Monday, November 1, 2021

CWP, 1 November MMXXI Anno Domini

Hi Sheepdogs, 
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
----- Basics -----
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
     Keith Finch says, 
Rule 1. Carry a gun.
It is a gun that YOU CAN run and a gun that DOES run.  
"Your CCW Gun Doesn’t Matter" by Keith Finch
     A surgeon is not known by  his scalpel.  Any scalpel will do.  
The surgeon is known by his skill.  
" "The Hero Has To Be A Monster" - DON'T BE HARMLESS! | Jordan Peterson Motivation"
     "If you're going to play with fire, you must be a master of fire."

     If you're going to play with guns, you must be a master of guns.  Otherwise, you'll 
(in order of decreasing probability) shoot yourself, shoot friendlies, shoot innocent 
bystanders, destroy property, fail to shoot the enemy, . . . 
" "The Best Men I Know Are DANGEROUS" (building a strong character) - Jordan Peterson Motivation"
     "If you only know how to behave, you're just a domesticated cat or lap dog."
     ". . . a man is better when he's a dangerous man who's being good than 
he would be if he were just a good man who wasn't capable of being dangerous."
     "Healthy adolescents break rules."
     "Unless you can think the way that an evil person thinks, you're defenseless 
against them because they'll go places you can't imagine and then they win."
     "A harmless man is not a good man.  A good man is a very, very dangerous man 
who has that under voluntary control."
     All good men are dangerous.  Weak men are not capable of being good.  Inability to 
commit crime does not make one law abiding, it just means that one is ineffectual.  
     Oh, the Bible is full of mistranslations and misinterpretations.  (Not just the word "meek".)  
[Tom Givens wrote an article, "Lost in Translation" in the January 2016 issue of the 
Rangemaster newsletter, explaining how some Bibles mistranslate the 6th Commandment 
as "Thou shall not kill."  But, of course that is wrong.  The correct translation is 
"Thou shall not murder."  So, when correctly translated, there is no prohibition against 
self defense.  And there is no command to vegetarianism.
Remember, fallible humans are doing the translating and interpreting.  So, while the 
original Bible is the inspired word of God, and may be the inerrant word of God, 
thinking that your modern English translation of the Bible is the inerrant word of God, 
is intellectually dishonest.  
     The Old Testament was written in an ancient form of Aramaic (from which ancient 
Hebrew was later derived), not modern Hebrew.  Can any present day scholar correctly 
read it? correctly translate it?  
     The New Testament was written in ancient Greek, not modern Greek.  Can any 
present day scholar read it correctly? translate it correctly?
     What text was your New Testament translated from?  Probably the Latin Vulgate.  
Were things changed from the ancient Greek to the ancient Latin?  Can any present 
day scholar read the ancient Latin correctly?  translate it to modern English correctly?  
     Probably not.  
     The original Christmas story was about peasants for an audience of peasants.  
Joseph and Mary were not married, because marriage was expensive.  So, Jesus was
born out of wedlock.  Which was a common and natural occurrence.  The problem is
that the Roman aristocracy held their rank and title by virtue of their legitimate birth.  
So, worshiping a bastard was out of the question.  So, how do you make Jesus 
palatable to the Roman aristocracy?  The church created the dogma of the virgin birth.  
And were thus able to convert a Roman Emperor, Constantine I (Flavius Valerius 
Constantinus, c. 280–337 A.D.) and hence the Roman Empire.  [The Second 
Ecumenical Council, held in Constantinople in 381 A.D., affirmed the virgin birth 
of Jesus in the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed.]  
     The problem is that if you remove Joseph from paternity, you can't satisfy
the Old Testament prophesy that the Messiah would be of the House of King David.  
You could argue that Mary was a descendant of King David (if you could find 
documents describing her lineage).  But, that's not how the Jews determined 
lineage.  So, it doesn't quite work.
     We read and translated the Vulgate in Latin class.  It refers to Mary the 
mother of Jesus as a "virginis" (or the correct Latin form thereof), which, in context 
and in time period, translates young girl.  It has nothing to do with virginity.  
There is no mention of Mary being a virgin.  Not surprising since, the Catholics 
didn't codify the virgin birth until Pope Clement VIII issued a papal bull on 
3 February 1603 A.D. known as Dominici gregis.  
     Another theological problem is original sin.  If Jesus was born of woman
(even without a human father) he is born in sin.  So, to fix that problem the 
church created the dogma of Immaculate Conception, the fact that Mary was 
born without sin, so Jesus was born without sin.  On 8 December 1854 A.D., 
Pope Pius IX proclaimed the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception.  
     Oh, it doesn't end there.   As any detective will tell you, once you tell a lie, 
you have to tell another lie to cover the previous lie, ad infinitum.  
That's why Catholic dogma is so convoluted.  
     One solution is to ignore all the nonsense and revert to the original
Christmas story.  Some Christian sects actually do.  But, you have to be careful.  
You don't want to be burned at the stake.  Of course, if you always carry 
your pistol on you, you will be able to shoot your way out when the religious 
police come to arrest you.  (Oh, I'm sorry.  I was having flashbacks to my 
time in Saudi.)
     "Much of the problems with translations of the Old Testament arise from using 
the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible, which only dates back to the 7th to 10th 
Centuries A.D.  That is why it is good to compare it to the Septuagint which was 
a translation of the Hebrew Bible to Greek made in the 3rd Century B.C. and/or 
the Samaritan Pentateuch." -- Docent,
"Basic Gun Skills: 
Why You Still Need to Know How to Run a Revolver . . . and Other Pistol Types, Too" 
by Ben Jimenez
     "Whether your job is patrolling Chinatown or making sure your kids 
make it to the bus stop safely, if you carry a gun, you should also arm 
yourself with the knowledge to operate any gun that may come within your 
sphere of influence.  If you need it to shoot or you need it to not shoot, 
it’s a safety issue that could mean life and death for you or a loved one."  
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
----- Aftermath -----
(You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
     Please read and act on the information in the article at the link 
in the right hand column labeled, "Self Defense Insurance".  Leaving your 
family destitute because you didn't have the foresight to buy insurance 
would be gross negligence.  
or for a secure connection, 
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take 
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
"LIFE SKILLS | Attack Cycle" by Steve Tarani
Extracts:  (only given to induce you to read the article)
     The split second you cause a predator to react, you have accomplished five objectives:
1. You have disrupted the attack cycle.
2. You have placed him / them on the alert.
3. You have taken the initiative from him / them.
4. You have moved to the front of the action-reaction power curve.
5. You have prevented an attack.  
     [Just as in chess, check forces the opponent to block the check or move out of check.  
Being able to move out of check while simultaneously putting the opponent in check 
is something you need to be able to do.  (Shooting while moving to cover, for instance.) 
In fencing, binding the attack while counter-attacking with opposition.  
Sorry for all the jargon.  Just wanted to show that it's not particular to gunfighting. -- Jon Low]
"10 Levels of Deception: The Neuroscience of Magic" by Daniel Roy, Neurobiologist, 
University of Pennsylvania (Yes, actually it is Ivy League.  I matriculated there, 
but dropped out when Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories pulled my funding.  
So much water under the bridge.)  
     When I teach physics to college students, I offer them several experiments 
to prove to themselves their false assumptions.  One of which is, while riding 
a bicycle, which way do you torque the handle bars to turn right? clockwise or 
counter clockwise.  I have had students come to class and swear that they torqued 
the handle bars clockwise to turn right.  They are so vested in their belief that 
they will lie, rather than accept the truth of their own experiment.  That's how 
powerful being vested in a false belief can be.  
     Do you see how you can use this to shoot the bad guy before he realizes that 
you are even close to shooting him?  
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
----- Safety -----  (how to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders [cinematographers, directors, etc.])
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
“Hey, what do you do when someone approaches your car?” by Evan Dzierzynski
     ". . . avoid interacting with approaching strangers when you are in a vulnerable position; 
being seated and strapped into a vehicle puts you at risk."
"Safety for runners" by Evan Dzierzynski
     "Running with someone is the safest option and there is no easy substitute for accepting 
responsibility for your own personal safety.  Something bad is more likely to happen to you 
when you are by yourself because you are simply an easier target."
"The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity aka Allegro ma non troppo" by Carlo M. Cipolla 
(an Italian Economic Historian)
     Notice that the definition is that of an economist.  
Definition:  A stupid person causes losses to another person or to a group 
of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses.
1.  Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals 
in circulation.  
2.  The probability that a certain person be stupid is independent of any other 
characteristic of that person.  
3.  The fraction of the population that is stupid is constant.  [This is deep.  Cipolla is saying 
that a stupid person is born and dies stupid, and never moves in or out of this condition. -- Jon Low]
4.  Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid 
individuals.  In particular non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times 
and places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people 
always turns out to be a costly mistake.  
5.  A stupid person is the most dangerous type of person.  
The corollary of the 5th Law is that:  A stupid person is more dangerous than a bandit.  
(Cipolla's definition of bandit is a process criminal, a professional criminal who is 
committing crime for profit, for livelihood.  The criminal psychopath who is committing 
crime for reasons other than financial or status gain would be in Cipolla's stupid 
     If you're to lazy to read the book (actually very short), here is a video, 
"The Five Laws Of Stupidity"
     Cipolla defines a stupid person (not the standard dictionary definition).  
And says, "Because the stupid person’s actions do not conform to the rules of 
rationality, it follows that:  
a) one is generally caught by surprise by the attack;  
b) even when one becomes aware of the attack, one cannot organize a rational 
defense, because the attack itself lacks any rational structure."
     So, stupid people are far more dangerous that rational criminals.  
     You can educate the ignorant.  You can medicate the crazy.  But, you can't fix stupid.  
     "When you’re dead you don’t know you’re dead.  All the pain is felt by others.  
The same thing happens when you’re stupid." -- Jerry Ayres
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
     Better take a class from Larry Mudgett before he retires.  Next year, 2022, is 
the last year that he will be teaching.  Lee Weems told me.  
     Better take a class from Dave Spaulding before he retires.  
     "Safe gun handling and knowing how to operate the gun competently is one thing.  
How to fight with the gun is a whole other plane of knowledge."
-- Tiger McKee  
     Tactical Conference 2022 (sold out, but you can get on the waiting list)
     Primary & Secondary Training Summit 2022
     P&S Training Summit 2022 Schedule
     Here's a class you ought to attend.
Concealed Carry/ Street Encounter Skills with John Murphy of FPF Training.
To be successful and effective in their own self-defense, citizens need a wide variety of skills beyond just shooting.
     Concealed Carry: Street Encounter Skills and Tactics prepares citizens for personal security challenges by 
equipping them with a comprehensive suite of “soft” and “hard” skills that are woven into a holistic approach 
to legal self-defense.
     Employing an iterative approach, students progressively acquire skills and knowledge required to enforce 
their security decisions and secure themselves before, during and after an incident. Among these skills are:
Stopping Bleeding (Medical Trauma)
Employing Pepper Spray (Less-Lethal Options)
Interacting with Law Enforcement (Legal Preparation)
Cost $425
*Each student will receive two POM pepper spray trainers and one POM live agent dispenser as part 
of the course fee. Students will NOT be exposed to live agent during this class.* 
Sat, Nov 6, 2021, 8:30 AM –
Sun, Nov 7, 2021, 5:00 PM EDT
Apache Solutions LLC
5239 US 601 HWY
Yadkinville, NC 27055
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
"Failing the Interview" by tacticalprofessor (aka Claude Werner)
"What is the Greatest Defensive Skill?" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON
     ". . . the greatest defensive skill that a person can develop is simply awareness."  
     "This expansion into what is now often called “the training industry” has 
brought quality firearms training within the reach of any serious student, 
anywhere in the U.S.  Unfortunately, it has also brought a tidal wave of 
unqualified “instructors” into the mix, with all sorts of trademark gimmicks 
designed to lure in unknowing customers."
     "The reality is there are a handful of basic skills involved, 
but those basics need to be mastered in either case.  Training resources 
like time, money and ammunition need to be spent on developing these basic 
skills until they can be called on reliably in an emergency."
     "Solid initial training, followed up with periodic sustainment training 
with your carry gear leads to a comfort level with the equipment fostering 
the willingness to actually wear it daily.  Learn to access the handgun from 
concealment, safely, reliably, and quickly.  Learn to get good, solid hits 
with the first rounds out of the gun.  It would be good to know how to reload 
it, and to fix malfunctions, if they occur.  Take a good course on legal issues, 
like one from Massad Ayoob or Andrew Branca, and then carry on."
     [Tom's comment on averages being meaningless is so true.  As Dave Yamane 
says, the average American has one testicle and one ovary.  Though zero 
Americans have one testicle and one ovary, even the hermaphrodites. 
     Tom's use of the word "typical" is the largest mode of a mutimodal 
distribution of data points with selected parameters.  
     Tom's data is of shootings.  I would suggest that in the cases where a 
flashlight was used to positively identify the target, no shooting occurred 
either because the target was a no-shoot or the flashlight caused the bad guy 
to run away.  So, I think a flashlight is essential, even if never used in a 
shooting, because it prevents the shooting.  
-- Jon Low]
     Tom Givens says you only need 4 skills:  
1.  Presentation from the concealed holster to the target.
2.  Marksmanship, getting good hits at 0 to 7 yards.  
3.  Reloading if necessary.
4.  Clearing malfunctions if necessary.  
     The first skill is not simple.  
     You must be able to draw firing side hand only, because your support side hand may be 
injured or holding a grand child.  (Maybe great grand child.)  
     You must be able to draw support side hand only.  Reaching around your back, because you 
are pregnant or are carrying your child in front of you.  Reaching around your front, because 
you are belted into your seat in a car or seated in a booth in a restaurant or are wearing a large 
back pack.  
     The second skill is not simple.  
     You must be able to shoot right handed (hopefully using your right eye to aim), 
because you are shooting around the right side of a wall.  
     You must be able to shoot left handed  (hopefully using your left eye to aim), 
because you are shooting around the left side of a wall.  Does your pistol have a thumb safety 
on the right side of the pistol for your left thumb?  If not, do you know how to defeat the 
     You must be able to shoot firing side hand only.  
     You must be able to shoot support side hand only.
     You must be able to use lower positions to take advantage of cover:  kneeling, squatting, 
prone, laying on your right side, laying on your left side, supine.  And you must be able 
to get up quickly from these positions to move to cover or to move your loved ones to 
cover.  Or, to escape.  If you can't move, you better exercise and lose that weight.  Or, 
figure out what machines/tools you need to use to be able to move.  And get them.  
     The third and fourth skills are not simple.  
     Can you do them one handed?  Can you do them support side hand only?  Can you 
do them while kneeling?  
     If you can only do the 4 skills using two hands under pristine range conditions, 
you are not where you need to be.  
“The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can 
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
     Pay attention!  Learn the skill well enough to teach it.  Think about how you 
would teach what you are learning to your grandmother.  The housewife one, 
not the CIA field agent one.  
     Prof. Norman Christ said, the test of whether or not you understand 
something is whether or not you can explain it to someone else.  And the 
test of whether or not you have a deep understanding of a subject is 
whether or not you can explain it to a layman, someone who is not 
conversant in your field, intelligent but ignorant.  
     If you're not asking the instructor to explain details, you are doing 
the other students a disservice, because they are all scared to ask 
questions for fear of looking stupid.  You, on the other hand, have the 
courage to expose your ignorance.  
     ". . . training to shoot the handgun one handed with either hand in 
case of injury is wise.  Do not forget it may not be about injury, it may 
be simply because your hands are occupied with a grandchild."
     "If you shoot the gun inside the car it will be loud."
     "Also, consider some practice replicating things or places you might 
be in your normal day."  [Sitting at a table with others around you.  
Sitting in your car (driver or passenger side).  Standing in a crowd.  
Standing in line.  Sitting in a movie theater or a church.  Etc. -- Jon Low]
     "The reason I carry two [knives] is simple.  If I ever have to use 
the pointy sharp thing, I plan to plant it in something important of 
theirs and then leave quickly.  . . . I don’t plan on standing around 
trying to get the knife back if it is wedged into something pretty solid.  
Not knife tactical I am sure, but it works for me being a gun guy at heart."
Front Sight Reality Check #86
     The security guard showed amazing self control.  
     This is the reality of pepper spray.  That's why I don't carrying it.  
If it blows back into me, I'm disabled.  On the bad guy, it may have no effect.  
Rangemaster Firearms Training Services
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
"Defense of Others" by the Tactical Professor
     The point is, you have to be able to hit where you're aiming.
So, you have to practice.
     Remember, every miss is destroying property, injuring innocent 
bystanders, and maybe killing them.  
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
"Why You Need to Form Good Shooting Habits" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON 
     "Defensive shooters are continually developing habits, some conscious 
and some unconscious.  Good habits may save your life while bad habits can 
get you hurt.  It’s just super smart to occasionally evaluate your gun handling 
and marksmanship in order to cull those bad habits and replace them with good ones."
"What Should I Practice?" by Dave Spaulding
     Bruce Lee said, “Advanced skills are the basics mastered.”
     "Keep in mind, every time you open and close your hand you are actually 
“un-practicing” the independent use of the index finger."
     "I consider live fire a confirmation of the dry practice drills."
     "Why would you want to be on target but not ready to shoot?"
[Because trapping the trigger to the rear and bringing the sights back onto 
the target for a second sight picture is part of follow through? -- Jon Low]
     "Think of the draw stroke as an upside-down L with the gun coming up 
from the holster, turning, and going directly to the target."
     "Make sure you practice with the same carry gear that you use daily, 
including a concealing garment."
Better take a class from Dave Spaulding before he retires.  
     "Live fire practice is only to confirm what you learned in dry practice."
-- Ignatius Piazza

     "Going to the range is where we confirm that what we're doing dry is 
indeed working.  It also shows us where we need work and how much more work 
we need." -- Patrick Kilchermann
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it) -----
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
"Breaking Contact (Part 6)" by tacticalprofessor (aka Claude Werner)
     "Breaking Contact is the fundamental mission of Private Citizens in self-defense or defense of others."
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
"Skills involved in the Oakland Incident (Part I)" By tacticalprofessor 
"Pedal to the Metal: 5 Tactical Driving Tips for the Everyday Civilian" By Wyatt Knox
If You’re the Driver, You’re the Driver
Keep Moving
Leave Enough Room
If You Can’t Move Forward, Move Back
Leave Hollywood to the Stuntmen
     [Learning to drive competently in reverse is the best investment you can make.  
If your car steers with the front wheels (as opposed to your forklift), it is 
not stable driving in reverse, so you have to practice.  If you think you can 
drive in reverse using only your rear view mirrors, you are WRONG.  Learn to 
twist our body around so you can see where you are going. -- Jon Low]
Front Sight Reality Check #85
     "Why did we shoot him so many times?  Because evil can never be dead enough."
-- Brevard County Sheriff Wayne Ivy
     In the final encounter of the 12 second gunfight, Deputy Thoman shot the 
bad guy 15 times.  He continued to fire until the attack stopped.  Sometimes it 
takes more than two rounds to stop an attack.  
     One shot physiological stops are rare.  Just about all one shot stops are psychological stops.  
"Over 21 Million Americans Now Carry Concealed" by Frank Miniter
     That means there are way more civilian concealed carriers than there are 
law enforcement officers.  That means the biggest threat to you after a lethal 
force encounter is being shot by other armed citizens mistaking you for a 
criminal, or other armed criminals mistaking you for a cop.  
That's why you have to holster and conceal as soon as possible.
"Optimized Use of Cover - John Holschen @ Rangemaster 2016" by John Holschen
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task, skill, or tactic) -----
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
     When you use the bathroom, KEEP THE PISTOL IN THE HOLSTER!
     "Strobe lights are stupid because they jack your eyes up."
     "A point of interest when this all happens: You will be shooting the threat with the sights on your pistol—not the light."
     "Get a good light not one from the 7-11 made in China.  
Streamlight, SureFire, Insight, AE.  Don’t be a fool.  A light that costs $6 will get you killed. 
Good gun, good ammo, good holster, good light, good knife.  Your life will depend on it."
     This article has large, high resolution, color pictures that make the meaning clear.  
As Lee Weems taught us in Instructor Camp, "Demonstrate Everything".  Because your 
text and words will be misinterpreted.  
"4x Types of Draw Stroke Conditions" by Jeff L. Gonzales
     "Upper brain trauma can trigger a convulsive reaction causing the hands 
to clutch: the finger pulls the trigger, or the thumb presses the bomb switch.  
In his last career training police riflemen for American SWAT teams, Hathcock 
adamantly told the cops to prevent that Dead Man’s Kill, they had to put the 
bullet in deep brain to cause instant body relaxation: the tiny area between 
nasal cavity, ear canals, and base of skull.  The same is as true with a 
service pistol as with a sniper rifle."
     ". . . most shooters (including most police officers) don’t get enough 
practice time for the basics."
     This is deep.  Simple is more reliable.  Simple is faster.  
"Training for Personal Defense With and Without Glasses" by JEFF GONZALES
     I always wear glasses and believe you should too.  Your eyes are the weak point 
of your system, especially your weapon system.  So, they must be protected.  
If someone can blind you by throwing sand or acid in your face, you become combat 
     If you open carry, you're going to get shot (because you present a threat to 
the criminal operation in progress) or robbed of your pistol (because it is a 
high value item).  Yes, it is that simple.  
Slow is smooth (because you can control what you're doing).  
Smooth is efficient (because elegance automatically removes inefficiencies).  
Efficient is fast (because there is no wasted motion).  
     I often cite articles that I disagree with, because I think exposure 
to different opinions is healthy.  
     I think that trapping the trigger to the rear by continuing to press the 
trigger after the shot is fired, and getting the sights back on target after 
recoil with the trigger still trapped to the rear is an essential part of 
your follow through.  Only when the sights are back on target (the target 
that you just shot, not the next target) should you reset the trigger.  This 
ensures that you actually hit the intended target.  Which must be done before 
moving your eyes to the next target. (Your eyes, not your pistol.  Your 
pistol moves after your eyes have chosen your target.  Otherwise, your 
pistol will over shoot your target.)  But, that's just my opinion.  You have 
to experiment to form your opinion.  No, you can't just read articles to 
have a well founded opinion, you have to make a good faith effort and try 
the different trigger control techniques during live fire.  There are no 
short cuts.  
     If you actually do the work, you will have a deep understanding, and 
posers will be obvious to you.  Of course, you have to be careful and gracious, 
because some people don't know what they are talking about, while some who do 
are inarticulate.  
"2 Concealed Carry Seat Belt Hacks" by Jacob Paulsen
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
----- Education -----
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
"Fully baked" by Seth Godin
"This Is How To Deal With Psychopaths And Toxic People: 5 Proven Secrets" by Eric Barker
     "Neuroscience research shows the emotional centers of their brains don’t respond the way yours do."
     ". . . full-blown psychopaths are about 1% of the population."  [So, Col. Jeff Cooper was correct 
in his book, “Principles of Personal Defense” by Col. Jeff Cooper; Paladin Press, Boulder, Colorado; 
1989.  ISBN 0-87364-497-2]
     "When you take a job, take a long look at the people you’re going to be working with — 
because the odds are you’re going to become like them, they are not going to become like you.  
You can’t change them.  If it doesn’t fit who you are, it’s not going to work."  
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
Excerpt from an email from Mike Ox -- 
     Tears are made up of HUNDREDS of components. The outer layer is an oily layer. 
It helps protect the water layer (aqueous) from evaporating as quickly as if it 
were exposed directly to the air.
     Not enough oil = water evaporates quicker = dryer eyes.
     Dryer eyes = less smooth surface of the eye = blurry image.
     And dryer eyes = blink more often…and it’s hard to focus quickly with 
your eyes shut.
     If you can have the right amount of oil in your tears, the water layer 
won’t evaporate as fast and you’ll be able to see clearer for a longer period 
of time between blinks.
     This is why eye drops include oils/lipids in addition to saline.
     Pretty cool, isn’t it :)
     So, what can you do to influence the amount of oil in your tears?
     One of the easiest things is to eat a diet high in Omega 3 and other 
healthy fats.  I like to get mine from eating fish, avocados, coconut oil, 
grass fed butter, and krill oil.
     There’s also something you can do in the shower that may help . . . 
In the shower, try closing your eyes and put a warm (comfortably warm) washcloth 
over your eyelids or let your shower hit you in the face and LIGHTLY touch your 
eyelids with your fingers.  You don’t need to push . . . just lightly touch.  
-- Mike Ox
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
----- Gear ----- 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
     When buying a gun, consider the warranty.  Check with your friends as to how 
the company deals with returns for repair.  I have found Ruger, Springfield 
Armory, and Remington to be good about paying for returns and repair.  
"It’s a schtick up! New Jersey rabbi designs concealed-carry coat for Shabbat" by Doree Lewak
     Since I started working at the Jewish Community Center in Nashville, TN, I've 
started noticing Jewish and Israeli things.  A lot of our members have fled from 
Israel and Los Angeles.  
     "I never used a TASER, because they suck."
-- Officer Brandon Tatum (He's no longer a police officer, so he can speak freely.)
     [I agree.  You have to take a class and get training before using this device.  
Its use is not obvious.  TASERs fire two needles connected by wires to a battery and 
attempts to electrocute the assailant.  The maximum range is short, about 2 yards. 
They fire one or two times at most before needing to be reloaded, which is not a 
fast process, even with a lot of practice.  In my experience (and in general) they 
are not effective.  The needles are easily blocked by heavy clothing, such as leather 
jackets.  The needles are easily pulled or knocked out.  The manufacturer says that 
to be effective, one needle has to land above the belt line and the other has to land 
below the belt line.  Not an easy thing to do.  
-- Jon Low]
     Rifle primers are thicker and harder than pistol primers.  So, if you're getting 
light firing pin strikes with your pistol, the rifle primers will make your weapon 
system unreliable.  That's one of the reasons Louis Awerbuck recommended the Springfield 
Armory XD.  If you do the standard function test of pointing unloaded pistol up with 
a pencil (eraser end toward the firing pin) in the barrel and press the trigger, the 
SA XD will send the pencil shooting up and it will hit the ceiling.  Other pistols, 
not so much.  Some pistols, such as the Ruger American, won't kick the pencil out of 
the barrel.  That does not mean that the Ruger is unreliable; it is perfectly reliable.  
It just means that the SA XD was over engineered and will handle rifle primers reliably.  
     If you're going into combat, you want an over engineered weapon.  Because you may 
only have foreign ammunition to use, and they may be manufacturing under different 
standards.  In Pakistan and Afghanistan they are manufacturing reliable ammunition, 
but not to SAAMI Standards.
"Best Concealed Carry Holsters [Hands-On Tested]" by Eric Hung
     I've used Safariland GLS Holsters with the paddle that is molded to fit 
your hip, and they have got the shape correct, at least for me.  
It fits my hip and is comfortable.  
"Safariland 575 GLS Pro-Fit Wins Guns & Ammo Holster of the Year"
     I have always found Galco holsters to be of good quality and reasonably priced.  
     I have used the KingTuk IWB holsters and have set up complete systems for 
students using that holster.  
Galco International, LTD (Galco Gun Leather)
20% off with code "FLASH20"
     Galco and others are not too good about making left handed holsters for us left handed people.  
But, Craft Holsters makes their holsters upon receiving the order.  So, they're happy to make you 
a left hand holster, as it is just as easy for them as making a right handed holster.
     I have found Craft Holsters to be of high quality and priced accordingly.  
I like the smell and feel of fine leather.  Craft Holsters carry several different brands.  
Use code BULLSEYE10 for a 10% discount at check out.  
Ambidextrous pistols:  (updated list)
     Because, being right handed doesn't mean you're going to be right handed in combat.  
The following are truly ambidextrous -- 
     The latest FN pistols are ambidextrous, but they are expensive, FN 509
MSRP: $679.00.  They're good out of the box, but the grip doesn't fit my hand 
and in my opinion the triggers are not smooth and crisp.  So, I would spend 
the money on a trigger job.  
     The latest H&K pistols are ambidextrous.  They have the magazine
release lever, as opposed to the button.  The VP9 retails for around $600.00. 
It's good out of the box and the grip fits my hand nicely.
     The Ruger American pistols are ambidextrous.  They retail for
around $500.  But, they take a bit of gunsmithing to make them reliable. 
For me it was worth it because the grip fit my hand and the angle fit my wrist.
     The MASADA from IWI US, the U.S. based arm of Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) 
is ambidextrous.  The trigger is nice.  MSRP $480
     The Honor Defense, Honor Guard pistols are ambidextrous.  I've never groped 
one, so I can't say anything.  They retail for around $300.  
The following has an ambidextrous magazine release, but not ambidextrous slide stop --
     The Springfield Armory XD type pistols have ambidextrous magazine releases. 
You can press it from either side to release the magazine.  But the slide
lock is only on the left hand side of the pistol.  Louis Awerbuck recommended 
these pistols.  I carry the XD Tactical (full size long barrel, as opposed to the
more compact models).
The following have ambidextrous slide stops, but not ambidextrous magazine releases -- 
     The latest Glocks have ambidextrous slide locks.  But their magazine release 
is reversible, which means you can make it right handed or left handed.  That's not 
the same as ambidextrous. 
     The latest Walthers have ambidextrous slide locks.  But their magazine
release is reversible, not ambidextrous.
     The S&W M&P's have a slide lock on both sides and a reversible mag release.
"Concealed Carry Corner: Top 4 Carry Items To Quit Using" by Matt E.
     "Now there are a few different studies out there which show 45 ACP ball rounds 
transfer the majority of their energy into a body, but other calibers, especially 9mm, 
won’t transfer their energy and will simply blow through the body."
“Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
"45 Super vs 10mm - I didn't expect THIS!" by Military Arms Channel
     If you have an over engineered pistol (such as the H&K USP or H&K Mk23 or the 
Springfield Armory XD) that is chambered for the 45 ACP and you want to use a more 
powerful cartridge (picking up about 100 fps at the muzzle), the 
45 Super (185 grain JHP, 1229 feet per second out of a 4 inch barrel, 1361 fps 6" barrel) 
will chamber in your pistol.  The 45 Super is more powerful than a 
45 ACP +P (185 grain JHP, 1109 fps 4" barrel, 1217 fps 6" barrel) 
or 45 ACP +P+.  A fully supported chamber is required, otherwise the brass case will 
rupture sending hot gasses into the magazine, igniting the rounds in the magazine, and 
blowing the magazine out of the magazine well; or worse.  So, the 1911's with a gap 
at the bottom rear of the chamber are inappropriate.  (That gap is intentional to allow 
reliable feeding from the magazine and chambering.)
     This is actually a deep exercise in hydrodynamics and fluid physics.  The higher 
speed of the 45 Super penetrated less deeply in the silicone gel block (not the standard 
gel that the FBI uses, but stable at room temperature), because the bullet had greater 
expansion and created a much larger temporary cavity (not visible in the video or the 
gel block after the experiment).  And so dumped much more energy into the gel block, 
which can be seen by the amount the gel block jumped, deformed, and moved on the table.  
Viscous friction in this silicone gel is proportional to about the 4th power of speed in 
the speed regime we are considering.  So, the friction for the 45 Super is much higher 
than the 45 ACP, so the bullet loses its energy in a shorter distance and shorter time, 
and so doesn't penetrate as far in the gelatin block.  But, energy is conserved, so more 
energy is transferred into the gel block in the form of a shock wave and heat, which is 
good for creating traumatic shock.  
     The 45 ACP is subsonic, 850 fps.  The 45 ACP +P is barely sonic, 1100 - 1200 fps.  
The 45 Super is supersonic, 1229 - 1361 fps.  If the bullet enters the body at supersonic 
speed, we can expect terminal ballistics with a supersonic shockwave.  (That's why 
all 9mm self defense rounds are supersonic.  They produce such small cavitation that 
they would be ineffective if they were subsonic.)
     Concerning terminal ballistics and the gel used in the testing - 
Some fluids, like a corn starch and water mixture, will turn into a solid when an object 
moves quickly through the fluid.  Some plastics (the state, as in plasma, gas, liquid, plastic, solid; 
not plastic the material), like this silicone gel, will liquify when objects move through them.  
Or, at least that's what I'm assuming the silicon gel is doing.  Otherwise,  my analysis 
is wrong.  
"Handgun Bullet Penetration Through Interior Walls" by Greg Ellifritz
This article is Greg's analysis of data from 
"Handgun Bullets: How Do They Penetrate in Home Materials?" by estaff
This estaff article advocates using ammunition that gives less penetration with 
statements like, "Among the 45 ACPs, the Glaser Safety Slugs stand out."
That is criminal stupidity.  
     You want bullets that demonstrate deep penetration because you may have to 
penetrate walls, doors, body parts, windshields, body armor etc. in order to 
reach a vital organ that will stop the attack.  Yes, as a matter of fact, your 
pistol ammo, 9mm to 45 ACP, might penetrate soft body armor, especially if you're 
using +P ammunition.  The Jihadists in Garland, TX wore body armor, but the 
police officer, Gregory Stevens, shot through it with his standard issue pistol.  
So, deep penetration is good.  Lack of penetration is bad.  
"Compilation of ballistic tests from rangehot" by Hunter Elliott
"P320 Animation (c) Jeffrey S. Bagnell 2021"
     An explanation of the mechanism for the Sig Sauer P320 discharging 
without the trigger being pulled.  
"MPD guns fired on their own twice in 6 months
The second shooting happened after police supervisors internally raised questions 
about the safety of the SIG Sauer P320, which is the subject of multiple federal 
lawsuits over unintended shootings." by Derrick Rose
"The otherwise unexplained in-holster discharges seem to result from torsion on the gun, 
not from impact."
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
     Sig Sauer is selling a huge number of automatic rifles to the Mexican government.  
     The Mexican government did not name Sig Sauer in their recent law suit claiming 
that U.S. gun manufacturers are responsible for the cartel murders in Mexico.  
     Sig Sauer is not attending SHOT Show 2022 taking place in Las Vegas this coming 
January.  Sig Sauer in the past has always had one of the biggest booths.  
     Patterns are not hard to see, if you pay attention.  Do you remember when Smith & Wesson 
did the same thing under the Clinton administration?  They thought they would make out 
like bandits.  It almost bankrupted them.  
     I've canceled my reservation to take a class at the Sig Sauer Academy in New Hampshire.  
I took the SIG sticker off of my computer.  Got to put your money where your mouth is.  
     Have you noticed all the law suits against Sig Sauer by law enforcement officers 
(military types can't sue for several reasons, but at least they get their medical and 
funeral paid for) who are claiming that the P320 fires when dropped and fires 
"without command" (without pulling the trigger, without doing anything to the pistol).  
     If my company were facing massive civil liability in the near future, I'd be cutting 
deals left and right.  If these law suits turn into class action suits, even the members 
of the Armed Forces will have to be compensated.  3M had to pay members of the 
Armed Forces for their junk ear plugs.  I got a letter from the court about that class 
action law suit.  So, it's possible.  
"How a Colt M1911 works! (Animation)" by Thomas Schwenke
"3D Animation: How a Striker Fired Pistol works" by 3DGunner
     The Springfield Armory XD is a single action pistol (as designated by the BATFE) 
because pressing the trigger does not finish cocking the striker.  Pressing the 
trigger only releases the striker.  
     All of the other striker action pistols are in fact striker action pistols.  
     So, the only semi-auto single action pistols that you are likely to find 
in the gun stores or pawn shops are model 1911, Browning Hi Power, 
and SA XD type pistols.
     "Generally Accepted Firearms and Ammunition Interchangeability"
     "Generally Accepted Cartridge and Chamber Names"
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
----- Instructors -----
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
     Design model.  Need-Skill-Evaluation.  Form modules of need (what the student needs 
to do to solve the problem) - skill (that satisfies that need) - evaluation (of that skill).  
Chain modules together to form your class.  Insert and remove modules to adjust your 
class to the students, and to adjust for unforeseen events (like bad weather, 
so you can't use the range right now).  
     If the students are continuously failing the evaluation part of the model, either 
the teaching is wrong (You're not being clear or specific enough.  You're assuming 
background knowledge that the student does not have.  Etc.), or the testing is wrong 
(There was a question on the North Carolina state concealed carry test that was 
ambiguous, so 100% of the students would choose the wrong answer.), or the 
student is wrong (Does not have the required background or skill for the class.  
Make sure the prerequisites are clearly stated and enforced.)
     I learned this in Lee Weems' Instructor Camp.  
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
----- Andragogy -----
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
     Do not repeat your instruction verbatim.  If the student didn't understand you 
the first time, there is no reason to believe that he will understand you the 
second time.  
     Change perspective, and try again.  For example, never say "Don't jerk the trigger."  
Rather, say, "Don't fire the shot.  Take the slack out of the trigger and let the pistol 
fire itself."  You might have to add, "Trust me.  It will."  You might have to assure 
the student, "Don't worry about your sight wobbling around relative to the target.  
The surprise break will take care of that automagically."  
     The next step would be, "Take the slack out of the trigger, keep the sights aligned, 
and let the pistol fire itself."  
     The next step would be, "Take the slack out of the trigger, align the sights, 
let the front sight wobble around the target, and let the pistol fire itself."  
     Change technique, and try again.  For example, if the student is having difficulty 
racking the slide, don't let the student get frustrated with repeated failures.  Rather, 
say, "There are many ways to rack a slide.  Let's try another way."  And then you could 
have the student try the sling shot method.  Or, catch the rear sight on the edge of her 
holster and drive the pistol straight down.  Or, have her catch the rear sight on the 
edge of a table and drive the pistol straight down. (Ya, that's going to damage the 
edge of the table.)  Or, from a kneeling position, catch the rear sight on the heel 
of her boot.  The possibilities are only limited by your imagination.  
"The biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has happened."  
"Communication Professor's Reaction to Jordan Peterson Lecture & Delivery Skills"
by Alex Lyon
     Lessons for instructors.  
Professional development in public speaking. 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
     I take Meehan's statement (above) seriously.  So this past weekend, October 23-24, 2021, 
I attended an Instructor Camp in the beautiful state of Georgia conducted by that Weems guy 
(Lee Weems).  I enthusiastically recommend the Instructor Camp.
"Help may be on the way.  You are already there."
*****     ***** Legal *****     *****
You never have to explain something you didn't say.
-- Solomon, 3rd King of Israel
     So, remain silent!  
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
     Just to give you an idea of how messed up the legal system is in my former 
state of South Carolina, may I invite your attention to 
"Think Appellate Court Judges Understand Use-of-Force Law? Think Again" by Andrew Branca
     The point is that the lawyers don't know the law, the trial judges don't 
know the law, even the appellate court judges don't know the law.  So, 
you have to know the law, otherwise you're going to get screwed.  
     Well, if you have a good insurance policy, they should refer you to an 
attorney who knows the law.  
     Please get Andrew's book at 
     Please get Andrew's info graphic at 
     Sometimes we win.  
     This is happening all over our country.  Soros prosecutors prosecuting 
innocent persons and refusing to prosecute guilty persons based on person's 
political affiliation.  
"Crazy: Chicago Prosecutor Refuses to Charge Gang Gunfight in Streets"
"Info Graphic" by Andrew Branca
which resolves to 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
"Hawaii Complaint Rights Wrongful Disarmament Determination" by David Codrea
     Sometimes the good guys win.  
"Do NOT Make THESE Changes to Your Carry Gun -- or Risk Losing Self-Defense!" by Andrew Branca
     Imagery or statement placed on the gun indicating a state of mind inconsistent with 
self defense.  
     Modifications to the gun from which it may be inferred that the shooting was accidental 
or reckless.  Any modification that substantially reduces the weight of the trigger pull.  
Any modification that disables a safety mechanism.  (This includes the moronic practice of 
placing a rubber band around the grip of a 1911 to disable the grip safety.)  
[This would include any intentional refusal to use a safety mechanism designed and built 
into the pistol.  So, if you've got a striker action pistol that has a manual thumb safety, 
and you choose not to use the thumb safety in your manual of arms, you have effectively 
demonstrated recklessness and negligence.  (Of course, the examiner can tell.  Movement of 
parts leaves wear marks.  The lack of such wear marks indicates lack of use.  If you're 
snapping that thumb safety on and off with every draw and holster, there will be clear 
wear marks.)  -- Jon Low]
"Jordan Peterson: The collapse of our values is a greater threat than climate change | Off Script"
interviewed by Steve Edington
" ‘No One Did Anything': Woman Raped on SEPTA Train and Riders Didn't Call 9-1-1, Police Say"
by Brian Sheehan and Brian X. McCrone
     If you think the police will protect you, you're wrong because the police are not 
present during the start of the attack.  If you think the police will rescue you, you're 
wrong because the police are not present during the attack.  If you think the people 
in your immediate vicinity will help you, you're wrong because almost all people are sheep.  
     The real question is, why didn't the woman defeat the rapist?  Why did the rapist choose 
her in the first place?  He didn't know her.  She didn't know him.  Yes, this is victim blaming.  
If the victim is at fault, she deserves the blame.  Remember what Jeff Cooper says, 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
     Do you think the woman will get training and practice?  If not, she will eventually 
be a victim again.  And again.  And again.  Unless she is killed on one of the events.  
There are lots of women like that.  You probably know a few.  It would never occur to 
them to get training, because nobody ever told them to get training.  So, I guess it's your 
fault for not telling her to get training.  And if she is a loved one, it's your fault for not 
sending her to training, which includes paying for round trip air fare, hotel, rental car, and 
tuition.  I always throw in money for food, if I'm not there to pay for everything.  
I have even done this for 8 ladies who I didn't know directly.  They were either referred to 
me by friends or were daughters of friends.  Getting a lady trained has the same effect as 
rescuing a lady, but it is easier and cheaper.  And way less traumatic for everyone concerned.  
(Including all the friends and relatives of the lady.)
"Ahmaud Arbery Case: Seven Facts the Jury Will (Probably) Never Hear" by Andrew Branca
     Do you see how the U.S. legal system works?  
"More Bad Law from Rittenhouse Prosecutor: 
“Shooting An Unarmed Man Is NEVER Lawful” "
by Andrew Branca
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
Free of charge.  Just pay shipping.  
     Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage.  
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
*****     *****     ***** Survival Spirit *****     *****     *****
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
"Preparedness Thinking Checklists" by Marcus Wynne
"When the Moment of Truth arrives,
The Time for Preparation has passed."
-- Mike Mercer
"A bad week for the unarmed!" BY JOHN FARNAM
“It is important for long-range stability that peaceful countries be well armed, 
and well organized in self-defense.” -- Freeman Dyson
     [Prof. Dyson told me, "It's better to be wrong than to be vague."  and 
"My skills have always been orthogonal to my interests."]
"Modern Arms" BY JOHN FARNAM
by Mark Oliva
We win!
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
*****     *****     ***** Miscellany / History / War Stories *****     *****     *****
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
     Colin Powell, rest in peace.  General U.S. Army, Secretary of State USA.
My mother told me that there are two types of people in the world:  those who 
write thank you letters and those who don't.  I have a thank you letter from 
Secretary Powell with a red flag and four stars in the letterhead.  He had a 
collection of Volvos.  I have only one.  
"Paradise?" by John Farnam
     Because you're not going to hear about this in the broadcast media.  
"Jeff Cooper:  The Forgotten History of Lt. Col. Cooper and his Impact on Combat Readiness"
by Sam Jacobs
     There are some strange errors in this article.  
     ". . . the compressed surprise trigger break, which is a somewhat more sophisticated version of the "double tap." "
The surprise break is a trigger control technique.  The double tap is firing two rounds in quick succession.  
The surprise break is not a version of a double tap.
     "Condition 4 is when the chamber is empty, there is no magazine in the gun, the hammer is down, and the safety is on."
On a 1911 type pistol, you can't put the safety on with the hammer down.  
     "Condition 2 is after a round is chambered.  Condition 1 is after the hammer is cocked."  
Well, the only way to chamber a round in a 1911 type pistol is to rack the slide, which leaves the hammer cocked.  
No legitimate gun school or instructor has ever taught a manual of arms that includes lowering a hammer on a 
chambered round on a 1911 type pistol.  To do so is very dangerous.  
     "Yellow is simply a vague awareness . . ."  "Cooper described this as "I might have to shoot." "
No, not at all.  I have never read that in his writings.  I have never heard that in his videos.  This is contrary to his 
writings and lectures.  
     "The United States Marine Corps used this system but added a code black which means that 
combat is in progress or you are too paralyzed by fear to act."  
This is false and absurd.  A Marine "too paralyzed by fear to act" would never appear in any Marine literature.  
     "Treat all guns as if they're loaded"
Cooper would never say that.  Cooper thought such a statement was stupid.  Cooper's rule is 
"ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED".  Excerpted from: The Modern Technique of the Pistol, 
by Greg Morrison, Gunsite Press, Paulden, Arizona, 
ISBN 0-9621342-3-6, 
Library of Congress Number 91-72644
     Just goes to show, you've got to be careful with stuff on the internet.  
"Death Song For A Warrior: KV, 1965 – 2021" by Marcus Wynne
"History is cyclical…" by (I assume this is Darryl Bolke, but I can't find any attribution on the web site.) is forcing all of their employees to get vaccinated or get fired.  
The president of donated money to the campaign of Joe Biden, 
when he ran for president.  I will not do business with them.  
NSSF® and Mastercard® have partnered to offer the 
2021 Firearm Retailer/Range Compliance Webinar Series, 
a FREE in-depth industry compliance training and insights 
for businesses operating within the firearms industry. 
Enrollment in these courses is a complimentary benefit 
to the firearm industry on behalf of Mastercard.
     Some financial companies are pro-gun.
Yeah Mastercard!
   Magazine article - (for those too lazy to read the journal article)
"Gun ownership is not associated with male sexual dysfunction, according to new research"
by Eric W. Dolan
   Abstract of primary source document- 
"Sexual Dysfunction and Gun Ownership in America: When Hard Data Meet a Limp Theory"
by (a long list of authors)
   Primary source document - 
"Sexual Dysfunction and Gun Ownership in America: When Hard Data Meet a Limp Theory"
by (a long list of authors)
IFF (Identify Friend or Foe)  [Of course, you can't identify foe.  All kinds of things will prevent 
a friendly response:  lack of a transponder, lack of today's encryption key, not turning the 
transponder on because the last order you got was to turn it off, etc.  Oh ya, there are a lot 
of documented cases of shooting down friendly aircraft due to human errors while using IFF.]
     The modes of IFF are:
Mode 1, used by the military, 32 possible replies.  Identifies the target by the code set by the pilot.  
Mode 2, used by the military.  Identifies the target by a code, which cannot be set by the pilot.  
Mode 3, also known as Mode A, used by civilian air traffic control.  Identifies the target by a four 
digit octal code, which is set by the pilot.  
Mode 4, used by the military, encrypted.  Used only to determine if the target is friendly, 
contains no other information.  
Mode S, used by civilian air traffic control and collision avoidance.  Uses differential phase 
shift keying.  All other modes use pulse position modulation (fancy euphemism for amplitude 
modulation).  Each aircraft is assigned a permanent Mode S address (there are 16 million such 
addresses) thereby uniquely identifying the plane.  This mode is much more sophisticated than 
the others.  
Mode 5, [I've been out of the loop for so long, I don't know the state of Mode 5 anymore.]
Mk XA (Mark ten A) refers to a system that has Modes 1, 2, and 3/A.
Mk XII (Mark twelve) refers to a Mk XA system with Mode 4.  
     All interrogations are transmitted at 1030 MHz (mega Hertz).  All replies are transmitted 
at 1090 MHz.
     Interrogators scan the space around them.  A scan consists of the antenna rotating in a 
complete circle (360 degrees) in a horizontal plane in from 1 to 12 seconds.  The horizontal 
beam width of the antenna is approximately 2.5 to 5 degrees.  The vertical beam width is 
approximately 60 degrees.  
     At each horizontal position of the scan, the interrogator sweeps from zero to maximum 
range within one pulse repetition interval (PRI).  Each sweep takes approximately 2.2 to 
5 ms (milli-seconds).
     The range to the target is calculated by measuring the time between the end of the 
transmitted interrogation signal (the last framing pulse, the P3 pulse) and the receipt of 
the start of the reply signal (first framing pulse, F1 pulse).  Each nautical mile takes 
12.359 μs (micro-seconds), round trip time.  
     The two ways of determining the azimuth of the target are:  
Beam splitting - Averaging the position of the antenna over the period that the target 
was in view.
Monopulse - About 5 times more accurate than the beam splitting method.  This method uses 
the difference between the strength of the sum channel and the difference channel of the 
interrogator's antenna.  
     Unlike primary radar, that use transmission of energy 180 degrees out of phase with 
the signal to suppress side lobes, side lobe suppression in secondary surveillance radar 
is accomplished by transmitting pulses through two channels with different radiation 
patterns.  The transponder compares the strength of the two sets of pulses to determine 
if it is in the main beam of the transmitter.
     The system must correct for echo signals reflected from the ground and other objects.  
This is referred to as multipath interference.  
     The interrogator uses two channels:  a sum channel that has its main lobe at zero 
degrees, and a difference channel that has a negative spike at zero degrees.  
     The interrogator uses the relative amplitudes of the reply pulses to determine if 
the signal is from targets beyond its maximum range.  Such targets will cause spatial 
aliasing, appearing to be very close targets.  
Reference book - "Secondary Surveillance Radar" by Michael Stevens.  
Reference documents - 
STANAG 4193 (NATO Standardization Agreement)
ICAO Annex 10 (International Civil Aviation Organization)
DoD AIMS 97-1000 for the Mark XII
DoD AIMS 97-900 for the Mode 4 crypto interface
and many others.
     [When I was at Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories, we determined 
that the best way to defeat a jammer was to point a null in your antenna's radiation pattern 
toward the jammer, not to point the main lobe of your antenna's radiation pattern at your 
intended source.  At least that was true with the directional antennas of mobile ad hoc 
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’. 
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
-- Anon
     A long time ago, before we could easily determine primes and large numbers with only 
two large prime factors, back when everyone thought factoring was a hard problem, some 
morons used numbers that they assumed to be prime such as Fermat numbers, 
F_sub_n = (2^(2^n)) + 1, in cryptosystems.  F_sub_7 was used.  But, in 1975 
Hallyburton and Brillhart determined that 
F_sub_7 = 340282366920938463463374607431768211457 = 59649589127497217 * 5704689200685129054721
That's the one you're looking for.  Ya, they never changed it.  
Citation:  John C. Hallyburton, Jr. and John Brillhart, "Two new factors of Fermat numbers",
Math. Comp., 29, (1975), pp. 109-112.
‘Let’s Go Brandon’
The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish friend from foe from innocent bystanders. 
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly. 
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the enemy's attack 
without excessive force, without revenge. 
In Jesus name, Amen.
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low

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