Wednesday, November 17, 2021

CWP, 17 November MMXXI Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs, 
 
     “Then Jesus said to His disciples, whoever does not have a sword should sell
his coat and buy a sword.”
– Book of Luke 22:36, New Life Version of the Bible
     This is a transliteration of an ancient text.  The sword was the standard sidearm 
of the time.  Jesus is saying that self-defense is more important than staying warm in 
the winter.  A modern translation would be, “Then Jesus said to His disciples, 
whoever does not have a pistol should sell his smart phone and buy a pistol.”  
 
"Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, 
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use." 
-- Thomas Paine
 
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*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
 
"Too Much Situational Awareness?" by Greg Ellifritz
     Keep in mind that Greg is a tough, strong, imposing, gorilla.  Criminals generally leave 
the area when they see him, even out of uniform.  
 
Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
 
"The Element of Surprise: Understanding your Greatest Defensive Weapon" by Salvatore
Excerpt:  
     "One trend that is universal, however, to the point of being truly consistent, 
is that criminals are taken by surprise when victims fight back."  
     "Just as the majority of good people have a hard time breaking out of the 
freeze and acting quickly against an unexpected attack, criminals also have a 
hard time dealing with what is out of the ordinary.  An immediate force 
response from an intended victim is not expected, it is a surprise, and it is 
your greatest asset if dealing with criminal violence."
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"Nuances of Detecting Danger" by Matt Landfair
Excerpt:  
     "Look for things out of the ordinary or outside accepted social norm."
 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
 
"When the time for talking is over" by tacticalprofessor
 
"That's A Thing Episode 9 Pre-Decisions" by John Murphy

 
----- Aftermath -----
(You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
 
"Don’ts in the news" By tacticalprofessor
Excerpt:  
Don’t go outside to investigate noises in the night.
Don’t challenge people who are not on your property.
Don’t shoot someone in the back when he is running away from you.
Don’t make comments on a public forum that you think this 
kind of behavior is justifiable and/or commendable.
 
     Please read and act on the information in the article at the link 
in the right hand column labeled, "Self Defense Insurance".  Leaving your 
family destitute because you didn't have the foresight to buy insurance 
would be gross negligence.  
     There is a new entry for FTA, FIREARMS TRAINERS ASSOCIATION.  
 
"If some among you fear taking a stand because you are afraid of reprisals . . . 
recognize that you are just feeding the crocodile hoping he'll eat you last." 
-- Winston Churchill (via Ronald Reagan)
 
Discount code KC for 10% off for CCWsafe.   
 
     When you wake up in your prison cell after 20 years of incarceration, 
you have to be able to say to yourself, "It was worth it.  I would do it again."  
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take 
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
 

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----- Safety -----  (how to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders)
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
"Safe Places?" BY JOHN FARNAM
 
"PACKIN' HEAVY
MORE THAN 10% OF ADULTS IN 15 STATES HAVE A CCW" BY DAVE WORKMAN
     All these armed law abiding citizens make you safer.  
 
     Why you need situational awareness at public ranges.  
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
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----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
"Home Defense" by John Farnam
     They have fixed their servers, so the videos play without interruption.  
 
"Low Light" by John Farnam
     More reasons for not using a strobe.  
     John advises to turn the light on for about 2 seconds and then to move when 
your light is off.  I find that it takes several seconds for me to regain my night 
vision when I turn my light off, so I keep my light on once I turn it on.  
     You have to practice and experiment to determine what works for you.  
There are no short cuts.  You can't rely on the advice of others, because everyone 
is different.  How good is your night vision?  How long does it take for you to get 
your night vision back when the light goes out?  At what amount of illumination 
does your night vision kick in?  (You see in black and white, as opposed to color.)  
Etc.  
     The important thing is that you have to search all spaces:  in the closet, 
under the pool table, etc.  Otherwise, you're going to get ambushed.  
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
"Concealed Carry: Vehicle Environment Skills" by John Murphy
Excerpts:  
     "Accept victory and seek cover."  (Don't chase the bad guys.  They might 
shoot you.)
     Don't get out of your car in a road rage situation with your kid strapped 
into the car seat in your car.  
     Leave your windows up.  Lock your doors.  But, that's not enough, you 
have to have a gun.  Otherwise, the bad guys will pull you out and beat you 
to death.  
 
"Training To Win" By Chad Winkler
 
     “The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can 
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
"Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting (Part 1)" by tacticalprofessor
"Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting (Part 2)" by tacticalprofessor
"Friday Fundamentals (Segment 3) Properly gripping an autoloading pistol" by tacticalprofessor
     Claude Werner teaches a bent wrist with thumbs forward on theory that 
"The wrist is most stable when it is extended downward."
     Tom Givens teaches a straight wrist with thumbs up on the theory that 
a straight wrist gives a stronger grip, better for weapon retention.  
     This list could go on for pages, but you get the idea.  You have to 
take classes to learn best practices and then you have to decide what 
works for you.  
 
"Can't find the dot? Here is how to correct this problem!" by Brian Hill
 
     I read "Be Fast, Be Accurate, Be the Best" by Bill Rogers.  The first 
half of the book is historical and biographical.  The second half delves 
into techniques for "reactive shooting".  Allow me to point out some 
philosophical and doctrinal differences from what I am used to.  (Things 
that I will seriously consider.)  I studied psychology at the Columbia 
University Psychology Department, so I kind of know what I'm talking 
about in my comments below.  
     Page 63, My interpretation of Rogers' writing is that he considers 
speed as paramount.    I think that precision is paramount because every 
miss is destroying property, injuring innocent bystanders, maybe killing 
them.  (As Bill Hayes points out, it's "Rogers Shooting School", not 
"Rogers Self Defense School".)
     Page 69, "Cooper promoted a support hand grip that placed the forefinger 
in front of the trigger guard of the pistol."  
     I have never read or heard of this, ever.  All photographs and videos that I have 
seen of Jeff Cooper show him with his left index finger under the trigger guard.  
     The checkering on the front of trigger guards is a design feature to appease 
the U.S. State Department import requirements.  Pistols have to have so 
many "features" in order to be imported into the U.S.  
     Page 74, the photo shows and the text says that the shooter should have 
his trigger finger on the trigger guard.  This is extremely dangerous, as any 
startle response will cause the trigger finger to slip off the trigger guard and 
hit the trigger.  All of the gun schools that I have attended teach, "trigger 
finger on the frame of the pistol".  Massad Ayoob teaches, as high up on the 
frame as you can.  
     Page 75, second paragraph, 3rd line, Rogers teaches holding the pistol 
with the thumb touching the middle finger.  Holding the pistol as one would 
hold a hammer (as Massad Ayoob puts it).  This induces an involuntary 
milking of the grip, as milking the teat of a cow.  All of the gun schools that 
I have attended (such as Rangemaster), teach thumb high to avoid this 
involuntary milking action (and to keep the writs straight to maintain a strong grip).  
     Page 76, second paragraph, Rogers teaches to use the hand corresponding 
to the dominant eye.  In particular, he tells right handed shooters to shoot left 
handed if they are left eye dominant.  
     The left side of the body is controlled by the right hemisphere of the brain.  
The right side of the body is controlled by the left hemisphere of the brain.  
Left or right handedness corresponds to the way the opposing hemisphere is 
hard wired.  
     Eye dominance is different.  The left field of vision of both eyes is processed 
by the right hemisphere of the brain.  The right field of vision of both eyes is 
processed by the left hemisphere of the brain.  Eye dominance is perceptual, 
not physiological, and so can and does change with stress or change in visual 
attention.  As in "inattentional blindness".  
     So, I think Rogers' instruction is wrong on many levels.  
     Page 77, Rogers advocates a response to stimulus shooting within 0.5 
seconds.  The typical reaction time to an unanticipated stimulus could be as 
much as 4 seconds.  So, his paradigm is shooting much faster than a typical 
human can think.  [Out running your headlights.  Out running your GPS. 
Etc.]
     Page 78, middle of first paragraph, Rogers advocates pressing the trigger 
before the sights are on the target and before the shooter has decided to shoot, 
or at least before the shooter has enough information to decide whether or not 
to shoot.  This is very dangerous and counter to what is taught in every gun 
school that I have attended.  (But, I'm sure it gets the shot off sooner.)  
     Page 78, middle of second paragraph, Rogers says that the shooter is 
reducing the weight of the trigger by staging the trigger.  This is false.  There 
is no trigger that I know of that has a displacement to weight function where 
the trigger weight decreases when the trigger is pressed.  Quite the opposite 
is true of every physical spring and every trigger mechanism that I know of.  
     Page 81, "Remember, in reactive shooting, you have already initiated 
the trigger pull well before the muzzle is aligned on the intended spot."  
This violates 
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER 
UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET
-- Jeff Cooper 
Excerpted from: The Modern Technique of the Pistol, by Greg Morrison, 
Gunsite Press, Paulden, Arizona, ISBN 0-9621342-3-6, 
Library of Congress Number 91-72644  
     So, I think this is an unsafe technique.  
     Page 90, third paragraph, 3rd line, ". . . with both eyes open."  
Anytime a person shoots with both eyes open, he will get a double image.  
Shooting with both eyes open runs the risk of shooting at the wrong 
image.  For a shooter intending to aiming with his right eye, 
using the wrong image will cause misses way off to the left.  
For a shooter intending to aim with his left eye, using the wrong 
image will cause misses way off the right.  
     I was taught and teach to close the non-aiming eye for the fraction 
of a second that it takes to release the shot, ensuring that the shooter 
does not have a double image.  
     Page 91, 3rd paragraph, "This is part of my whole program to train 
the subconscious not to react to an OPE caused by pulling the trigger 
of a weapon."  
     OPE is the same as report, the BANG! from the pistol.  (Why coin 
a new term for a well defined English word?)  
     Involuntary reactions to the recoil and report are not subconscious 
responses.  They are autonomic nervous system responses.  
Theoretically, one could train them out of your system.  But, that is a 
bad idea on many levels.  Autonomic nervous system responses serve 
a good purpose for your survival.  You want your hand to jerk away 
from something hot so you don't get burned.  You want your eyelids 
to close when something approaches your eyes to protect your eyes.  
Etc.  
     The way to defeat autonomic nervous system responses for the 
purpose of shooting is to strive for and achieve a surprise trigger break.  
     Page 94, "Since your mind knows when a dummy round is coming 
it is more likely not to flinch."
     Doesn't that defeat the purpose of the dummy round?  If not, 
what is the purpose of mixing dummy rounds in with live rounds?  
 
Marcus Wynne and Carol Martinson
     Check out the case studies, downloadable PDF files at bottom of page.  
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
 
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----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
From an email by Mike Ox -- 
     Real life isn't static.
And real fights don't look like the "average engagements" we read about and practice for.
They don't look like standards, qualifications, or drills.  They're chaotic, unstable, and 
unpredictable.
Which is why it's so critical that you figure out things like:
> How far can you lean around cover before you lose your balance?
> How long does it take you to pop out over, around, or under cover, 
fire an aimed shot, and pop back?
> How do you engage targets in a 360 degree environment more effectively 
(something you can't safely learn or practice at your local range).
> How fast/accurate can you shoot on the move and how do you get better?
> How do you shoot better after being knocked to the ground?  
Or after just making the move from standing to sitting on the ground?
     Most people don't find out that they've got a problem in one of these areas 
until they're in a fight for their life, behind the curve, and realize that their current 
situation is NOTHING like what they trained for.  But when you take solid 
fundamentals and then start pushing your limits . . . with speed, balance, 
position, distance, precision, orientation, movement, light, stress, etc. you do 
3 really important things:
>1. You learn and internalize what your limits are and become familiar 
with the feeling of shooting from awkward positions/situations. 
>2. As you find your limits, you'll expand your limits.  You'll be able to make 
accurate shots from positions/situations that used to challenge you.  
(This is especially important for people who have nagging injuries preventing 
them from being as fast & mobile as they used to be.)
>3. When you find yourself in a high-speed shooting situation . . . whether it's 
competition, force-on-force, or a life and death situation, you'll be more 
comfortable, have less hesitation, and perform better.
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
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----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
"Home Defense Tactics: Tips For Home Defense" by Dave Z.
 
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task, skill, or tactic) -----
 
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Skill Set: Follow Through for Defense" by Tiger McKee
 
"6 Dead Giveaways That You’re Armed" by Sam Hoober
 
     Make sure your pistol is unloaded before any dry practice.
     Please practice your presentation from your holster to the target in a mirror.  
You will get immediate positive feedback.  You will automatically correct 
errors in your form.  (Head erect.  Shoulders down.  Pistol up to your line of sight.)
     If you don't practice in the mirror, your form will be all jacked up.  
And no matter how much your coach or peers tell you that you are all hunched 
up and twisted, you won't believe them, because the position will feel good to 
you.  Trust me, I have coached shooters at the Olympic Training Center in 
Colorado Springs, CO as a level 3 coach.  False beliefs are impossible to 
change without immediate objective feedback, which the mirror provides.  
 
"The Surreptitious Draw:  A Neglected Skill" by Salvatore
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
 
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----- Education -----
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"True History of Assault Rifles" by Liberty Doll
 
"Causes of Gun-Related Deaths in the US: Beliefs vs. Reality" by David Yamane
Excerpt:  
     "The story included a GIF that highlights a fascinating discrepancy between 
what Americans think the main causes of gun death are (murder, mass shootings) 
and what the reality is (suicide)."  
 
"What we know about the increase in U.S. murders in 2020" 
by JOHN GRAMLICH, senior writer/editor at Pew Research Center
Excerpts:  
     "The year-over-year increase in the U.S. murder rate in 2020 was the largest 
since at least 1905 – and possibly ever."
     "The percentage of murders that were solved – known as the “clearance rate” – declined 
from 61% in 2019 to 54% in 2020."
     "Americans remain far less likely to die from murder than from other causes, 
including from suicide and drug overdose."
 
"Bullet Resistance of Typical Suburban Homes" by Don Shift
Excerpts:  
     "Just because you can’t see your target doesn’t mean that your bullets won’t hit him.  
If you need to kill someone and they are hiding behind something, odds are you can try 
shooting through it.  Cinder blocks appear to be solid and capable of stopping bullets, 
but they aren’t."
     "Your suburban home will not offer true cover."
 
"Gun ownership is rising: Here’s why" by Kim McGrath
Excerpt:  
     "Negative outcomes with guns are often tragic, 
but given the number of guns and gun owners we have in the U.S., 
they are quite rare."
 
"Stuart Firestein: The pursuit of ignorance"
Excerpt:  
     "You always get what you screen for."
     "When we are testing, are we evaluating or weeding out?"
     "Education is not about filling buckets.  It's lighting firers."
Bio,
(No, I didn't know he was a Columbia faculty beforehand.)
 
"Slaying the Parrot with Erik Lund"
"That Weems Guy" by Lee Weems
Excepts (paraphrased):  
     Racking the slide rather than pressing the slide release tab is because the 
slide might not be locked back, and it is essential to use a technique that works 
in all conditions.  Gross motor skill vs. fine motor skill has always been a silly 
argument.  
     Shooting faster, while allowing the shot group to open up, is always a judgment 
trade off.  Shooting tight groups on the range is good, because in the real world 
everyone will be moving, so you won't have tight groups.  
     "The combative applications of competitive processes." -- Mike Seeklander
     You have to know the capabilities and limitations of night vision systems, 
so you can train your guys on how to use them, and so your guys will know 
how to deal with the enemy using them.  
     You have to know red dots to teach them.  You have to know left handed 
techniques so you can teach them.  You have to know revolvers so you can 
teach them.  You have to know double action techniques, so you can teach 
them.  Because they are out there and they are not going away.  
     Demo everything.  Demo slowly.  
     There is no universal terminology or technique.  Demonstrate everything.  
Messing up a demo is no big deal.  Diagnose what you did wrong.  Ask the 
students to diagnose what you did wrong.  
     "If you've got a 2 second skill, the 1 second window of opportunity is not 
the time to deploy it.  If you've got a 1 second skill, the 2 second window is 
the time to go." -- John Murphy (paraphrased)
     The arguments that closing one eye to shoot is bad, are nonsense.  
     Look at what you're doing.  Looking around instead of looking at what 
you're doing is wrong.  
     Tactical reloads during a lull in the gunfight?  What's a "lull"?  Informed 
discussion worth considering.  Tactical reload when you feel safe.  
     There are guys out there who don't critically think.  They just parrot what 
they have heard.  
     Don't be a damn parrot.  Develop your craft.  Be an instructor who critically 
thinks.    Express what you want with appropriate words and concepts, do the 
demos to support them, and stop trying to develop stuff in a square range.  
Think about the real world and consider what mimics it here on the range.  
     ALLFIRE DYNAMICS

"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
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*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear ----- 
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
     If you're carrying any pistol with a thumb safety, you have to have safety 
levers on both sides of your pistol.  Otherwise, you won't be able to thumb 
the safety with your left hand only in a high stress situation when you need to.  
     If the safety is too small for you to easily thumb, replace it with an extended 
thumb safety.  And then keep your thumb on top of it as part of your manual 
of arms, as part of your grip.  You have to keep pressing it down, otherwise 
something will bump it, and you won't be able to fire.  
     Don't put extended magazine releases or extended slide locks on your pistol.  
They will prevent your pistol from functioning correctly in combat.  
They will drop you magazine when you're trying to shoot.  They will lock your 
slide when you're trying to shoot.  Yes, it's Murphy's Law.  Like the 
Law of Gravitation, Murphy's Law always operates, 
whether you believe in it or not.  
 
"Fail-Safe" by JOHN FARNAM 
 
"Design Errors!" by JOHN FARNAM
 
     If you can't get your little finger on your grip, your grip is too short.  Get a 
full length grip.  Otherwise, you won't be able to manipulate your pistol correctly.  
You won't be able to retain your weapon when the bad guy attempts to take it 
from you.  You won't be able to shoot accurately, if the grip is too short, 
because it is your little finger that provides the leverage to prevent muzzle flip.  
 
"How Often Do You Clean Your Guns?" by Matthew Maruster
Excerpt:  
     "I've found that, in general, quality guns will run even if they are filthy.  
Lubrication is far more essential to keeping the gun functioning than being 
so clean that you're ready for a white glove test."
---
     If you believe your life and the lives of your loved ones depends on your 
tools working properly, your tools are always clean and lubricated.  
Pistol, car, boat, etc.
 
     Please clean your equipment (even if new) before using.  
That way you won't get sticky price tags on the magazines 
causing malfunctions.  
 
"My Favorite CCW Belt" by Greg Ellifritz
 
Galco Gun Leather
20% discount code:  GIFT20
 
Galco Gun Leather, BELT HOLSTERS
25% discount code:  OWB25
 
Target Sports USA
Wolf Performance 9mm Luger Ammo 115 Grain FMJ Steel Case, 
box of 50 rounds for $15.99 which is $0.32 Per Round
Russian ammo with steel cases.  
 
Tufloc gun racks
     I haven't used one, just looks interesting.  
 
     Deburr the pistol, otherwise the user will get their hands cut and require 
Band-Aids and medical tape to continue the training.  Yes, such action will 
reduce the resale value of the pistol to the ignorant, but the educated will 
appreciate the deburring job.  For years I have used hand tools, metal files 
on metal parts and wood files on plastic parts.  But lately, I have been 
preparing a lot of pistols for students and customers.  So, I bought a 
Dremel tool today, 17 November 2021.  (Use high speed and light pressure.)  
     All sharp points, everywhere on the pistol should be smoothed out, including 
corners of sights.  The square edges of the sight will be visible to the shooter.  
The sharp corners are not necessary.  
     Even if sharp protrusions are not noticeable when the pistol is assembled, 
they will cause problems during field stripping, cleaning, and assembly.  
     Polish all bearing surfaces:  (a fine grain polishing compound is useful) 
     The face of the slide that rubs against the case when the slide is moving 
forward.
     All surfaces that contact the cartridge when feeding from the magazine 
into the chamber.  
     All bearing surfaces of the trigger mechanism.  (No, this is not gunsmithing.  
You're not cutting any metal.  You're just polishing surfaces.)  This will make a 
world of difference in the feel of the trigger.  (If you're sensitive enough to 
feel it.  If the trigger sear surfaces aren't already polished.)  
     All bearing surfaces of the rails that the slide moves along.  
     All bearing surfaces that move the chamber down when the slide moves 
backward, and that move the chamber up when the slide moves forward.  
     The wear marks on the pistol should be smooth and spread out.  There 
should not be any scratches or gouges.  If you see scratches or gouges, 
smooth out the offending protrusions.  
     Surfaces that are smooth (on a fine macroscopic level or microscopic level) 
will not allow carbon and dirt to accumulate on the surface.   The will stay clean 
longer and will be easier to clean.  
 
“Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Massad Ayoob's Pros and Cons of Red Dot Optics for Every Day Carry Handguns: 
Critical Mas Ep. 08" by Wilson Combat
     If the iron sights are co-witnessed with the red dot sight, where in the window are the 
iron sights?  When co-witnessed, how much of the window do the iron sights obscure?  
     Cat Trap defogger.  
     The big advantage is being able to focus on the target.  Focusing on the target with 
iron sights guarantees a miss.  
     Chapman version of the Weaver position.  Firing side arm locked out and pushing.  
Support side arm bent at the elbow and pulling.  
 
"How a Shotgun Works" by Matt Rittman
 
"How a Glock Works" by Matt Rittman
 
"NOSEDIVE AND FEED ANGLE IN THE 1911 .45 ACP" by BRAD MILLER
 
"Colt’s Manufacturing Company Issues Voluntary MSR Recall"
Primary source, 
 
"Incident at Ottawa-area range prompted special forces to pull SIG Sauer P320 pistols out of service"
by Murray Brewster
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
     Small thin pistols may be good for concealed carry, but they are not good for 
training.  If you provide loaners for your students, you should have full size pistols 
with adjustable grips.  Bigger is easier to manipulate.  The student must be able to 
get all of their fingers on the grip.  The little finger floating in space is wrong.  
 
     If you teach, you need to carry general liability insurance (in case something bad 
happens) and professional liability insurance (in case someone sues you for something 
that you taught the student to do).  The two big players in the arena are:  
Lockton (the NRA recommendation)
and 
FTA, FIREARMS TRAINERS ASSOCIATION, 
     You need to read the fine print because there are all kinds of policies with different 
caps (maximum amounts that they will pay) and different exclusions (conditions under 
which they won't pay).  
     Ask your insurance agent.  She may be able to beat the big guys.  
 
     Everyone is different.  Some people don't have significant autonomic nervous system, 
ANS, responses (They don't flinch.  They don't anticipate events and so don't react to them.  
They don't tense when exposed to shock such as concussion.  They don't get motion 
sickness.  They don't get excited or panic when you tell them you're pregnant.  Etc.), 
so they don't teach the 'surprise trigger break'.  Because it doesn't make sense to them.  
     The purpose of the surprise trigger break is to defeat autonomic nervous system 
responses to the report and recoil of the firearm.  For those who have ANS responses, 
the surprise trigger break is essential to allow them to get accurate shots on demand, 
every time, by delaying the ANS responses until after the bullet has exited the muzzle.  
     As we learned in Lee Weems' Instructor Camp, "Your students are not you."  
     Another problem is that being a good shooter and being a good instructor are two 
entirely different skills.  They are not necessarily orthogonal, but they are usually 
independent.  A good shooter may not understand what he is doing.  So, he may not 
be able to explain what he is doing to a student.  (This is actually very common.)   
He may think he is doing a task in a particular way, but he doesn't know what he 
is doing because he has never viewed a high speed video recording slowed down 
and analyzed frame by frame, as we do at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado 
Springs, CO.  So, he's teaching his students a technique that he believes is correct 
because it works for him.  But, he's not using the technique.  
     Superstitious beliefs are difficult to discover and hence difficult to change.  
 
     Clint Smith says, "Every time I teach a class, I discover something that I didn't know."
In the class that I am presently teaching, one of my students (who is a retired nurse) taught 
me how to correctly pronounce "decubitus" as in lateral decubitus (lying on your side 
while shooting).  Other instructors us the terms "urban prone" or "sideways prone", which 
of course are wrong.  Prone is lying on your stomach.  Supine is lying on your back.  
Lateral decubitus is lying on your side.  Which is useful for shooting under cars and 
around corners while keeping most of your body behind cover.  
 
"Saudi women flock to GUN ranges as new-found freedoms in the conservative Gulf state 
that allowed them to drive now let them handle weapons" by STEWART CARR
     My, how things have changed.  Amazing what you can do in an absolute monarchy.  
     In hard core Islamic cultures, women are not allowed to teach men.  And men may 
not interact with women other than their wives, sisters, and mothers (or other close 
relatives).  So, you have to find male instructors for a male class, and female 
instructors for a female class.  But, as you see, at least in the big cities like Riyadh, 
such is starting to happen.  Sometimes we win!  
 
     "Using Blanks in Scenario Training" by Greg Ellifritz
     Greg's recommendation, don't use blanks in training.  
 
     If you are teaching deaf students, use your flashlight to light up the student's 
target to signal him to start the drill.  If your flashlight isn't bright enough to do 
this in daylight, get a real flashlight.  
     Make an effort to learn American Sign Language.  You don't have to.  It is 
possible to communicate with printed (not hand written, nobody can read your 
hand writing) flash cards.  It's not that hard to get a sign language interpreter 
to help you with the class.  But, the effort on your part will make a world of 
difference.  
     Unfortunately, there are dialects of sign language.  So, even if you learn 
ASL, you might not be able to communicate with your students.  Especially in 
the rural Southern United States.  
     Keep a positive attitude and keep trying.  This is what Jesus means by 
store up your treasure in heaven, not on Earth.  
 
     I had a "discussion" with another instructor about how some instructors 
don't have the high stress (not necessarily combat) experience to know that 
a technique is stupid.  So, they teach it, because academically, it makes sense 
to them.  
     He said he never had an instructor tell him that the instructor had ever 
pissed or shit in his pants.  I said, that means that either the instructor has 
never been in a high stress situation, or he has been in a high stress situation 
and is too embarrassed to admit to you that he shit himself.  Which is stupid, 
because as Sara Ahrens says, tell the cops that you shit yourself because 
that proves you feared for your life, which justifies your shooting.  (proof 
of subjective reasonable fear, not necessarily objectively reasonable fear)
     I've always been happy to tell people how I've gotten erections, pissed 
on myself, shit on myself, and had my legs shaking uncontrollably after 
killing someone (and often before the killing).  Of course, no one will listen 
to my war stories unless I'm buying the drinks.   
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
     If you're going to teach a technique, you must be able to answer the question, WHY?  
I teach closing your non-aiming eye for the fraction of a second that it takes to fire the 
shot.  The following (below) is my reasoning.  Compare it to the reasoning of those who 
teach keeping both eyes open when firing the shot.  And decide.  Yes, you have to come 
to a conclusion.  Decisiveness is a character trait.  If you can't decide, you can't commit 
to a course of action.  Wishy-washy teaching is worse than incorrect teaching.  
     "It is better to be wrong than to be vague." -- Freeman Dyson
Because if you are wrong, you can be corrected.  If you are vague, no one can help you.  
---
     Aiming with both eyes open causes the shooter to see a "double image".  
You can prove this to yourself by sticking your thumb up at arm's length, 
place it over a distant target, focus on the target and you will see two thumbs, 
focus on your thumb and you will see two targets.  
     So, if you are focused on the target and using the wrong front sight 
image, you will miss the target.  If you are focused on the front sight and 
use the wrong target image, you will miss the target.  
     The shooter won't automatically use the image from the dominant eye, 
because eye dominance is perceptual, not physiological.  So, it can and does 
change with stress and attention.  Eye dominance is not necessarily left 
or right.  It can be 50% - 50%.  It can be 70% right - 30% left.  Etc.  Everyone 
is different.  Any time a person aims with both eyes open, he will get a 
double image.  
     Assuming a hard focus on the front sight (because target focused shooting 
is stupid.  See next paragraph.), a person using his right eye to aim, who uses 
the wrong target image will be shooting way off to the left (damaging property, 
injuring innocent bystanders, maybe killing them).  A person using his left eye 
to aim, who uses the wrong target image will be shooting way off to the right.  
This is why it is essential to eliminate the double image by closing the non-aiming 
eye.  Murphy's Law says that anything that can go wrong will go wrong, 
at the worst possible time.  So, the person shooting with both eyes open will 
be shooting at the wrong image, and hitting unintended objects.  No such thing 
as a miss, only unintended hits.  "Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong."  
So, we must eliminate anything that can go wrong from our weapon system.  
So, the non-aiming eye must be closed.  
     Visual focus is equivalent to mental concentration.  You are concentrating 
on whatever you are visually focused on.  If you focus on the target, you 
won't notice the front sight.  The front sight will wander off the target and 
you'll never notice it.  Such is "inattentional blindness".  So, you will miss 
the target.  If you don't understand inattentional blindness, view this video, 
     There is nothing natural or instinctive about shooting.  Shooting is a 
specialized skill peculiar to a specific tool.  Comparing shooting to any 
other day-to-day operation in normal life is incongruous.  
 
The shot process for ensuring you hit every time on demand:  
     Sight alignment - 
With a correct grip, align the sights.  With iron sights, this means keeping the top 
of the front sight level with the top of the rear sight and keeping the front sight 
centered in the rear sight notch.  
With red dot sights, this means keeping the dot centered in the window.  
(Yes, as a matter of fact it does matter.  The physics of optics is not something 
you can change with advertising propaganda.)  
     Sight picture - 
With iron sights, striving to keep the top of the front sight on the intended point 
of impact with a hard focus on the front sight.  (Strive to see the scratches on 
your front sight.)  Close your non-aiming eye to eliminate double images.  
With a red dot sights, striving to keep the dot on the intended point of impact.  
     Trigger control - 
Touch the trigger.  Take the slack out of the trigger.  Smoothly increase pressure 
on the trigger without intentionally firing the shot.  Let the pistol fire when it 
wants to.  The surprise trigger break will defeat all autonomic nervous system 
responses to the report and recoil.  
     Follow through - 
Keep pressing the trigger and keep aiming, until you get your second sight picture 
after the shot.  Only then should you reset the trigger.  Follow through ensures 
that you hit your intended target.  Without follow through, it's just luck.  With 
follow through, you are in control.  
     Yes, I know this seems to be a long complex process.  But, with practice 
it will compress in time and become very fast.  Of course, the overridingly 
important thing is that you will hit your intended target every time, on demand.  
And that is more important than speed, because you can never miss fast enough.  
 
     I teach the Weaver platform.  My reasons for teaching the Weaver are as follows:  
1. It places your support side arm in front of the vital organs in your torso, making 
it more difficult for the enemy to strike your heart and lungs.  (For those of us who 
do not regularly wear body armor. If you are wearing body armor, it makes sense 
to present the front of your armor to the enemy and not expose the side of your 
armor.  That's why police are taught the isosceles position.)  
2. It is the same stance for pistol and long gun. So, transitioning between the two 
is easier than with other positions. We expect to transition.  
     "The purpose of the pistol is to give you time to get to your rifle." – Jeff Cooper  
     If the forest is too dense to maneuver a long gun, or the building's passages are 
too narrow for a long gun, or the tunnels are too small for a long gun, we will 
transition to our pistol.  
3. It allows the shooter to pull with the support side arm bicep.  If the support side 
arm is out straight (as in the isosceles stance), you can't pull with the 
support side arm.  You have to pull with the support side arm to prevent the muzzle 
from flipping up on recoil.  If the muzzle flips up on recoil, it takes longer and is 
harder to get the sights on the target for the second and subsequent shots.  
4. It looks more aggressive to the enemy (a significant psychological advantage) 
because it is a fighting stance similar to a boxing stance.  The body language says, 
“I am ready and willing to fight.”  
5. It reduces the width of the target that you present to the enemy.  This has a 
strong psychological affect on the enemy as it makes his target smaller and thus 
reduces his confidence in hitting his target.  
6. It gives the shooter a supported position when the shooter transitions to the 
kneeling position or the squatting position.  
7. The Harries flashlight technique uses the Weaver stance.  
8. It flows naturally from the interview position that you assumed, because you 
were aware of the situation, because you were in condition yellow when the enemy 
started the incident.  
     I also teach the Isosceles platform and have a similar list for it.  As should you, 
if you are teaching it.  You must be able to answer the question, WHY?  
 
     Lee Weems conducts an Instructor Camp in which he strives for 
a "doctrine free" course.  Of course, that's impossible, because 
anytime you teach anything, you are teaching in accordance with 
some doctrine.  
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
*************************************************************************
*****     ***** Legal *****     *****
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
"NO TYPICAL SELF-DEFENSE PROSECUTION" by Justin Collett
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
"Recognizing and Controlling Courtroom Tricks" By Calibre Press
 
     An article about the Kyle Rittenhouse case by LAURA COLLINS
     Not noted in this article, but reported earlier, one of the jurors was dismissed 
by the judge because she said that she took the 6th Commandment, 
"Thou shall not kill.", literally.   How sad that she would believe such an obvious 
mistranslation of the Bible.  How sad that she would believe that God would say 
such a theologically and logically inconsistent thing.  May I invite your attention 
to the article "Lost in Translation" by Tom Givens on page 2 of the January 2016 
Rangemaster newsletter at, 
The correct translation is "Thou shall not murder.", an entirely different meaning.  
As God told the Israelis in the Old Testament, there are a lot of people 
that need to be killed, go out and kill them.  
     Never think for an instant that propaganda doesn't run rampant.  
Why do you think it's called the King James Bible?  Because King James 
commissioned it to advance his agenda.  It's not the same as the Bibles 
commissioned by the Popes in Rome or Constantinople.  Who had their 
own agendas.  
(The different Bibles don't even have the same books.  Apocrypha.  Etc.)
 
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
Free of charge.  Just pay shipping.  
     Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage.  
 
"Info Graphic" by Andrew Branca
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Survival and War Stories *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
"Some Preparedness Activities You Should Do In The Next 30 Days" by Paul T. Martin
 
" “Old Jack” Hinson: Civil War Sniper Back When Sniping Wasn’t Cool " by WILL DABBS
     Excerpt from Docent at Practical Eschatology
     John W. “Jack” Hinson was born in 1807.  A wealthy Scots-Irish farmer in Stewart County, 
Tennessee, Hinson was known as “Old Jack” to his friends.  He was a prosperous slave owner 
who attempted to remain neutral in the face of the brewing Civil War.  He lived on his tobacco 
farm with his wife and ten children and was known for his temper.
     When the Federal General U.S. Grant rolled through the area with his army, Jack welcomed 
him into his home.  In February of 1862 Grant moved on to attack Fort Donelson and Fort Henry.  
As he departed, however, Grant left a Federal garrison behind.  
     “Bushwhackers” was the term applied to unconventional guerilla fighters who attacked Union 
forces from positions of concealment.  In the fall of 1862, Hinson’s sons 17-year-old Jack and 
22-year-old George were out deer hunting near their homestead.  They came across a Union 
detachment that mistakenly took the two boys for bushwhackers.  The Federal soldiers tied the 
two young men to trees, shot them to death, paraded their bodies around town as a message to 
others, and then stuck their heads on the gateposts back at the Hinson homestead.  This turned 
out to be a really bad idea. . . . 
     At age 55 Jack Hinson sent his family away to safety and contracted with a local gunsmith to 
build him a very special .50-caliber Kentucky Long Rifle.  This custom-built weapon sported a 
41-inch barrel as well as set triggers and weighed a whopping 18 pounds.  Hinson used this 
weapon to engage in a one-man sniper war against the occupying Federal troops.  He sniped 
Union soldiers both in garrison as well as in military columns and transports.  He also engaged 
Union gunboats while they were slowly plying the waters of the Cumberland and Tennessee 
Rivers.  His first two victims were the Lieutenant and Sergeant responsible for murdering his 
two sons, both shot cleanly from ambush.  
     Using that obsolete muzzle loading long rifle “Old Jack” Hinson accumulated more than 
100 kills.  He sniped Union naval personnel off the decks of their warships and shot men out 
of the saddle as they passed by in supply convoys.  His longest confirmed kill was nearly half 
a mile.  Ultimately units from four different Federal regiments tracked him unsuccessfully.  
     Hinson was never apprehended by Union forces.  He died at home, of natural causes, 
on April 28, 1874.  
 
     Now here is an enlightened perspective on Kyle Rittenhouse.  
Hat tip to Mark Fitzhenry.
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****  For our friends behind the Iron Curtain / Bamboo Curtain / Woke Curtain / Communist Curtain  *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
      SmashWords.com tells me that persons in Brazil, Canada, United Kingdom, France, 
Greece, Mexico, Germany, Austria, Australia, New Zealand, Colombia, Japan, Spain, 
Czech Republic, as well as the United States are using my Defensive Pistol material.  
That's gratifying.  But, what really turns me on is persons in foreign lands writing to me 
to ask questions.  Wow, talk about an ego boost.  
     SmashWords also tells me that the channels used to get my materials are:  
Amazon, Apple, Baker & Taylor's Axis 360, Barnes & Noble, cloudLibrary, 
Gardners Extended Retail, Kobo, Library Direct, Odilo, OverDrive, Scribd.
     Yes, you too can reach out across the world to spread the gospel of Defensive 
Pistolcraft from the comfort of your living room.  
 
" 'The View' host says she owns a new gun and audience laughs... 
Until they realize she's serious . . . "
by Langley Outdoors Academy
     "It's about who is laughing at you when you embrace your rights."  
 
     "Computer science has nothing to do with computers or science."
-- Donald Knuth (the K is pronounced, it's German)
     Because computer science is pure mathematics.  
 
Information wants to be free.
 
"Bad Furniture"
The wardrobe has lost a lobe,
The blender has gone on a bender,
The pouf is rather uncouth,
The armoire is not for moi,
The icebox is full of rocks,
The credenza has influenza,
And worst of all,
The encoignure is full of manure.
-- Neil J. A. Sloane
Yes, this is the Neil Sloane as in "The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences®" 
 
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thomas Jefferson
 
"Handbook of Applied Cryptography"
by Alfred J. Menezes, Paul C. van Oorschot and Scott A. Vanstone

"Computer Security and the Internet: Tools and Jewels"
by Paul C. van Oorschot.
 
144^5 = 27^5 + 84^5 + 110^5 + 133^5
L. J. Lander and T. R. Parkin, 
"A counterexample to Euler's sum of powers conjecture", 
Math. Comp., 21, (1967), pp 101-103.
 
Let's go Brandon!  
 
Random, not pseudo-random, and unique.  1024 hexadecimal values in the range 00 to FF.
Initialization vector name Dulcinea.  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 
 
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’. 
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
-- Anon
 
     It is an old tradition to hide information in poems.  
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com
   
The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish friend from foe from innocent bystanders. 
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly. 
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the enemy's attack 
without excessive force, without revenge. 
In Jesus name, Amen.

Monday, November 1, 2021

CWP, 1 November MMXXI Anno Domini

Hi Sheepdogs, 
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
 
----- Basics -----
 
"Better to stay out of trouble than get out of trouble."
-- Tactical Professor (Claude Werner)
 
     Keith Finch says, 
Rule 1. Carry a gun.
It is a gun that YOU CAN run and a gun that DOES run.  
Citation:
"Your CCW Gun Doesn’t Matter" by Keith Finch
     A surgeon is not known by  his scalpel.  Any scalpel will do.  
The surgeon is known by his skill.  
 
" "The Hero Has To Be A Monster" - DON'T BE HARMLESS! | Jordan Peterson Motivation"
Excerpt:  
     "If you're going to play with fire, you must be a master of fire."

     If you're going to play with guns, you must be a master of guns.  Otherwise, you'll 
(in order of decreasing probability) shoot yourself, shoot friendlies, shoot innocent 
bystanders, destroy property, fail to shoot the enemy, . . . 
 
" "The Best Men I Know Are DANGEROUS" (building a strong character) - Jordan Peterson Motivation"
Excerpt:  
     "If you only know how to behave, you're just a domesticated cat or lap dog."
     ". . . a man is better when he's a dangerous man who's being good than 
he would be if he were just a good man who wasn't capable of being dangerous."
     "Healthy adolescents break rules."
     "Unless you can think the way that an evil person thinks, you're defenseless 
against them because they'll go places you can't imagine and then they win."
     "A harmless man is not a good man.  A good man is a very, very dangerous man 
who has that under voluntary control."
     All good men are dangerous.  Weak men are not capable of being good.  Inability to 
commit crime does not make one law abiding, it just means that one is ineffectual.  
---
     Oh, the Bible is full of mistranslations and misinterpretations.  (Not just the word "meek".)  
[Tom Givens wrote an article, "Lost in Translation" in the January 2016 issue of the 
Rangemaster newsletter, explaining how some Bibles mistranslate the 6th Commandment 
as "Thou shall not kill."  But, of course that is wrong.  The correct translation is 
"Thou shall not murder."  So, when correctly translated, there is no prohibition against 
self defense.  And there is no command to vegetarianism.
]
Remember, fallible humans are doing the translating and interpreting.  So, while the 
original Bible is the inspired word of God, and may be the inerrant word of God, 
thinking that your modern English translation of the Bible is the inerrant word of God, 
is intellectually dishonest.  
     The Old Testament was written in an ancient form of Aramaic (from which ancient 
Hebrew was later derived), not modern Hebrew.  Can any present day scholar correctly 
read it? correctly translate it?  
     The New Testament was written in ancient Greek, not modern Greek.  Can any 
present day scholar read it correctly? translate it correctly?
     What text was your New Testament translated from?  Probably the Latin Vulgate.  
Were things changed from the ancient Greek to the ancient Latin?  Can any present 
day scholar read the ancient Latin correctly?  translate it to modern English correctly?  
     Probably not.  
     The original Christmas story was about peasants for an audience of peasants.  
Joseph and Mary were not married, because marriage was expensive.  So, Jesus was
born out of wedlock.  Which was a common and natural occurrence.  The problem is
that the Roman aristocracy held their rank and title by virtue of their legitimate birth.  
So, worshiping a bastard was out of the question.  So, how do you make Jesus 
palatable to the Roman aristocracy?  The church created the dogma of the virgin birth.  
And were thus able to convert a Roman Emperor, Constantine I (Flavius Valerius 
Constantinus, c. 280–337 A.D.) and hence the Roman Empire.  [The Second 
Ecumenical Council, held in Constantinople in 381 A.D., affirmed the virgin birth 
of Jesus in the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed.]  
     The problem is that if you remove Joseph from paternity, you can't satisfy
the Old Testament prophesy that the Messiah would be of the House of King David.  
You could argue that Mary was a descendant of King David (if you could find 
documents describing her lineage).  But, that's not how the Jews determined 
lineage.  So, it doesn't quite work.
     We read and translated the Vulgate in Latin class.  It refers to Mary the 
mother of Jesus as a "virginis" (or the correct Latin form thereof), which, in context 
and in time period, translates young girl.  It has nothing to do with virginity.  
There is no mention of Mary being a virgin.  Not surprising since, the Catholics 
didn't codify the virgin birth until Pope Clement VIII issued a papal bull on 
3 February 1603 A.D. known as Dominici gregis.  
     Another theological problem is original sin.  If Jesus was born of woman
(even without a human father) he is born in sin.  So, to fix that problem the 
church created the dogma of Immaculate Conception, the fact that Mary was 
born without sin, so Jesus was born without sin.  On 8 December 1854 A.D., 
Pope Pius IX proclaimed the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception.  
     Oh, it doesn't end there.   As any detective will tell you, once you tell a lie, 
you have to tell another lie to cover the previous lie, ad infinitum.  
That's why Catholic dogma is so convoluted.  
     One solution is to ignore all the nonsense and revert to the original
Christmas story.  Some Christian sects actually do.  But, you have to be careful.  
You don't want to be burned at the stake.  Of course, if you always carry 
your pistol on you, you will be able to shoot your way out when the religious 
police come to arrest you.  (Oh, I'm sorry.  I was having flashbacks to my 
time in Saudi.)
---
     "Much of the problems with translations of the Old Testament arise from using 
the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible, which only dates back to the 7th to 10th 
Centuries A.D.  That is why it is good to compare it to the Septuagint which was 
a translation of the Hebrew Bible to Greek made in the 3rd Century B.C. and/or 
the Samaritan Pentateuch." -- Docent, https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/
 
"Basic Gun Skills: 
Why You Still Need to Know How to Run a Revolver . . . and Other Pistol Types, Too" 
by Ben Jimenez
Excerpt:  
     "Whether your job is patrolling Chinatown or making sure your kids 
make it to the bus stop safely, if you carry a gun, you should also arm 
yourself with the knowledge to operate any gun that may come within your 
sphere of influence.  If you need it to shoot or you need it to not shoot, 
it’s a safety issue that could mean life and death for you or a loved one."  
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm, 
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
----- Aftermath -----
(You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him, 
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
 
     Please read and act on the information in the article at the link 
in the right hand column labeled, "Self Defense Insurance".  Leaving your 
family destitute because you didn't have the foresight to buy insurance 
would be gross negligence.  
or for a secure connection, 
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required for someone to take 
your life, kill your loved ones, and destroy all you hold dear.” 
-- William Aprill 
 
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol 
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.” 
from Principles of Personal Defense by 
Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"LIFE SKILLS | Attack Cycle" by Steve Tarani
Extracts:  (only given to induce you to read the article)
     UNCOORDINATED ATTACK CYCLE:
Look
Choose
Stalk
Close
Attack
     COORDINATED ATTACK CYCLE:
Consideration
Planning
Preparation
Advance
     The split second you cause a predator to react, you have accomplished five objectives:
1. You have disrupted the attack cycle.
2. You have placed him / them on the alert.
3. You have taken the initiative from him / them.
4. You have moved to the front of the action-reaction power curve.
5. You have prevented an attack.  
     [Just as in chess, check forces the opponent to block the check or move out of check.  
Being able to move out of check while simultaneously putting the opponent in check 
is something you need to be able to do.  (Shooting while moving to cover, for instance.) 
In fencing, binding the attack while counter-attacking with opposition.  
Sorry for all the jargon.  Just wanted to show that it's not particular to gunfighting. -- Jon Low]
 
"10 Levels of Deception: The Neuroscience of Magic" by Daniel Roy, Neurobiologist, 
University of Pennsylvania (Yes, actually it is Ivy League.  I matriculated there, 
but dropped out when Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories pulled my funding.  
So much water under the bridge.)  
     When I teach physics to college students, I offer them several experiments 
to prove to themselves their false assumptions.  One of which is, while riding 
a bicycle, which way do you torque the handle bars to turn right? clockwise or 
counter clockwise.  I have had students come to class and swear that they torqued 
the handle bars clockwise to turn right.  They are so vested in their belief that 
they will lie, rather than accept the truth of their own experiment.  That's how 
powerful being vested in a false belief can be.  
     Do you see how you can use this to shoot the bad guy before he realizes that 
you are even close to shooting him?  
 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
— Jeff Cooper
 
*************************************************************************
----- Safety -----  (how to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders [cinematographers, directors, etc.])
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I: ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II: NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III: KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET. 
RULE IV: BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
“Hey, what do you do when someone approaches your car?” by Evan Dzierzynski
Excerpt:  
     ". . . avoid interacting with approaching strangers when you are in a vulnerable position; 
being seated and strapped into a vehicle puts you at risk."
 
"Safety for runners" by Evan Dzierzynski
Excerpt:  
     "Running with someone is the safest option and there is no easy substitute for accepting 
responsibility for your own personal safety.  Something bad is more likely to happen to you 
when you are by yourself because you are simply an easier target."
 
"The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity aka Allegro ma non troppo" by Carlo M. Cipolla 
(an Italian Economic Historian)
     Notice that the definition is that of an economist.  
Definition:  A stupid person causes losses to another person or to a group 
of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses.
1.  Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals 
in circulation.  
2.  The probability that a certain person be stupid is independent of any other 
characteristic of that person.  
3.  The fraction of the population that is stupid is constant.  [This is deep.  Cipolla is saying 
that a stupid person is born and dies stupid, and never moves in or out of this condition. -- Jon Low]
4.  Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid 
individuals.  In particular non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times 
and places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people 
always turns out to be a costly mistake.  
5.  A stupid person is the most dangerous type of person.  
The corollary of the 5th Law is that:  A stupid person is more dangerous than a bandit.  
(Cipolla's definition of bandit is a process criminal, a professional criminal who is 
committing crime for profit, for livelihood.  The criminal psychopath who is committing 
crime for reasons other than financial or status gain would be in Cipolla's stupid 
category.)
---
     If you're to lazy to read the book (actually very short), here is a video, 
"The Five Laws Of Stupidity"
---
     Cipolla defines a stupid person (not the standard dictionary definition).  
And says, "Because the stupid person’s actions do not conform to the rules of 
rationality, it follows that:  
a) one is generally caught by surprise by the attack;  
b) even when one becomes aware of the attack, one cannot organize a rational 
defense, because the attack itself lacks any rational structure."
     So, stupid people are far more dangerous that rational criminals.  
---
     You can educate the ignorant.  You can medicate the crazy.  But, you can't fix stupid.  
 
     "When you’re dead you don’t know you’re dead.  All the pain is felt by others.  
The same thing happens when you’re stupid." -- Jerry Ayres
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak. 
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
*************************************************************************
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
     Better take a class from Larry Mudgett before he retires.  Next year, 2022, is 
the last year that he will be teaching.  Lee Weems told me.  
 
     Better take a class from Dave Spaulding before he retires.  
 
     "Safe gun handling and knowing how to operate the gun competently is one thing.  
How to fight with the gun is a whole other plane of knowledge."
-- Tiger McKee  
 
     Tactical Conference 2022 (sold out, but you can get on the waiting list)
 
     ACTIVE SELF PROTECTION NATIONAL CONFERENCE 2022
 
     Primary & Secondary Training Summit 2022
     P&S Training Summit 2022 Schedule
 
     Here's a class you ought to attend.
Concealed Carry/ Street Encounter Skills with John Murphy of FPF Training.
To be successful and effective in their own self-defense, citizens need a wide variety of skills beyond just shooting.
     Concealed Carry: Street Encounter Skills and Tactics prepares citizens for personal security challenges by 
equipping them with a comprehensive suite of “soft” and “hard” skills that are woven into a holistic approach 
to legal self-defense.
     Employing an iterative approach, students progressively acquire skills and knowledge required to enforce 
their security decisions and secure themselves before, during and after an incident. Among these skills are:
Stopping Bleeding (Medical Trauma)
Employing Pepper Spray (Less-Lethal Options)
Interacting with Law Enforcement (Legal Preparation)
Cost $425
*Each student will receive two POM pepper spray trainers and one POM live agent dispenser as part 
of the course fee. Students will NOT be exposed to live agent during this class.* 
Sat, Nov 6, 2021, 8:30 AM –
Sun, Nov 7, 2021, 5:00 PM EDT
Apache Solutions LLC
5239 US 601 HWY
Yadkinville, NC 27055
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
"Failing the Interview" by tacticalprofessor (aka Claude Werner)
 
"What is the Greatest Defensive Skill?" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON
Excerpt:  
     ". . . the greatest defensive skill that a person can develop is simply awareness."  
 
"ARE YOU TRAINING FOR FADS, FANTASY OR A FIGHT?" BY TOM GIVENS
Excerpts:  
     "This expansion into what is now often called “the training industry” has 
brought quality firearms training within the reach of any serious student, 
anywhere in the U.S.  Unfortunately, it has also brought a tidal wave of 
unqualified “instructors” into the mix, with all sorts of trademark gimmicks 
designed to lure in unknowing customers."
     "The reality is there are a handful of basic skills involved, 
but those basics need to be mastered in either case.  Training resources 
like time, money and ammunition need to be spent on developing these basic 
skills until they can be called on reliably in an emergency."
     "Solid initial training, followed up with periodic sustainment training 
with your carry gear leads to a comfort level with the equipment fostering 
the willingness to actually wear it daily.  Learn to access the handgun from 
concealment, safely, reliably, and quickly.  Learn to get good, solid hits 
with the first rounds out of the gun.  It would be good to know how to reload 
it, and to fix malfunctions, if they occur.  Take a good course on legal issues, 
like one from Massad Ayoob or Andrew Branca, and then carry on."
     [Tom's comment on averages being meaningless is so true.  As Dave Yamane 
says, the average American has one testicle and one ovary.  Though zero 
Americans have one testicle and one ovary, even the hermaphrodites. 
     Tom's use of the word "typical" is the largest mode of a mutimodal 
distribution of data points with selected parameters.  
     Tom's data is of shootings.  I would suggest that in the cases where a 
flashlight was used to positively identify the target, no shooting occurred 
either because the target was a no-shoot or the flashlight caused the bad guy 
to run away.  So, I think a flashlight is essential, even if never used in a 
shooting, because it prevents the shooting.  
-- Jon Low]
 
     Tom Givens says you only need 4 skills:  
1.  Presentation from the concealed holster to the target.
2.  Marksmanship, getting good hits at 0 to 7 yards.  
3.  Reloading if necessary.
4.  Clearing malfunctions if necessary.  
---
     The first skill is not simple.  
     You must be able to draw firing side hand only, because your support side hand may be 
injured or holding a grand child.  (Maybe great grand child.)  
     You must be able to draw support side hand only.  Reaching around your back, because you 
are pregnant or are carrying your child in front of you.  Reaching around your front, because 
you are belted into your seat in a car or seated in a booth in a restaurant or are wearing a large 
back pack.  
---
     The second skill is not simple.  
     You must be able to shoot right handed (hopefully using your right eye to aim), 
because you are shooting around the right side of a wall.  
     You must be able to shoot left handed  (hopefully using your left eye to aim), 
because you are shooting around the left side of a wall.  Does your pistol have a thumb safety 
on the right side of the pistol for your left thumb?  If not, do you know how to defeat the 
safety?  
     You must be able to shoot firing side hand only.  
     You must be able to shoot support side hand only.
     You must be able to use lower positions to take advantage of cover:  kneeling, squatting, 
prone, laying on your right side, laying on your left side, supine.  And you must be able 
to get up quickly from these positions to move to cover or to move your loved ones to 
cover.  Or, to escape.  If you can't move, you better exercise and lose that weight.  Or, 
figure out what machines/tools you need to use to be able to move.  And get them.  
---
     The third and fourth skills are not simple.  
     Can you do them one handed?  Can you do them support side hand only?  Can you 
do them while kneeling?  
---
     If you can only do the 4 skills using two hands under pristine range conditions, 
you are not where you need to be.  
 
“The secret of success is this. 
Train like it means everything when it means nothing – so you can 
fight like it means nothing when it means everything.” 
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
     Pay attention!  Learn the skill well enough to teach it.  Think about how you 
would teach what you are learning to your grandmother.  The housewife one, 
not the CIA field agent one.  
     Prof. Norman Christ said, the test of whether or not you understand 
something is whether or not you can explain it to someone else.  And the 
test of whether or not you have a deep understanding of a subject is 
whether or not you can explain it to a layman, someone who is not 
conversant in your field, intelligent but ignorant.  
     If you're not asking the instructor to explain details, you are doing 
the other students a disservice, because they are all scared to ask 
questions for fear of looking stupid.  You, on the other hand, have the 
courage to expose your ignorance.  
 
"IF ONE IS ALL
TWO HANDS ARE BETTER THAN ONE, UNLESS . . ." by Clint Smith
Excerpt:  
     ". . . training to shoot the handgun one handed with either hand in 
case of injury is wise.  Do not forget it may not be about injury, it may 
be simply because your hands are occupied with a grandchild."
     "If you shoot the gun inside the car it will be loud."
     "Also, consider some practice replicating things or places you might 
be in your normal day."  [Sitting at a table with others around you.  
Sitting in your car (driver or passenger side).  Standing in a crowd.  
Standing in line.  Sitting in a movie theater or a church.  Etc. -- Jon Low]
     "The reason I carry two [knives] is simple.  If I ever have to use 
the pointy sharp thing, I plan to plant it in something important of 
theirs and then leave quickly.  . . . I don’t plan on standing around 
trying to get the knife back if it is wedged into something pretty solid.  
Not knife tactical I am sure, but it works for me being a gun guy at heart."
 
Front Sight Reality Check #86
     The security guard showed amazing self control.  
     This is the reality of pepper spray.  That's why I don't carrying it.  
If it blows back into me, I'm disabled.  On the bad guy, it may have no effect.  
 
"WILL YOUR KIDS KNOW WHAT TO DO IN AN EMERGENCY?" by Grant Cunningham
 
Rangemaster Firearms Training Services
NOV. 2021 NEWSLETTER
 
"Training is NOT an event, but a process. 
Training is the preparation FOR practice". 
-- Claude Werner
 
*************************************************************************
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
     Practice is the small deposits you make over time, 
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal. 
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"Defense of Others" by the Tactical Professor
     The point is, you have to be able to hit where you're aiming.
So, you have to practice.
     Remember, every miss is destroying property, injuring innocent 
bystanders, and maybe killing them.  
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that 
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
"Why You Need to Form Good Shooting Habits" by SHERIFF JIM WILSON 
Excerpt:  
     "Defensive shooters are continually developing habits, some conscious 
and some unconscious.  Good habits may save your life while bad habits can 
get you hurt.  It’s just super smart to occasionally evaluate your gun handling 
and marksmanship in order to cull those bad habits and replace them with good ones."
 
"What Should I Practice?" by Dave Spaulding
Excerpt:  
     Bruce Lee said, “Advanced skills are the basics mastered.”
     "Keep in mind, every time you open and close your hand you are actually 
“un-practicing” the independent use of the index finger."
     "I consider live fire a confirmation of the dry practice drills."
     "Why would you want to be on target but not ready to shoot?"
[Because trapping the trigger to the rear and bringing the sights back onto 
the target for a second sight picture is part of follow through? -- Jon Low]
     "Think of the draw stroke as an upside-down L with the gun coming up 
from the holster, turning, and going directly to the target."
     "Make sure you practice with the same carry gear that you use daily, 
including a concealing garment."
---
Better take a class from Dave Spaulding before he retires.  
 
     "Live fire practice is only to confirm what you learned in dry practice."
-- Ignatius Piazza

     "Going to the range is where we confirm that what we're doing dry is 
indeed working.  It also shows us where we need work and how much more work 
we need." -- Patrick Kilchermann
 
     "Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced, 
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
*************************************************************************
----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight? 
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
"Breaking Contact (Part 6)" by tacticalprofessor (aka Claude Werner)
Excerpt:  
     "Breaking Contact is the fundamental mission of Private Citizens in self-defense or defense of others."
 
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
"Skills involved in the Oakland Incident (Part I)" By tacticalprofessor 
 
"Pedal to the Metal: 5 Tactical Driving Tips for the Everyday Civilian" By Wyatt Knox
If You’re the Driver, You’re the Driver
Keep Moving
Leave Enough Room
If You Can’t Move Forward, Move Back
Leave Hollywood to the Stuntmen
     [Learning to drive competently in reverse is the best investment you can make.  
If your car steers with the front wheels (as opposed to your forklift), it is 
not stable driving in reverse, so you have to practice.  If you think you can 
drive in reverse using only your rear view mirrors, you are WRONG.  Learn to 
twist our body around so you can see where you are going. -- Jon Low]
 
Front Sight Reality Check #85
Excerpt:  
     "Why did we shoot him so many times?  Because evil can never be dead enough."
-- Brevard County Sheriff Wayne Ivy
     In the final encounter of the 12 second gunfight, Deputy Thoman shot the 
bad guy 15 times.  He continued to fire until the attack stopped.  Sometimes it 
takes more than two rounds to stop an attack.  
     One shot physiological stops are rare.  Just about all one shot stops are psychological stops.  
 
"Over 21 Million Americans Now Carry Concealed" by Frank Miniter
     That means there are way more civilian concealed carriers than there are 
law enforcement officers.  That means the biggest threat to you after a lethal 
force encounter is being shot by other armed citizens mistaking you for a 
criminal, or other armed criminals mistaking you for a cop.  
That's why you have to holster and conceal as soon as possible.
 
"Optimized Use of Cover - John Holschen @ Rangemaster 2016" by John Holschen
 
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task, skill, or tactic) -----
 
"Use only that which works, 
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
     When you use the bathroom, KEEP THE PISTOL IN THE HOLSTER!
 
"APPLYING LIGHT
YOU CAN’T HIT WHAT YOU CAN’T SEE"
BY CLINT SMITH
Excerpt:  
     "Strobe lights are stupid because they jack your eyes up."
     "A point of interest when this all happens: You will be shooting the threat with the sights on your pistol—not the light."
     "Get a good light not one from the 7-11 made in China.  
Streamlight, SureFire, Insight, AE.  Don’t be a fool.  A light that costs $6 will get you killed. 
Good gun, good ammo, good holster, good light, good knife.  Your life will depend on it."
     This article has large, high resolution, color pictures that make the meaning clear.  
As Lee Weems taught us in Instructor Camp, "Demonstrate Everything".  Because your 
text and words will be misinterpreted.  
 
"4x Types of Draw Stroke Conditions" by Jeff L. Gonzales
 
"PRECISION POLICE PISTOL SHOOTING" BY MASSAD AYOOB
Excerpt:  
     "Upper brain trauma can trigger a convulsive reaction causing the hands 
to clutch: the finger pulls the trigger, or the thumb presses the bomb switch.  
In his last career training police riflemen for American SWAT teams, Hathcock 
adamantly told the cops to prevent that Dead Man’s Kill, they had to put the 
bullet in deep brain to cause instant body relaxation: the tiny area between 
nasal cavity, ear canals, and base of skull.  The same is as true with a 
service pistol as with a sniper rifle."
 
"WHY I DON'T TEACH TACTICAL RELOADS" BY WILLIAM STARNES
Excerpt:  
     ". . . most shooters (including most police officers) don’t get enough 
practice time for the basics."
     This is deep.  Simple is more reliable.  Simple is faster.  
 
"Training for Personal Defense With and Without Glasses" by JEFF GONZALES
     I always wear glasses and believe you should too.  Your eyes are the weak point 
of your system, especially your weapon system.  So, they must be protected.  
If someone can blind you by throwing sand or acid in your face, you become combat 
ineffective.  
 
"OPEN CARRY
PART II: THE CASE AGAINST"
BY MASSAD AYOOB
     If you open carry, you're going to get shot (because you present a threat to 
the criminal operation in progress) or robbed of your pistol (because it is a 
high value item).  Yes, it is that simple.  
 
Slow is smooth (because you can control what you're doing).  
Smooth is efficient (because elegance automatically removes inefficiencies).  
Efficient is fast (because there is no wasted motion).  
 
"DOES TRIGGER CONTROL MATTER FOR SELF-DEFENSE?" by Mike Boyle
     I often cite articles that I disagree with, because I think exposure 
to different opinions is healthy.  
     I think that trapping the trigger to the rear by continuing to press the 
trigger after the shot is fired, and getting the sights back on target after 
recoil with the trigger still trapped to the rear is an essential part of 
your follow through.  Only when the sights are back on target (the target 
that you just shot, not the next target) should you reset the trigger.  This 
ensures that you actually hit the intended target.  Which must be done before 
moving your eyes to the next target. (Your eyes, not your pistol.  Your 
pistol moves after your eyes have chosen your target.  Otherwise, your 
pistol will over shoot your target.)  But, that's just my opinion.  You have 
to experiment to form your opinion.  No, you can't just read articles to 
have a well founded opinion, you have to make a good faith effort and try 
the different trigger control techniques during live fire.  There are no 
short cuts.  
     If you actually do the work, you will have a deep understanding, and 
posers will be obvious to you.  Of course, you have to be careful and gracious, 
because some people don't know what they are talking about, while some who do 
are inarticulate.  
 
"2 Concealed Carry Seat Belt Hacks" by Jacob Paulsen
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!" 
-- Bruce Lee
 
*************************************************************************
----- Education -----
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons 
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"Fully baked" by Seth Godin
 
"This Is How To Deal With Psychopaths And Toxic People: 5 Proven Secrets" by Eric Barker
Excerpts:  
     "Neuroscience research shows the emotional centers of their brains don’t respond the way yours do."
     ". . . full-blown psychopaths are about 1% of the population."  [So, Col. Jeff Cooper was correct 
in his book, “Principles of Personal Defense” by Col. Jeff Cooper; Paladin Press, Boulder, Colorado; 
1989.  ISBN 0-87364-497-2]
     "When you take a job, take a long look at the people you’re going to be working with — 
because the odds are you’re going to become like them, they are not going to become like you.  
You can’t change them.  If it doesn’t fit who you are, it’s not going to work."  
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
 
Excerpt from an email from Mike Ox -- 
     Tears are made up of HUNDREDS of components. The outer layer is an oily layer. 
It helps protect the water layer (aqueous) from evaporating as quickly as if it 
were exposed directly to the air.
     Not enough oil = water evaporates quicker = dryer eyes.
     Dryer eyes = less smooth surface of the eye = blurry image.
     And dryer eyes = blink more often…and it’s hard to focus quickly with 
your eyes shut.
     If you can have the right amount of oil in your tears, the water layer 
won’t evaporate as fast and you’ll be able to see clearer for a longer period 
of time between blinks.
     This is why eye drops include oils/lipids in addition to saline.
     Pretty cool, isn’t it :)
     So, what can you do to influence the amount of oil in your tears?
     One of the easiest things is to eat a diet high in Omega 3 and other 
healthy fats.  I like to get mine from eating fish, avocados, coconut oil, 
grass fed butter, and krill oil.
     There’s also something you can do in the shower that may help . . . 
In the shower, try closing your eyes and put a warm (comfortably warm) washcloth 
over your eyelids or let your shower hit you in the face and LIGHTLY touch your 
eyelids with your fingers.  You don’t need to push . . . just lightly touch.  
-- Mike Ox
 
"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear ----- 
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
"ESSENTIAL EDC GEAR, THE FLASHLIGHT, YOUR BEST DEFENSIVE TOOL" BY TIGER MCKEE
 
     When buying a gun, consider the warranty.  Check with your friends as to how 
the company deals with returns for repair.  I have found Ruger, Springfield 
Armory, and Remington to be good about paying for returns and repair.  
"WHAT IS THE SPRINGFIELD ARMORY WARRANTY? AN INSIDE LOOK" by Sam Weitzner
 
"It’s a schtick up! New Jersey rabbi designs concealed-carry coat for Shabbat" by Doree Lewak
     Since I started working at the Jewish Community Center in Nashville, TN, I've 
started noticing Jewish and Israeli things.  A lot of our members have fled from 
Israel and Los Angeles.  
 
     "I never used a TASER, because they suck."
-- Officer Brandon Tatum (He's no longer a police officer, so he can speak freely.)
     [I agree.  You have to take a class and get training before using this device.  
Its use is not obvious.  TASERs fire two needles connected by wires to a battery and 
attempts to electrocute the assailant.  The maximum range is short, about 2 yards. 
They fire one or two times at most before needing to be reloaded, which is not a 
fast process, even with a lot of practice.  In my experience (and in general) they 
are not effective.  The needles are easily blocked by heavy clothing, such as leather 
jackets.  The needles are easily pulled or knocked out.  The manufacturer says that 
to be effective, one needle has to land above the belt line and the other has to land 
below the belt line.  Not an easy thing to do.  
-- Jon Low]
 
"NO PISTOL PRIMERS?  HOW ABOUT RIFLE PRIMERS?" BY LINDSEY BERTOMEN
     Rifle primers are thicker and harder than pistol primers.  So, if you're getting 
light firing pin strikes with your pistol, the rifle primers will make your weapon 
system unreliable.  That's one of the reasons Louis Awerbuck recommended the Springfield 
Armory XD.  If you do the standard function test of pointing unloaded pistol up with 
a pencil (eraser end toward the firing pin) in the barrel and press the trigger, the 
SA XD will send the pencil shooting up and it will hit the ceiling.  Other pistols, 
not so much.  Some pistols, such as the Ruger American, won't kick the pencil out of 
the barrel.  That does not mean that the Ruger is unreliable; it is perfectly reliable.  
It just means that the SA XD was over engineered and will handle rifle primers reliably.  
     If you're going into combat, you want an over engineered weapon.  Because you may 
only have foreign ammunition to use, and they may be manufacturing under different 
standards.  In Pakistan and Afghanistan they are manufacturing reliable ammunition, 
but not to SAAMI Standards.
 
"Best Concealed Carry Holsters [Hands-On Tested]" by Eric Hung
     I've used Safariland GLS Holsters with the paddle that is molded to fit 
your hip, and they have got the shape correct, at least for me.  
It fits my hip and is comfortable.  
"Safariland 575 GLS Pro-Fit Wins Guns & Ammo Holster of the Year"
 
     I have always found Galco holsters to be of good quality and reasonably priced.  
     I have used the KingTuk IWB holsters and have set up complete systems for 
students using that holster.  
Galco International, LTD (Galco Gun Leather)
20% off with code "FLASH20"
     Galco and others are not too good about making left handed holsters for us left handed people.  
But, Craft Holsters makes their holsters upon receiving the order.  So, they're happy to make you 
a left hand holster, as it is just as easy for them as making a right handed holster.
     I have found Craft Holsters to be of high quality and priced accordingly.  
I like the smell and feel of fine leather.  Craft Holsters carry several different brands.  
Use code BULLSEYE10 for a 10% discount at check out.  
 
Ambidextrous pistols:  (updated list)
     Because, being right handed doesn't mean you're going to be right handed in combat.  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The following are truly ambidextrous -- 
     The latest FN pistols are ambidextrous, but they are expensive, FN 509
MSRP: $679.00.  They're good out of the box, but the grip doesn't fit my hand 
and in my opinion the triggers are not smooth and crisp.  So, I would spend 
the money on a trigger job.  
     The latest H&K pistols are ambidextrous.  They have the magazine
release lever, as opposed to the button.  The VP9 retails for around $600.00. 
It's good out of the box and the grip fits my hand nicely.
     The Ruger American pistols are ambidextrous.  They retail for
around $500.  But, they take a bit of gunsmithing to make them reliable. 
For me it was worth it because the grip fit my hand and the angle fit my wrist.
     The MASADA from IWI US, the U.S. based arm of Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) 
is ambidextrous.  The trigger is nice.  MSRP $480
     The Honor Defense, Honor Guard pistols are ambidextrous.  I've never groped 
one, so I can't say anything.  They retail for around $300.  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The following has an ambidextrous magazine release, but not ambidextrous slide stop --
     The Springfield Armory XD type pistols have ambidextrous magazine releases. 
You can press it from either side to release the magazine.  But the slide
lock is only on the left hand side of the pistol.  Louis Awerbuck recommended 
these pistols.  I carry the XD Tactical (full size long barrel, as opposed to the
more compact models).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The following have ambidextrous slide stops, but not ambidextrous magazine releases -- 
     The latest Glocks have ambidextrous slide locks.  But their magazine release 
is reversible, which means you can make it right handed or left handed.  That's not 
the same as ambidextrous. 
     The latest Walthers have ambidextrous slide locks.  But their magazine
release is reversible, not ambidextrous.
     The S&W M&P's have a slide lock on both sides and a reversible mag release.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
"Concealed Carry Corner: Top 4 Carry Items To Quit Using" by Matt E.
Excerpt:  
     "Now there are a few different studies out there which show 45 ACP ball rounds 
transfer the majority of their energy into a body, but other calibers, especially 9mm, 
won’t transfer their energy and will simply blow through the body."
 
“Your car is not a holster.” 
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"45 Super vs 10mm - I didn't expect THIS!" by Military Arms Channel
     If you have an over engineered pistol (such as the H&K USP or H&K Mk23 or the 
Springfield Armory XD) that is chambered for the 45 ACP and you want to use a more 
powerful cartridge (picking up about 100 fps at the muzzle), the 
45 Super (185 grain JHP, 1229 feet per second out of a 4 inch barrel, 1361 fps 6" barrel) 
will chamber in your pistol.  The 45 Super is more powerful than a 
45 ACP +P (185 grain JHP, 1109 fps 4" barrel, 1217 fps 6" barrel) 
or 45 ACP +P+.  A fully supported chamber is required, otherwise the brass case will 
rupture sending hot gasses into the magazine, igniting the rounds in the magazine, and 
blowing the magazine out of the magazine well; or worse.  So, the 1911's with a gap 
at the bottom rear of the chamber are inappropriate.  (That gap is intentional to allow 
reliable feeding from the magazine and chambering.)
     This is actually a deep exercise in hydrodynamics and fluid physics.  The higher 
speed of the 45 Super penetrated less deeply in the silicone gel block (not the standard 
gel that the FBI uses, but stable at room temperature), because the bullet had greater 
expansion and created a much larger temporary cavity (not visible in the video or the 
gel block after the experiment).  And so dumped much more energy into the gel block, 
which can be seen by the amount the gel block jumped, deformed, and moved on the table.  
Viscous friction in this silicone gel is proportional to about the 4th power of speed in 
the speed regime we are considering.  So, the friction for the 45 Super is much higher 
than the 45 ACP, so the bullet loses its energy in a shorter distance and shorter time, 
and so doesn't penetrate as far in the gelatin block.  But, energy is conserved, so more 
energy is transferred into the gel block in the form of a shock wave and heat, which is 
good for creating traumatic shock.  
     The 45 ACP is subsonic, 850 fps.  The 45 ACP +P is barely sonic, 1100 - 1200 fps.  
The 45 Super is supersonic, 1229 - 1361 fps.  If the bullet enters the body at supersonic 
speed, we can expect terminal ballistics with a supersonic shockwave.  (That's why 
all 9mm self defense rounds are supersonic.  They produce such small cavitation that 
they would be ineffective if they were subsonic.)
     Concerning terminal ballistics and the gel used in the testing - 
Some fluids, like a corn starch and water mixture, will turn into a solid when an object 
moves quickly through the fluid.  Some plastics (the state, as in plasma, gas, liquid, plastic, solid; 
not plastic the material), like this silicone gel, will liquify when objects move through them.  
Or, at least that's what I'm assuming the silicon gel is doing.  Otherwise,  my analysis 
is wrong.  
 
"Handgun Bullet Penetration Through Interior Walls" by Greg Ellifritz
This article is Greg's analysis of data from 
"Handgun Bullets: How Do They Penetrate in Home Materials?" by estaff
This estaff article advocates using ammunition that gives less penetration with 
statements like, "Among the 45 ACPs, the Glaser Safety Slugs stand out."
That is criminal stupidity.  
     You want bullets that demonstrate deep penetration because you may have to 
penetrate walls, doors, body parts, windshields, body armor etc. in order to 
reach a vital organ that will stop the attack.  Yes, as a matter of fact, your 
pistol ammo, 9mm to 45 ACP, might penetrate soft body armor, especially if you're 
using +P ammunition.  The Jihadists in Garland, TX wore body armor, but the 
police officer, Gregory Stevens, shot through it with his standard issue pistol.  
So, deep penetration is good.  Lack of penetration is bad.  
 
"Compilation of ballistic tests from rangehot" by Hunter Elliott
 
"P320 Animation (c) Jeffrey S. Bagnell 2021"
     An explanation of the mechanism for the Sig Sauer P320 discharging 
without the trigger being pulled.  
---
"MPD guns fired on their own twice in 6 months
The second shooting happened after police supervisors internally raised questions 
about the safety of the SIG Sauer P320, which is the subject of multiple federal 
lawsuits over unintended shootings." by Derrick Rose
---
"The otherwise unexplained in-holster discharges seem to result from torsion on the gun, 
not from impact."
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
---
     Sig Sauer is selling a huge number of automatic rifles to the Mexican government.  
     The Mexican government did not name Sig Sauer in their recent law suit claiming 
that U.S. gun manufacturers are responsible for the cartel murders in Mexico.  
     Sig Sauer is not attending SHOT Show 2022 taking place in Las Vegas this coming 
January.  Sig Sauer in the past has always had one of the biggest booths.  
     Patterns are not hard to see, if you pay attention.  Do you remember when Smith & Wesson 
did the same thing under the Clinton administration?  They thought they would make out 
like bandits.  It almost bankrupted them.  
     I've canceled my reservation to take a class at the Sig Sauer Academy in New Hampshire.  
I took the SIG sticker off of my computer.  Got to put your money where your mouth is.  
     Have you noticed all the law suits against Sig Sauer by law enforcement officers 
(military types can't sue for several reasons, but at least they get their medical and 
funeral paid for) who are claiming that the P320 fires when dropped and fires 
"without command" (without pulling the trigger, without doing anything to the pistol).  
     If my company were facing massive civil liability in the near future, I'd be cutting 
deals left and right.  If these law suits turn into class action suits, even the members 
of the Armed Forces will have to be compensated.  3M had to pay members of the 
Armed Forces for their junk ear plugs.  I got a letter from the court about that class 
action law suit.  So, it's possible.  
 
"How a Colt M1911 works! (Animation)" by Thomas Schwenke
 
"3D Animation: How a Striker Fired Pistol works" by 3DGunner
     The Springfield Armory XD is a single action pistol (as designated by the BATFE) 
because pressing the trigger does not finish cocking the striker.  Pressing the 
trigger only releases the striker.  
     All of the other striker action pistols are in fact striker action pistols.  
     So, the only semi-auto single action pistols that you are likely to find 
in the gun stores or pawn shops are model 1911, Browning Hi Power, 
and SA XD type pistols.
 
"SAAMI ANNOUNCES AMMUNITION EQUIVALENCY ONLINE RESOURCES"
     "Generally Accepted Firearms and Ammunition Interchangeability"
     "Generally Accepted Cartridge and Chamber Names"
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God's gift to our students.
Our students are God's gift to us."
 
----- Instructors -----
 
Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam
 
     Design model.  Need-Skill-Evaluation.  Form modules of need (what the student needs 
to do to solve the problem) - skill (that satisfies that need) - evaluation (of that skill).  
Chain modules together to form your class.  Insert and remove modules to adjust your 
class to the students, and to adjust for unforeseen events (like bad weather, 
so you can't use the range right now).  
     If the students are continuously failing the evaluation part of the model, either 
the teaching is wrong (You're not being clear or specific enough.  You're assuming 
background knowledge that the student does not have.  Etc.), or the testing is wrong 
(There was a question on the North Carolina state concealed carry test that was 
ambiguous, so 100% of the students would choose the wrong answer.), or the 
student is wrong (Does not have the required background or skill for the class.  
Make sure the prerequisites are clearly stated and enforced.)
     I learned this in Lee Weems' Instructor Camp.  
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, 
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take 
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
     Do not repeat your instruction verbatim.  If the student didn't understand you 
the first time, there is no reason to believe that he will understand you the 
second time.  
     Change perspective, and try again.  For example, never say "Don't jerk the trigger."  
Rather, say, "Don't fire the shot.  Take the slack out of the trigger and let the pistol 
fire itself."  You might have to add, "Trust me.  It will."  You might have to assure 
the student, "Don't worry about your sight wobbling around relative to the target.  
The surprise break will take care of that automagically."  
     The next step would be, "Take the slack out of the trigger, keep the sights aligned, 
and let the pistol fire itself."  
     The next step would be, "Take the slack out of the trigger, align the sights, 
let the front sight wobble around the target, and let the pistol fire itself."  
     Change technique, and try again.  For example, if the student is having difficulty 
racking the slide, don't let the student get frustrated with repeated failures.  Rather, 
say, "There are many ways to rack a slide.  Let's try another way."  And then you could 
have the student try the sling shot method.  Or, catch the rear sight on the edge of her 
holster and drive the pistol straight down.  Or, have her catch the rear sight on the 
edge of a table and drive the pistol straight down. (Ya, that's going to damage the 
edge of the table.)  Or, from a kneeling position, catch the rear sight on the heel 
of her boot.  The possibilities are only limited by your imagination.  
 
"The biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has happened."  
 
"Communication Professor's Reaction to Jordan Peterson Lecture & Delivery Skills"
by Alex Lyon
     Lessons for instructors.  
 
Professional development in public speaking. 
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
     I take Meehan's statement (above) seriously.  So this past weekend, October 23-24, 2021, 
I attended an Instructor Camp in the beautiful state of Georgia conducted by that Weems guy 
(Lee Weems).  I enthusiastically recommend the Instructor Camp.  
https://firstpersonsafety.com/
"Help may be on the way.  You are already there."
 
*************************************************************************
*****     ***** Legal *****     *****
 
You never have to explain something you didn't say.
-- Solomon, 3rd King of Israel
     So, remain silent!  
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. 
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
     Just to give you an idea of how messed up the legal system is in my former 
state of South Carolina, may I invite your attention to 
"Think Appellate Court Judges Understand Use-of-Force Law? Think Again" by Andrew Branca
     The point is that the lawyers don't know the law, the trial judges don't 
know the law, even the appellate court judges don't know the law.  So, 
you have to know the law, otherwise you're going to get screwed.  
     Well, if you have a good insurance policy, they should refer you to an 
attorney who knows the law.  
     Please get Andrew's book at 
     Please get Andrew's info graphic at 
 
"SAF VICTORY IN PENNSYLVANIA GUN RANGE BAN CASE"
     Sometimes we win.  
 
     This is happening all over our country.  Soros prosecutors prosecuting 
innocent persons and refusing to prosecute guilty persons based on person's 
political affiliation.  
"Crazy: Chicago Prosecutor Refuses to Charge Gang Gunfight in Streets"
 
"Info Graphic" by Andrew Branca
which resolves to 
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form, 
will insure liberty and happiness for an dishonorable population 
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
"Hawaii Complaint Rights Wrongful Disarmament Determination" by David Codrea
     Sometimes the good guys win.  
 
"Do NOT Make THESE Changes to Your Carry Gun -- or Risk Losing Self-Defense!" by Andrew Branca
     Imagery or statement placed on the gun indicating a state of mind inconsistent with 
self defense.  
     Modifications to the gun from which it may be inferred that the shooting was accidental 
or reckless.  Any modification that substantially reduces the weight of the trigger pull.  
Any modification that disables a safety mechanism.  (This includes the moronic practice of 
placing a rubber band around the grip of a 1911 to disable the grip safety.)  
[This would include any intentional refusal to use a safety mechanism designed and built 
into the pistol.  So, if you've got a striker action pistol that has a manual thumb safety, 
and you choose not to use the thumb safety in your manual of arms, you have effectively 
demonstrated recklessness and negligence.  (Of course, the examiner can tell.  Movement of 
parts leaves wear marks.  The lack of such wear marks indicates lack of use.  If you're 
snapping that thumb safety on and off with every draw and holster, there will be clear 
wear marks.)  -- Jon Low]
 
"Jordan Peterson: The collapse of our values is a greater threat than climate change | Off Script"
interviewed by Steve Edington
 
" ‘No One Did Anything': Woman Raped on SEPTA Train and Riders Didn't Call 9-1-1, Police Say"
by Brian Sheehan and Brian X. McCrone
     If you think the police will protect you, you're wrong because the police are not 
present during the start of the attack.  If you think the police will rescue you, you're 
wrong because the police are not present during the attack.  If you think the people 
in your immediate vicinity will help you, you're wrong because almost all people are sheep.  
     The real question is, why didn't the woman defeat the rapist?  Why did the rapist choose 
her in the first place?  He didn't know her.  She didn't know him.  Yes, this is victim blaming.  
If the victim is at fault, she deserves the blame.  Remember what Jeff Cooper says, 
"There are no victims, only volunteers.  
You volunteer by looking uncertain and afraid.  
You volunteer by being, as grass-eaters invariably are, 
unprepared to confront the hazards of life."
     Do you think the woman will get training and practice?  If not, she will eventually 
be a victim again.  And again.  And again.  Unless she is killed on one of the events.  
There are lots of women like that.  You probably know a few.  It would never occur to 
them to get training, because nobody ever told them to get training.  So, I guess it's your 
fault for not telling her to get training.  And if she is a loved one, it's your fault for not 
sending her to training, which includes paying for round trip air fare, hotel, rental car, and 
tuition.  I always throw in money for food, if I'm not there to pay for everything.  
I have even done this for 8 ladies who I didn't know directly.  They were either referred to 
me by friends or were daughters of friends.  Getting a lady trained has the same effect as 
rescuing a lady, but it is easier and cheaper.  And way less traumatic for everyone concerned.  
(Including all the friends and relatives of the lady.)
 
"Ahmaud Arbery Case: Seven Facts the Jury Will (Probably) Never Hear" by Andrew Branca
     Do you see how the U.S. legal system works?  
 
"More Bad Law from Rittenhouse Prosecutor: 
“Shooting An Unarmed Man Is NEVER Lawful” "
by Andrew Branca
 
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
Free of charge.  Just pay shipping.  
     Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage.  
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, 
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution 
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Survival Spirit *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
"Preparedness Thinking Checklists" by Marcus Wynne
 
"When the Moment of Truth arrives,
The Time for Preparation has passed."
-- Mike Mercer
 
"A bad week for the unarmed!" BY JOHN FARNAM
 
“It is important for long-range stability that peaceful countries be well armed, 
and well organized in self-defense.” -- Freeman Dyson
     [Prof. Dyson told me, "It's better to be wrong than to be vague."  and 
"My skills have always been orthogonal to my interests."]
 
"Modern Arms" BY JOHN FARNAM
 
"ADAPTIVE SHOOTING SUMMIT SHOWS COMPETITIVE SPIRIT HAS NO LIMIT" 
by Mark Oliva
We win!
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit. 
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained. 
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Miscellany / History / War Stories *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
     Colin Powell, rest in peace.  General U.S. Army, Secretary of State USA.
My mother told me that there are two types of people in the world:  those who 
write thank you letters and those who don't.  I have a thank you letter from 
Secretary Powell with a red flag and four stars in the letterhead.  He had a 
collection of Volvos.  I have only one.  
 
"Paradise?" by John Farnam
     Because you're not going to hear about this in the broadcast media.  
 
"Jeff Cooper:  The Forgotten History of Lt. Col. Cooper and his Impact on Combat Readiness"
by Sam Jacobs
     There are some strange errors in this article.  
     ". . . the compressed surprise trigger break, which is a somewhat more sophisticated version of the "double tap." "
The surprise break is a trigger control technique.  The double tap is firing two rounds in quick succession.  
The surprise break is not a version of a double tap.
     "Condition 4 is when the chamber is empty, there is no magazine in the gun, the hammer is down, and the safety is on."
On a 1911 type pistol, you can't put the safety on with the hammer down.  
     "Condition 2 is after a round is chambered.  Condition 1 is after the hammer is cocked."  
Well, the only way to chamber a round in a 1911 type pistol is to rack the slide, which leaves the hammer cocked.  
No legitimate gun school or instructor has ever taught a manual of arms that includes lowering a hammer on a 
chambered round on a 1911 type pistol.  To do so is very dangerous.  
     "Yellow is simply a vague awareness . . ."  "Cooper described this as "I might have to shoot." "
No, not at all.  I have never read that in his writings.  I have never heard that in his videos.  This is contrary to his 
writings and lectures.  
     "The United States Marine Corps used this system but added a code black which means that 
combat is in progress or you are too paralyzed by fear to act."  
This is false and absurd.  A Marine "too paralyzed by fear to act" would never appear in any Marine literature.  
     "Treat all guns as if they're loaded"
Cooper would never say that.  Cooper thought such a statement was stupid.  Cooper's rule is 
"ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED".  Excerpted from: The Modern Technique of the Pistol, 
by Greg Morrison, Gunsite Press, Paulden, Arizona, 
ISBN 0-9621342-3-6, 
Library of Congress Number 91-72644
     Just goes to show, you've got to be careful with stuff on the internet.  
 
"Death Song For A Warrior: KV, 1965 – 2021" by Marcus Wynne
 
"History is cyclical…" by (I assume this is Darryl Bolke, but I can't find any attribution on the web site.)
 
     Guns.com is forcing all of their employees to get vaccinated or get fired.  
The president of Guns.com donated money to the campaign of Joe Biden, 
when he ran for president.  I will not do business with them.  
 
NSSF® and Mastercard® have partnered to offer the 
2021 Firearm Retailer/Range Compliance Webinar Series, 
a FREE in-depth industry compliance training and insights 
for businesses operating within the firearms industry. 
Enrollment in these courses is a complimentary benefit 
to the firearm industry on behalf of Mastercard.
     Some financial companies are pro-gun.
Yeah Mastercard!
 
   Magazine article - (for those too lazy to read the journal article)
"Gun ownership is not associated with male sexual dysfunction, according to new research"
by Eric W. Dolan
   Abstract of primary source document- 
"Sexual Dysfunction and Gun Ownership in America: When Hard Data Meet a Limp Theory"
by (a long list of authors)
   Primary source document - 
"Sexual Dysfunction and Gun Ownership in America: When Hard Data Meet a Limp Theory"
by (a long list of authors)
 
IFF (Identify Friend or Foe)  [Of course, you can't identify foe.  All kinds of things will prevent 
a friendly response:  lack of a transponder, lack of today's encryption key, not turning the 
transponder on because the last order you got was to turn it off, etc.  Oh ya, there are a lot 
of documented cases of shooting down friendly aircraft due to human errors while using IFF.]
     The modes of IFF are:
Mode 1, used by the military, 32 possible replies.  Identifies the target by the code set by the pilot.  
Mode 2, used by the military.  Identifies the target by a code, which cannot be set by the pilot.  
Mode 3, also known as Mode A, used by civilian air traffic control.  Identifies the target by a four 
digit octal code, which is set by the pilot.  
Mode 4, used by the military, encrypted.  Used only to determine if the target is friendly, 
contains no other information.  
Mode S, used by civilian air traffic control and collision avoidance.  Uses differential phase 
shift keying.  All other modes use pulse position modulation (fancy euphemism for amplitude 
modulation).  Each aircraft is assigned a permanent Mode S address (there are 16 million such 
addresses) thereby uniquely identifying the plane.  This mode is much more sophisticated than 
the others.  
Mode 5, [I've been out of the loop for so long, I don't know the state of Mode 5 anymore.]
---
Mk XA (Mark ten A) refers to a system that has Modes 1, 2, and 3/A.
Mk XII (Mark twelve) refers to a Mk XA system with Mode 4.  
---
     All interrogations are transmitted at 1030 MHz (mega Hertz).  All replies are transmitted 
at 1090 MHz.
     Interrogators scan the space around them.  A scan consists of the antenna rotating in a 
complete circle (360 degrees) in a horizontal plane in from 1 to 12 seconds.  The horizontal 
beam width of the antenna is approximately 2.5 to 5 degrees.  The vertical beam width is 
approximately 60 degrees.  
     At each horizontal position of the scan, the interrogator sweeps from zero to maximum 
range within one pulse repetition interval (PRI).  Each sweep takes approximately 2.2 to 
5 ms (milli-seconds).
     The range to the target is calculated by measuring the time between the end of the 
transmitted interrogation signal (the last framing pulse, the P3 pulse) and the receipt of 
the start of the reply signal (first framing pulse, F1 pulse).  Each nautical mile takes 
12.359 μs (micro-seconds), round trip time.  
     The two ways of determining the azimuth of the target are:  
Beam splitting - Averaging the position of the antenna over the period that the target 
was in view.
Monopulse - About 5 times more accurate than the beam splitting method.  This method uses 
the difference between the strength of the sum channel and the difference channel of the 
interrogator's antenna.  
     Unlike primary radar, that use transmission of energy 180 degrees out of phase with 
the signal to suppress side lobes, side lobe suppression in secondary surveillance radar 
is accomplished by transmitting pulses through two channels with different radiation 
patterns.  The transponder compares the strength of the two sets of pulses to determine 
if it is in the main beam of the transmitter.
     The system must correct for echo signals reflected from the ground and other objects.  
This is referred to as multipath interference.  
     The interrogator uses two channels:  a sum channel that has its main lobe at zero 
degrees, and a difference channel that has a negative spike at zero degrees.  
     The interrogator uses the relative amplitudes of the reply pulses to determine if 
the signal is from targets beyond its maximum range.  Such targets will cause spatial 
aliasing, appearing to be very close targets.  
Reference book - "Secondary Surveillance Radar" by Michael Stevens.  
Reference documents - 
STANAG 4193 (NATO Standardization Agreement)
ICAO Annex 10 (International Civil Aviation Organization)
DoD AIMS 97-1000 for the Mark XII
DoD AIMS 97-900 for the Mode 4 crypto interface
and many others.
     [When I was at Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratories, we determined 
that the best way to defeat a jammer was to point a null in your antenna's radiation pattern 
toward the jammer, not to point the main lobe of your antenna's radiation pattern at your 
intended source.  At least that was true with the directional antennas of mobile ad hoc 
networks.]
 
“In the long-run, there is no such thing as ‘luck’. 
However, the short-run is longer than many individual lifetimes!”
-- Anon
 
     A long time ago, before we could easily determine primes and large numbers with only 
two large prime factors, back when everyone thought factoring was a hard problem, some 
morons used numbers that they assumed to be prime such as Fermat numbers, 
F_sub_n = (2^(2^n)) + 1, in cryptosystems.  F_sub_7 was used.  But, in 1975 
Hallyburton and Brillhart determined that 
F_sub_7 = 340282366920938463463374607431768211457 = 59649589127497217 * 5704689200685129054721
That's the one you're looking for.  Ya, they never changed it.  
Citation:  John C. Hallyburton, Jr. and John Brillhart, "Two new factors of Fermat numbers",
Math. Comp., 29, (1975), pp. 109-112.
 
‘Let’s Go Brandon’
 
The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish friend from foe from innocent bystanders. 
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly. 
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the enemy's attack 
without excessive force, without revenge. 
In Jesus name, Amen.
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com