elliot Schneider --
     I’ve told you before about how incredibly useful units are for checking your answer
whenever you solve a physics problem (and even for guessing the solution to a problem
without doing any work).  
     But there’s also a second key step that you should take after you solve any problem,
which will enable you to catch your own mistakes—and help you develop a deep intuition
for physics in the process.  
     The trick is to think about limiting cases, and it’s easiest to show you what I mean
with an example.  
     Say you’re given a problem about somebody holding the string of a yo-yo of
length l and making it whirl around in a circle:  
     You swing a yo-yo around in a circle with constant speed.  What must the radius of the
circle be?  
     The question is, supposing the yo-yo is made to move with constant speed v, what's
the radius R of the circle?  
     Go ahead and give it a try!
     After a fair bit of algebra, let’s say you wind up with this expression for the radius R
as a function of the speed v: 
     What a mess!  I don’t know about you, but when I look at this formula, it doesn’t mean
much of anything to me.  And I sure as heck don’t have any idea if it’s correct or not just
by staring at it.  
     So what can we do to get some intuition for what’s going on in this formula, and to figure
out if it has a chance of making sense?  
     The very first thing to do—for any physics problem that you solve—is to check the units.  
I’ll let you verify for yourself that they work out okay here.  If they didn’t, then you'd
immediately know you made a mistake somewhere along the way.  
     The fact that the units work out is a good sign, but it's by no means a guarantee that this
expression is correct.  
     We can gain more confidence, though, by thinking about some limiting cases, and that’s
the second thing you should do after you solve any physics problem.  
     Picture yourself holding the string of the yo-yo.  When you’re just letting it hang straight
down at rest, its speed is zero.  And since it’s not moving, the radius of the circle is zero,

     That means that when we plug v = 0 into our formula for R, it had better come out to
zero.  And it does, thanks to that factor of v↑2 at the front of the square root.  
     That’s a good sign that we’re not totally off base.  But don’t get too cocky!  
     If, say, we had missed the last v↑2 term at the very end of the formula, everything we’ve
checked so far would still have worked out:  the units would be right, and we’d get the
same result for zero v.  
     So let’s check another limit.  
     As you start to shake the end of the string more and more, you can make the yo-yo
move faster and faster.  And the radius of the circle gets bigger and bigger, until finally
the yo-yo is moving so fast that it’s almost level with your hand.  
     That’s the biggest the circle can possibly get—when R = l takes up the whole length
of the string—and in that limit the speed of the yo-yo is getting arbitrarily large.  
     Mathematically, that means that as v gets infinitely big, our formula for R should be
approaching l.  If it does, then we can start to feel more confident that this answer actually
makes sense.  
     This limit is a bit trickier to check, though!  
     Let's start off by pulling a factor of v² outside the parentheses:  
     Rewriting the radius formula to take the large v limit.  
     The reason I did that is that now the term 4g² l² / v↑4 in the middle is getting very tiny
as v gets very large.
     You might think that we could just erase that term in the v → ∞ limit.  But that would
leave us with 1 - 1 = 0 inside the parentheses, which would seem to give us R = 0 again!  
     Physically, that wouldn’t make any sense.  So is our formula wrong?  
     What saves us is that there’s still a factor of v↑4 at the front of the square root.  So we
actually have something that’s going to zero times something that’s going to infinity.  And
that means we need to be more careful about the limit.  
     I’ll let you puzzle out that limit for yourself, to check that we do in fact get R → l when
we let v get really big.*  And that's a very good sign that this unintuitive formula really
does make sense.  
     The take-home lesson is, looking at limiting cases gives us a very powerful way of
checking whether some complicated formula is consistent with your physical intuition
about a problem.  
     By sending one parameter or another to zero, or infinity, or some other special value,
you can take a hard problem with a complicated answer and turn it into an easier problem
with a simpler answer.  
     Then your complicated answer had better reduce to the simpler one in that limit,
or else you know something’s gone wrong and you need to try again!  
     If you make a habit of thinking about limiting cases like this, the fewer mistakes you'll
make and the better your physical intuition will become.  
Talk to you soon,
Elliot Schneider
*Hint: Use the Taylor series approximation √(1 + ε) ≈ 1 + ½ ε with the tiny
number ε = (4g² l²) / (v↑4) to approximate the inner square root.   It's that extra ½ ε term that
saves the day. 
"But what is the Central Limit Theorem?" by 3Blue1Brown
     The point is that the Normal Distribution is a creature of probability theory,
pure math.  And the Normal Distribution correctly models real world behavior,
     Your cryptosystems are operating in the real world and so are subject to the
laws of physics.  Are you using math that correctly models the real world?  
If not, do you know why not, and the extent of the error?  Grant Sanderson gives
the three assumptions of the Central Limit Theorem.  Do you see the assumptions
when using the Central Limit Theorem in the real world?  In particular, the
assumptions on the type of noise you are suffering in your communications channels
and in your computer systems.  
     The probability that the light bulb in your office will burn out today is near zero.  
But, the probability that a light bulb in your building will burn out today is near one.  
"The Trick That Solves Rubik’s Cubes and Breaks Ciphers (Meet in the Middle)"
by polylog
The source code in C++
(that tells you something, real men use C++ which is just a preprocessor for C) -
Note, only 199 sloc (source lines of code, executable statements).  
     How do you avoid a "Meet In The Middle" attack?  
"Where is the anti-matter?" by Sabine Hossenfelder
     Misunderstandings, not cleared up, because disingenuous persons want you to think that
there is a big mystery, because they want money for experiments to solve the mystery.  
It happens in every field.  Be aware.  Be careful.  Don't get conned.  Legislators are easily
conned because they are greedy, not because they are stupid, not because they are ignorant.  
Sometimes the con artists get caught.  
"Major shake-up coming for Fermilab, the troubled U.S. particle physics center
Department of Energy opens new competition for contract to manage the storied facility"
by Adrian Cho
     Some of you were not present (or even conceived) when Mr. Lawrence
(Computer Science Department, Punahou School), explained how to solve
problems that you are having difficulty with.  So, let me explain.  Study the problem.  
Understand as much as you can.  Know all the definitions.  You may not be able to
solve the problem, but you must understand the problem for this technique to work.  
Then, go to sleep.  When you wake up, you will have the solution.  The solution will
often cause you to wake up.  Write it down, NOW!  Otherwise, you might forget it.  
That's why the ladies wish you pleasant dreams.  
     Irina Sergina Petrova wishes you pleasant dreams.  
     "Premature optimization is the root of all evil."  
-- Donald Knuth
     *****     *****     *****  Intelligence   *****     *****     *****
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.”
from "Principles of Personal Defense" by Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
"Same old tactics!" by John Farnam
"Hacker Uncovers How to Turn Traffic Lights Green With Flipper Zero
There’s innocent tinkering, and then there’s illegal.
Guess which category this fits into?"
by Rob Stumpf
     Why would I list this article in the intel section?  
"The Cyber Defense Assistance Imperative – Lessons from Ukraine"
by Aspen Digital
"Planting Undetectable Backdoors in Machine Learning Models"
by Shafi Goldwasser, Michael P. Kim, Vinod Vaikuntanathan, and Or Zamir
"How Iran Won the U.S. War in Iraq
A trove of secret intelligence cables obtained by The Intercept reveals
Tehran’s political gains in Iraq since the 2003 invasion."  
by Murtaza Hussain
"Why the Hype Around Hypersonics?" by Sabine Hossenfelder
"The Hypersonic Missile Vulnerability That NO ONE Talks About"
by Not What You Think
Bottom line up front:  Use the details of the statement to determine if the person is lying.  
One who is telling the truth actually has had the experience and so will be able to give details.  
One who lacks the experience will have to create the details from his similar experiences or
imagination, both of which will lead to his being caught in a lie.  (If the audience / interrogator
is competent enough to catch the discrepancy.)  Or, the liar will be vague, not being able to
give the details.  (Hopefully, the audience / interrogator will catch the vagueness.)  
(the press release)
"LieLab: the devil is in the details"
     Video explanation by Bruno Verschuere at bottom of web page.  
(the paper)
"The use-the-best heuristic facilitates deception detection"
by Bruno Verschuere, Chu-Chien Lin, Sara Huismann, Bennett Kleinberg,
Marleen Willemse, Emily Chong, Jia Mei, Thierry van Goor, Leonie H. S. Löwy,
Obed Kwame Appiah, and Ewout Meijer
(the data)
"Use the best, ignore the rest:  How heuristics allow to tell a lie from the truth"
by Bruno verschuere, Chu-Chien (Cherry) Lin, Sara Huismann, Bennett Kleinberg,
Marleen Willemse, Leonie Loewy, Thierry van Goor, Obed Kwame Appiah, Emily Chong,
and Ewout Meijer
(the cartoon summary of findings)
"The Use The Best Heuristic facilitates deception detection.jpg"
Text by Bruno Verschuere
Art by Jan Cleijne

 Hat tip to John Zelinski (Zman). 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm,
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper

“If You Don't Have Integrity, You Have Nothing. You Can't Buy It. You Can Have All The Money In The World, But If You Are Not A Moral And Ethical Person, You Really Have Nothing.” ~ Henry Kravis - Quote Meme

     "You can’t truly call yourself 'peaceful' unless you are capable of great violence.  
If you’re not capable of violence, you’re not peaceful, you’re harmless.  
Important distinction." -- Stef Starkgaryen
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Email:  Jon_Low@yahoo.com
Radio:  KI4SDN

Self-defense / shooting training for Jonathan Low

1981 – 1985 U.S. Marine Corps (active duty)
Expert Rifle Badge (4th award), Expert Pistol Badge (2nd award),
Battalion Armorer (1st Radio Battalion, Fleet Marine Force Pacific), trained by
BSSG (Brigade Service Support Group), 1st MEB (Marine Expeditionary Brigade),
FMF Pac (Fleet Marine Force Pacific), USMC.  

1985 – 2014 U.S. Marine Corps (reserve)
2002  Military Police, Provost Marshal’s Office, New River Marine Corps Air
Station, qualified in pistol, shotgun, submachinegun, baton, pepper spray,
hand to hand defensive tactics (Marine Corps Martial Arts Program).  
2006 Navy and Marine Corps Intelligence Training Center, taught a basic pistol
class while in intel school.

~1987 - 2021 Took the NRA class and got certified as an NRA Instructor in:  
Rifle, Shotgun, Pistol, Personal Protection (before it bifurcated into Inside and Outside
the Home), CCW,
Advanced Pistol which allows me to teach the NRA Defensive Pistol course,
Advanced Certified Rifle Coach Level 3 NRA / CMP / USA Shooting

1996 – 2022 Front Sight Firearms Institute, Pahrump, NV
(they went bankrupt and closed in 2022)
Graduated from the following classes:  
4-day Defensive Handgun (5 times),  (I got the gold star at the end of the 4th class.)  
4-day Practical Rifle,
2-Day Uzi Submachinegun,
4-day Select Fire M-16,
2-day Edged Weapons,
4-Day Front Sight Instructor Development.  
Assisted teaching the 4-day Defensive Handgun class as a Line Coach (assitant instructor).  

2006 – 2011  Chief Instructor at the Palmetto Gun Club.

2014  Tactical Response, Fighting Pistol.

2015 December 6th, ASSERT, Rapid Assault Tactics.

Sheepdog Seminar, 1/3/2016, Chattanooga, TN

2016 Tactical Conference, Memphis, TN.

Hebrew Hogger Training Conference, 31 July 2016, Nashville, TN.

The Law of Self Defense Seminar, 20 August 2016, by Andrew F. Branca at the Nashville Armory.

Home Defense given by Bob Allen and Don Barnes at Royal Range in Nashville, TN.  1/14/2017

ALICE training, online, 1/22/2017

Law of Self Defense Level 2:  Tennessee and Kentucky, 2/26/2017
by Andrew Branca

Tactical Conference 2017, North Little Rock, Arkansas
Developing Force-on-Force Training Programs by Erik Pakieser et al
Active Killers by Tom Givens
Street Encounter Skills by John Murphy
Terrorist Bombers by Greg Ellifritz
Multiple Opponents by Paul Sharp
Use of Force Lessons / Cases by Emanuel Kapelsohn
Law of Self Defense by Andrew Branca
Problems 1 and 2 (legal justification) by Skip Gochenour
Training for the Fight by Kevin Davis
The Firearms Instructor as Expert Witness by Hayes and Ayoob

Coach Code of Conduct (online required course), USA Shooting, 12 June 2017

Handgun Instructor, State of Tennessee
13 September 2017

Krav Maga, Gordon Jewish Community Center, Nashville, TN
24 August 2017 to 14 September 2017

Law of Self Defense, Simulator module, by Andrew Branca at the
Nashville Armory in Nashville, TN on 16 September 2017

Tennessee State Armed Guard (16 hour class) by Kent Harville
20 – 21 September 2017

Instructor Development course (3 days), Rangemaster
by Tom Givens
in Bethel, TN
29 September 2017 to 1 October 2017

MAG-20 by Massad Ayoob, Summerville, SC, 27-28 January 2018 A.D.

2018 Tactical Conference in Little Rock, Arkansas
Ladies Panel, led by Vicki Farnam
Pistol Skill Builder by Lee Weems
Defining the Threat by Tom Givens
Unconventional Wisdom by Massad Ayoob
Concealed Carry and the Modern Woman by Tatiana Whitlock
Between Harsh Word and Gun by Chuck Haggard
Officer Involved Shootings by Kevin Davis
Keep Your Piece by Fletch Fuller
1986 Miami Shoot-Out by Tom Givens
Violent Criminals, Justification Models, and Your Training by Skip Gochenour

"Active Shooter Threats" by
Brink Fidler of Defend Systems, DefendSystems.com, at the
Brentwood Baptist Church in Brentwood, TN.  
27 September 2018 A.D.

"Home Defense" by Ken Alexandrow of Agape Tactical,
AgapeTactical.com, at the 5.11 store in Nashville, TN.
6 October 2018 A.D.

“Point of Injury Trauma Care” by Kevin Hunt of
Prepared Medical Response, at
Military Systems Group in Nashville, TN on
16 October 2018 A.D.

“Basic Tactical Trauma Care” (5.5 hours)
by Josh Black and Jason Rader, at the Goodlettsville Church in
Goodlettsville, TN on
8 December 2018 A.D.

Tactical Conference 2019, New Orleans, LA; March 15 - 17, 2019
MacGyver School of Medicine by Dr. Sherman House
Controversial Acquittals by Massad Ayoob
Surviving the Extreme Event by John Holschen
Domestic Defensive Handgunning by John Farnam
Street Encounter Shooting Skills by John Murphy
Self Defense Ammunition by Dr. Martin Topper
Police-Citizen Contacts by Chief Lee Weems
Technical Skills for Tactical Success by Gabe White

"Use of Force" class by attorney Marcos M. Garza, 7 June 2019
sponsored by U.S. Law Shield,

Stop The Bleed class sponsored by the American College of Surgeons
Committee on Trauma.  16 July 2019

Law of Self Defense, live online class by Andrew Branca
10:00 to 17:00, 24 August 2019.

NRA CCW class, Citizens Safety Academy, Murfreesboro, TN
6 September 2019.

NRA CCW Instructor certification class, Citizens Safety Academy, Murfreesboro, TN
7 - 8 September 2019.

DTI Instructor Development
Royal Range, Nashville, TN
5-6 October 2019.

Must-Know Law for Gun Owners 101
Nashville Gun Club hosted by Tennessee Firearms Association, Nashville, TN
8 October 2019.

Active Shooter seminar
presented by Brink Fidler of Defend Systems  
held at Ramsey Solutions in Franklin, TN
21 January 2020

Carry with Confidence (online webinar due to the virus)
by Tatiana Whitlock
13 April 2020

Intermediate Carbine
by Jonathan Leverette, Strategic Edge Gun Range
14 November 2020

Emergency Trauma Response
by Brian McLaughlin
December 28, 2020

Tactical Conference 2021
Armed Movement in Crowds by Moses, McBee, and Schnizler
Safe Travel in Dangerous Places by Greg Ellifritz
Lessons from Recent Self Defense Shooting Cases by Massad Ayoob
Practical Concealed Carry by John Murphy
Performance Under Fire (Part 2) by John Hearne
Diagnostic Skills for Instructors by Tim Herron
Moving and Shooting by John Holschen
Defensive Ammunition: A Systems Approach by Chuck Haggard
Avoiding Range Accidents by Jeff Gonzales
Principles Of Performance For The Armed Citizen by Brian Hill
26 to 28 March 2021

Michael Mann's class on "Protecting Soft Targets".
(8 hours of continuing education credit, ASIS certified,
American Society for Industrial Security)
6 April 2021

Counterterrorism for Private Security
given by Michael Mann Security Services
Mondays, August 9, 16, 23, 30 of 2021 A.D.
6:00 PM to 7:30PM (CDT)
6 hours total

Tennessee Armed Guard Renewal
given by Warren Smith at Royal Range
12 September 2021

Counter Terrorism for Security Professionals
given by Michael Mann Security Services
30 August 2021

Instructor Camp conducted by Lee Weems of First Person Safety
October 23-24, 2021
Associate Protection Professional, ASIS International
January 4th, 11th, 18th, 25th,
February 1st, 8th, 15th, 22nd, and
March 1st, 8th, 15th, 22nd, 29th of 2022.
Given by Michal Mann Security Services
BeAware Training given by Secure Community Network
Feb 17, 2022 19:00 Central Time
"Defense of Property"
" Self-Defense 'Insurance' "
"Lawful Defense Against Rioters, Looters, and Arsonists"
"Law of Self Defense, Level 1 Core Class"
"Law of Self Defense, Level 1 Class South Carolina"
"Law of Self Defense, Level 1 Class North Carolina"
"Law of Self Defense, Level 1 Class Tennessee"
by Andrew Branca
20 April 2022 A.D.
1st and 2nd of May 2022 A.D.
21 May 2022
live webinar, 10:00 to 18:00,
Rutherford room, Stephens Valley Church

"Pro Sports Training Secrets For Self Defense Gunfights" by Mike Ox
21 June 2022 at 12:00 Central Time
Saturday, 27 August 2022
09:00 - 12:00
Church security class at Royal Range taught by Bob Allen
Guardian Conference
September 16th to 18th, 2022
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Pistol Intelligence by Riley Bowman
Vehicle Defense for Armed Guardians by Todd Fossey
Detect | Deter | Defend - The 5 Stages of Violent Crime by Todd Fossey
Fight IQ by Todd Fossey
Weapons-Based Clinch Fighting by Todd Fossey
The Next Step Beyond Shooting; Decision Making by Melody Lauer (excellent class)
Low-Light Pistol by Matt Little
Essential Skills and Drills by Wayne Dobbs
Mastery of Shooting On The Move by Mickey Schuch
CPI Nonviolent Crisis Intervention Training by Frank Gaddis
18 January 2023, 08:00 - 17:00
Skyline Medical Center, Nashville, TN.
School-Focused Study of an Active Shooter: Planning & Training with Ed Monk
A School-Focused Study of the Active Shooter Threat:
Planning & Training to Minimize Victims
Fri, January 27, 2023, 8:30 AM – 12:00 PM CST
1930 Air Lane Drive Nashville, TN 37210
Critical Law Enforcement Lessons-Learned from Active Shooter Attacks
by Ed Monk
Friday, January 27 · 1 - 4:30pm CST
1930 Air Lane Drive Nashville, TN 37210
A Study of the Active Shooter Threat & How We Can Minimize Victims
by Ed Monk
Sat, January 28, 2023, 8:30 AM – 12:00 PM CST
1930 Air Lane Drive Nashville, TN 37210
Combative Pistol Skills, Rangemaster course taught by Aqil Qadir
Sat, Feb 25, 2023, 9:00 AM – Sun, Feb 26, 2023, 6:00 PM CST
4803 Old Hickory Boulevard Nashville, TN 37076
Fundamentals of Church Security
by Randy Harris and Joe Gilbert
Saturday, March 4th 2023, 8:30 AM – 5:30PM EDT (Eastern Time Zone!)
Sunday, March 5th 2023, 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
The Ridge Shooting Range, Dayton, TN
11534 US HWY 27
Dayton, TN 37321
"Stop the Bleed"
by Joey Story, EMT-P
12 March 2023
"Ballistic Trauma
Heart Saver CPR"
by Joey Story, EMT-P
12 March 2023
at Strategic Edge Gun Range
2613 Hwy 270
Chapel Hill, TN 37034
Books that I have read and would recommend:

"The Art of War" by Sun Tzu, written about 2400 years ago.

"The Book of Five Rings" by Miyamoto Musashi, 1644.

"On War" by General Carl von Clausewitz, unfinished at his death in 1831.

“Principles of Personal Defense” by Jeff Cooper, 1972.

"Dry Practice Guide" by Front Sight Firearms Training Institute, 2002.

"The Farnam Method of Defensive Handgunning", 2nd Edition by John S. Farnam, 2005.

"Women Learning to Shoot: A Guide for Law Enforcement Officers"
     by Diane Nicholl and Vicki Farnam, 2006.

"Combat Shooting" by Massad Ayoob, 2011.

"How to Shoot Like a Navy Seal" by Chris Sajnog, 2013.

“Deadly Force:  Understanding Your Right To Self Defense” by Massad Ayoob, 2014.

"In the Name of Self-Defense" by Marc MacYoung, 2014.  

"Teaching Women To Shoot A Law Enforcement Instructor's Guide" Second Edition
     by Vicki Farnam & Diane Nicholl, 2015.

"Fighting Smarter" by Tom Givens, 2015.

"Gunfight" by Richard Nance, 2016.

"Defensive Handgun Training Skills and Drills" by Michael R. Seeklander, 2016.

"The Ultimate Book of Gunfighting" by Robert K. Campbell, 2016.

“The Law of Self Defense” 3rd Edition by Andrew Branca, 2016.

"Three-Day Firearms Instructor Development & Certification Course"
by Tom Givens, (I don't know the publication date.  I took the course in 2017.)

"Concealed Carry Class" by Tom Givens, 2019.

"Strategies and Standards for Defensive Handgun Training"
by Karl Rehn and John Daub, 2019.

"Real World Gunfight Training" by Mike Ochsner

"Building Shooters:  
Applying Neuroscience Research to Tactical Training System Design and Training Delivery"
by Dustin Salomon
ASIN:   B08B4JJ3G5

"Hitting in Combat:
The Brain Science of Training to Win Gunfights" by Dustin Salomon
ISBN-10:  1952594103
ISBN-13:  978-1952594106

"When Violence Is the Answer" by Tim Larkin
Back Bay Books; Reprint edition (October 9, 2018)
ISBN-10:  0316354651
ISBN-13:  978-0316354653


"On Training", Volumes 1 and 2, by Dustin P. Salomon
Innovative Services and Solutions LLC, 2020.  
ISBN 13:  978-1-952594-07-6  (Volume 1)
ISBN 13:  978-1-952594-08-3  (Volume 2)

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