Sunday, January 16, 2022

CWP, 16 January MMXXII Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs, 
     All mass murders occur in gun-free-zones.  Criminals choose these venues because 
they know that no one will be able to stop them.  In gun-friendly-zones, a good guy 
with a gun stops the criminal before the body count reaches the threshold to be called 
a "mass murder".  So, going into gun-free-zones is an act of criminal stupidity.  Sending 
your children into gun-free-zones, especially schools, is child neglect.  If you do it 
intentionally, it's child abuse.  
 
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*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
 
     In his book, "What The Dog Saw", Malcolm Gladwell explains the difference between 
choking and panic in the chapter titled "The Art Of Failure" on page 269.  
     ". . . Choking is about thinking too much.  Panic is about thinking too little.  
Choking is about loss of instinct.  Panic is reversion to instinct.  They may look 
the same, but they are worlds apart."  
     ". . . how failure happens is central to understanding why failure happens."  
So, that we can avoid failure.  Which means making the correct decision, as to who 
to shoot, and hitting the intended target on demand, every time.  Yes, you can, 
if you understand what you're doing.  If you can take yourself off of autopilot.  
     Read the book.  At least read the chapter.  I highly recommend.  
     Reverting to fundamentals when things go wrong is generally a good thing.  
(But, you have to know when it is a good thing.)
You have to be able to revert.  You have to be able to force yourself to revert to 
fundamentals under stress.  That takes training, which takes understanding, 
otherwise your training is counter productive.  
     "Generally, when you revert to fundamentals, you lose fluidity, you lose the 
fine touch.  You start operating as a beginner, because in a sense, you are a 
beginner again.  So, you will not have the greatest sensitivity in force and timing."  
     Let me stop before I butcher Gladwell's fine work.  Please read his work.  
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"Train and Live With Your Defensive Firearm" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
Excerpt:  
     "So I have to tell you that Col. Cooper was exactly right – it’s important to live with 
that defensive gun.  And I would add that the smart person will shoot their gun every 
chance they get – at all kinds of targets and all kinds of ranges."  
 
"Why We Suck, and How to Fix That" by John Mosby
     An essay on the Dunning-Kruger Effect.  
Excerpts:  
     “The Foole doth thinke he is wise, but the wiseman knowes himselfe to be a Foole.” 
– William Shakespeare 
     “Incompetent people do not recognize—scratch that, cannot recognize—just how 
incompetent they are…” 
– David Dunning
     “An ignorant mind is precisely not a spotless, empty vessel, but one that is filled 
with the clutter of irrelevant or misleading life experiences, facts, intuitions, strategies, 
algorithms, heuristics, metaphors, and hunches that regrettably have the feel of useful 
and accurate knowledge.”  
– David Dunning
     "Number One, assume that what you know is wrong, or at least, incomplete. 
Continue seeking new knowledge, and improving your frame-of-reference, by 
making it more broad." -- John Mosby
     "Number Two, assume that whatever performance standard you develop will be 
a MINIMUM standard.  You’re not the only guy out there trying to get better, and 
become more dangerous.  Once you’ve achieved a MINIMUM standard, raise the 
bar of performance.  DO NOT EVER SETTLE!" -- John Mosby
---
Primary source document. 
"Unskilled and Unaware of It: 
How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own
Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments" 
by Justin Kruger and David Dunning
 
     Smart people learn from everything and everyone,
Average people from their experiences,
Stupid people already have all the answers.
-- Socrates
 
From an email from Patrick Kilchermann -- 
     I (Patrick Kilchermann) remember him (Patrick's father) once telling me:
"Pat.  If you ever have to fight, you FIGHT.  You hit him hard and keep hitting 
him again and again until he's on the ground.  As many hits as it takes.  You might 
have to hit him in the face 20 times in a row.  But you hit him until he starts falling, 
you hit him as he's falling, and you hit him until he's on the ground.  As fast as 
you can swing - both hands.  And if he tries to get right back up, you hit him again.  
Do NOT let him get up.  Kick him if you have to.  There's only one reason a man 
tries to jump back up after he's been hit.  If he gets the first hit, you'll probably lose; 
if you let him get up he's gunna be madder than you and you'll probably lose."
     Now, my dad wasn't someone you argued with, but I was a bit surprised.  
His wisdom wasn't exactly how I thought most fights went at that 'tender young age'.
So I said:  "Is that fair?  Fighting like that?"
     He said:  "Right now I'm not telling you what's fair!  I'm telling you how to win 
fights.  Do what I said if you want to win, don't do it if you want to lose."
 
     You vote with your dollars.  So, buy American and buy local.  
"4 Reasons to Shop Your Local Gun Store" by Brad Fitzpatrick
 
"Traffic Stops: What CCW Citizens Need to Know" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
     Be polite!  
 
     . . . And that’s why the wise person, especially the wisely armed Guardian, 
never stops practicing his or her skills. Because the more you subject yourself 
to practice, and the more you witness yourself producing good results, the 
greater and more long-lasting your confidence becomes.  
     . . . unless you know what to expect, you’re simply not prepared.  And the 
corollary:  if you DO know what to expect, you are vastly more prepared.  
     . . . confidence makes you far less likely to ever need your gun, and it makes 
you far more likely to win and survive if you ever DO need it.  
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
"The Choice!" BY JOHN FARNAM
Excerpt:  
     As I recently exited the sanctuary of our small church in CO and entered the 
lobby, I made contact with our lone security-guy (who remains in the lobby and 
monitors comings and goings).  I asked, “All good?”
     He replied that all was well, and then added dolefully, “They won’t let me 
carry a gun.”  
     I replied courtly, “I don’t ask!”
 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
 
----- Aftermath -----  (You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
---
     Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett dedicate their book, "Good Omens", to 
"G.K. Chesterton
A man who knew what was going on"
 
     "If there is no life after college, college is useless.
If there is no life after death, Christianity is useless." -- Dick Speece 
     If there is no life after your lethal force encounter, 
all of your self defense insurance is useless.  
     The professional gambler says, never buy insurance (in the context of playing 
blackjack for instance, when playing in a casino) because insurance is betting 
against yourself.  Self defense insurance is one of those anomalies to the 
professional gambler's rule.  Buying self defense insurance is betting on yourself, 
as you are betting that you will win the gunfight and end up needing legal defense.  
 
     Defending yourself from criminal prosecution and civil law suits is extremely 
expensive.  So, you have to have insurance.  Please read the document at the link 
in the right hand column labeled, "Self Defense Insurance".  
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take 
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
 
*************************************************************************
----- Safety ----- (how to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders)
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
"A conversation I’m glad I will never have to have" by tacticalprofessor
“Mommy, where’s Daddy?”
“I’m sorry, sweetie, you killed him with his own gun 
when you were just a little boy because he didn’t 
believe in securing firearms.”
     Primary source document:  
     If you're not wearing the gun, it should be secured against all unauthorized users.  
 
Avoidance, Deterrence, Escape
 
" ‘I’m the sheriff. Who are you?’: 
Oakland County Sheriff pulls over man posing as a cop"
     Be careful.  The guy pulling you over may not be a cop, even if he is in uniform, 
even if the car is a cop car, even if the inside of the car has the computer, radar, etc.  
This is extremely dangerous.  
     This was happening a lot in Hawaii because the Honolulu Police Department has 
lots of unmarked cars, because all the cops use their personal cars for work.  They get 
a huge car and gas allowance.  The cops would take their cars into the chop shops to 
get the odometers turned forward to get more allowance.  (The chop shops usually 
turn the odometers back to make the cars look less used.)
[Be careful.  50,000 United Parcel Service uniforms were stolen from the manufacturer.]  
 
     You have to have good tires on your car.  Otherwise, you will slide around, 
especially when the road is wet or icy.  Then you will crash and die, or worse, end 
up bed ridden for the rest of your life racking up huge medical bills and forcing 
loved ones to care for you.  (Or not.  Maybe they'll just toss you into a nursing 
home.)
 
"THE PROLIFERATION OF WIRELESS SIGNAL JAMMERS" 
by PATRICK MCCARTHY
     The competent home invaders of yesteryear would cut the power lines and the 
telephone lines before making entry.  Now days, most homes don't have land lines 
for their telephones.  Maybe for their internet.  Maybe their phone is on their internet.  
The criminals aren't stupid.  
     The reason the Mexican cartels are recruiting U.S. Signals Intelligence personnel 
is to maintain their secure communication.  Any moron can jam a signal.  It takes a 
trained SigInt operator to defeat the jammers.  Or, to monitor a signal and draw 
intelligence from the signal.  Even if you can't understand what they are saying or 
can't decrypt or can't interpret the machine Morse code, you can still do Traffic 
Analysis and direction finding.  And that's usually enough to find and destroy 
your target.  (I'm talking about the target, not the transmitter.)  
     Have a buried land line, just in case.  (Or, have a microwave relay to your 
nearest cell phone tower, depending on your level of sophistication and geography.)  
 
"Parents of 13-year-old boy accused of shooting and killing his brother, 5, 
face endangerment charges after 'leaving gun out' " by ALYSSA GUZMAN
Excerpt:  
     "Their 13-year-old, Keegan McGivern, admitted to investigators on December 14 
that he shot his brother Connor with his father's handgun that he 'always leaves out,' 
the criminal complaint said.
     Never leave your pistol lying around for others to pick up and use.
 
"16-year-old girl, mistaken for intruder, fatally shot by father on Southeast Side"
by Bethany Bruner
     Positively identify your target.  Use your words.  Use your flashlight.  
     Police response time, 5 minutes.  
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
*************************************************************************
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
     I was listening to a Christian radio station as I was driving and a lady gave the results 
of a recent survey.  A lot of persons believe that when they die, they will go to heaven 
and be turned into angels.  (There are many songs on the Country radio stations that 
espouse this belief.)  This is not Christian theology, so these persons are not de facto 
Christians.  But, they identify as Christians, they think they are Christians.  Sort of like 
a guy identifying as a gal.  A person can call himself whatever he wants to, but that 
doesn't make it true.  No matter how much the person believes it.  No matter how much 
the government or governing body of that sport believes it.  
     This is the sort of thing that Claude is talking about in the above quote, 
"Much of what you know is false."  If you don't get training, you will never defeat 
your false beliefs.  
     There are those who teach "instinctive shooting" / "point shooting" / "target focused 
shooting" / etc.  The basic premise being that the shooter does not have a hard focus 
on his front sight when releasing the shot.  
     There are those who teach shooting with both eyes open.  In particular, they are 
teaching to release the shot with both eyes open, usually focusing on the target.  
Because both eyes open focusing on the front sight would cause extreme difficulty 
aiming, as the shooter would see two targets.  Focusing on the target with both eyes 
open causes a double image of the front sight, so it's just as wrong.  
     Dismissing such people as idiots is not appropriate.  Calm logical argument is the 
correct course of action, if they are interested in learning, which most aren't.  Because 
if they are stupid enough to believe such nonsense, they are usually too vested in their 
school of thought to consider that it might be wrong.  
     Ask them to read the after action reports of shootings or interviews of persons who 
have been in gunfights.  If they do, they will see that when the bad guy was actually 
hit, the police officer will say things like, "The front sight was huge as a basketball."  
And when the 14 rounds are fortunately caught by a wooden fence in the background, 
the police officer will say things like, "I never saw my front sight.  I was watching the 
bad guy."  But, that is of course, anecdotal evidence and not statistically significant.  
Though it is a clue.  
     The arguments would be as follows:  
---
     Why the shooter has to focus on the front sight -- 
     If you don't focus on the front sight, it will wander off on you, and you will never 
notice it, because you won't see it, because you're not focused on it.  Such is 
"inattentional blindness".  If you don't understand inattentional blindness, view this video, 
     Visual focus is equivalent to mental concentration.  You are concentrating 
on whatever you are visually focused on, because the eyes are part of the brain 
[Michael Ochsner (Mike Ox) explains this in his book, "Real World Gunfight Training"] 
and has been understood at least as far back as 1977, when I studied psychology 
at Columbia.  So, if you focus on the target, you won't notice the front sight.  The front 
sight will wander off the target and you'll never notice it.  So, you will miss the target.  
---
     Why the shooter has to close the non-aiming eye for the fraction of a second 
required to release the shot -- 
     Aiming with both eyes open causes the shooter to see a "double image".  
You can prove this to yourself by sticking your thumb up at arm's length, 
place it over a distant target, focus on the target and you will see two thumbs, 
focus on your thumb and you will see two targets.  
     So, if you are focused on the target and using the wrong front sight 
image, you will miss the target.  If you are focused on the front sight and 
use the wrong target image, you will miss the target.  Murphy's Law guarantees 
that the shooter will be using the wrong image.  [Murphy's Law - Anything 
that can go wrong, will go wrong, at the worst possible time.]
     The shooter won't automatically use the image from the dominant eye, 
because eye dominance is perceptual, not physiological.  So, it can and does 
change with stress and attention.  Eye dominance is not necessarily left 
or right.  It can be 50% - 50%.  Or, anything in-between.  Everyone is different.  
Any time a person aims with both eyes open, he will get a double image.  
     Assuming a hard focus on the front sight, a person using his right eye to aim, 
who uses the wrong target image will be shooting way off to the left (damaging 
property, injuring innocent bystanders, maybe killing them).  A person using his 
left eye to aim, who uses the wrong target image will be shooting way off to the right.  
This is why it is essential to eliminate the double image by closing the non-aiming eye.  
Murphy's Law says that anything that can go wrong will go wrong, at the worst 
possible time.  So, the person shooting with both eyes open will be shooting at the 
wrong image, and hitting unintended objects.  No such thing as a miss, only 
unintended hits.  
     "Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong."  So, we must eliminate anything 
that can go wrong from our weapon system.  So, the non-aiming eye must be closed.  
     There is nothing natural or instinctive about shooting.  Shooting is a specialized 
skill peculiar to a specific tool.  Comparing shooting to any other day-to-day 
operation in normal life is incongruous.  
---
     Why the shooter has to keep his finger off the trigger until the sights are on the 
target and the shooter has made the decision to fire. -- 
     "Ugly Training, Poor Results" by Jeff Gonzales
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
     Bill Rogers, 
and some at Gunsite Academy, 
teach starting the trigger press as soon as the pistol is pointed at the target, before you 
push the pistol out to the target.  So, that you may shoot as soon as the sights are on 
the target.  I agree with Jeff Gonzales, this is wrong and dangerous.  
 
"Fighting or Shooting – Which to Practice?" by Dave Spaulding
Excerpt:  
Gillum:  "How did you get into so many fights and always come out on top?  
I nearly tied you shooting!"
Books:  "Friend, there's nobody out there shooting back at you! It isn't always 
being fast . . . or even accurate . . . that counts.  It’s being willing!  I found out 
early that most men, regardless of cause or need, aren't willing.  They'll blink an 
eye or draw a breath before they pull the trigger . . . and I won't!"
---
     If someone is late for work, do you think he will be on time for combat?  
If you think so, you're a damn fool.  
     If you tell a guy about the dangers of a holster that uses the trigger finger 
to release the pistol and show him the documentation (such as the three 
documents attached to a prior email) that prove the point, and he still uses 
the holster, do you think he is trainable?  do you think he is incorrigible?  
     A Marine colleague (who retired as a senior field grade officer) told me 
that when he went into Al-Fallujah, the U.S. Army electrical guys would not 
go with him, saying "we might get killed".  Apparently, they had a different 
understanding of what was expected of them when they signed up for the 
U.S. Army.  Fortunately, the Marine Master Sergeant assigned to my 
colleague's unit was a Reservist and an electrical contractor in civilian life.  
So, the MSgt. was able to take care of the electrical things that needed doing.  
     You have to know the willingness of the people that you are going 
into combat with.  Their competence, capability, and expertise don't mean 
much if they won't go.  Similarly for your instructors.  Similarly for your 
partners in life.  
     If you are a good instructor, you can instill the willingness to fight 
into your students.  If you are a good leader, you can instill the willingness 
to fight into your subordinates.  At least some of them.  Some people are 
just cowards; best not to waste time with them.  
     Self defense is combat.  Leaving your house is entering a potential 
self defense situation.  No, no (as Liz Wheeler would say), life is a 
self defense situation.  You have to know beforehand, who you can 
trust to fight with you.  
     Some scared bunnies are nice people.  They are fun to be around.  
They are fun to sleep with.  But, you can't depend on them to watch 
your back when the muggers attack.  You can't depend on them to 
protect their own children.  You have to be discerning.  You have to 
know who these people are.  Otherwise, you get killed when they fail 
to back you up.  
 
     In his book, "What The Dog Saw", in the chapter titled, "Most Likely to Succeed", 
Malcolm Gladwell explains why it's impossible to hire the correct person for the job, 
using the National Football League as an example.  The basic problem is that college 
football is not like professional football in key respects (such as the plays that they 
use).  Do you see how this relates to your training for lethal force encounters?  Your 
force-on-force training is not like a violent encounter in the real world.  And can 
never really be, because the casualty rate would be too high for any civilian instructor 
to tolerate.  The instructor would never be able to get insurance.  
     In Marine Corps recruit training, recruits die.  How many deaths could a civilian 
instructor tolerate before he went out of business?  How many casualties could a 
civilian instructor tolerate before he was sued into bankruptcy?  
     You should read the book.  I highly recommend.  
     The point is, don't deceive yourself into thinking that you are good to go.  Strive 
for competence, with the understanding that the real world is going to be different.  
     I was working intelligence for a combined arms exercise in the California desert 
by 29 Palms.  The weather guys said the winds were too high.  So, CWO Carter told 
command that the winds were too high and advised them to postpone the jump.  
Lt.Gen. Klingston gave the order to jump, and the 101st Air Borne jumped.  
Every Lt. in every plane gave the order to jump.  They sustained 3% casualty and 
1% fatality.  Back then, I thought, what a waste.  But, now I understand that those 
who survived would have been competent to go into combat.  Those who did 
not survive, were not competent.  It wasn't a training evolution.  It was a weeding 
out process.  
     Make sure your training is "training" and not "weeding out".  Because you 
might get weeded out.  
     A friend told me of his recent training experience.  He was in a body guard 
(executive protection) class.  In an exercise, he and others were moving a principal 
from one location to another.  During the movement, my friend fell and injured his 
knee.  A serious injury, so my friend had to drop out of the class.  (Tuition for the 
class, time for the class, pain and suffering, medical expenses, lost wages from the 
regular job, . . . )  Maybe my friend was too old, maybe too heavy, etc.  A person has 
got to know his limitations.  Otherwise, you get weeded out.  
     Tim Larkin tells of how he was weeded out of the Navy Seals in the beginning of 
his book, "When Violence is the Answer".  I recommend his book.  (A colleague 
gave it to me as a Christmas present.)  
ISBN 978-0-316-35464-6 (hard cover)  
ISBN 978-0-316-35465-3 (paper back)
 
     “The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can 
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
"Full-Size Handgun: Go Big Before Going Compact
WHY YOU SHOULD LEARN TO SHOOT ON A FULL-SIZE 
HANDGUN BEFORE GOING COMPACT." by Stacey Mudgett
     When we were toddlers, we used the big fat pencils.  When our coordination got better, 
we used the thinner pens and pencils.  Same thing.  
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
"Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting (Part 6)" by The Tactical Professor
     There are links to all of the previous articles, parts 1 to 5.  
 
     Email from Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
"Training Helps You Handle the Adrenaline Rush" by Kat Ainsworth Stevens
     Wenger's comments -- 
I (Stephen P. Wenger) have linked to this primarily as a springboard for my own 
comments.  Stevens is correct about the value of inoculation in overcoming the effects 
of stress.  Pilots deal with life-threatening emergencies – despite the claims of some 
trainers about the “inevitable” effects of adrenaline/epinephrine – because they drill 
dealing with them, whether in simulators or in the air.  I invite correction from list 
members who may be more current in the literature of physiology and medicine than 
I am but . . . The deleterious effects of stress are the result of the architecture of the 
brain, which if not well trained allows the so-called “reptilian brain” to override the 
“thinking brain” – the neocortex.  The catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine 
are released from the medulla of the adrenal glands on stimulation that originates in 
the CNS.  They are very short-lived hormones that do not actually enter the brain in 
appreciable quantities.  Cortisol – a much more persistent hormone – is similarly 
released from the cortex of the adrenal glands.  It is my own theory that it is 
responsible for the “adrenaline junkie” phenomenon in those people in which it – and 
similar drugs – produce a sense of euphoria.  Yes, “muscle memory” is a misnomer 
for conditioned reflexes – which do not always require the once touted 3,000 repetitions 
to cement.  I was taught to take as wide a sampling of firearms training as I could afford.  
I came to regard that advice as a two-edged sword.  Years ago, a student who'd taken 
my Arizona CWP course returned for a weekend of further training and left as a very 
proficient shooter.  Four years later – when a refresher course was still required to 
renew the Arizona CWP – he required what I recall as three attempts to shoot a passing 
score in the state-mandated “qualification” course – five shots at five yards, five shots 
at ten yards.  In the interim, he'd trained at a much better known “shooting school” that 
had taught him different technique.  Instructors tend to teach the techniques that work 
best for them.  Good instructors are familiar with different techniques so that they can 
adapt to students who may differ from the instructor.  Both my website and my book 
(you may download the book free of charge at Wenger's webiste, cited above) were 
intended, in part, to help gunners evaluate both past and prospective training for its 
practicality in emergencies.  Unlike Stevens, while I may be able to help some hunters 
with marksmanship and related matters, my words are not intended for that audience.
 
"100 percent standards" by The Tactical Professor
     There is no such thing as a miss in the real world.  There are only unintended hits.  
If you train to 70% or 80% accuracy, how can you expect to shoot 100% in the 
real world?  
     "But Staff, if I shoot 100% accuracy, I'm shooting way to slow."
     What are you going to do about that?  May I suggest:  
Practice recently.  Practice realistically.  Practice more.  
Move in closer, so you don't miss.  (Ya, I know it's dangerous.  But, it works.  
What did you think you were signing up for?)
Take a kneeling or squatting position and a head shot.  The upward trajectory will 
minimize the chance of hitting persons in the background (at least the near background).  
Move behind cover to give yourself more time.  Approach from behind cover.  
Move back to give yourself more time.  Retreat is a tactical maneuver.  Retreat 
is not surrender.  
     Remember our safety rule, 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
This means you have positively identified your target.  (With a flashlight and verbal 
questions if need be.)
This means you are aware of panicking persons who may run into your line of fire.  
This means you know what's in your background, in case you miss or pass through.  
     Oh, yes, being the good guy is much more difficult than being the bad guy.  
If you are killing innocent bystanders, you aren't really the good guy.  [Being in 
the Air Force and operating under orders does not relieve you of this safety rule.  
If you have a conscience, your violation of this safety rule will eventually hit you.  
Even if nobody else knows.  Well, the intel guys will know.  And they sometimes 
feed journalist who write books.]  
"Shocking Video in Fatal Burlington Store Shooting" by Officer Tatum
“Perfect” Outcomes! BY JOHN FARNAM
 
Rangemaster JANUARY 2022 NEWSLETTER
 
"UD!" (Unintentional Discharge) BY JOHN FARNAM
     Once you've found a correct carry position for you, 
Lock Tite the damn screws!  You don't have to use the type of Lock Tite 
that requires a propane torch to remove.  The regular type is fine.  And 
check all of your equipment before you put it on.  If you can't check it, 
don't put it on!  
     All of your equipment is in good working order.  Otherwise, you are WRONG!  
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
 
*************************************************************************
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"Slow and Steady Makes For Good Firearm Practice" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
Excerpt:  
     "You might argue that slow may be good in practice, but slow doesn’t win gunfights.  
I can’t argue with that.  But working slow and working to create good habits is the 
foundation that winning speed is built upon.  You truly have to learn to walk before you 
can run.  When we have taken the time to ingrain good habits, we have built the foundation 
for winning in a criminal attack.  Good habits and skill beat luck every time."  
     In his book, "Be Fast, Be Accurate, Be the Best", Bill Rogers says, 
"You can't shoot fast by shooting slow.  You have to practice shooting fast to shoot fast.  
Because shooting fast is fundamentally different from shooting slow."  
I disagree.  I think Wilson is correct.  
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
*************************************************************************
----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
     Criminal activity generally takes place between the hours of 10:00 PM and sunrise.  
Because this is when the law abiding citizens are sleeping.  Fewer witnesses, fewer people 
to get in the way, etc.  So, you should plan to take care of your business in the early 
morning hours after sunrise, when most of the criminals are sleeping.  Ya, if he's high on 
meth, he could go several days without sleeping, but generally speaking, humans have to 
sleep.  In the early morning hours there are law abiding citizens busy at their outdoor 
jobs and moving around; picking up trash, making deliveries, etc.; except on holidays.  
But hopefully, you too are sleeping in on holidays and not bopping around.  So, there 
are generally lots of witnesses in the early morning hours.  Good for us, bad for the 
criminals.  
     Every gunfight avoided is a gunfight won.  
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"TACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF ENTERING A HOME TO ENGAGE 
AN INTRUDER 
THE HOUSTON HOME INVASION: PART 2"
by  Justin Collett
 
     In his book, "The Tipping Point", in the chapter titled, "The Power of Context", 
Malcolm Gladwell, on page 160, explains that 
     ". . .  The mistake we make in thinking of character as something unified and 
all-encompassing is very similar to a kind of blind spot in the way we process information.  
Psychologists call this tendency the Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE), which is a 
fancy way of saying that when it comes to interpreting other people's behavior, human 
beings invariably make the mistake of overestimating the importance of fundamental 
character traits and underestimating the importance of the situation and context.  . . . "
     So, you have to consider the context of the lethal force encounter.  Where are you?  
What has happened immediately prior to the present?  How are you behaving?  
How is the enemy dressed? (gang banger, businessman, Sunday best)  Etc.  
     The situation (to an objective observer) may not be what you think it is.  The 
situation in the mind of the enemy may be entirely different from your perspective.  
Having a misunderstanding is bad.  Having a misunderstanding with guns is tragic.  
     Jeff Cooper in his "Principles of Personal Defense" says you can figure out the 
situation in an instant.  I disagree.  My experience has been ambiguous situations, 
and not knowing who is on whose side.  
     When operating in the U.S. Armed Forces, everyone on your side is wearing your 
uniform, so everyone else may legally be considered an enemy combatant until proven 
otherwise.  So, it's actually okay to machinegun the lady in the abya (black dress that 
goes from head to toe with slits for the eyes) who won't stop when told to.  
     In our civilian world, you have to do things to clear up the ambiguity.  Yell, "STOP!"  
Say, "Sorry sir, I can't help you."  If he keeps coming, you may have to shoot him.  
But, as least you tried.  And your attorney can articulate what you did to try to clear 
up the ambiguity, and why the bad guy's actions clearly indicated malice.  Yes, that's 
how it works.  That's what you have to do to avoid prosecution.  
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task, skill, or tactic) -----
 
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Why Trigger Jerk Is A Myth" by John “Shrek” McPhee
 
    Right handed shooters scatter their bullets low left (and left handed shooters scatter 
their rounds low right) when they push against the anticipated recoil before the bullet 
exits the muzzle.  This is an autonomic nervous system response.  All autonomic 
nervous system responses are defeated by the surprise trigger break.  Yes, it is that 
simple.  Simple, not easy.  Achieving a surprise break takes concerted effort and 
practice.  Even after achieving the epiphany, one may slip back into intentionally 
firing the pistol, as opposed to letting the pistol fire with a surprise break.  So, 
continued practice is essential.  Competent firearms manipulation is a perishable skill.  
So, you have to continually practice.  
 
"Learning how to Properly Conceal Carry" with Tessah & Shelby
    Wings, claws, and wedges, not just for inside the waistband appendix holsters. 
You should consider using them on your holster, no matter where you wear 
your holster.  
     The Enigma is independent of your pants and belt.  That is significant.  You can 
leave it on when using the bathroom.  (Depending on your choice of underwear.)  
 
     Always carry on the same place on your body.  Always!  Don't let attire or season 
change the position of your pistol.  Sheriff Jim Wilson <http://sheriffjimwilson.com
tells a story of walking with a suspect who turned on him and attacked.  The sheriff 
went for his pistol, only to find it wasn't there, because he had worn it in a different 
position that day.  Big mistake!  
 
"Weak Hand Shooting: Tips to Improve Support Hand Skills" by Travis Pike
     This is why you have to have an ambidextrous pistol.  
     Appendix carry is only easier for support-hand-only draw if you're drawing from 
in front of your body.  It's impossible to draw by reaching around the back of your 
body, as you would have to if the bad guy were in front of you.  
     Does your support-hand have the range of motion to establish a correct grip on your 
pistol before you pull it out of your appendix holster?  If not, you're going to have to 
turn the pistol around in your holster, somehow.  
     With a little stretching, most of my students can establish a correct grip with their 
support-hand when the pistol is still in the holster when carrying on the side of their 
hip (at 3 o'clock or 9 o'clock).  So, they don't have to turn the pistol around.  You too 
can do this with a little practice.  
     You don't have to lose the fight.  Just learn the proper techniques before the fight.  
And practice them, so you can actually execute them under stress.  
     That's why you have to take classes from different persons in different schools.  
Instructors won't teach what they don't understand.  Instructors won't teach what 
they can't do themselves.  Instructors won't teach what they can't demonstrate.  
(They might have an assistant instructor demonstrate for them, especially if they 
are getting on in years.)  
 
     "A pirouette is a graceful spin that's executed by ballerinas and contemporary dancers 
alike.  As a child, I loved to do pirouettes in my modern dance class, whirling round and 
round until I was dizzy in the head and fell to the ground.  As I got older, a trick I learned 
to help me maintain my balance and control was "spotting" -- identifying a single point 
for my eyes to return to each time I made a full circle spin.  Having a single focal point 
was all I needed to master my pirouette with a graceful finish." -- Kimya Loder 
"Our Daily Bread", 'January/February/March 2022' edition, page 'Saturday, February 19'.  
     Do you see how you can use this technique in combat?  Perhaps you learned a 
similar technique in your yoga classes, but that was stationary.  Miss Loder is talking about 
a dynamic technique.  Yes, it works.  Besides dancers, ice skaters, and other use it.  
     Look.  Choose a point to fixate on.  Keep looking at it as you turn.  If necessary, 
snap your head around and find the point.  Stop turning.  Look.  No dizziness, no 
vertigo, no loss of balance, no motion sickness.  Bravo!  
     If you can't do this technique for whatever reason, the next best thing is to close 
your eyes. Turn.  Stop.  Open your eyes.  (You can't shoot very well when you're 
turning around anyway.  So, you're not really losing much.  No, as a matter of fact, 
you are not John Wick.)  
 
"FOOTBALL “HAND-FIGHT” EXERCISES AND DRILLS FOR THE MARTIALIST"
by HOCK HOCHHEIM <HOCKHOCHHEIM@FORCENECESSARY.COM>
     Diverse training.
 
"4 myths of front sight focus" by Mike Ox
 
"How to Improve Pistol Accuracy and Speed with Handgun Red Dots
Reflex sights can improve pistol accuracy and speed, 
but only if you know how to use them." by BRAD FITZPATRICK 
Excerpt:  
     "I can’t tell you all the secrets regarding how this technique works, 
but it does. Try it for yourself."  
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
"The Art of Coaching" by Brian Hill
 
"The Basics of Hosting a Training Class" by Adam Syfrett
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
     In his book, "The Tipping Point", in the chapter titled, "The Stickiness Factor", 
Malcolm Gladwell explains a radical conclusion about children and television.  
[But, I think it applies to adults, as in adult learning.]  
     "Kids don't watch when they are stimulated and look away when they are bored.  
They watch when they understand and look away when they are confused."  
     You should read this book.  I highly recommend.  
     So, you should observe your students.  They will watch you when they understand 
and look away when they are confused.  Confused, not bored.  If they look away, 
you need to explain something.  Find out what they are confused about, and explain it.  
 
     In his book, "The Tipping Point", in the chapter titled, "The Stickiness Factor", 
Malcolm Gladwell on page 125 explains that 
     "An adult considers constant repetition boring, because it requires reliving the 
same experience over and again.  But to the preschoolers repetition isn't boring, 
because each time they watch something they are experiencing it in a completely 
different way."
     Perhaps this is what Jesus meant, when He said, you have to be like a child to 
enter the kingdom.  Matthew 18:3
     On page 126, "If you think about the world of a preschooler, they are surrounded 
by stuff they don't understand -- things that are novel.  So the driving force for a 
preschooler is not a search for novelty, like it is with older kids, it's a search for 
understanding and predictability," says Anderson.
     Are your firearms / self-defense students not in the same boat as the preschooler?  
     [You won't get bored with dry practice repetitions if you notice all the things you are 
doing wrong and try to correct them on the next repetition.  Ya, you might be doing 
it perfectly.  But more likely, you're doing it too fast to be able to detect what's wrong.  
As Sheriff Jim Wilson says in the article above, slow down and pay attention.  If you 
still can't detect any errors, practice in front of a mirror.  Shocking isn't it? how 
twisted and contorted you are.  Your peers and coaches could tell you a hundred times, 
but you won't believe them because it feels correct.  So, you won't correct it, because 
they are wrong.  Fortunately, mirrors don't lie.  And they are hard to argue with.  Even 
the evil queen couldn't. (The one in Snow White.)  If you've got access to video, 
even better.  But, because you don't view the video until a few seconds later, it's 
not as effective as a mirror.  Instant feedback is really stunning.]  
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     ***** 
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
     A friend has a reloading system for sale:  
Dillon XL 750 press
CV-750 vibrating case cleaner
D-Terminator electronic scale
CM-500 media separator
Berry's kinetic bullet puller
RF 100 Auto primer filler small
Set of dies for loading 9X19mm pistol ammo (the standard 9mm ammo)
Spear bullets reloading manual #14
Hornaday handbook of cartridge reloading 9th edition
Lyman reloading handbook 49th edition
Some storage cases for 9 mm pistol ammo, 50 round boxes.
About 1 pound of Hodgson HS-6 pistol/ shotgun powder
Also have pick up tubes.
     If it weren't for deaths and divorces, I'd never be able to afford my gun stuff.  
She's asking $2000.  The stuff is in Summerville, SC.  
 
     In his book, "The Tipping Point", in the chapter titled, "The Stickiness Factor", 
Malcolm Gladwell on page 180 explains why the human eye is only capable of 
focusing on a small area at any given time, because ". . . the receptors that process 
what we see -- are clustered in a small region in the very middle of the retina called 
the fovea."  
     This has all kinds of implications for your training.  Besides the fact that you 
should be constantly scanning, which is part of being aware.  
     I highly recommend this book.  
 
----- Gear ----- 
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
"Plight!" by JOHN FARNAM
     Decommissioning government arsenals in the U.S. was a good thing.  The private 
sector does a better job than a government bureaucracy.  Support the U.S. firearms 
industry.  Buy American!  
 
"The best shooting ear protection worth wearing" by Matt Sampson
 
"The Best Lens Colors" by Mary Waszkiewicz
 
"Get a Grip" by Dave Merrill
 
"4 Tips To Choose a Defensive Handgun" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
“Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
 
"How to Clean & Lubricate a Gun" by Eric Hung
 
"What Is the Best Gun Barrel Material?" by NRA Staff
     "Niobium and columbium are synonymous names for the chemical element with 
atomic number 41; columbium was the name given in 1801, and niobium (Nb) was 
the name officially designated by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry 
in 1950." -- U.S. Geological Survey
     Why the unnamed author insists on using an obsolete name for an element is 
beyond me.  While the IUPAC is bunch of nasty political shits, they are still the 
de facto governing body.  We were constantly fighting with these morons when 
I worked at the National Bureau of Standards in Gaithersburg, MD.  (I don't care 
what anyone calls the bureau or the city now days, I'm going to use the names 
that I knew when I lived and worked there.)  At least IUPAC didn't do anything 
stupid like removing planethood from Pluto.  [Pluto is a planet!  I've never been 
there, but I have a justified true belief.]  
 
“Chance favors the prepared.
Fortune, the bold.
Providence, the audacious!”
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     ***** 
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
Concerning innocent persons who were convicted -- 
     The Innocence Project reports:  
70% of cases involved mis-identification by witnesses.
32% of cases involved mis-identification by multiple witnesses.   
45% of cases involved mis-application of forensic science.  
     Innocent persons get convicted all the time.  Andrew Branca says, "If you are 
innocent and go to trial, you have a 10% of being convicted.  That's just the noise in 
the system."  The justice system isn't perfect.  You don't always get the correct verdict.  
     So, if you don't have self defense insurance, you're a damn fool.  Because in 
America, you get as much justice as you can afford.  
See the link in the column to the right of this article labeled, "Self Defense Insurance".
 
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
Free of charge.  Just pay shipping.  
     Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage.  
 
"FBI And Other Agencies Paid Informants $548 Million In Recent Years 
With Many Committing Authorized Crimes" by Adam Andrzejewski
     Many informants were authorized to commit “crimes” with the permission 
of their federal handlers.  In a four-year period, there were 22,800 crime 
authorizations (2011-2014).
---
"FBI authorized informants to break the law 22,800 times in 4 years
New details about FBI informants were obtained through the Freedom of Information Act."  
by Dell Cameron and Patrick Howell O'Neill 
---
Primary source documents follow:   
---
"AUDIT OF THE BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS
AND EXPLOSIVES’ MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT OF
CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANTS"
by Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
---
"Audit of the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Management of its 
Confidential Human Source Validation Processes" 
by Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
---
"Audit of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s
Management and Oversight of its Confidential Source Program" 
by Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
---
     Sentences such as, 
"These investigations determined the DEA’s use of these individuals as sources was 
improper." are rampant throughout these reports.  
     If you think these "Law Enforcement Agencies" are not using informants to entrap you, 
you're a damn fool.  If you think they would never do anything illegal to entrap you, 
you're criminally stupid.  They authorize their informants to commit crimes to entrap you 
as a normal way of doing their work.  They are lazy.  It is much easier to entrap the 
innocent than to investigate the criminal.  (Also, a lot safer.  The bad guys might kill 
them.)  This is an example of human nature.  
     The ATF sent several people to ask me for illegal weapons, suppressors, auto sears, 
etc. when my first ex and I had an FFL in Honolulu, Hawaii.  So, I know from first 
hand experience that these Inspector General reports are true.  
 
"Chicago community hires private security to curb crime surge" by Fox News
     Chicago police are forbidden, by department policy, to pursue criminals.  
Stop and think about that.  If they pursue, they can be individually sued 
because their actions are outside of the scope of their job description.  
[In order to sue a law enforcement officer, the standard legal verbiage is 
"abuse of power under color of law and actions outside the scope of 
his job description".]  So, the community hires private security (many 
of whom are sworn law enforcement officers from other jurisdictions) 
to protect the community, because the officers will pursue and arrest.  
Just as in North Charleston, SC, this will cause the criminals to move to 
other less affluent areas that cannot afford to hire private security.  
Do you see the intended consequences?  You can bet the politicians who 
imposed these policies knew exactly what the consequences would be.  
 
---
     Democratic vice president Hubert Humphrey remarked, 
“There are not enough jails, not enough policemen, not enough courts to 
enforce a law not supported by the people.”
     Humphrey, while still a US senator, he stated in GUNS Magazine, 
“But the right of the citizens to keep and bear arms is just one more 
guarantee against arbitrary government, one more safeguard against a 
tyranny which now appears remote in America, but which historically 
has proved always to be possible.”
     Since 1988, Nebraska's own constitution includes: 
“All persons are by nature free and independent, and have certain inherent 
and inalienable rights; among these are life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness, 
and the right to keep and bear arms for security or defense of self, family, 
home, and others, and for lawful common defense, hunting, recreational use, 
and all other lawful purposes, and such rights shall not be denied or infringed 
by the state or any subdivision thereof.”
     Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA.
---
 
"Atty. Andrew Branca Interviewed on Rittenhouse Trial by CCW Safe"
      Andrew explains how unethical contemptable prosecutors are.  So, you have to 
have a strong intelligent defense team.  
     Derek Michael Chauvin had one attorney.  The prosecutors had 12 attorneys.  
They were churning out motions that Chauvin's attorney had no time to read, much 
less write a written response to, much less being able to argue the law (you can't 
argue if you didn't get any sleep the previous night.)  
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for a dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Survival *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
     How gun companies survive.  
"Seventeen gun firms flee to friendlier states" by Paul Bedard
     It's important to know the states and the companies.  
Where do you want to live?  Where do you want to raise your children?  
If you answered Los Angeles, CA, I think you clicked on this blog by mistake.  
If you want to survive, you might want to move into a friendly state.  
 
Jordan Peterson: Women always reject these men
Excerpt:  
     "Money is the promise that your sacrifice now will pay off in the future."
---
     Inflation (caused by the government shutting down large sections of the 
economy and printing money) is breaking that promise.  What is the natural 
reaction to this broken promise?  (Well, you can see it in Los Angeles, Portland, 
Chicago, etc.)
     You have to be able to defend your castle.  
Or, you have to have an escape plan, a place to escape to, and the means to 
get to that place.  If you have to escape from Los Angeles, CA and have to 
get to your parent's place in rural Massachusetts, you better have a means 
of transportation that doesn't depend on any airlines or bus company.  Or, 
you have to move now, while the airlines and bus companies still operate.  
 
"Beyond Tactical: Black Medical Gloves" by Justin
     I remember this advice from one of Greg Ellifritz's classes.  Wear gloves that allow 
you to see blood on them.  Black don't.  
 
"Real Gunfighter Lance Thomas on Justic Files" by Rodger B
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** War Stories, History, and such *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
10 Commandments of Logic
 
"THE RIDDLE OF THE GUN" by Sam Harris
 
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thoms Jefferson
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com
KI4SDN
 
God can do more than you can hope or imagine.  

Wednesday, December 15, 2021

CWP, 15 December MMXXI Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs, 
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
 
"Complacency and Firearms, a Dangerous Combination" by Matthew Maruster
 
Avoidance, Deterrence, Escape
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"The Armed Citizen – A Five Year Analysis" by Claude Werner
Excerpts:  
     Mindset of the potential victim was far more important than the type of weapon used.
     Awareness of the surroundings appears to be a key element of successful defense.
     Be familiar enough with the weapon to employ it without fumbling.
     If the attacker does not withdraw, counterattack without hesitation. 
 
"The New Reality - Master Class with Ken Hackathorn - Episode 25"
Excerpt:  
     "No one is coming to save you."  
[My next door neighbor called 911 when guys were trying to kick her door down.  
The Metro Nashville Police never showed up.  It took me 15 minutes to show up 
(I was not at home).  It took her husband 30 minutes to show up (he was at work).  
So, Hackathorn is correct.  You better internalize this reality and plan accordingly.  
-- Jon Low]
 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
 
----- Aftermath -----
(You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
 
     Never talk to the police!  Ask for your attorney and shut up!  
The police will lie to you.  Don't believe them.  Don't listen to them.  
There are many U.S. Supreme Court rulings saying that it is perfectly 
fine for the police to lie to you.  (Of course, if you lie to the police 
that's a crime.)
     Instructors who teach "talking to the police" are WRONG!
"You Have the Right to Remain Innocent" by James Duane 
     If you talk, you will be convicted because the police don't care about your innocence or guilt.  
All they care about is their promotions and raises.  Arrests count.  Convictions count.  
Exonerations don't count.  

     Say "no" when the police ask for permission to do anything.  Just say, "NO."
"Busted! How to Handle the Police Until You Get a Lawyer" by Mary Griego
    "Shut up!  Please shut up."  
     I can beat an illegal search.  I can beat a search warrant.  I cannot beat your stupidity 
in giving the cop permission to search.  Of course, they are going to plant evidence.  
They aren't stupid.  
 
     Talking to the police is criminal stupidity.  Don't do it.  
Giving the police permission to search is criminal stupidity.  Don't do it.  
Some instructors teach, point out evidence.  If you do that, the police will say that only 
you knew where the evidence was because you put it there.  And similarly for other 
things you say.  Your statements will all be twisted and used against you.  That's why 
so many innocent people are in prison.  They aren't guilty.  They are stupid.  
That's why the Innocence Project has gotten so many people released from prison.  
My state senator, Mark Pody, worked on such a case.  If the guy had just kept his 
mouth shut in the first place, he never would have been convicted.  Everyone thinks 
they are being a good citizen and helping the police.  Ya, you're helping the police 
convict you.  
     Stupid is as stupid does.  Talking to the police is stupid.  
 
"Don't Talk to the Police" by Regent University School of Law
     Please view this video.  Please take Prof. James Duane seriously.  
 
Instructors who teach "say little" when interacting with the responding police officers 
after a lethal force encounter are WRONG!  The instructors teach things like, 
"point out witnesses and evidence to the responding officers".  Don't!  
Keep your mouth shut!  Don't write anything.  Don't sign anything (American Sign 
Language).  Don't say anything.  
 
     When you're in jail, the police will come to you with a paper to sign.  They will 
tell you that it's just a formality and once you sign it they will release you.  DON'T 
sign it.  It is a confession.  Once you sign the confession, you will be arrested and 
spend the rest of your life in prison.  Yes, as a matter of fact, this sort of thing 
is common practice.  
 
     Michael Drejka was violently shoved to the ground in a parking lot by 
Markeis McGlockton who was much bigger and stronger than Drejka.  
Drejka immediately shot McGlockton in the front of his chest (not in the back).  
McGlockton retreated into a store and died.  
     The responding police officers declined to arrest Drejka because it was obviously 
self defense.  
     The county Sheriff declined to press charges against Drejka because it was 
self defense.  
     Then, Drejka goes in to talk to the police for two hours without his attorney 
present.  The recorded statement was played at his trial to convict him of man slaughter.  
Drejka is now getting beaten in prison on a regular basis.  And will be for the rest 
of his life.  
     If you are stupid enough to talk to the police, you can talk yourself into a conviction, 
even when you are completely justified, completely innocent of any crime.  
     My father, who was a prosecutor, judge, defense attorney, et al told me that 
stupid people get convicted.  Doesn't have anything to do with guilt or innocence.  
Arrogance is a form of stupidity.  That's why God tells us to be humble.  
 
"D.C. commits to sweeping post-conviction review after report uncovers breakdowns in city’s forensics arm"
By Emily Davies
     Whether corruption or incompetence, the result is the same, innocent persons convicted.  
This is why it is so important to never talk to the police.  Teach your children to never talk 
to the police.  You and your children can talk to your attorney.  Then your attorney can 
talk to the police.  But, you should NEVER talk to the police.  
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take 
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
 
*************************************************************************
----- Safety -----  
(how to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders)
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
“Self-Defense for Women: Getting to "No!" You” by Tamara Keel
Excerpt:  
     "It's okay to be firm with strangers if that's what it takes to keep yourself safe.  
Even if it makes you feel rude or, worse, Not Nice at the time, it's still okay.  
It doesn't go in your permanent record, promise."
 
"4 Simple Steps to Effective Boundary Setting" by JARRETT ARTHUR
 
     The normal people smile and wave to me when I smile and wave to them, when they are 
driving into our facility.  So, the guy walking in was unusual.  When he neglected to respond 
to my smile, wave, and verbal greeting, I radioed ahead to let the other security officers 
know that a grumpy guy was approaching the front doors.  Grumpy would need a key fob 
to open the door, but the security officers met him outside the doors, because if he's a bad 
guy, you can't let him get inside.  (Same for churches and such.)  The security officers 
engaged Grumpy in "friendly" conversation.  Grumpy said he was Jewish.  (We were having 
the Hanukah festival today in a big tent in the parking lot.)  One of the officers asked him 
how many candles he had purchased for his Menorah.  Grumpy looked at the huge Menorah 
that the kids were throwing plastic rings on in the tent, counted 9 places to hold candles, 
and replied, "Nine."  So, security escorted Grumpy off the property.  
The trick is to go deep (every question based on the answer to the last question), not broad 
(every question independent of previous questions).  It's easier to catch a lie that way.  
If you didn't get it, ask a Jew how many candles they need for their Menorah for their 
Hanukah celebration.  
     I remember in boot camp, the Drill Instructors told us a story of a Marine on guard duty 
who encountered an unknown person during the Korean War, late at night in the dark.  
The unknown person identified himself as a fellow Marine and gave the appropriate 
password.  The Marine guard looked at the guy's boots and immediately shot the fake 
Marine.  Ask a Marine how to lace your boots.  (And in modern times, where you 
place the dog tag.)  
 
Free Gun Safety class
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
*************************************************************************
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
     A colleague of mine does MMA fighting.  He has long hair.  I asked him about this and 
he told me that the rules prohibit grabbing the opponent's hair (as well as eye gouging, 
scratching, biting, etc.).  I mentioned that we are in the security business, we get into real 
fights, no rules.  His response was that if someone grabbed his hair, he would kick him in 
the testicles.  Well, that's all well and good, if you can.  I think this is a terrible training scar.  
     When I joined the Marine Corps, the first thing they did upon arrival at boot camp was 
to cut off the hair on our scalps, because where the head goes, the body follows.  If 
someone can grab your hair, they have a significant advantage.  Enough of an advantage 
to kill you.  
     When we learned Judo flips in boot camp, the Drill Instructors explained to us that 
these techniques were not the sort that you would learn in a civilian dojo.  Because in the 
civilian world you don't want to hurt your opponent.  It's just a sport.  Training scar.  
     Beware of training scars.  They are everywhere and they will get you killed.  
 
     A weapon system without proper operator training is dangerous to everyone within range.  
[What an instructor in artillery school said, but equally relevant to pistols.]
 
     “The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can 
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
"WHEN CITIZENS FIGHT BACK
ARE WE TRAINING WRONG?"
BY TOM GIVENS
Excerpt:  
     "The success/failure tally among the incidents involving my students is 62 wins, 
zero losses, and two forfeits.  Every one of our students who were armed won their 
confrontation.  Only three of those were injured, and those three recovered.  To the 
best of my knowledge, two people have gone through training with us and 
subsequently were murdered in separate street robberies — but neither was armed.  
This is why we put a great deal of emphasis in our training on the necessity of 
routinely carrying your gun."
     "Based on this data, we believe the following are key skills the private citizen 
should concentrate on in their training:
     Quick, safe, efficient presentation of the handgun from concealed carry.  
     Delivery of several well-placed shots at distances from 3 to 7 yards.  
     Keeping the gun running, including reloading and fixing malfunctions.  
     Two-handed firing. We train our students to use two hands if at all possible 
and most have done so in their fights.  Bring the gun to eye level. This is the 
fastest way to achieve accurate gun alignment.  All but two of our students 
brought the gun to eye level, and as a result got good hits.  Two had to shoot 
from below eye level due to unusual circumstances."
     [While Tom does not state it in this article, he did in one of his classes, 
state that the probability of you being the victim of a violent crime is not 
one in a million, it's more like one in twenty six. 
     The 62 wins, 0 losses, and 2 forfeits is interesting.  But, the significant number 
is the hundreds of thousands of times that his students are not attacked in the first 
place because their training caused the predator to decide not to attack them.  
Can't get data for this statistic, but I suggest it is huge.  
-- Jon Low]
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
"Gearing Up For A Training Class" by JEREMY TYE 
     You’ve just enrolled in your first multi-day pistol training class.  In order to get the 
absolute most value for your hard-earned money and time, take a minute to consider 
these suggestions on preparing for a shooting class:
     Bring a gun that you know works.  Sounds like common sense, but there is always 
that “one guy” that shows up to a class with a brand-new gun, or a gun that has a brand 
new trigger/barrel/slide/red dot/etc.  If your stuff doesn’t work, you can’t shoot, and 
nobody else can shoot either because the instructor is probably now focused on getting 
you squared away.  Run your gun hard prior to a class, put a few hundred rounds through 
it in a quick range session to ensure that everything is where it needs to be.  If you’ve got 
a backup pistol, bring it.  If you don’t, make sure that you at least have a small spare 
parts kit.  Extra extractors, firing pins/strikers, locking blocks, slide stops, recoil spring 
assemblies, having that stuff on hand is always a good idea.  Oh, and don’t show up to 
a class with a pistol that has new irons or a dot that hasn’t been zeroed.  . . . 
     Have a bunch of mags.  You’re going to need more than 3, even if that is the number 
of mags required by the instructor.  I like to show up with 5 mags fully loaded, and 5 mags 
that are empty so that I can load them to whatever the instructor wants for the next drill.  
A dump pouch on your belt makes it really easy to carry a bunch of mags to the line and 
store the mags that you’ve picked up off the deck.  If you’ve got an ammo bag that you 
can dump your ammo into prior to the class, its way easier to load from a bag or can than 
it is to load from the factory boxes, and you don’t have to worry about throwing away all 
the empty ammo boxes at the end of the day.  
     Fresh batteries for everything.  This includes electronic ear pro, red dots, 
cameras/go pros, and flashlights.  Anything that takes a battery gets a new one, even if you 
just swapped it a few weeks prior.  Bring extras for your buddy that forgot to change the 
batteries out in their gear.  Lithium batteries are pricey, but they generally last longer, weigh 
less than alkaline, and most importantly won’t swell or burst inside your expensive gear.  
A few dollars extra is cheap insurance when it comes to electronics.  
     Lastly, check your torque.  Screws love to back out and disappear at the worst possible 
time.  If you’re running a red dot, make sure your mounting screws are torqued and 
witness-marked.  Same goes for weapon-mounted lights.  And don’t forget about the 
screws in your kydex gear.  Vibratite VC3 or Permatex Orange threadlocker works great 
on kydex screws to keep everything where it should be.  
     A little due diligence prior to the class can make or break the class experience for not 
only you, but also your classmates.  Nobody likes standing on the line chatting with one 
another while the instructor is back at the tables trying to quickly put a student’s gun or gear 
back into service.  Make the most of your time by showing up to class prepared to learn 
and prepared to shoot!  
     [If you don't take money for the class (the tuition is a donation to the church, gun club, 
or junior shooting team that is hosting the class), it is much easier to inform the student 
that he may audit the class, but that the instructors will not loan him equipment.  
     Allowing another stranger student to loan equipment to the incompetent student can 
become a liability nightmare.  I strongly recommend against it.  The real problem is that 
if he is providing equipment and ammunition for her, he might be expecting something 
in return. -- Jon Low]
 
"Victory is predicated on mastery of the basics, AND the ability to perform them subconsciously."
-- John Farnam
 
"Skin That Smoke Wagon! Fundamentals of Clandestine Carry Pistol" by John Mosby
Excerpts:  
     Be Able to Hit What You NEED to Hit, As Many Times As Necessary.
     Be Capable of Getting the Gun Into the Fight, in Time to Be Useful.
     Make Appropriately Good Decisions, Under the Stress of a Life-or-Death Fight.
[The author warns the reader that his opinions may trigger the reader. -- Jon Low]
 
"What is Situational Awareness?" by Spencer Blue
Excerpts:  
     ". . . overcome denial . . ."
     "He is not acting naturally, he’s behaving naturally."
 
Front Sight Reality Check #88
     Off duty Baltimore cop does everything right.  Training pays off.  
Unfortunately, the innocent victim dies, because the cop was 
facing the wrong way in the barber chair when the shooting 
started.  The cop stopped shooting when the bad guy dropped 
his pistol.  Wow!  That is self control.  
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
 
*************************************************************************
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"Become An Ambidextrous Shooter To Boost Your Scores" by Chris Christian
     Also important for combat, especially that part about how to transfer the pistol 
between hands.  
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
"56 Concealed Carry Mistakes and How to Avoid Them [Update]" by Jacob Paulsen
 
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
*************************************************************************
----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"The Importance of Communication for Personal Defense" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON
     That's why you have to have a powerful (750 lumens or more) flashlight.  Even when 
the other person is suffering from auditory exclusion, a little flash of light reflecting off 
anything in his field of view and communication is made, or at least started.  It's got to 
be bright enough for him to see in bright daylight.  This also works if your friend is deaf.  
(He might not have been born deaf.  He may have gone deaf during the combat operation.  
Ever seen the movie "Blackhawk Down"? or read the book?
https://readerslibrary.org/wp-content/uploads/Black-Hawk-Down.pdf
)  
 
"How Body Language Impacts Personal Defense" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON
 
"Gun Skills - Tactics to Clear Houses" by Ed Head
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task, skill, or tactic) -----
 
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Apollo Robbins Demonstrates the Technique of a Master Pickpocket | The New Yorker"
     Do you see how you can use these techniques to take a person's pistol from them?  
Do you see how someone could take your pistol?  
 
"Gunfighting and Neuroscience: Why Using Your Front Sight Might Kill You" by Jake
     The author is talking about subjects in the field of psychology, not neurology (which 
is what I assume he means by "neuroscience").  I assume the author meant this article 
to be a non-fiction essay on technique, as opposed to an opinion piece.  Because 
everyone has an opinion, some more learned than others.  But, as a technique, this is 
not well articulated.  For instance, the definition of "quiet eye" talks about "3ᵒ of visual angle".  
A 3 degree angle is a 2 dimensional measure.  (In a 2-dimensional circle there are 360 degrees, 
or 2𝝅 radians of planar angle.)  In 3 dimensions, the unit of measure is the steradian.  
(In a 3-dimensional sphere there are 4𝝅 steradians of solid angle.)
Precision of language is precision of thought.  
     Note Claude Werner's comment after the article.  
     If the red dot sight is calibrated correctly (built correctly at the factor) and zeroed, 
one would expect the red dot (a virtual image) to appear super imposed on the target 
and in the same visual plane as the target (in focus when your eye is focused at the target) 
and indicating the point of impact of the bullet.  [But, the red dot is usually focused at 
infinity, not at any realistic pistol shooting distance.]  {There are some real physical 
problems with virtual images, but that's outside the scope of this article and this blog 
posting.}
     When shining a laser on the target, you would have a real image, super imposed 
on the target.  Laser light does not disperse (as in chromatic dispersion, because all 
of the photons are exactly the same frequency) and does not dissipate (because all 
the photons are traveling parallel to each other).  So, the laser spot on the target 
should appear in focus.  But, at any realistic pistol shooting distance, the laser spot 
is going to be too small to see in combat.  (And you can never tell if the laser dot 
that you are looking at is your laser dot, or someone else's.)
     With iron sights, you've got a much simpler system (more reliable), and all images 
are real.  No light is emitted or reflected.  This is a big deal.  The light from your red 
dot sight is visible from in front of you and behind you.  The light from your sight 
is reflected off your glasses.  Which is fine if you're playing games, but not in combat.  
     You've got to be careful.  What Ben says he is doing is what Ben thinks he is doing, 
which may not be what Ben is doing.  As a coach, I've seen this a lot.  
Excerpt:  
     "Less experienced shooters will need a hard focus on their sights to verify their gun 
is aligned correctly.  They do not have the requisite practice time to look at a spot and 
line the gun up subconsciously.  This is fine in a target shooting scenario, but deadly in 
the real world."
I disagree.  Remember "inattentional blindness".  If you don't focus on the front sight, 
it will wander off on you, and you will never notice it, because you won't see it, 
because you're not focused on it.  This is a real problem.  To say that a person can 
subconsciously aim a pistol is nonsense.  Training to subconsciously aim a pistol 
under combat stress is criminal stupidity.  Because you're guaranteeing an unintentional 
hit.  
 
"Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting (Part 4)" By tacticalprofessor
     The links to the previous articles are given at the end of the article.  
 
"Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting (Part 5)" By tacticalprofessor
     The all important follow through.
 
"Grip Control" by Ernest Langdon 
 
"How to Grip a Pistol" by Brian Zins
 
     The following article is an example of criminal stupidity.  
"Handgun Operation: Firing Semi-Automatic Pistols" by NRA Staff
     The reason no one would put their name on the author line is because 
this article is bat shit stupid.  
Excerpt:  
"To decock a semi-automatic pistol lacking a decocking mechanism. . . "
     Never manually lower a hammer with a live round in the chamber.
To do so is criminal stupidity.  This article is wrong on so many levels.  
There is no manual of arms for any pistol in which a hammer is manually 
lowered (as opposed to using a decocking lever) on a loaded chamber.  
If you want to drop the hammer, unload and pull the trigger.  
     Having to cock the hammer to fire the pistol is just as stupid as 
having to rack the slide to fire the pistol.  It's time you will never have.  
It's action that you will never be able to hide.  
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
"Continuing education for trainers is vital. " by Tom Givens
 
"Tom Givens Answers My Incessant Questions" by Lee Weems
     When you buy a modern gun, you are buying a box of parts.  You then have to find 
a gunsmith to fit the parts together.  Hand fitting isn't normal anymore.  Unless you're 
paying $2000 for the pistol.  
     Tom's training is successful because he gives his students permission to defend themselves.  
Modern police response time, 17 minutes.  [But, the gunfight is over in seconds. -- Jon Low]
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
     You may not be able to smell yourself.  But, I assure you that others smell you.  
So, you have to shower (scrubbing all surfaces, including your scalp beneath your hair), 
floss and brush your teeth (including all surfaces in your mouth), and don clean clothes.  
     If your armpits stink, it is because bacteria is growing there.  Kill the bacteria with 
hydrogen peroxide, white vinegar, diluted bleach, or household disinfectants.  Do not 
use anti-perspirants.  Because they contain alum, which will cause your pores to seize 
up, preventing you from sweating.  That prevents your body from regulating its temperature, 
leading to heat exhaustion, sun stroke, and possibly death.  Hair has a huge surface area.  
Removing hair will drastically reduce the surface area for the bacteria to grow on.  
     Do not use perfumes.  The French developed perfumes to mask their stench, because 
they did not bathe daily, because they thought that it was unhealthy to bathe.  We know 
better.  Bathe daily, if not twice daily.  If you believe that perfumes make you attractive, 
you are wrong and have bought into the cosmetic industry propaganda.  You are God's 
masterpiece of creation.  Your God given pheromones make you attractive.  Perfumes 
disturb the other person's ability to recognize and react to your pheromones.  Similarly 
for cosmetics.  Painting your face does not make you look pretty.  It makes you look 
like you've painted your face.  
     If the other person has to wash his hand after shaking hands with you to get the 
reek of your perfume off his hand, he is not going to want to shake hands with you the 
next time he sees you.  No, your perfume is not manly.  Whores wear perfume to cover 
the smell of their last client because they don't have time to shower between clients.  
Real men do not wear perfume.  Real men are clean.  
     If you stink, the dogs can easily track you.  If you are clean, the dogs will have a 
hard time tracking you.  
     Your body is God's masterpiece of creation.  Don't deface God's masterpiece 
with graffito.  
     "The indications of a criminal are:  body odor, bad teeth, no shirt, and tattoos."
-- Sheriff Raymond Nash, Dorchester County, South Carolina
     Keep your fingernails short and clean.  Crud will accumulate under long fingernails.  
Others can smell it and see it.  
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     ***** 
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
     I read "Real World Gunfight Training" by Michael Ochsner (Mike Ox).  
I highly recommend you read this book.  
     If you read and believe what Mike says, you're going to understand that 
the way just about all training is given in the U.S. is fundamentally wrong.  
In the sense that it crams lots of knowledge into short term memory, but 
doesn't get much of that knowledge transferred into long term memory.  
This gives the student the feeling that he's getting his money's worth.  
The student is not going to continue attending classes for weeks or months.  
Especially, if he is from out of town.  So, the student only has a few days 
to get the training (even at police academies).  The logistical constraints 
conspire against correct learning.  
     The correct way to learn is with short, frequent repetition spread over time.
[I am going to try this paradigm by teaching a Defensive Pistol course over 7 Saturdays 
in a row in April and May of 2022. -- Jon Low]
     Here are some excerpts:  
1.  Most gun owners don’t train.
2.  Most “shooting” is play time . . . not training for self-defense.  
3.  People often (mistakenly) think that their permit class is training.   
4.  Most training doesn’t resemble the realities of self-defense shooting.
     "Short stroking the trigger is when a shooter doesn’t let the trigger go far enough 
forward for the trigger to reset.  It feels like and looks like a gun malfunction, 
because pressing the trigger doesn’t cause a round to exit the muzzle, but it’s a 
shooter malfunction.  [This occurs when the shooter attempts to shoot faster 
than he is physically able to shoot.]
     ". . . training in sterile conditions is like riding a bike with training wheels in a parking 
lot and thinking all of a sudden that you can bomb down a ski hill on a mountain bike 
and not get hurt.   But that’s just not reality."
     The 6 Attack Factors:  
#1 - Combat Vision
#2 - Counter Ambush Skills
#3 - Stress Shooting
  Aspect 1: Modulation
How to go in and out of the zone on demand.
  Aspect 2: Inoculation
. . . whether your technique crumbles under stress or is amazingly resilient under stress.
"Stress Shooting Involves Both Modulating Your Stress Response AND Inoculating Your Skills to Stress"
[Mike gives an excellent list of things you can do to induce stress in the student while 
he is learning to preform a task, without injuring the student.  This is much kinder and 
gentler stuff than what the Marine instructors used in SERE school.]
#4 - Fast First Hit from the Holster
#5 - Multi-Attack Engagement
#6 – Dynamic Movement
     There is a footnote at the end of chapter 3, 
"In other places online, I mention that my saccade speed went from 60-160 instead of 
from 30-180.  Why the difference?  Simply put, the reality of going from 30-180 is what 
happened, but it’s much harder to believe.  60-160 is a little under-stated and much 
easier for people to believe."  [I find this statement a little disquieting. -- Jon Low]
     Optimal is 80% dry fire, 10% live fire, and 10% stress training or force-on-force.
     Training scars are formed by shooting at ranges with excessive restrictions 
like 1-2 seconds between shots, no drawing from a holster, etc.  [The range owners 
have their ideas about managing liability, which are stupid.  If you use such a range 
under such restrictions, you are engaging in criminal stupidity.  Because training 
scars get you killed. -- Jon Low]
     The dreaded anticipatory flinch is formed with live fire.  [So, don't live fire!  
Spend your time and effort in dry practice. -- Jon Low]
     If you want to learn anything, you better have adequate diet, exercise, 
sleep quality, stress level, wellness (as opposed to sickness), hydration, etc.
     Front End “Primed”.  [I've been doing this for years.  I always email complete detailed 
documentation to my students at least a couple of weeks before the class and ask them 
to read it before the class.  (Of course, very few do.)  As Dustin Solomon says, 
"An instructor should not expect any learning to take place the first time new information 
is presented."  So, you have to tell the students to read your book before the start of class.  
John Farnam and Tom Givens have books that they expect the student to read before 
showing up for class.]  
     Short training sessions.  [As John Farnam says, get to the point, and then stop talking.]  
     Frequent Training & Sustainment Training.  ". . . frequent small blocks, 
spread out over an extended period of time."
     Fused Skills.  “interleaved” training.  ". . . one of the most important reasons why 
block & silo training is used over fused/interleaved training is because it “feels” better.  
Interleaved training, when it’s done correctly, is a constant struggle that is taxing on the brain.
     Fun.  
     Focused training.  
     [If your urine is yellow, you are chronically dehydrated.  Which is bad for your health.  
If you need an alarm clock to wake up to go to work (or whatever you need to do), you 
are sleep deprived.  Which is bad for your health. -- Jon Low]
     REM sleep is essential for learning your new skills.  You can eliminate your REM 
sleep with caffeine, alcohol, some medication, too much light or noise, or not enough 
time in bed.  
     I am old enough to remember having to request books, journal articles, and such 
from the library.  It is so much easier now days, as most of the references cited in 
this book are accessible free of charge on the internet.  (Though some of them do 
cost money, but that can be avoided by requesting through your library.)
Michael Ochsner suggests the following articles:  
     "The real risks during deadly police shootouts: Accuracy of the naïve shooter"
by William J. Lewinski, Ron Avery, Jennifer Dysterheft, Nathan D. Dicks, and Jacob Bushey
     "Police Academy Training, Performance, and Learning"
by John O’Neill, Dawn A. O’Neill, Katelyn Weed, Mark E. Hartman, William Spence, 
and William J. Lewinski 
     "The Illusion of Competency Versus the Desirability of Expertise: 
Seeking a Common Standard for Support Professions in Sport"
by Dave Collins, Veronica Burke, Amanda Martindale,and Andrew Cruickshank 
     "Introducing the Reality-Based Training: Blending Psychology, Philosophy, and Technology"
by Kenneth R. Murray and M. R. Haberfeld
     "Testing the Efficacy of a 1-Day Police Decision-Making and Autonomic Modulation Intervention: 
A Quasi-Random Pragmatic Controlled Trial"
by Paula Maria Di Nota1, Joseph Arpaia, Evelyn Carol Boychuk, Peter I. Collins, and 
Judith Pizarro Andersen
     "Motor Learning and Performance 6th Edition" by Tim Lee and Richard Schmidt
     "MOTOR LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT" 
by Pamela S. Haibach-Beach, Gregory D. Reid, Douglas H. Collier
ISBN:  1492586404
 
     I read "Street Smarts, Firearms, & Personal Security" by Jim Grover, Paladin Press.   
ISBN 10:  1-58160-067-4
ISBN 13:  978-1-58160-067-4
(Out of print, but you can get a copy at many of the online used book stores.)
I recommend.  
Excerpt from chapter "How to Pick a Good Firearms Instructor" (which applies to all 
instructors):  
Qualities to look for in a firearms instructor:  
Patient
Articulate
Knowledgeable
Honest
Self-secure (not threatened)
Successful
Published
Busy
Current (still going and doing)
Experienced
Steady (not melodramatic)
 
"Update on the Misleading 'Murderer You Know' Lie, Latest Data" by Dean Weingarten
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
"Vision and Shooting . . . and Aging (Part 1)" by Robert Buonfiglio
 
----- Gear ----- 
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
Ambidextrous IWI MASADA 9mm polymer framed striker-fired pistol
I had an opportunity to fondle and fire this pistol at Royal Range.  
Nice trigger.  Can't go wrong for $480.  
 
"5 Best Concealed Carry Methods for Women, By a Woman" by Morgan Rogue
 
"How Red-Dot Sights Help Aging Eyes (& Everyone Else Too)" by Brad Fitzpatrick
 
"SHOULD YOU PUT A RED DOT ON YOUR HANDGUN?" by KEN SCOTT
 
"BINOCULARS BUYER’S GUIDE" by PATRICK MCCARTHY 
 
Liberty Ammunition (“Liberty”) is issuing a recall in the following calibers:  
Civil Defense 380 ACP, Ultra-Light 380, Civil Defense 9mm, and Civil Defense 40 S&W.
". . . may have insensitive primers, which could result in a failure to fire."
 
     I received some targets by Tactical Target Systems, 
The quality is good.  The customer service is good.  I recommend.  
I paid for the targets.  
 
Craft Holsters
Apply discount code
GIFTITUP10P12X
at check out for 10% off.
 
Federal Ammunition monthly subscription service, 9mm, 40 S&W, and 45 Auto
68 cents per round for 45 ACP brass cased practice ammo is still above my price point.  
 
"DON’T MAKE THESE WEAPONLIGHT MISTAKES!" by Mike Boyle
     Don't use a weapon mounted light on your self-defense pistol, 
because you will search with it.  
     "No, I won't.  I'm well trained."  
     Yes, you will.  Because it is expedient.  And in combat expedient supplants 
training every time.  That's just human nature.  And tragedy will ensue.  
 
P80 Handgun Magazine FOR Glock Model 17 - 9MM Luger 17Rd Black, $16
     Tom Givens says these work well.  
 
"IS ELECTRONIC HEARING PROTECTION RIGHT FOR YOU?" By Paul Carlson
https://www.personaldefensenetwork.com/article/electronic-hearing-protection-right/
     Please read the editor's note at the end of the article.
     Electronic ear muffs are expensive and require batteries.  I have found that Hocks 
Noise Braker ear plugs work great, don't require batteries, block harmful noise, and 
allow conversations to be heard and understood.  Ceramic acoustic baffles.  
     I use the standard ones, not the custom ones.  
 
"Best Pistol Red Dot Sights [Real-Views + Video]" by Eric Hung
     Eric tests the sights with nigh vision goggles, very cool.  
A useful review.  
  
“Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
 
"The Zero, the off-set and parallax | Learning RED DOTS On Handguns (Part 1)"
Colin Murphy is the instructor.
     Zero at 15 yards to minimize the difference between point of aim and point of impact 
from 0 to 25 yards.  Differences are negligible.  
     An interesting press check using the red dot sight.  
     Mr. Murphy's reference to parallax is more correctly distortion due to imperfect machining 
of the reflector.  Because the focus of the system is never changed.  Differences are negligible.  
 
"How a Shotgun Works" by Matt Rittman
 
“Chance favors the prepared.
Fortune, the bold.
Providence, the audacious!”
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     ***** 
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
"Lawmaker Introduces ‘Kyle’s Law’ to 
Prevent ‘Malicious Prosecution’ in Cases of Self-Defense"
by AWR HAWKINS
 
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
Free of charge.  Just pay shipping.  
     Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage.  
 
"Pennsylvania DA Appeals Bill Cosby Ruling to U.S. Supreme Court" 
by Kate Aurthur and Gene Maddaus
     Andrea Constand accuses Bill Cosby of sexually assaulting her in 2005.  
A month later, Montgomery County District Attorney Castor publicly states 
that he will not press criminal charges against Cosby.  
     Constand then sues Cosby in a civil court action.  Cosby can't refuse to 
testify by claiming 5th amendment protections against self incrimination, 
because Castor has publicly stated that there will be no criminal prosecution.  
So, if Cosby refuses to testify, the civil court judge can hold Cosby in contempt 
of court and imprison Cosby until Cosby testifies (which could be forever, 
as there are no statutory limits on the confinement).  So, relying on prosecutor 
Castor's public statement, Cosby testifies.  
     Then in December 2015 (ten years later) prosecutor Steele charges Cosby 
with the exact SAME crime, this time using Cosby's civil suit testimony against 
Cosby.  
     Three years after Cosby's conviction, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
says Steele's use of Cosby's testimony is wrong (for various legal reasons), 
and so vacates the conviction.  
     Now Steele is attempting to get the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn the 
Pennsylvania Supreme court's ruling.  It's pretty clear that Steele is appeasing 
his constituents, which is fine as he is an elected official.  That's why the 
life time appointed justices of the U.S. Supreme Court need to decline to 
hear this case.  If you're not thinking about your next election, it is much 
easier to do the right thing.  
     Actually, yes this does apply to us.  Once the prosecutor says no charges 
will be pressed against you, because what you did was self defense, the 
new prosecutor, elected at the next election cycle cannot charge you with 
murder for what the previous prosecutor ruled was self defense (especially 
not 10 years later).  This is a BIG deal.  
 
"Nevada Judge Strikes Down Homemade Gun Ban on Constitutional Grounds"
by Forrest Cooper
     This is significant and a big win for the Second Amendment.  
 
"DEFENSE AND THE LAW: TACTICAL & LEGAL, PART 1"
     Includes transcript if you prefer reading to listening.  
 
"You Have the Right to Remain Innocent" by James Duane 
     "Keep your mouth shut!"
     The Innocence Project.  
1.  The 5th amendment is just as important for the innocent as it is for the guilty.  
2.  You have no idea how many ways you can get convicted of a crime that you did not commit.  
3.  You will not believe how complicated and hazardous it has become for you to exercise the 5th amendment.  
 
"What Every Gun Owner
Needs to Know About
Self-Defense Law"
by Marty Hayes, J.D
Free download of PDF file.  
     You don't necessarily get to claim self defense.  The judge might not allow it.  Which means 
self defense never gets mentioned in the trial and the jury never gets the self defense instruction.  
     "Prosecuting innocent people is a serious problem in our criminal justice system."
 
"The American Tradition of Self-Made Arms" by Joseph G.S. Greenlee
Abstract at 
 
"Top 3 Self-Defense Mistakes Made After a Defensive Incident"
by Emily Taylor and Richard D. Hayes
Don't tamper with evidence.
Call 911 immediately.
Have an attorney present.  
"Hang up the phone!"
[Some instructors teach their students to keep the line to 911 open, as everything is recorded 
and can be used as evidence.  Ya, evidence to get you convicted.  Hanging up the phone is 
much better advice. -- Jon Low]
 
     This is the crack in the dam that will allow the flood of gun control legislation. 
     It is the Cloture Motion, not the bill listed.  This vote defeats the filibuster.  
The U.S. Senate has set a precedent that allows them to bypass the filibuster 
anytime a simple majority wants to.  
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Survival *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
BASICS OF GETTING INTO HAM RADIO
There are a couple of commercials at the beginning.  
 
ARRL home page
 
"Malcolm X holding a rifle as he kept receiving death threats"
 
     "Buy guns.  Join gun clubs." -- Malcolm X (AKA Malcolm Little)
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     *****  War Stories, History, and such   *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
"1936-1939" BY JOHN FARNAM
 
"Important History!" BY JOHN FARNAM
 
"EXCLUSIVE - Syria: Kurds destroy a suicide bomber's truck filled with explosives coming at them"
by FRANCE 24 (news agency)
     Notice the armor on the truck bomb.  
 
"New Survey on Gun Ownership by Rasmussen Reports: 
Black and other Minority household gun ownership rates both at 40%"
 
     ACLJ <https://aclj.org/> is reporting that the Taliban is summarily executing, 
or causing to disappear, police officers and intelligence officers who had worked for 
Afghanistan's former government.  Apparently, when the officers go in to get their 
letters of safe passage, they are executed.  Who in their right mind would go in to get 
such a letter?  Apparently, the safe passage was part of the agreement that the U.S. 
had with the Taliban.  
     We can't talk about things that we could not have known about, because we'll get 
investigated for divulging classified information (as if classified information is in any 
way secret).  Or, our friends will get investigated for leaking information (as if the 
military industrial complex isn't a sieve).  So, there is always the reference to the 
open source article.  
     Talib = student.  Taliban = two students.  Taliboon = three or more students.  
Yes, it is that simple.  
 
"Gun Control’s Death Throes:  
Burmese Rebels Use FGC-9 3D-Printed Guns to Resist Army Coup" By Jennifer Sensiba
 
Dear Jamie,
     They are beating you because they understand the algebraic structures on the 
geometric spaces, which allow them to draw conclusions that you can't see.  
     Your organization is all about diversity, inclusion, and equity (DIE).  I saw all 
the rainbow masks, the last time I was there.  The polygraph tests and 
psychological tests weed out the politically incorrect.  So, the puzzle palace is not 
hiring the best and the brightest.  They can't even get the best and the brightest to 
apply anymore.*  Be woke, go broke.  
     So, you're going to have to get the training on your own time and your own dime.  
Read "Geometry" by Marcel Berger.  Yes, there is an English translation.  Cole and 
Levy did a good job, nothing significant lost in translation.  The original French is 
in 5 volumes.  The English translation is in 2 volumes.  Work the exercises and you 
will see.  Sorry, I don't know of any short cut.  (I can't give you algorithms or 
source code.)  Besides, you want to understand, don't you?  
     Contact me if you need help. (That wasn't meant to be cruel.  That's just what 
professors reflexively say to students.)
Love,
Spaceman
 
     When I was a child, my mother helped me with my math homework.  I wondered 
who helped the guys at the puzzle palace when they couldn't solve a problem.  
     The first time I visited the puzzle palace in 1987, Norman Hazard and I worked 
on cyclotomic polynomials.  (I think I still have the book that I was reading at the time.)
The answer to your problem is known.  You just have to look it up.  It's not a problem 
to be solved, it's a literature search.  
 
     My dad told me that the intelligence field is like the Mafia, you can never get out.  
I thought that was a silly statement, because I was too stupid to understand.  
My dad told me that if I worked for the NSA, when I got out I would have a blank 
resume.  Every accomplishment, every publication would be classified.  He told me 
I didn't have a pot to piss in.  I thought he was talking about money, because I was 
too stupid to understand.  
 
*    In 1987 at the NSA, I was having lunch in the cafeteria with a young lady who 
had just graduated and was applying for a job as a mathematician.  She was 
brilliant.  She told me of her psychological exam and interview.  The interviewer 
said her written exam indicated that she had had sex with goats and he would 
like her to tell him about it.  Having recently been released from active duty, I said, 
"It's just a game.  Don't worry about it."  
     She had enough self esteem and dignity to say, she would not play such a 
game.  She was wise beyond her years.  (I remember the mass resignations from 
Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore when the scientists refused to play.  I went 
to Los Alamos once to discuss algorithms for random number generators with 
some computer guys.  They all left when the government implemented the 
polygraph tests, psychological exams, and other loyalty tests.  I'm sure it was an 
intentional purge.  Now the scientists are politically correct.  And the smart ones 
are in the private sector.)
     I loved the game.  I played for decades.  What a waste of time.  
 
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thoms Jefferson
     When we believe in God and understand that God is always watching, 
it is much easier to stay on the straight and narrow.  
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com
KI4SDN