Monday, August 1, 2022

CWP, 1 August MMXXII Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs, 
     I address you as Sheepdogs because I recognize your ability and willingness to 
protect the innocent.  As my pastor says, you have a duty to protect the innocent.  
You don't have to protect yourself.  That's up to you.  But you have a moral obligation 
to protect the innocent.  Even if they are not yet born.  Even if they are old, useless, 
and a burden to society.  Even if they are mentally retarded. 
     This blog is continuing education for my students, friends, and interested parties. 
 
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----- Safety -----  (How to prevent the bad thing from happening in the first place.  
How to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders.)
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I:  ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II:  NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III:  KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET.
RULE IV:  BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
     "If violent crime is to be curbed, it is only the intended victim who can do it.  
The felon does not fear the police, and he fears neither judge nor jury.  Therefore
what he must fear is his victim."  
-- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
"Why Shooters Should ALWAYS Wear Eye & Ear Protection" by W.H. "Chip" Gross
https://www.nrafamily.org/content/why-shooters-should-always-wear-eye-ear-protection/
Excerpt:  
     "Guns and ammo are mechanical devices that can and do fail.  You must be prepared."  
     “The problem with soft plugs alone is that some people don’t use them correctly;
they don’t insert them deeply enough into the ear canal, so the plugs don’t stay in place.”
     [Roll and press the foam ear plug between your thumb and fingers until it is long and thin.  
Insert it into your ear.  It should slip in easily because it is so thin.  If it doesn't, go back to
rolling and pressing.  Once you have the ear plug inserted, hold it in place until it expands
completely.  You should feel congested.  You should not be able to easily pull the ear plug
out. -- Jon Low]
     ". . . always wear your “Eyes and Ears” on the range and in the field."  
 
"6 Things You Need for Your First Visit to the Range" by Wendy LaFever
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2017/4/30/6-things-you-need-for-your-first-visit-to-the-range/
 
"Basic Firearm Safety" by Danyela D'Angelo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UhdgSCrg4g
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak.  
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
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----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
     If you look at someone bigger, faster, and stronger and immediately think,
'I'm at a disadvantage,'  
I have news for you:  you are.  
But that's only because you just put yourself there for no reason.  
     The truth is that anyone can do debilitating violence to anyone else.  
Your size, your speed, your strength, your gender --
all the factors that untrained people think make the difference when it comes to violence --
all matter far less than your mindset and your intent.  
-- Tim Larkin
 
"The Fear of Guns Is No Gift; Here's How to Return It"
by Wendy LaFever
https://www.nrawomen.com/content/the-fear-of-guns-is-no-gift-here-s-how-to-return-it/
Excerpt:  
     "Fear serves a valuable purpose in our lives, but phobias don't."  
     "If your fear of guns has prevented you from learning about them or considering keeping
one for emergencies, I implore you to give it one more shot before you decide.  We here at
the NRA are ready to help you, and we here at NRA Women are rooting for you."  
 
"Lena Miculek on Conquering Fear"
https://www.nrawomen.com/content/brave-lena-miculek-on-conquering-fear/
Excerpt:  
     "The fact is, bravery isn't the same as fearlessness.  Bravery is acknowledging fear,
accepting fear and facing it head-on.  Fearlessness is your goal, but bravery is the only
road to it."  
 
"The Problem with the Sheepdog Analogy" by Jo Deering
https://www.nrawomen.com/content/the-problem-with-the-sheepdog-analogy/
Excerpt:  
     "I have no interest in running around defending the sheep.  If they don’t want to take
responsibility for their own safety, that’s their decision.  I’m not one to put myself in harm’s
way to protect grown adults who have abdicated their responsibility to protect themselves.  
Every person is going to feel differently about this, but I’m not likely to insert myself into
situations that aren’t my business.  That’s not to say I would never intervene in a violent
situation, but in general, if I can get out instead of getting involved or using violence, I will.  
The sheep (the adults, anyway—vulnerable children, elderly, disabled, etc. are a different
story) can live [or die] with the consequences of their own choices."  
     "Whatever you call me, I’m not a warrior seeking the chance to protect strangers.  I don’t
even consider myself to be “walking the hero’s path” as Grossman said.  I guess I don’t care
what you call me—just don’t call me a wolf, a sheep or a sheepdog."  
 
"How to Carry a Gun and Feel Normal" by Jo Deering
https://www.nrawomen.com/content/how-to-carry-a-gun-and-feel-normal/
Excerpt:  
     "Don’t feel like you have to change everything about yourself
in order to fit a concealed carry handgun into your life."  
 
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens
 
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     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
 
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
      Get your training now.  The great ones are getting old and will retire or die soon.  Many
have already died.  
 
"Louis Awerbuck - Combat Shotgun"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdOJRRlVtwI
 
"Col. Jeff Cooper: Pistol readiness and marksmanship" (also Louis Awerbuck)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g-Q8Mke3Om4&t=1376s
 
Rangemaster AUGUST 2022 NEWSLETTER
https://rangemaster.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/2022-08_RFTS-Newsletter.pdf
     Lots of good stuff.  But in particular for us,
"Engaging Moving Targets with the Handgun" by Tom Givens
and
"Ankle Holsters"
and
"DRILL OF THE MONTH"
 
"6 Conceal Carry Considerations For New Shooters" by Jeff L. Gonzales
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Ox43nwdC84
Actually, this applies to old shooters too.  
     This was filmed at The Range in Austin, TX.  I went there with my sister.  She lives in Austin.  
The Range is VERY nice.  You can sip cognac and smoke cigars while watching (through sound
proof glass walls) people shoot on the second floor range while enjoying hors d'oeuvres.  Hey,
some people like to watch.  
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
"Parrying In A Gunfight? (like a sword)" by Mike Ox
https://dryfiretrainingcards.com/blog/parrying-in-a-gunfight-like-a-sword/
     Are you training for this?  ". . . close and on-the-move.  . . . with loved ones and
innocents in almost every direction."  
     That blood trail is from the good guy.  Even when you win . . .
 
"Take training from different instructors.  
We are all wrong about something."  
-- John Farnam
 
 
“The secret of success is this.
Train like it means everything when it means nothing –
so you can fight like it means nothing when it means everything.”
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
"Mindset, Gunhandling, and Marksmanship are the 3 disciplines you need to know."  
-- Tom Givens
 
     When I shot the Low Light match at the Glock Store in Nashville, TN, some of
the guys were using weapon mounted lights (WML) (which are necessary for long
guns, because you need both hands for holding the weapon).  Guess what they were
doing with their WMLs?  They were searching for targets.  This violates our Safety
Rule II.  
     "So what?  It's just a game."  
     It's a training scar.  A very dangerous scar.  
     For civilians who are carrying concealed for self-defense, a weapon mounted light
is WRONG!  Because they will use the WML to search.  
     "So what to do, Staff?"
     Harries flashlight technique.  Flashlight on the crown of your head.  Flashlight on
your cheek bone.  Flashlight in your hand with your arm stretched out as far as you
can (once taught at the FBI).  There are lots of options.  
 
"Be careful what you practice.
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
     "When it comes time to learn self defense . . . you need to understand that there’s
a lot of things violence is not.  
     Violence is not a rough cage-match . . .   
     It is not a bar fight where everyone’s sharing beers ten minutes later . . .   
     And it’s definitely not words that “triggered” you . . .   
     However, many people who learn self defense would call those things violence.  
Which is why they tend to call violence repugnant, negative, and something to be
avoided.  
     Now while the avoidance part is common sense . . . none of these are violence as
we define it.  
     In simple terms . . . violence is what happens when someone sustains an injury.  
     If you understand that . . . you understand what violence really is.  
     But the question now becomes . . .   
     Do you know what to look for to avoid violent situations?  Or what to do if you
have no choice but to use violence to protect yourself and your loved ones from a
predator?  
     It’s one thing to understand violence for what it truly is . . . but it’s another to
understand what to do to survive if violence strikes.  
-- Tim Larkin
---
     Violence is smooth elegant effortless technique.  No strength needed.  At least
that's how it's been when I used it.  That's how the Marine Corps taught it.  
     I was sitting in a coffee shop with wooden tables and wooden benches.  A guy
came in, recognized me, and started moving toward me.  I did not want to get attacked
sitting on a bench with my back to a wall and table in front of me.  So I got up and
moved between the tables to meet him.  I put my arms up and pushed him away (feint).  
He grabbed my shirt and pulled me towards him, which was my intended purpose
(because he was much stronger and bigger than me).  Because I was also pulling him
toward me, we came together much faster than he expected.  I moved to my left, his right.  
Swung my right leg up and down catching his right ankle/heel with my right ankle/heel,
kicking his right leg out from under him.  Causing him to fall backwards, as I pushed
forward.  I had intended to smash his head against the concrete floor.  But, things
never go as planned.  His head hit the edge of a table and snapped his head forward,
breaking his neck.  
     Yes, with practice, it is that effortless.  It was one of the first techniques the
Drill Instructors taught us in recruit training.  Twenty years later, it was still in
long-term memory and worked just fine.  
-- Jon Low  
 
     Every month, I give a 4 hour lecture for students to get their Tennessee Concealed
Carry permit under the auspices of Concealed Coalition.  (The students don't need the
permit to carry in Tennessee as we have had "Constitutional Carry" since July 1st of
last year.  But it's good for reciprocity and other things.  There is also a higher level permit,
the Tennessee Enhanced Handgun Permit, that allows for open carry and carry in
more places.)  
     When we have deaf students, Concealed Coalition will pay for two American Sign
Language interpreters for the deaf students.  Which makes it much easier on me, as my
sign language skills are mediocre.  
     The deaf students are not very warm to the police, as their interactions generally
turn out badly.  The police are not trained, nor are they familiar with the deaf community.  
The police are slow to figure out that shouting instructions is the wrong thing to do.  
For those of you who have been in law enforcement, you know that there is never enough
budget or time for training.  Especially for training in such specialties as dealing with deaf
people.  So the police officer will often shoot the deaf person, because the deaf person is
refusing to obey lawful commands.  Because the deaf person cannot hear the lawful
commands.  
     With the proliferation of law abiding citizens purchasing pistols for self-defense
and the proliferation of training, I expect to see many more police officers shot.  Police
must be careful, because deaf suspects make very sympathetic defendants.  They've got
their sign language interpreter in the courtroom.  They've got their family, friends, and
community in the gallery.  It's politically difficult for a prosecutor to prosecute a disabled
person.  
     "I didn't now he was a police officer.  He came up behind me without warning and
drove me to the ground.  So, I shot him.  Previous attacks on me and fellow members
of the deaf community informed my decision to defend myself with lethal force.  The
police officer should have identified himself to me.  His failure to do so is on him.  
His failure to be cognizant of my disability is on him.  I am not responsible for wearing
a sign on my back saying, 'Deaf Person'.  Because that would attract an attack from
nasty persons.  Which the police have consistently refused to protect me from."  
     I could go on, but you get the idea.  
 
     Claude Werner had asked if a conscious observer of an event (such as shooting
something) affects the event.  And my answer was that there are certain denominations
of the religion of physics that claim that a conscious observer does affect the outcome
of an experiment.  And depending on your interpretation of the model, may even be
required for a resultant quantum state to exist.  The tree falling in the forest makes no
sound, unless there is a conscious observer to hear it.  
     May I invite your attention to
"How Many States Of Matter Are There?" by PBS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=184eP_KuXek
where the narrator talks about Prof. Max Tegmark's proposal that consciousness is a
state of matter (in the sense of solid, liquid, gas, plasma, etc.) in the information
theoretic sense.  [See Jade's video cited below.]  
     We are not talking about whether or not a witness to the shooting will affect your
decision to shoot or not to shoot.  We are talking about whether or not the presence
of a witness (as opposed to a security camera) will affect whether or not your bullet
hits the intended target.  Yes, I know that I am talking about events at the macroscopic
level.  But, even macroscopic events are affected by the Heisenberg Uncertainty
Principle.  
     In my physics classes, I would ask my students, "Can you get bowling balls to
diffract when passing through a doorway?"  The answer is yes.  The bowling ball
just needs to be moving very slowly, which is physically possible.  
De Broglie wavelength = Plank's constant ÷ the momentum of the bowling ball
As long as the wavelength is equal to or longer than the width of the doorway, the
bowling balls will diffract.  (The bowling balls will not go straight through the door
way, even if they don't hit the doorway.  Rather, they will go off at some angle with
probability determined by the Schrodinger Wave Equation.)  
     "Wait a minute, Adjunct (sometime, part time) Professor Low, even at 0 Kelvin, 
the zero point energy of the bowling ball will be high enough to make the wave 
length of the bowling ball shorter than the width of the doorway."  
     This is of course a thought experiment, performed in deep space far away from any
mass.  Zero point energy (vibrations of the bowling ball or heat of the bowling ball,
induced by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle) does not affect the translational
momentum of the bowling ball.  If you were to do a statistical mechanics analysis you
would find that the zero point energy (or any other perturbation) would cancel out.  
     "Why Pure Information Gives Off Heat" by Jade
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY-mbr-aAZE
Actually, there are reversible gates.  The XOR (exclusive or) operation is reversible in
the sense that if you perform an xor operation using bit sequence A and bit sequence B
resulting in bit sequence C,  A xor B = C, then it is now true that C xor B = A and that
C xor A = B.  So, the original bit sequences can be recovered, so the operation is reversible.  
(That's why XOR is so heavily used in cryptology.)  
     Of course, I may be wrong.  I haven't played with these concepts in several decades.  
 
Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
 
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----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"3 Gun Basics" by Danyela D'Angelo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Yw1F7-0tjI

     Lots of useful videos.
Remington1816
https://www.youtube.com/c/remington
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
"Be careful what you practice.
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
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----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it, which tactics to use) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
     More details on the Greenwood Park Mall incident.  
"Greenwood Park Mall mass shooting: First victim had a gun, no time to use it"
by Vic Ryckaert
https://www.wrtv.com/news/local-news/crime/greenwood-park-mall-mass-shooting-first-victim-had-a-gun-no-time-to-use-it
     Just shows, you've got to have situational awareness, even when going to the
bathroom.  
     The good guy had no military or law enforcement training.  His grandfather taught
him how to shoot.  Good job, Grandpa!  The good guy practiced tactically sound
techniques to accomplish his mission.  
     The good guy made the decision to execute his mission immediately.  Bravo!  
 
     Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
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----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Hero Elisjsha Dicken stopped Indiana mall gunman in 15 seconds,
not two minutes, police say" by Valerie Richardson
https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2022/jul/20/elisjsha-dicken-killed-indiana-mall-shooter-in-15-/
     Forty yards.  Your pepper spray ain't going to reach 40 yards.  
     Dicken has no police or military experience.  He says his training was from his grandfather.  
But the article doesn't say how extensive that training was.  
 
"There Is No Sanctuary" by Sheriff Jim Wilson
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/content/there-is-no-sanctuary/
Excerpt:  
     "Crooks like it when you have all of your guns locked up in the gun safe, or stashed in a
closet in the back bedroom.  To put it bluntly, when the door flies open, if you can’t put your
hand on a defensive firearm, you are probably going to lose."  
     "I live my life being able to put my hand on a defensive firearm at all times.  I wish my
friend had chosen to live that way.  And I hope that you do, too."  
     [You are at the top of the food chain because your ancestors chose to use tools.  Honor
them and ensure your decedent's survival by using tools. -- Jon Low]
     “And that about wraps it up. God is strong, and he wants you strong.  So, take everything
the Master has set out for you, well made weapons of the best materials.  And put them to
use so you will be able to stand up to everything the Devil throws your way.  This is no
afternoon athletic contest that we'll walk away from and forget about in a couple of hours.  
This is for keeps, a life or death fight to the finish against the Devil and all his angels.”
– Saul of Tarsus (The Apostle Paul)
Ephesians 6:10 - 12, The Message (a modern translation of the Bible)
 
"Parking Lots and Car Seats . . . " by John
https://civiliangunfighter.wordpress.com/2017/07/13/parking-lots-and-car-seats/
Excerpt:  
     ". . . when your kids are involved, the threshold for employing lethal force is lowered.  
Think critically about this before lethal force is required.  Kids are one instance where
protection of others is likely going to be viewed through the lens of being justified."  
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
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----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task in support of your tactics) -----
 
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"Yet Again – Entangled Weapons Fight" by Cecil Burch
https://www.iacombatives.com/2022/07/14/yet-again-entangled-weapons-fight/
Excerpt:  
     "I, for one, refuse to accept that I am helpless without gun.  And here is a shining example
of how well that concept works for real."  
 
"Use the Pinkie!
60 Second Shooting Tip"
by Tom McHale
https://americanhandgunner.com/discover/60-second-shooting-tip-use-the-pinkie/
     The support-side hand little finger has the longest lever arm to the point of rotation and
hence the most effect on muzzle flip.  That's why moving the support-side hand up in front
of the trigger guard is WRONG!  Because it reduces the length of the lever arm.  
Sorry, Lena Miculek, your grip is just wrong.  
     Push with the firing-side.  Pull with the support-side.  Works every time.  
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
 
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*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:  
"We are not God's gift to our students.  
Our students are God's gift to us."  
     [And God has blessed me with many serious dedicated students.  For which I am
eternally grateful. -- Jon Low]
 
----- Instructors -----
 
"Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
 
"Shooting with Hypermobility & Muscle Weakness: Physical Therapist’s Tips"
by Dr. Joseph Logar, PT, DPT
https://www.nrafamily.org/content/shooting-with-hypermobility-muscle-weakness-physical-therapist-s-tips/
     You must know about this because your students may have these problems.  
"Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
 
     I am teaching a Defensive Pistol course at my church, Stephens Valley Church in Nashville,
TN.  On Sunday, we determined that one student's pistol (Glock 23, Gen 4, 40 caliber) fits his
hand, but the trigger was too far forward for the length of his trigger finger.  First thing Monday
morning he goes to the Glock Store and has the trigger replaced with a Pyramid trigger.  He
tells me that the trigger is smooth and the break is crisp.  Monday afternoon he calls me with
questions about the material we covered yesterday.  It is such a blessing to have a serious
dedicated student.  
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
Excerpt from an email from Patrick Kilchermann --
Hello Responsibly Armed,
     I believe it was the University of Kansas professor John Senior who I first heard speak
of the differences between convergent solutions and divergent solutions.  
     Convergent solutions, he said, are those that - once solved - are solved universally.
His example was the bicycle.  To invent a bicycle (or lightbulb, or an umbrella) in one
place and at any time is to have invented them everywhere.  Improvements can be made,
but those too are universal.  
     Divergent solutions (on the other hand) are those solutions that are 'correct' only for a
certain person or culture or situation or scenario, or only at that particular time.  Educational
models, types of government, and utility clothing are good examples.  
     In the realm of 'concealed carry for the purpose of armed defense', if we are looking,
we can divide everything we discuss into these two categories.  
     Some things are objective realities, which we ourselves have to bend and conform to . . .
in our training, our gear selection, in our mindset development.  Such as the wisdom found
within the Combat Dynamics physical and psychological principles and models.  Or, what
pistol bullets are and aren't capable of.  The philosophies of self defense.  The governing
strategies for how fights avoided are won.  
     Other points within concealed carry are much more personal and subjective, and our
quest is an individual one, where we are looking for the things that work for us, personally,
right now.  Tactics are all divergent (that is how you'll avoid a confrontation with 'this' man
here on 'this' night; how you'll fight a particular 'field problem'.)  They are divergent because
every single scenario is made up of many unique and probably never-before-seen balances
of factors.  (This is why the WISE WARRIOR learns to THINK . . . not to memorize a
bunch of asininely mechanical one-size-fits-all-drills).  
     To be even more egg-heady about this I'll say:  This is why the art of concealed carry
proficiency, then, comes down to:  (1) Learning the governing principles, and then
(2) learning to dynamically implement them as fast as possible in tons of unique situations.  
These are two very different abilities!  Most people are naturally good at only one of these
two aspects . . . but we must push ourselves out of our comfort zone and get good at both!  
And we must become knowledgeable with #1 before we can effectively practice #2.
     Many of our personal gear selection choices require divergent solutions.  For this reason,
you've noticed that I don't spend a whole lot of time talking about specific pieces of gear.  
Anything I could offer would at best be a starting point; at worst a derailment or distraction.  
I'd rather educate on the bare minimum requirements of - say - a pistol, based on the
average demands of reality, and then let the individual user choose the pistol with the
preferred ergonomics and luxury features that fit within those constraints.  
-- Patrick Kilchermann
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
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*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     *****
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
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----- Aftermath -----  (You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him,
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
 
"What Do I Say After a Shooting?" by Greg Ellifritz
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/what-do-i-say-after-a-shooting
 
     High stress will induce diarrhea of the mouth and constipation of the brain.  
You will have false memories and temporary amnesia.  So, you will NOT tell the responding
officers things that actually happened because you don't remember them.  And you will
tell the responding officers things that did NOT happen because you have false memories.  
     You will not have seen obvious things that everyone else saw because you had tunnel
vision induced by high stress.  You will not hear things that everyone else heard because
you will have auditory exclusion induced by high stress.  
     If you shit and piss on yourself, don't hide it.  Tell the police officer, because it is physical
evidence that you feared for your life.  Which is different from having a subjectively reasonable
fear of death or serious bodily injury, or having an objectively reasonable fear of death or
grave bodily injury.  Now you have physical evidence.  Politely ask the officer to let you go
to change your clothes and to take a shower because you defecated and urinated on yourself.  
     Your initial emotion may be elation, survivor euphoria.  I'm alive!  I won!  
     You may feel regret.  I just took a human life.  
     You may feel self doubt.  If I had waited, I might not have had to shoot him.  
     You may feel fear and panic.  STOP!  Don't flee.  Don't tamper with evidence.  
Don't lie to the responding officers.  Just move yourself back into a state of regret
as best you can.  You're not going to lie to the officers, because you're not going
to talk to the officers.  
 
     In the right hand column of this web page, click on "Never Talk To The Police"
or use the direct address
https://defensivepistolcraft.blogspot.com/p/never-talk-to-police.html
 
     In the right hand column, click on the link labeled "Self Defense Insurance".  
Or, the direct link is,
http://defensivepistolcraft.blogspot.com/p/self-defense-insurance.html
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required
for someone to take your life, kill your loved ones,
and destroy all you hold dear.”
-- William Aprill
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     *****
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
"OOPS! When Bystanders are SHOT: The LEGAL Consequences!" by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lL0FsLL3EJU
     Deep analysis.  
     Mens Rea:  (the state of mind, the intent)
1)  Accident, you didn't know there was a danger, you could not have known.  No liability.  
2)  Negligence, you should have known there was a danger.  Civil liability.  
(Self-defense is not a defense against negligence.)
3)  Reckless, you knew there was a danger, but you didn't care.  Criminal and civil liability.  
(Self-defense is not a defense against recklessness.)
4)  Intentional, you intended to kill him.  Criminal and civil liability.  
(Self-defense is a perfect defense against intentional homicide.  No criminal or civil liability.)  
     Good Samaritan laws don't apply.  
     Doctrine of "Transferred Intent".  
     Strict liability.  
 
"Kansas court:  Self defense does not apply when a bystander is hurt"
https://www.foxnews.com/us/kansas-court-self-defense-does-not-apply-bystander-hurt
     Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA.
Excerpt:  
     "A Kansas law allowing deadly force against an attacker doesn't protect people from
prosecution if a bystander is injured, the state's highest court declared Friday.  The Kansas
Supreme Court ruled in the case of a Wichita police officer whose shots at a charging dog
wounded a 9-year-old girl.  The justices ordered a trial in Sedgwick County District Court
for former Officer Dexter Betts on a felony reckless aggravated battery charge.  The December
2017 shooting happened after Betts and other officers responded to a call about domestic
violence and a suicide threat at a Wichita home.  Once inside, the dog charged at Betts, and
he fired twice.  His shots missed and hit the floor, and bullet fragments hit the girl above an
eye and on a toe, according to the court's decision.  Betts argued that he acted in self defense.  
A judge dismissed the case before trial, and the Kansas Court of Appeals upheld that decision.  
But Supreme Court Justice Dan Biles, writing for a unanimous state Supreme Court, said
Kansas law grants immunity from prosecution for force used specifically against an attacker
and doesn't mention bystanders.  Kansas Supreme Court rules that self-defense laws don't
apply when the bystander is injured.  "If the Legislature wishes to extend self-defense
immunity when an innocent bystander is hurt, it can do so," Biles wrote.  "In the meantime,
we find nothing in the statutes providing a blanket shield for reckless conduct injuring an
innocent bystander who was not reasonably perceived as an attacker."  
---
     The real problem of course is that Betts missed.  Lack of training and practice has dire
consequences.  A friend of ours from the Palmetto Gun Club fired 5 copper jacketed round
nose 45 ACP bullets into a dog that attacked him.  None of the bullets passed through the dog.  
They all remained in the dog.  So it's obvious to me that if Betts had hit what he was
aiming at there would have been no problem. -- Jon Low
---
Jon,
     There are several problems with the reporting of this event, however.
     First, it appears the decision focused on the question of self-defense IMMUNITY,
not SELF-DEFENSE.  One might act in complete consistency with the law of self-defense,
but still have to make the case at court and not qualify for pre-trial immunity.  
     Second, the argument by the State is that the officer acted recklessly.  Conduct that is
reckless can never be lawful self-defense, by definition, because self-defense must be
reasonable, and recklessness is the absence of reasonableness.  
Best regards,
Andrew F. Branca
 
"Can you FIRE your lawyer? The SURPRISING Answer!" by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vG9v7m2CYT8
     Your attorney is not your butler.  He's not there to answer all your questions.  
The court appointed attorney is a Constitutional right (if you can't afford an attorney),
but you don't get to choose which attorney (The court decides.).  
     Strickland test.  
     Nelson hearing.   
     Your court appointed public defender is handling 100 to 200 other cases beside yours.  
You think he is going to spend any time with you?  How much time do you think
he is going to spend on your case?  That's why you have to hire your own attorney
and pay him in full up front.  After the case is resolved, the client has no incentive
to pay the attorney, and all attorney's know this.  So, if you don't have a million
dollars in a savings account, you better have a premium self-defense insurance policy.  
---
     There was a high profile murder case in Hawaii many decades ago.  Because of
the politics, the optics, the judge felt he had to appoint a politically powerful reputable
attorney, so the public, the activists, wouldn't complain about the defendant getting 
railroaded by the system.  So, the judge appointed my father, thinking that dad would 
make a good show of it and the riots would be avoided.  But dad's reputation was on 
the line, because it was a very high profile case.  
     The court has a fixed amount that they pay court appointed attorneys, which was
far below dad's normal fees.  But in Hawaii, when the court appoints a member of the
bar, the member cannot decline.  So dad was effectively taking the case pro bono,
including private investigators, expert witnesses, etc.  
     Courtroom battles are just like wars.  If you've got all your evidence and witnesses
lined up and your arguments are researched and backed with citations, you know you're
going to win.  And your intelligence and counter intelligence units should make sure
your enemy knows that you're going to win.  Because that controls the enemy's behavior.  
So over dinner at Oahu Country Club, dad told the prosecutor, "Do yourself a favor and
drop all charges, otherwise you're going to look like an idiot."  
That's the kind of attorney you want, not the overworked public defender.  
     Buy an insurance policy.  They are dirt cheap, because good guys rarely use them.  
 
"Law of Defense of Others: Defense of Family v. Strangers v. Active Shootings"
by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGWpKdp3q8A
     Only 11 states require all 5 elements of self-defense.  The other 39 states have no "Duty to
Retreat".  So the principle of avoidance is off the table.  The prosecutor can't claim that you
didn't have the privilege to use lethal force because you could have run away.  
---
     Reasonable person standard.  In just about all states.  
     Alter ego standard.  In South Carolina and maybe other states depending on how the trial
court interprets the case law.  
---
     Defense of strangers.  High legal risk.  High ambiguity.  
In a domestic, she will testify against you.  Sorry, that's just reality.  In some cases, the wife
and kids will show their appreciation for you stopping the man from beating them by
stabbing you with scissors, jumping you and scratching your eyes, etc.  What?  You thought
they were the Brady Bunch?  You're going to end up Macing all of them.  And they will all
testify that you were the initial aggressor.  
     Defense of people you know.  Low legal risk.  Low ambiguity.  
     Defense of strangers in an active murderer event.  Zero legal risk.  No ambiguity.  
---
     Res Ipsa Loquitur.
 
     "If you carry a gun, so you're hard to kill, know the law, so you're hard to convict."  
     Free infographic on the 5 elements of self-defense.  
https://LawOfSefDefense.com/elements/
     Free one hour webinar, every Wednesday at 13:00 Central Time, register at,
https://www.hardtoconvict.com/
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
https://lawofselfdefense.com/freebook/
The book is free of charge.  Just pay shipping, so you don't have to drive to Colorado
to pick it up.  
     Law of Self Defense YouTube.com channel
https://www.youtube.com/c/Lawofselfdefense/videos
     Law of Self Defense Rumble.com channel
https://www.Rumble.com/lawofselfdefense/
     "Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage."  
 
"Take 2! Shooting the Fleeing Aggressor:  Can That EVER Be Lawful?" by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1T5RBVfDsI
 
"House Passes ‘Assault Weapons’ Ban" by Stephen Gutowski
https://thereload.com/house-passes-assault-weapons-ban/
Excerpt:  
     ". . . the bill would not have passed except for support from Republican representatives
Jacobs (N.Y.) and Fitzpatrick (Pa.) since five Democrats voted against it."  
     "The Senate has not announced any scheduled votes on its version of the ban."  
     [Both of these Republicans have committed political suicide.  Jacobs has already announced
that he will not be running for re-election.  What do you think Nancy Pelosi gave them for
their vote?  
     It's not the same for Democrats.  They are like the Mafia.  They may go to prison, but they
never commit suicide.  Only the law enforcement and military types commit suicide when
they get caught.  Few people practice, "Death Before Dishonor".  Having it tattooed on your
arm doesn't mean shit.  
 -- Jon Low]
 
"Gun shop in residential area near governor's mansion does not need zoning permit,
city officials say" by Grace Altenhofen
https://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/news/2022/07/28/gun-shop-iowa-governors-mansion-does-not-need-zoning-permit/10161406002/
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
http://spw-duf.info
Excerpt:  
     Elizabeth and Travis Aslin of Des Moines appealed to the Des Moines Zoning Board of
Adjustment for a conditional use permit to allow their firearms business to operate out of their
home on Forest Drive.  The home, located across the street from Terrace Hill, the Iowa
governor's mansion, will be used for online firearm sales and on-premises customer pickups.  
A public hearing with the Zoning Board of Adjustment had been scheduled for Wednesday.  
Neighbors who signed a petition against the business's conditional use permit planned to
attend.  However, the hearing was removed from the agenda after Zoning Enforcement Officer
Erik Lundy announced Tuesday that the business does not need a zoning permit, and
"the proposed use is permitted in this zoning district."  A new law signed by
Gov. Kim Reynolds last month, codified in section 414.33 of the Code of Iowa, prevents cities
from prohibiting any "no-impact, home-based business" – home businesses that do not
exceed municipal occupancy limits or create parking issues.  The law also says a city may not
"otherwise require a person to apply, register, or obtain any permit, license, variance, or other
type of prior approval from the city to operate a no-impact home-based business."  Aslin's
business is protected under this law, according to Lundy's decision, and therefore does not
need a conditional use permit to operate.  A 2020 law signed by Gov. Reynolds also prohibits
cities from regulating the ownership and storage of firearms.
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form,
will insure liberty and happiness for a dishonorable population
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
*************************************************************************
 
"I would like to see every woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they know how to handle babies."  
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear -----
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
"Random Thoughts From CCW Qualification" by Mike Wood, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret.)
https://revolverguy.com/random-thoughts-from-ccw-qualification/
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA.  The following are Wenger's excerpt and comments.  
     " I [Mike Wood] attended a state-mandated refresher class to renew my CCW permit last
week, and had the opportunity to see about sixty “regular folks” (versus hardcore gun
enthusiasts, like us) complete a basic qualification test with their chosen gear . . . I had an
autopistol to shoot in addition to my revolver, so I shot that one first, and spent the rest of my
time helping other shooters load their mags, policing brass, and observing the festivities, as
I waited my turn to shoot my revolver, at the end.  Boy, did I get an eyeful . . . This qualification
event was quite remarkable, as I’ve never seen so many failures to fire in one setting.  It was
honestly, breathtakingly, shocking!  I must have seen three dozen failures to fire across the 60
shooters and 160+/- guns that attempted the course, and I probably didn’t even catch all of
them.  I’ve never seen so many malfunctions in a group of shooters before.  The course of fire
required shooters to load five rounds in their magazine for each of the ten strings of fire, and I
saw several shooters who were lucky to fire one or two of those five successfully, on some
strings, with the other three or four winding up on the ground.  It was hard, from my vantage
point, to determine the reason for all of these failures.  Most of them appeared to be
shooter-induced failures.  I saw a large number of slides that did not go into battery, and while
some of these stoppages may have resulted from equipment or maintenance issues, I’d be
willing to bet most of them were caused by a weak grip/platform, or by riding the slide when
the first round was chambered.  I also suspect that errant thumbs and fingers interfered with
the free travel of the slide in many cases, especially on the smaller guns.  A couple rounds
looked like they were jacked out when typically-ignored safety levers inadvertently worked
their way into the ON position, and deactivated the trigger, prompting the confused shooter to
cycle the slide in an attempt to remedy the problem.  I was actively policing the brass between
strings, and got the opportunity to inspect a lot of the unfired rounds that had been manually
ejected by the shooters as they attempted to fix their pistols.  There were a few duds in the mix,
that didn’t go off with a solid primer strike, and I actually witnessed a handful of these as they
happened, but they didn’t account for more than about 10% of the unfired rounds . . . About a
third of the rounds had light primer strikes, and these were probably the most concerning of all.  
These light strikes hinted at a mechanical problem with the gun, such as a broken firing
pin/striker, or a firing pin/striker that was “glued” in place by a buildup of excess solvents,
lubricants, and debris — a condition which is entirely avoidable, given proper maintenance
practices, but appears to be distressingly common, particularly in law enforcement circles,
where firearms maintenance doesn’t always get the attention it deserves.  It’s also possible
that the ammo could have been a problem (improper dimensions, resulting in too much
headspace, or a particularly robust primer), but again, my brief visual inspection of these
recovered rounds didn’t suggest it.  The ammo looked good, outside of the light primer
strikes . . . While I was policing all that brass, I found an ejector rod for some kind of revolver.  
The darned thing had unscrewed, and was just sitting there on the deck.  Oops.  Someone was
in for a bad surprise.  Hopefully they figured it out before the gun was placed back into service.  
It was a good reminder for all of us to check screws and ejector rods during our normal
maintenance and function checks.  Screws really do back out under recoil, and every
RevolverGuy should have a properly-fitting screwdriver in his cleaning kit . . . Alas, it turns out
that all was not well in revolver-land, either.  As we loaded our cylinders for the first string of
fire, I saw the shooter to my right point his gun at me, as he attempted to load the gun using
the most . . . creative, method I’d ever seen.  If you can imagine, this shooter had the gun lying
flat on its right side, with the grip pointing towards his belly and the barrel pointing to his left
(at me!).   He held the gun by pinching the top strap between the thumb and index finger of his
left hand, while his right hand tried to feed the chambers by sliding rounds into them from
right to left, parallel with the deck . . . After I pushed the gun away and told him to keep it
pointed downrange, he apologized and explained the obvious – that he didn’t have any
experience with the gun.  We took a time out and I showed him how to accomplish the task
safely and properly, and things went uneventfully after that.  It proved an important point,
though.  Revolver shooters are a minority these days, and well-trained revolver shooters are
even more scarce.  There was a time, in the not-too-distant past, when the revolver was the
baseline – the handgun everyone grew up with, the handgun that dominated the shooting
sports, the handgun that most institutional training programs were based upon – but that time
has passed.  It’s an autopistol world now, and the “institutional knowledge” of the revolver in
the greater “gun community” is at a low . . .
---
     Something that I've observed in a community with a lot of firearm enthusiasts is the many
spend big bucks on fancy pistols to shoot at the range but shop for “inexpensive” snubby
revolvers to carry on the street and spend very little time honing skill with them.  As Mike
suggests and I have stated repeatedly the “institutional knowledge” of us Revolversaurus rex
types is fading and those square-gunners who do own a revolver as some form of insurance
would do well to learn from us while we're still around.
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
---
     If you have a thumb safety on your pistol that you press down to deactivate, you must
keep your thumb on top of the safety when shooting to ensure it stays down.  Otherwise,
something will bump it and the pistol won't work.  (model 1911's, Browning Hi Powers, etc.)
     If you have a thumb safety that deactivates by being pressed up, the design is WRONG!  
Get another pistol.  
-- Jon Low
 
     If the gun store clerk tells you that the trigger on your pistol cannot be moved to
accommodate the length of your trigger finger, he lies.  A competent gunsmith can move the
trigger.  Some gunsmiths won't do the job for fear of liability.  But some will.  
     "Some girls don't like guys like me.  Ah, but some girls do." -- Sawyer Brown
Moving the stock trigger may not be the best option.  You may need to replace the trigger
with an after market trigger.  That's fine.  
     Your grip must fit your firing side hand.  The tips of your middle finger and ring finger
must be able to point back towards you.  
     Your trigger must fit your trigger finger.  When the pistol is gripped correctly (barrel in line
with the bones in the forearm, web between the thumb and index finger up high and tight
against the tang, middle finger tight against the bottom of the trigger guard) and the slack is out
of the trigger, your trigger finger should be pressing the trigger straight to the rear.  No vector
component of lateral force.  
     You would never wear shoes or gloves that did not fit.  Why would you use a pistol that
doesn't fit your hand and trigger finger?  The life of your loved ones will depend on your
competence.  So get it right.  
 
"4 Ways to Choose Your First Concealed-Carry Gun
Don't worry about what's "best."  Here's how to find what's best for YOU."  
by Brad Fitzpatrick
https://www.nrafamily.org/content/4-ways-to-choose-your-first-concealed-carry-gun/
Excerpt:  
     "Chances are you wouldn’t ask someone else to choose a car for you to purchase, to order
your dinner, or to select and furnish your next home.  But new shooters often allow others to
make decisions about the firearm that they will use for personal protection."  
 
"Pistol Red Dots: What Happens When They Fail" by Dave Merrill
https://www.recoilweb.com/water-is-wet-red-dots-break-136643.html
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
     The article gives several suggestions for aiming the pistol when the red dot sight fails.  
Excerpts:  
     "Iain Harrison tells us he replaced Tasco PDP2s every couple thousand rounds, simply
because the early red dot sights couldn’t handle the recoil.  In the world of competitive
shooting, this is partially why larger custom frame-mounted, non-reciprocating dots gained
in popularity.  Physically mounting a red dot to a pistol slide is rough as hell on an optic.  
How rough?  10,000Gs with some setups.  That kind of force can make a whole helluva lot
fail, especially when an optic gets hammered for thousands of rounds . . . "  
     [The real problem with slide mounted red dot sights is that it changes the mass of the slide.  
That affects the reliability of the pistol.  Have you cut the slide to compensate for the extra
mass of the sight?  Have you changed the recoil spring to compensate for the change in mass
and mass distribution? -- Jon Low]  
     "Some day we’ll reach the point where slide-riding red dots will be as durable as their rifle
brethren."  
     [Red dot sights on rifles don't reciprocate.  So they are not getting banged back and forth
with every shot.  So the comparison is specious. -- Jon Low]
     "It’s not just dots dying either.  The window can become obscured from cracks, rain, an
accidental drop in the mud, or merely severe fogging from rapid environmental changes like
stepping out of an air-conditioned car into hot, muggy weather."  
     [If there are water droplets on your window, you will see many red dots.  If there is fog
on your window, you will see large star bursts. -- Jon Low]  
---
     [The window is a concave reflector that creates a virtual image.  The red dot is a virtual
image, not a real image.  This is a problem on many levels.  But, you'll need to take an
optics class at your local college physics department to understand why.  The problem
for combat purposes is that if the red dot sight gets knocked out of zero, you won't be able
to tell.  With iron sights, the sights will look wrong, pushed off to one side or the other.  But
with a red dot sight, the error in the sight could be microscopic and internal.  So you will
never notice it.  Until you hit the wrong guy.  But in combat, you might not notice that either.  
-- Jon Low]  
 
     If you live in an apartment where the maintenance guys (or others) have keys to your
apartment, you need to keep your guns (and other valuable stuff) locked up; in a closet,
in a foot locker, in a toolbox, etc.  Steel cable through the pipes under your sink might help.  
But not much if they are plastic.  A safe bolted into the floor or wall would be nice.  But who
can afford such?  Putting a lock on a closet door is pretty easy and cheap.  
 
Craft Holsters
https://www.craftholsters.com/
Free Economy Shipping From $199
I prefer IWB holsters.
https://www.craftholsters.com/iwb-holsters
 
Galco Holsters
https://www.galcogunleather.com/
I prefer IWB (Inside the Waistband) holsters.  
https://www.galcogunleather.com/holsters_8_1.html
Coupon Code:  WELCOME15
 
“Your car is not a holster.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
"Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
 
     How Terminal Ballistics Helps You Choose the Right Ammunition (Pt. 1)
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2018/7/31/how-terminal-ballistics-helps-you-choose-the-right-ammunition/
     Terminal Ballistics & How to Choose the Right Ammunition (Pt. 2)
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2018/8/7/terminal-ballistics-how-to-choose-the-right-ammunition-pt-2/
Excerpt:  
     "The range of impact velocities over which a hollowpoint bullet will expand is considerably
narrower than soft-point bullets.  Hollowpoint bullets striking at velocities that are below their
expansion threshold behave like full-metal-jacket bullets, i.e., they do not expand at all."  
     Terminal Ballistics & How to Choose the Right Ammunition (Pt. 3)
https://www.nrafamily.org/content/terminal-ballistics-how-to-choose-the-right-ammunition-pt-3/
     [For self-defense, use the heaviest bullet you can get.  Penetration is king.  Over penetration
is not an issue.  Missing is the issue. -- Jon Low]  
 
"The Association of Firearm Caliber With Likelihood of Death
From Gunshot Injury in Criminal Assaults"
by Anthony A. Braga, PhD and  Philip J. Cook, PhD
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2688536
     Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA.  
Bottom Line Up Front:  Shoot the largest caliber bullet that you can shoot accurately,
because it does make a difference statistically and in real world gunfights.  
     This is why I carry 45 ACP and recommend you do.  Accurate shooting is a matter of
technique, not strength.  Pistol recoil is very light compared to rifle or shotgun.  
     Stopping the attack requires penetration.  Because you must strike a vital organ in order to
stop the attack.  The heavier bullet will give you deeper penetration.  
     "But my bullet already has way more penetration than needed to pass through a human."  
     False!  Ballistic gelatin tests don't contain any bones.  Your bullets in combat will need to
penetrate bones, human arms and shoulders, heavy leather jackets, thick leather belts, sheet
steel car doors, car windshields, windows of buildings, etc.  
You need deep penetration.  That means +P ammo.  That mean 230 grain bullets.  
     You win gunfights with speed, power, and accuracy.  Speed and accuracy can be controlled
in real time during the gunfight.  Power is what you choose to carry.  It is fixed long before
the gunfight.  
 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution
(capitalization as in the original document, militia refers to YOU)
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Personal Security, Medical, Survival, etc. *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
     Don't live in flood zones.  Don't go into flood zones when it's raining.  
Don't live in gun-free-zones.  Don't go into gun-free-zones.  Don't send your children into
gun-free-zones.  Gun-free-zones are criminal magnets.  
Heed tornado warnings.  Heed hurricane warnings.  Heed flood warnings. 
     I could go on, but you get the idea.  
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit.
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained.
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     *****  War Stories, History, Politics, and such   *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
"Conceit and Arrogance!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/conceit-and-arrogance/
 
     “Never believe anything in politics until it has been officially denied”
-- Otto Von Bismarck
"Trust?" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/trust-2/
     “A basal suspicion (and simultaneous distrust) of government and of all politicians,
is both healthy and essential in a free republic”
-- Newman
 
     A place to shoot.  
Nilo farms (Olin spelled backwards)  Open to the public.  
https://nilofarms.com/
15025 IL-111, Brighton, IL 62012
Phone:  618-466-0613
     "NILO Nirvana: Winchester's Gift To American Sportswomen Turns 70"
https://www.nrawomen.com/content/nilo-nirvana-winchester-s-gift-to-american-sportswomen-turns-70/
A premier sporting clays venue.  Pheasant pie.  
 
     Hoping to see you all at the Tennessee Firearms Association annual banquet.
https://tfalac.org/2022-annual-event/
Saturday, September 3, 2022
Admission starts at 9:00 AM CST
Event Activities start approximately 10:00 AM CST
Farm Bureau Expo Center at the at the
James E. Ward Agricultural Center on the
Wilson County Fairgrounds.
945 East Baddour Parkway, Lebanon, Tennessee 37087
 
“Tyrants are the children of vanity” -- Sophocles
"Disarm a Nation" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/disarm-a-nation/
“To conquer a nation, first disarm its citizens.” -- Adolf Hitler
     Remember, Hitler lead the NAZI party.  NAZI stands for National Socialist.  He and his
followers were socialists.  The liberals lie when they say that the NAZIs are right wingers.  
The NAZIs, Klu Klux Klanners, Aryan Nations, etc. are all left wingers, because they are
all socialists.  Just as the Democrats are socialists.  Not all Democrats were KKK, but all
KKK were Democrats.  
 
"The Final Images We Will Ever See of Pluto and Arrokoth" by Astrum
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D5XPuS-Y0fg
     Political correctness runs deep.  The narrator refused to pronounce Uranus correctly.  
 
"FURY INCOMING:
ATF Director backs SCOTUS decision as “Law of the Land”
Brace for impact!" by Langley Outdoors Academy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Df5Zl_lxNDY
     Actually, this is exactly what a competent ATF Director would say.  The ATF is not
political, is simply here to enforce law, not to make law, and the U.S. Supreme Court
decisions are the law of the land.  Notice the Director's body language. 
 
“Racist!” by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/racist/
 
     “I wonder if you realize that when you browbeat people who disagree with you into silence,
because they don't want to be called ‘hater,’ ‘bigot,’ whatever, their silence will create for you
the illusion that you're winning.  
     But, it's just an illusion, an illusion you find so intoxicating that you're completely
unprepared when the moment of truth comes . . . and you lose.”  
-- Dan Calabrese
 
No one is coming for your abortions, all we want is common sense abortion control.  
https://www.tiktok.com/@unpopular_opinion_queen/video/7107402018238532907
 
     "The FBI data from 2014 to 2021 claims that 18 times someone legally carrying a gun
stopped a mass public shooting.  By contrast, our list contains 46 cases."  
-- Dr. John R. Lott, Jr. PhD
     "UPDATED: Compiling Cases where concealed handgun permit holders have stopped
likely mass public shootings"
https://crimeresearch.org/2022/07/uber-driver-in-chicago-stops-mass-public-shooting/
     "Crime Prevention Research Center"
https://crimeresearch.org/
 
     In case you don't understand the state of our economy.   
"Tucker Carlson: It turns out we're insane"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TdRdn6BqrA
 
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thomas Jefferson
 
*************************************************************************
     *****     *****     *****  Cryptology *****     *****     *****
 
"Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe,
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use."
-- Thomas Paine
[Cryptosystems are considered "arms" by federal law.  
ITAR, International Traffic in Arms Regulations]
 
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Used to be National Bureau of Standards (NBS) when I worked there.  
Still in Gaithersburg, MD.  
     "Cryptography, Overview"
https://www.nist.gov/cryptography
This page contains links to the things they are interested in.  Notice what they are not interested
in.  
     "Post-Quantum Cryptography PQC"
https://csrc.nist.gov/Projects/Post-Quantum-Cryptography/Post-Quantum-Cryptography-Standardization
This page contains the links to the meat.  
     "Cryptographic Standards and Guidelines, Overview"
https://csrc.nist.gov/Projects/Cryptographic-Standards-and-Guidelines
 
     In Cryptologic Communications School, I remember Gunny Wheeler explaining to us
how the two crypto systems were moving back and forth in time trying to synchronize with
each other, as we listened to the audio output from the machines.  Good memories.  
But, memories are not all we old farts have left.  As my pastor says,
"Why aren't you dead yet?  Because God has stuff for you to do.  So do it."  
 
     A college classmate called me and asked for help with a ransomware
attack on a friend's company.  I told him to ignore the attack and just
restore the data from back up.  He told me that the company did not
have any back up system.  I told him, that's the problem, not the
ransomware attack.  Eventually, the local disk drives would fail
(naturally, or by natural disaster, or by design) and they would have
the same problem.  My classmate told me that his friend who ran
the company told him that they could not afford to back up their data.  
I said that doesn't make sense, as memory is free (as taught in all
engineering schools when designing databases, storage systems, etc.).  
My classmate got back to me later saying that his friend told him that
they could not do remote back up because the data was sensitive
and the vendor could not guarantee data security in transit or at
the remote site.  I said that doesn't make sense, as they could encrypt
their data before back up.  
     And then I realized that I was talking to the risk mitigation guy
at the company (through my classmate, his friend, and others).  They
were trying to figure out what they were going to say to the insurance
company to justify their stupidity.  
 
     It's rarely a research endeavor.  It's usually a literature search.  Sometimes it's hard to
search.  Google is particularly bad for our searches.  You must use the other search engines,
as the old or retired professors.  Quickly, before they die.  
     Section 8.5  Jacobi Methods
". . . they are inherently parallel."  
[We never brute force anything. -- Jon Low]  
     Section  7.2  Pertubation Theory
"None of the decompositions in the preceding section can be calculated exactly because of
roundoff error and because eigenvalue algorithms are iterative and must be terminated after
a finite number of steps."  
[So you must understand the underlying. -- Jon Low]
"Matrix Computations" by Gene H. Golub and Charles F. Van Loan (yes, that Van Loan)
John Hopkins University Press, 1989.  
ISBN 0-8018-3772-3
ISBN 0-80183739-1
Library of Congress Catalog Number 88-45404
Check out the dedication.  
---
     May I invite your attention to
T. F. Chan (1988).  "An optimal Circulant Preconditioner for Toeplitz Systems", SIAM.  
J. Sci. Stat.  Comp.  9, 766-771.  
     I remember playing in SIAM.  Great memories.  
 
"Why you can't solve quintic equations (Galois theory approach)" by  Mathemaniac
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCU9tZ2VkWc
     I love such videos.  
 
“Worried about Quantum Computing?” by Jonathan D. Low
     If you fear the bad guys will be able to decrypt your encrypted data using quantum
computers, you’re worrying about the wrong thing.  Cryptanalysis is hard.  (Persons who can
do it are rare.  Persons who can do it, who also have the hardware resources to do it are
extremely rare.)  Bribery, sexual seduction, extortion, blackmail, etc. are easy.  Social engineering is
very easy.  
     Scenario 1.  I drop a few thumb drives (perhaps labeled “Salaries” or “Payroll”) out in your
parking lot, I guarantee one of your employees will plug it into a computer on your network,
it will infect your network, and I’ll be in your network by this evening.  
     Scenario 2.  I investigate your employees and find one with a special interest.  I accidentally
bump into the employee and strike up a conversation (admiring her tattoos “Were those done
by Diego?”, “Your children are so well behaved, it says a lot about you.”, etc.)  We accidentally
discover our common interest in her special interest.  I tell her that I must share information
with her.  I ask her for a thumb drive to copy files onto, or I pull out a flash drive that I copy
files onto from my laptop computer and give it to her.  The information will be of high value.  
She will be delighted.  I will adjust my level of excitement to her level of excitement.  When
she sees her husband, she joyfully shares the information with him by plugging the drive into
his computer.  The next time he logs into his work computer from his personal laptop, I’m in.  
(He never transferred malicious files onto a company computer, nor did he break any of the
company’s security protocols.)  
     If you want to make your computer network more secure:  
0)  Train your employees.  There is no substitute for training.  You can’t install software or
hardware that will defeat human stupidity.  You must train your employees.  Don’t plug
unknown devices into the network.  Don’t click on links in emails, until you verify the link
with the sender as to purpose and authenticity.  Don’t open email attachments, until you
verify the attachment with the sender as to purpose and authenticity.  If the sender is just
sending you something that he thought was cool, you should assume that the sender was
duped and is unknowingly passing malicious material to you.  I could go on, but you get the
idea.  
1)  Stop forcing your employees to change their passwords.  Good passwords never go stale.  
Bad passwords are not improved by being replaced by bad passwords.  So have your
employees create good passwords and leave them alone.  If you have a policy of changing
passwords on a periodic basis, you are cryptologically wrong.  And the enemy will take
advantage of your stupidity.  
2)  Stop forcing your employees to create passwords that they cannot remember.  This forces
them to record the password somewhere, which defeats the security of having passwords.  
Forcing the user to use certain characters restricts the space of passwords.  That means the
space is smaller and therefore easier to search.  If your policy forces your employees to use
particular characters, you are cryptologically wrong.  The enemy will take advantage of your
stupidity.  
3)  Stop forcing employees to work at home.  Every link you put between your users and your
servers degrades security (and increases ping time).  If you fear Covid-19 (or any other variant
or any other disease), stop, gather data, and think.  Believing Dr. Anthony Fauci is not thinking.  
It’s believing, which is not the same as thinking.  
     “Thinking is the hardest thing a person can do.  
That’s why so few people do it.” – Henry Ford
     Okay, Staff, so how do you create strong passwords?  Consider a string of numbers that has
significance to you and so is in your long-term memory.  The social security number of your
wife is not good.  Your wife is public knowledge.  Social security numbers are findable.  Your
mistress’ street number, birth date, measurements, and phone number would be a reasonable
string.  Hold down the shift key, type in the string, release the shift key.  That would be a
reasonable character sequence to embed in your password.  
Avoid words that appear in any dictionary in the world, including names of people, places, or
things.  Dictionary attacks are a thing.  Rather, consider poems, phrases, or clauses that you
know well.  “and in the darkness bind them.”  Which would compress to “aitdbt” or
“AITDBT” or “AiTdBt”, etc.  That would be a reasonable character sequence to concatenate
in your password.  
     I could go on, but you get the idea.  
---
     Communication security requires at least two things:  Something you know and something
you have.  
     The something you know could be your password, which can be changed if you allow it to
be compromised.  
     The something you have may be a pseudo-random number generator that is synchronized
with the generator running on the server.  Or it may be a number sent to your phone.  The
possibilities are limited by your imagination.  Your fingerprint or iris scan is not something you
have.  They cannot be changed.  Once they are compromised, you’re screwed forever.  If your
hands are cut up, covered with blood or dirt, the biometric readers won’t recognize your
fingerprint.  
     The next level after "something you know" and "something you have" would be the
"user’s ability to satisfy a zero-knowledge proof protocol" with the server.  You claim to be
Alice.  The server asks you a question based on the identity of Alice.  You respond.  Based on
the response and the profile of Alice, the server asks a question.  (Consider how the Israelis
interview persons at their airports.  Go deep, digging for more detail with each question.)  
You respond.  At worst, the protocol should be halving the probability of you not being Alice
with every correct response.  But the server does not end the game until a set number of
questions are answered (correctly or incorrectly).  If the server is satisfied, it grants access to
whichever accounts are appropriate.  If not, it grants access to a honey pot.  Pooh Bear loves
honey.  
 
     "Premature optimization is the root of all evil."  
-- Donald Knuth
 
*************************************************************************
     *****     *****     *****  Intelligence   *****     *****     *****
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.”
from "Principles of Personal Defense" by Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"OSINT At Home #9 – My Top 4 Free Satellite Imagery Sources"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OONjbRAR-TM
OSINT = Open Source Intelligence
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm,
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
*************************************************************************
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Email:  Jon_Low@yahoo.com
Radio:  KI4SDN

Saturday, July 23, 2022

CWP, 23 July MMXXII Anno Domini

 Hi Sheepdogs,
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****
*************************************************************************
 
----- Safety -----  (How to prevent the bad thing from happening in the first place.  
How to avoid shooting yourself, friendlies, and innocent bystanders.)
 
Jeff Cooper's Rules of Gun Safety  
RULE I:  ALL GUNS ARE ALWAYS LOADED.  
RULE II:  NEVER LET THE MUZZLE COVER ANYTHING YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO DESTROY.
RULE III:  KEEP YOUR FINGER OFF THE TRIGGER UNTIL YOUR SIGHTS ARE ON THE TARGET.
RULE IV:  BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET.  
 
"Arkansas boy, 8, is accidentally shot and killed by his brother, 5:
Sheriff says tragedy 'could have been avoided' " by Ruth Bashinsky
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11017665/Arkansas-boy-8-accidentally-shot-killed-brother-5.html
     "Again, the best way to secure a firearm that is kept in a state of readiness is to holster it on
your person." -- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
     [This not a "tragic accident".  It is negligence.  It is not accidental. -- Jon Low]
 
     All mass murders occur in gun-free-zones because only law-abiding-citizens obey the law.  
The criminals don't.  So, gun-free-zones create unarmed victims for armed criminal to prey
upon.  This is actually obvious to any thinking person.  
---
" 'Hero' armed citizen in mall stopped shooter: Police chief " by MELISSA GAFFNEY
https://6abc.com/hero-armed-citizen-in-mall-stopped-shooter-police-chief/12057770/
---
     "Reported elsewhere: “Police say the 22-year-old (good guy) from Bartholomew County
had a legal gun permit.  However, according to mall policy, the man should not have been
carrying his handgun in the mall in the first place.  The Simon Property Group, which owns
the mall, states in its code of conduct that no weapons are allowed at their shopping centers.  
The policy was last updated in April 2020.  The property group has worked with Greenwood
police for several planned security technology upgrades after recent incidents at the mall,
including two in which employees were held at gunpoint in the parking lot.  These upgrades
include license plate readers installed at mall entrances.”  In Indiana, such “no weapons”
postings lack the force of law.  It remains to be seen whether Simon Property Group bans the
hero from the mall for violating it code of conduct.  Bartholomew County borders Greenwood's
Johnson County, to the southeast."  
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
     Wenger's comment is referencing the following article,
" 'Good Samaritan' Who Killed Mall Shooter Broke Property Rules Against Guns "
by Emma Mayer
https://www.newsweek.com/good-samaritan-who-killed-mall-shooter-broke-property-rules-against-guns-1725586
Hat tip to Mark at Practical Eschatology,
https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/
---
     Well this article says that the good guy did not have a permit, but rather was carrying under
Indiana’s Constitutional Carry Law.
"22-Year-Old That Stopped Mass Shooting Was Carrying Under
Indiana’s Constitutional Carry Law" by Luke McCoy
https://www.usacarry.com/22-year-old-stopped-mass-shooting-indiana-constitutional-carry/
     Mass media get raises and promotions for scoops (first to report event), not for accuracy.  
---
"Greenwood Park Mall Shooting Destroys Gun Control Narrative
Exercising Constitutional Carry" by Colion Noir
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8I_6TPWcFu0
---
     Liberals create gun-free-zones intentionally, with malice aforethought.  
No, liberals are not misguided or misinformed.  Sorry, that's just reality.  
Never go into a gun-free-zone.  Never send your children into a gun-free-zone.  
Yes, it is that simple.  
     Prays took 50 years to lessen the baby murders induced by Roe v. Wade.  So prayer isn't
practical if you want zero casualties.  God works in His mysterious ways (often very slowly).  
We operators work in practical effective ways (from threat to termination is often on the order
of 2 seconds).  Never confuse the two.  Because that would be an act of criminal stupidity and
superstition.  You can be religious without being superstitious.  
     Superstition is not belief in things that you think are false.  Superstition is belief in things
that you know are true, that are false.  BIG DIFFERENCE!  Discovering your superstitions
requires questioning facts that you know are true.  An impossible task for any ideologue.  Do
you understand why?  Discovering your superstitions requires meta thinking; thinking about
your thinking.  No, that does not require a high IQ.  It requires introspection, which is
independent of IQ.  
     This is not the same as the Queen choosing to believe six impossible things before breakfast.  
-- "Through the Looking-Glass, And What Alice Found There"
by Charles Dodgson, AKA Lewis Carroll
CHAPTER V.  Wool and Water  (I can't give you a line number or page number, because my
digital copy does not have page numbers, and reformats the text according to the window
size.)
[Ya, I know I spent way too much time in the Psychology Department at Columbia.  I was
supposed to be a Chemical Engineer.  My only excuse is that Psych was full of hot chicks.]  
---
"Loitering!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/loitering/
 
"A Late Night Knock At Your Door" by Greg Ellifritz
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/
---
     "Sorry, I can't help you."  Always a good thing to say.  Sure beats getting kidnapped,
tortured, and murdered.  Oh, do you think I'm paranoid, pessimistic, or always viewing the
dark side of humanity?  No, not at all.  I just live in the real world.  As in, "What do you do
in the real world?"  
 
John Farnam's rules to keep you out of trouble:  
Don't go to stupid places.  
Don't do stupid things.  
Don't hang out with stupid people.  
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.  
Don't look like a freak.  
Don't fail the attitude test.  
 
*************************************************************************
----- Mindset (figuring out the correct way to think) -----
 
     If you look at someone bigger, faster, and stronger and immediately think,
'I'm at a disadvantage,'  
I have news for you:  you are.  
But that's only because you just put yourself there for no reason.  
     The truth is that anyone can do debilitating violence to anyone else.  
Your size, your speed, your strength, your gender --
all the factors that untrained people think make the difference when it comes to violence --
all matter far less than your mindset and your intent.  
-- Tim Larkin
 
"Be Trained or Be Chained." by James Keating
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mk8oYoDXW0U
     Use tools.  That's the secret.  
 
"Talisman or tool against danger: how do you tell?" by Annette
https://onherown.life/talisman-or-tool-against-danger-how-do-you-tell/
     If the tool does everything it’s supposed to do, will it work?  
     Are you able to access the tool and use it correctly?  
     Have you thought through the practical and legal downsides of the tool?  
 
     "Good people find out the hard way that their gun is worthless in a fight until it's actually in
their hands.
     This is a critical aspect of shooting that most shooters completely ignore, pay lip service to,
or do incorrectly."  
-- Mike Ox
 
     "What if you don’t have your firearm accessible to you when violence strikes?  Or if the
firearm doesn’t work?  Or if the threat takes the firearm away from you?"  
-- Tim Larkin
     You must have hand-to-hand combat skills.  This is not sport or art as you would learn in
a sports training facility or a martial arts facility.  Sorry, that's just reality.  
     What happens to police who kill the suspects?  They get prosecuted.  Derek Chauvin for
example.  So, police defensive tactics instructors don't teach techniques that will kill; they are
all pain compliance techniques.  That doesn't work for you, because pain does not work.  
Self-defense is combat.  You must immediately stop the attack.  That means the enemy must
be incapacitated or dead, NOW.  A fatal wound that takes 10 seconds to kill him gives him 10
seconds to shoot you.  How many rounds can you shoot in 10 seconds?  Probably 40 or more.  
Especially if you don't care.  Criminals don't care.  
 
     "You have a moral duty to defend the innocent.  You don't have to defend yourself.  
That's up to you." -- Steven N. Gosney

     You do have a duty to defend the innocent.  That's a sheepdog.  
 
"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."  
-- Tom Givens
 
*************************************************************************
     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.
 
----- Training (figuring out the correct tasks to learn) -----
 
     You need training because:  
You don't know what you don't know.  
Much of what you know is false.  
It's good to the have the answers before the criminal tests you.  
-- Claude Werner (paraphrased)
 
     I know this is too late notice, but you might want to attend this in the future.  
Faith Based Security Network
Security Operations Summit 2022, $179
https://fbsnamerica.com/sos/
WHEN
Thursday, July 28, 2022 at 7:00 AM CDT
-to-
Saturday, July 30, 2022 at 1:00 PM CDT
WHERE
Evangel University
1111 N. Glenstone Ave.
Spence Chapel
Springfield, MO 65802
DETAILS
http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/event
 
"Take training from different instructors.  
We are all wrong about something."  
-- John Farnam
 
"Visual perception delay and its effect on shooting" by Mike Ox
https://exclusive.multibriefs.com/content/visual-perception-delay-and-its-effect-on-shooting/law-enforcement-defense-security
Excerpt:  
     "During that delay, the attacker has plenty of time to drop his weapon, turn
and — depending on the situation — start moving away.  All the while, the shooter
is seeing what happened earlier — which was the attacker facing him and posing
a threat."  
     At Front Sight, we were taught, 2 rounds into the center of mass and then assess.  Which
meant to bring the pistol to a low ready position so you could see the assailant and look at
what's going on.  One could argue that that wastes time.  One could argue that it prevents an
excessive use of force.  One could argue . . .
 
“The secret of success is this.
Train like it means everything when it means nothing –
so you can fight like it means nothing when it means everything.”
-- Lofty Wiseman
 
"Mindset, Gunhandling, and Marksmanship are the 3 disciplines you need to know."  
-- Tom Givens
 
Care enough to continue your training.
 
Using the IDPA or IPSC match as tactical training --
     "Those motivated by a desire to improve their gunfighting skills as opposed
to a quest for trophies, must be willing to bleed ego on the match results to avoid
shedding real blood in combat." -- Andy Stanford
     What does this mean?  
     When we shoot the match, we will go very slowly to ensure we positively identify
every shoot-target and every no-shoot-target. We will not be racing to win the game.  
It is common for the Safety Officer to inform the shooter that he failed to engage
several targets, because he just ran past them without seeing them.  Moving faster than
you can see.  Moving faster than you can think.  
     We will stay back away from corners, windows, and doors, because we
understand that there is someone hiding behind the corner who will grab our pistol.  
     We will shoot at the first part of the enemy that comes into view, because we
can do so without exposing our bodies.  We can always get the A-zone hit later as
we come around the corner.  We understand that whoever gets the first hit will
usually win the gunfight.  
     We will not muzzle no-shoot-targets.  We will not sweep across no-shoot-targets
when transitioning from one shoot-target to another shoot-target.  Because
unlike the other competitors, we are not playing a game.  We are training for combat.  
Shooting the no-shoot target is shooting faster than you can think.  
     Do not do "walk throughs".  Do not choreograph the scenario.  Shoot the
targets as they come into view.  Do not count rounds.  Do not plan your reloads.  
Shoot until empty, then reload.  Planning a scenario is a training scar.  Combat is
surprising.  
     Remember, we are training for civilian concealed carry for self-defense.  
We are not playing the game.  
 
     Think about the training required for this.  
Email from Mike Ox and David Morris --
     A murderer, armed with a carbine came out of the bathroom in a food court in the
Greenwood Park Mall [Indiana] shortly before closing and shot 5 people, killing 3.  
     But the spree was interrupted by a 22 year old concealed carrier named Elisjsha Dicken who
began engaging the threat from 40+ yards away and hit him with 8/10 shots fired, stopping the
threat.
     The whole thing was caught on camera and the amount of time that passed between when
the shooter exited the bathroom, shot 5 people, and was shot 8 times was 15 seconds.  
     [40+ yards is significant.  Most pistol ranges don't go past 25 yards.
The total was 15 seconds.  Dicken's 8 shots that hit were in just a few seconds.  
Under the stress of being shot at by a bad guy with a rifle.  Think about that.  
-- Jon Low]
---
     Tom Given's comments.  
https://www.facebook.com/groups/rangemaster/permalink/10158683089330924/
---
 " ‘True American Hero’ stopped Greenwood Park Mall shooting within seconds"
by Jacob Burbrink
https://fox59.com/greenwood-park-mall-shooting/true-american-hero-stopped-greenwood-park-mall-shooting-within-seconds/
 
     Training is changing behaviors.  Education is learning stuff.  Don't confuse the two.  
Physical skills require physical training.  We what our children to have sex education.  
We don't want our children to have sex training.  
     In a state mandated class, we are educating, not training.  
     Having a sub-second presentation from holster to first shot on target is great.  But useless
if you've got a 2 minute decision making process.  
 
     Last Saturday, I shot a USPSA match in Chapel Hill, TN.  It was a 103 degrees in the shade.  
I drank 3.5 liters of water without urinating over the 5 stages.  (I had hydrated starting the night
before the match.  I'm not stupid.)  A gentleman made the comment that those who showed up
to shoot today were different from those who chose not to.  They all looked like military types
or high level competitors preparing for the big match in September.  
     I'm 63 years old.  Everyone else in my squad was in their early to mid 20's.  They're coming
up to me saying,
     "Is this your first time?"  
     "No, I've been shooting these matches since before you were born."
     I could feel them thinking, "Wow!  You've been shooting these matches for decades and
you still suck."  
     I didn't need to defend myself, as another gentleman explained to them that I was shooting
in a tactically correct manner, not racing to win the game.  I kind of wish he hadn't.  Because
now everyone was watching me when I shot.  Yes, I crack under match pressure.  
 
     A couple of hours ago, I finished a Low Light Outlaw match at the Glock Store in Nashville,
TN.  I used my EDC (every day carry) gear (including a hand held flashlight).
     Strobe lights are distracting.  Use your hand or hat brim to block the strobe lights.  
     The guys using night vision goggles could not distinguish colors.  They couldn't tell the
difference between the brown shoot-targets and the white no-shoot-targets.  That's a real
problem.  
     My marksmanship ability in low light is degraded.  Because I don't practice low light
shooting enough.  An operator must know how low light affects their ability to hit at given
distances and adjust accordingly.  If you can group in a 12 inch circle at 25 yards that's
fine.  If you know that you can group within a 30 inch circle at 25 yards in low light conditions.  
That's fine.  You can charge in to get the group size needed.  But if you don't know what your
group size is at 25 yards in low light, that's a real problem.  
     There was a house clearing scenario in which the mission was to rescue the baby.  There was
a recording playing of a baby screaming and crying.  I knew it wasn't real, but it was still very
disturbing.  The "baby" wasn't a life size doll as I had expected.  It was a 3D cardboard "baby"
that weighed what you would expect a baby of that size to weigh, and clearly labeled "BABY".  
I went slowly and carefully, and accomplished the mission.  Others shot the baby.  Others
could not find the baby, complaining that it was buried under the blanket or the pillows.  I was
thinking, "That's stupid."  You just keep searching until you find the baby.  Never give up.  But,
they were pissed that they were taking so long that they would get a bad score on the stage.  
 
Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner
 
*************************************************************************
----- Practice (how to get good at that task) -----
 
Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III
 
"Using Negative Targets" by Claude Werner
https://thetacticalprofessor.net/2022/07/15/using-negative-targets/
     Because in combat you won't see where you hit the enemy.  Because in combat you might
not see any reaction from the enemy.  I could go on, but you get the idea.  
 
Why practice?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill
 
"Perfect Practice
Improving your shooting starts with understanding that you have room to improve."  
by Sheriff Jim Wilson
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/content/perfect-practice/
     Yes, training scars are easy to develop.  As in the cited case, you might not even notice it.  
 
"Be careful what you practice.
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous."
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
*************************************************************************
----- Strategy (deciding on the end state and how to achieve it, which tactics to use) -----
 
How do you win a gunfight?
Don't be there.
-- John Farnam
 
     Awareness, Avoidance, De-Escalation, and Escape
 
"The Defense Of Others" by Marty Hayes
https://gundigest.com/more/how-to/firearm-training/the-defense-of-others
Excerpt:  
     "In the case of a robbery in a store, bank or otherwise, my personal tactic is to get behind
cover or leave.  Unless I’ve seen bloodshed, then and only then am I likely to get involved.  
You should be making these decisions ahead of time.  Being in the middle of a life-threatening
event is a bad time to be making decisions that should’ve been made long before.  You’ve
decided to arm yourself; with that decision comes the responsibility to not go blindly through
life without having studied, trained and practiced until the decision making in circumstances
like these won’t be the major issue."  
 
You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen
 
*************************************************************************
----- Tactics (tasks that you should strive to be able to do in support of your strategy) -----
 
"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee
 
     My father told me that any problem that can be solved with money is not a real problem.  
The real problems in life are those you cannot solve with money.  They require time and
thought and effort and sacrifice.  
     Moving faster than you can see is a problem.  Out running your head lights?  Turn on your
high beams.  Out running your GPS?  Slow down.  Running past the shoot-target because you
didn't see it?  Slow down.  Slowing down takes training and practice, which are expensive in
terms of time and effort.  But, you can afford it.  
     Moving faster than you can think is a problem.  But, you can fix this by slowing down, or
speeding up your thinking which takes training and practice.  
     Shooting faster than you can think is a real problem.  You can't bring the bullet back.  
But, you can fix this by slowing down your shooting, or speeding up your thinking which
takes training and practice.  (Repeating drills without competent feedback won't work.  You
need expert coaching.  You don't know what you are doing wrong.  If you did, you would
have corrected it.  You aren't better because YOU think you're doing it correctly.  Understand
that; and you've taken your first step toward improvement.)  
     Paying big bucks for training that you don't understand, internalize, and implement in your
practice is a WASTE OF MONEY!  
 
"Armed Self-Defense: Should You Retreat?
The law is important here, but today we're talking tactics . . . " by Jim WIlson
https://www.nrafamily.org/content/armed-self-defense-should-you-retreat/
Excerpt:  
     "Your defensive firearm isn't a "magic wand," and there is no way to know offhand what
your attacker may or may not have up his own sleeve."  
     "Even if you are completely justified in your actions, you might face prosecution from an
anti-gun legal system.  And, even if exonerated by the legal system, you could face horribly
expensive civil suits."  
     "For the armed citizen, the defensive firearm should serve as an exit ticket.  You should be
determined to get away from the trouble as quickly as possible."  
     [Retreat is a tactical maneuver.  Retreat is not surrender.  Retreat is not pussy.  If retreat is not
in your repertoire, your repertoire is deficient.  Just as in IPSC or IDPA matches, you should be
able to retreat with complete muzzle control and trigger finger discipline.  If you violate any of
the safety rules while retreating, you don't know how to retreat.  Yes, as a matter of fact, it is a
learned skill which must be practiced.  
     This past Saturday, I shot a USPSA match in which a gentleman was disqualified for a safety
violation; facing up range with his pistol.  He didn't know how to retreat.  He could easily have
shot one of the other competitors.  Please take this seriously. -- Jon Low]
 
Police say 'Good Samaritan' prevented further loss of life in Indiana mall shooting:  
'Tactically sound'
Police said Dicken's actions were 'nothing short of heroic'
https://www.foxnews.com/us/police-say-good-samaritan-prevented-further-loss-life-indiana-mall-shooting-tactically-sound
Excerpt:  
     "Many more people would have died last night if not for the responsible armed citizen,"
Greenwood Police Chief James Ison said during a press conference Monday.
     The Good Samaritan, who was identified as Elisjsha Dicken, engaged the gunman within
two minutes of the start of the shooting Sunday at Greenwood Park Mall.  Police said Dicken
approached the gunman from a distance and fired 10 rounds of ammunition at him, striking
and killing him before he could retreat to a nearby bathroom.
     "His actions were nothing short of heroic," Ison said.  "He engaged the gunman from quite
a distance with a handgun.  He was very proficient in that, very tactically sound.  And as he
moved to close in on the suspect, he was also motioning for people to exit behind him."  
     . . . did not have any police or military background . . .
---
"Police laud actions of man who killed Indiana mall attacker
“Many more people would have died last night if not for a responsible armed citizen,”
Greenwood Police Chief James Ison said"
By Arleigh Rodgers and Rick Callahan
https://www.police1.com/active-shooter/articles/police-laud-actions-of-man-who-killed-indiana-mall-attacker-1kuEt4LqnK8DroHi/
---
     "The bathroom to which the murderer sought retreat is reported to be where he had waited
for an hour, staging his attack and where he had stashed an additional rifle, which is described
as having been “broken down” and in a backpack.  I can only guess that he may have used at
least part of that hour to reassemble one of the rifles that he'd also carried in into the mall in
the backpack.  One source identifies the rifle used in the shootings as a
SIG M400 – a SIG AR-variant that should “break down” and reassemble with two pins.  
However, SIG also offers a pistol version, with an 11.5” barrel, that has an overall length of
27 inches without separating the upper an lower receivers."  
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
 
"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen
 
*************************************************************************
----- Techniques (ways to execute a given task in support of your tactics) -----
 
"Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it."
-- Bruce Lee
 
"3 Tips for One-Handed Shooting with World Champion Mike Seeklander"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9M72U49rA8A
     I found this very useful.  
     The bio below the video says he was a Marine Intel Specialist, just as we are.  
 
"When One Is Enough
Two hands are better than one, unless . . . " by Clint Smith
https://gunsmagazine.com/discover/when-one-is-enough/
Excerpt:  
     "Probably training to shoot the handgun one handed with either hand in case of injury is
wise.  Do not forget it may not be about injury, it may be simply because your hands are
occupied with a grandchild."  
 
"The Pros & Cons Of Speed Strips" by Doug E.
https://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2022/07/06/pros-cons-speed-strips-revolvers/
     Because you may have students who show up with revolvers.  
 
"It's not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:  
"We are not God's gift to our students.  
Our students are God's gift to us."  
 
----- Instructors -----
 
"Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!"
-- John Farnam
 
     I'm presently teaching a group of women (young as 23) and men (young as 20) who will
be operating in countries where the government is not able to enforce anything.  So the whole
section of "Law of Self-Defense" as practiced in the U.S. is deleted from the curriculum.  But,
I still teach "keep a low profile", "stay out of trouble", because as Claude Werner says, it's
easier to stay out of trouble than to get out of trouble.  
     Training examples:  
     We're driving along minding our own business in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.  The cops pull us
over and ask for money.  One of the Marines surreptitiously draws his pistol to shoot the
corrupt cops.  (If we had shot the corrupt cops and driven away there would have been no
repercussions.  We were certainly never going to say anything to anyone.)  But, I gave the
cops some money and we drove off.  Better outcome on many levels.  
     We're driving along minding our own business in the desert north of Saudi Arabia.  We
hit a check point and the SANG (Saudi Arabian National Guard) tells our driver, WO Leslie
Binns, to get out.  At the time it was illegal for women to drive in Saudi Arabia.  She refuses
and tells them to let us through.  The SANG point their rifles at her.  We bail out of the
vehicle and point our rifles at the SANG.  The SANG back off.  Not a good outcome, but not
terrible.  What could have been done better?  The senior enlisted should have advised the
ranking officer that she should not drive the vehicle.  Somebody has to know what's going on
in country and have situational awareness.  What country are we in?  What are the customs
and norms in this country?  Etc.  [Amazing how these war stories get better with age.]  
     I was kind of amazed that only the law section had to be removed.  Everything else stayed
the same.  The 4 safety rules apply in combat.  All of the techniques apply in combat.  
     Of course, the rules of engagement are what they are.  
     At one point a young man said, "That's not how we do it in [name of a type of unit]."  
Before the gentleman could continue, a young lady said gently and firmly, "Chief, we are here
to learn."  Everyone was wearing civilian clothing and there were no introductions (Operational
security, I guess.).  I later found out that the lady was a Lt. Cmd.  I think she was senior in the
room.  
     In Instructor Development courses, we are taught how to deal with disruptive students (those
who want to argue or teach the class).  Rather than dealing with the disruptive student, maybe
it's better to let the senior deal with the disruptive student.  Even in a civilian class there is some
Alpha (Alpha, not bully) whom you could approach before the start of class and ask her to step
in by saying, "Sir, we are here to learn, not teach the class."  Gently, but not sweetly.  
 
     Instructors, cut your fingernails.  Long fingernails are bad.  Long dirty fingernails are worse.  
Push your cuticles back.  Cuticles overgrowing your fingernails is just bad grooming.  
     We were taught that when the Drill Instructor inspects his platoon, he is inspected 30 times.  
 
     Be careful what you teach.  
Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do,
no matter how ridiculous.
-- "Shooting in Self-Defense" by Sara Ahrens
 
----- Andragogy -----
 
     An instructor should not expect any learning to take
place the first time new information is presented.  
-- "Building Shooters" by Dustin Solomon
 
"Criticism ≠ Teaching" by Rory
https://chirontraining.blogspot.com/2017/07/criticism-teaching.html
Excerpt:  
     "Quick note on explaining.  I find it very useful to explain the underlying physiology or
physics that make something work.  If the principles are true, they apply everywhere and if
the student understands the principles, he or she can adapt them under stress.  That said,
the principles work.  They have visible effects.  
     If you have to explain that something worked when it clearly didn't, you're wrong.  You
aren't explaining, you're attempting to brainwash."  
 
     Ingredients for learning:  emotion and imagery.  Story telling. 
 
1)  Excellence, not perfection.  
2)  Train to retain.  
3)  Be yourself - best version.  
 
     When you get in front of your class, you have to prepare them to listen.  In order to do this,
you have to bring their emotional temperature down.  Their emotional temperature is high
because they have never done this before.  Everything is new to them.  Some of them are
scared.  It doesn't matter that there is nothing to be afraid of.  Any threat, real or irrational must
be allayed before learning can happen.  You can do this with introductions, greetings, questions,
etc.  How you show up.  Your intention.  
-- Scott Mann
 
     Your student will struggle.  It's a biological thing.  It's necessary for learning.  Don't try to
avoid it.  Don't let your student avoid it.  
-- Scott Mann
 
     Narratives are effective teaching and learning tools.  Tell relevant stories.  (Not irrelevant war
stories.)  Story gives meaning to what you're teaching, provides context to what you're teaching,
emotional connection, engages long term memory (Power Point engages working memory,
which is short term memory.).  
-- Scott Mann
 
     "The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other.  
Without collaboration, our growth is limited to our own perspectives."  
-- Robert John Meehan
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Education *****     *****     *****
 
"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you're unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin
 
"Tim Larkin PROT3CT: #30 John Nettles - You Need To Be Your Own First Responder"
Interview of John Nettles
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ICBfRcivYUg
     The corruption and lack of leadership in Ukraine is heartbreaking.  
     The German army has gone so woke, it's presently hollow.  
     Never seen a woke person run to the fight.  
     When they changed their name from "Department of War" to "Department of Defense" it
started falling apart.  
     Our people are still trying to get out of Afghanistan, today 15 July 2022.  It's heartbreaking.  
     Experience allows you to do the mission smart, so you don't get your guys killed.  Bravo!  
 
     Education is learning stuff.  Training is changing behaviors.  Physical skills require physical
training.  We want our children to have sex education.  We don't want our children to have
sex training.  
 
"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam
 
*************************************************************************
----- Aftermath -----  (You have to be alive to have these problems:  criminal and civil liability.)
 
“The true soldier fights not because he hates what is in front of him,
but because he loves what is behind him.”
― G.K. Chesterton
 
     In the right hand column of this web page, click on "Never Talk To The Police"
or use the direct address
https://defensivepistolcraft.blogspot.com/p/never-talk-to-police.html
 
     In the right hand column, click on the link labeled "Self Defense Insurance".  
Or, the direct link is,
http://defensivepistolcraft.blogspot.com/p/self-defense-insurance.html
 
“Your understanding and consent are not required
for someone to take your life, kill your loved ones,
and destroy all you hold dear.”
-- William Aprill
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Legal *****     *****     *****
 
     "Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people.
It is wholly inadequate for the governance of any other.
-- John Adams, October 11, 1798
 
"Louisiana adopts Constitutional Carry Light for Veterans and those in the Military"
https://crimeresearch.org/2022/07/louisiana-adopts-constitutional-carry-light-for-veterans-and-those-in-the-military-keeping-track-of-states-moving-to-right-to-carry/
     I guess my VA card would work to qualify me an a veteran.  
 
"Completely Unexpected - Court Finds This Gun Law is Unconstitutional"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mp7fwWnLj-8
18 U.S.C. 922(g)(3) (the prohibition on the possession of firearms and ammunition by a
person who is addicted to or an unlawful user of a controlled substance)
     "UNITED STATES v. MORALES-LOPEZ"
https://www.leagle.com/decision/infdco20220705616
 
"Charges Dropped Against Bodega Worker!  Law and Politics Explained!"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oO-mCfQ-ZUw
 
"Sheriff suggests residents tell ATF agents conducting warrantless,
surprise gun inspections to leave" by Kerry Picket
https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2022/jul/22/sheriff-suggests-residents-tell-atf-agents-conduct/
Excerpt:  
     "Klickitat County Sheriff Bob Songer, in a press statement, said that [ATF] agents are
“making surprise home visits of persons who have purchased two or more firearms at one time."  
Hat tip to Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA.
 
     "If you carry a gun, so you're hard to kill, know the law, so you're hard to convict."  
     Free infographic on the 5 elements of self-defense.  
https://LawOfSefDefense.com/elements/
     Free one hour webinar, every Wednesday at 13:00 Central Time, register at,
https://www.hardtoconvict.com/
     "Law of Self Defense" by Andrew Branca
https://lawofselfdefense.com/freebook/
The book is free of charge.  Just pay shipping, so you don't have to drive to Colorado
to pick it up.  
     Law of Self Defense YouTube.com channel
https://www.youtube.com/c/Lawofselfdefense/videos
     "Educate yourself.  So, you don't spend the rest of your life in a cage."  
 
"Home Defense" Done Wrong! by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBmIZGBBD7A
Georgia homeowner acts in what he THINKS is lawful "home defense,"
but actually commits a ton of crimes in the process -- as well as making tactically
poor decisions.  
 
"How to choose a good lawyer for a self-defense case with Massad Ayoob - Critical Mas Ep 34"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kafrXrYLu4g
     Talking to the prosecutors with your attorney.  I did that with my attorney in New Jersey.  
Once the prosecutor understood what was going on, and how the police had lied to the
prosecutor, the prosecutor dropped all charges.  So, from first hand experience, I know Mas
speaks the truth.  
 
"LAPD Stops Enforcement of California’s ‘High Capacity’ Magazine Ban"
by TTAG Contributor
https://www.thetruthaboutguns.com/breaking-lapd-stops-enforcement-of-californias-high-capacity-magazine-ban/
 
"Guard Lawfully Shoots with Unlawful Gun: Is That a Crime?" by Andrew Branca
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Z9ItSFSFss
     The bad guy was a convicted felon.  How did he have a pistol?  That's illegal.  Oh right,
criminals don't obey the law.  Gun laws only affect law abiding citizens.  
     The good guy's carry permit had expired two weeks before the incident.  The
contemporaneous unlawful act of carrying without a permit has to undermine one of the 5
elements of self-defense.  
     Never talk to the police!  You can easily talk yourself into a conviction when completely
innocent.  
 
    “Is there no virtue among us?
If there is not, we are without hope!
No form of government, existing nor theoretical, will keep us from harm.
To think that any government, in any form,
will insure liberty and happiness for a dishonorable population
represents the height of self-deception.”
-- James Madison, 1788
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Hardware (which includes you) *****     *****     *****
*************************************************************************
 
"I would like to see every woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they know how to handle babies."  
-- Annie Oakley
 
----- Gear -----
 
“Mission drives the gear train.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
     Your pistol must be ambidextrous.  
 
"FACTORY PDP PARTS NOW AVAILABLE!
Walther's First Time Releasing All Schematic Parts!"
https://waltherarms.com/parts-pdp/
     Looks like you can buy the parts and assemble a Walther PDP.  
 
     Gabe Suarez sent out an email advocating holsterless carry in certain situations.  I think the
idea is completely absurd.  I think the circumstances that he describes are absurd.  
     Modern pistols don't have thumb safeties because the holster is the safety.  Rifles and
shotguns don't have holsters.  You wear them slung across your chest or slung over your
shoulder.  So there is nothing to protect the trigger, so they have manual safeties.  The holster
protects the trigger.  So not carrying your pistol in a holster is criminal stupidity.  
     You should always carry your pistol in a holster.  Your holster should always be securely
attached to your belt at 3 o'clock for a right hander and at 9 o'clock for a left hander, or some
where close to that.  Carrying your pistol in any other position has severe disadvantages.  If
you don't understand why, please take a class that will teach you about different carry positions.  
     If you are muzzling your legs when drawing or holstering from a seated position, you are
violating Safety Rule II.  (appendix carry)
     If you are muzzling your arm when drawing or holstering, you are violating Safety Rule II.  
(shoulder holster carry)
     If you are sweeping the area around you when drawing or holstering, you are violating
Safety Rule II.  (cross draw and shoulder holster carry)
     If you can't access your pistol when seated or when lying on your back, you've got a real
problem.  (small of the back carry)
     If you have to go into an awkward position to access your pistol, you've got a real problem.  
(ankle carry, inside the thigh carry, etc.)
     Don't be stupid.  ALWAYS carry in a holster attached to your belt at the point of your
firing side hip.  
 
"10 Best .45 ACP Pistols (That Aren’t 1911s)" by Kat Ainsworth Stevens
https://www.pewpewtactical.com/best-45-acp-pistols/
     Wow!  A Walther PPQ .45 ACP for $349 at Guns.com.  The article says that the PPQ has an
ambidextrous mag release.  That is false.  The mag release is reversible, not ambidextrous.  
Of those reviewed in the article, only the XDM / XD, H&K 45 USP Tactical, and
FNX-45 Tactical are ambidextrous.
     The article claims that the Glock 21 at $439 (from Guns.com) is the most reliable.  So, why
would you pay $1000+ for something else?   
     The article reviews the Springfield Armory XDM, but the XD is just as good and cheaper.  
     A double action has a long heavy trigger press which makes accurate shooting more difficult,
requiring more training for a given level of competency.  A DA/SA requires training to master
two different trigger presses.  Consistency is accuracy.  So every trigger press must be identical.  
     Revolvers are too difficult to reload, take too long to reload, and require reloading too often.  
     So, in my opinion, the reasonable cost effective 45 Auto pistols are:  
(in order of my preference)
Springfield Armory XD (not listed in the article)  Recommended by Louis Awerbuck.
Smith and Wesson M&P (Not listed in the article.  The one in the article is a single stack.)
Glock 21 at $439 from Guns.com  (The grip is really big.)
Walther PPQ for $349 at Guns.com.  
 
     For years Sprinfield Armory has been including a "holster", magazine pouch, and magazine
loading tool with their XD pistols.  Which I think in principle is a good idea.  (The holster is
worthless.  But, what do you expect for free?)  
     I am pleased to see that SAR USA is also including:  2 mags, mag pouch, holster, weapon
mounted light, and magazine loading tool with their pistols.  
     I think it is essential to have complete weapons systems where all of the components were
designed to work together (or at least have been tested and work together).  
 
     For AR-15 dry practice, wedge a penny in the magazine to hold the follower down.  
Hat tip to Matt Robertson
 
“Your car is not a holster.”
-- Pat Rogers
 
----- Technical / Maintenance -----
 
"Fear is an instinct.  Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN
 
"The Best Self-Defense Caliber: Ballistics, Informed Opinions, and Conclusions"
by Ben Findley (a deep dive into terminal ballistics)
https://www.usacarry.com/best-self-defense-caliber/
Excerpts:  
     "A lighter handgun will increase felt and actual recoil!  Recoil movement does not enhance
accuracy.  So smaller and lighter is not always better for survive-ability, but does help with
concealing the gun."  
     "Dr. Peter Rhee et al from the University of Arizona, Division of Trauma Surgery, says that
most experienced trauma surgeons will testify that what part of the body is hit by the bullet is
more important than the caliber and size of the bullet, in a 2016 study.  That handgun caliber
probably does not matter.  Dr. Rhee says that a smaller bullet and caliber can deliver more
precision and accuracy, but that trauma specialists found that fatal or exiting gunshot wounds
were misinterpreted 52% of the time.  So it seems that you cannot tell the difference between
calibers when a bullet enters the body.  Evidence shows that no commonly-used handgun
caliber round has the power to cause an immediate cessation of hostile actions, unless the
central nervous system is interrupted.  What matters most is what the bullet hits when it enters
the body.  Shot placement is “king.” "  
     "Fundamentals of shooting matter more than bullet caliber"  
     "Psychological stops are just as Important as physical stops"  
     "Sadly, there is about a 12 percent chance that an attacker will NOT stop when hit by a
round of any caliber"  [The NRA teaches in the Personal Protection class that 90% of the time
the bad guy will flee when you produce your pistol.  That means 10% of the time, you're going
to have to shoot, otherwise the bad guy will take your gun and kill you and others with it.  Even
when you shoot the bad guy, there is only a 88% chance that the bad guy will stop.  12% of the
time you have to keep shooting until he stops. -- Jon Low]
     "Most can shoot a 9mm caliber round quicker than most other calibers, since it has less
recoil for better control, sights are off target for less time, and most can shoot 9mm caliber
easier with one hand"  
 
"The Importance of Basic Pistol Maintenance" by Walt Rauch
https://www.handgunsmag.com/editorial/featured_handguns_hg_cleanrecord_200911/138336
     "Striker-fired guns must have their striker channel clean and dry, with no oil in them;
otherwise gunk can and does retard the striker blow on the cartridge primer."  
     ". . . a well-maintained, clean and properly lubed handgun is the true badge of someone
serious about personal self-defense."  
 

 
     "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."  
-- Second Amendment, U.S. Constitution
(capitalization as in the original document, militia refers to YOU)
 
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     ***** Personal Security, Medical, Survival, etc. *****     *****     *****
 
"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Dr. Sherman House
 
     Do the gloves in your trauma kit fit your hands?  
     Large freezer zip lock bags will work as gloves and chest seals.  Carry a few.  Or carry all
your stuff inside one.  
     Wound packing cube for practicing wound packing.  
     Practice with your equipment.  
 
"Range Medicine Training Course" by Mountain Man Medical, $2.00
https://www.mountainmanmedical.com/product/range-medicine-training-course/
Hat tip to Jacob S. Paulsen.
     Can't go wrong for $2.  So, it's really, "Are you willing to invest the time."  
 
"If you stay fit, you do not have to get fit.
If you stay trained, you do not have to get trained.
If you stay prepared, you do not have to get prepared."
-- Robert Margulies
 
*************************************************************************
*****     *****     *****  War Stories, History, Politics, and such   *****     *****     *****
 
"Good habits and skill beat luck every time."
-- Sheriff Jim Wilson
 
     Attorney General of Missouri wrote a letter to Director of the FBI Christopher Wray.
https://ago.mo.gov/docs/default-source/press-releases/2022-7-13-ltr-fbi.pdf
     The FBI's actions should scare you.  Yes, this is also happening in Tennessee.  
A Tennessee sheriff spoke to me off the record.  The FBI was offering him all kinds of
goodies.  
 
     Good guys use guns to protect life all the time.  
"Defensive Gun Uses By People Legally Carrying Guns: 24 Cases During April 2022"
https://crimeresearch.org/2022/07/defensive-gun-uses-by-people-legally-carrying-guns-24-cases-during-april-2022/
"Defensive Gun Uses By People Legally Carrying Guns: 32 Cases During May 2022"
https://crimeresearch.org/2022/07/defensive-gun-uses-by-people-legally-carrying-guns-32-cases-during-may-2022/
 
"This is why people are buying a record number of guns: GOP lawmaker" by FOX Business
Interview with New Jersey Rep. Jeff Van Drew.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CfI79E6GZVs
 
"Utopia!" by John Farnam
https://defense-training.com/utopia-3/
     In fact, questioning an AI (artificial intelligence) decision has become a crime in itself!
 
"Norwegian feminist faces jail time in Norway for 'stating the obvious' " by Tucker Carlson
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mopMFfMlwvE
     Men can't be lesbians.  Men can't be mothers.  
     Talking about biology is illegal in Norway.  
 
"An Orthodox Jewish gun club takes aim at NY Gov. Hochul’s new gun control package"
by Jacob Henry
https://www.jta.org/2022/07/21/ny/an-orthodox-jewish-gun-club-takes-aim-at-hochuls-new-gun-control-package
     "Are Orthodox Jews more appreciative of the RKBA [Right to Keep and Bear Arms] because 
they have a better grasp of the Bible than their Reform and Conservative counterparts?"
-- Stephen P. Wenger, W2MRA
     [I work as armed security at the Gordon Jewish Community Center (GJCC) in Nashville, TN,
because the Department of Homeland Security allocated funds to protect soft terrorist targets.  
(You've got to have something to do when you retire, otherwise you die.)  The Jews here are so
anti-gun liberal that they refused to auction the Defensive Pistol training certificate that I had
donated to their annual fund raiser. -- Jon Low]  
 
     The stupid are among us.  
"VP 40 In the News" by the Tactical Professor
https://thetacticalprofessor.net/2022/07/19/vp-40-in-the-news/
Primary source,
"Troopers Respond to Accidental Firearm Discharge at Garfield Twp. Restaurant"
https://www.9and10news.com/2022/07/12/troopers-respond-to-accidental-firearm-discharge-at-garfield-twp-restaurant/pic/1488411/
     Negligent discharge, not accidental discharge.  He should have left the pistol in his holster.  
Oh right, he didn't have a holster.  He should have left the pistol in his pocket.  When out and
about, don't touch your pistol unless you're going to use it.  
     H&K VP40 is an expensive pistol to get taken as evidence.  
     One of the truly ambidextrous pistols.  
 
     "There are now 75 Soros-backed DA's overseeing half of America's 50 most populous cities.  
They represent an astounding one-in-five Americans, and their jurisdiction accounts for more
than 40% of our nation's murders."  
-- Wayne LaPierre
 
     SmashWords / Draft2Digital report that my book,
"Defensive Pistolcraft"
ISBN: 9781311454133
last month sold
Apple        133
Barnes & Noble     4
Scribd        1
which I found kind of interesting.  If you would like a copy of the latest version, send me an
email.  
     I'm surprised that my book is widely acquired in countries with strict gun control laws.  
I assume it means that there are in fact a lot of small arms in these countries and that militias,
gun clubs, and individuals are desperate for training (and perhaps realize that the vast majority
of stuff on the internet is nonsense).  
     While a lot of the good pistol training books that actually give detailed "How To" instruction
are listed on the various book web sites, a lot of them are out of print and unavailable.  So, if
you want to get your work distributed it has to be digital.  There are many digital formats.  The
more exotic, the less likely your audience will able to read it.  A low level PDF format is
probably the best.  While a TXT format can be read by more computers world wide, can't
embed photographs or graphics easily.  If your PDF file has so many layers or is so complicated
that it requires a sophisticated (expensive) version of Adobe Acrobat Reader, you're asking for
trouble (remember Obama's birth certificate).  
 
"Your character is what you do when no one is looking."
-- Thomas Jefferson
 
*************************************************************************
     *****     *****     *****  Cryptology *****     *****     *****
 
"Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe,
and preserve order in the world as well as property.  
Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of their use."
-- Thomas Paine
[Cryptosystems are considered "arms" by federal law.  
ITAR, International Traffic in Arms Regulations]
 
"A new vulnerability in Intel and AMD CPUs lets hackers steal encryption keys
Hertzbleed attack targets power-conservation feature found on virtually all modern CPUs."
by Dan Goodin
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2022/06/researchers-exploit-new-intel-and-amd-cpu-flaw-to-steal-encryption-keys/
 
"Symbiote Deep-Dive: Analysis of a New, Nearly-Impossible-to-Detect Linux Threat"
by Joakim Kennedy and The BlackBerry Threat Research & Intelligence Team
https://www.intezer.com/blog/research/new-linux-threat-symbiote/
     This is deep and a real problem.  I know the Assembly Language code is hard to read,
it's CPU specific.  
[Decades ago when I went in to interview with Pheonix, they asked me if I had read the IBM
BIOS.  I said yes, because I had.  They ended the interview, because they couldn't hire anyone
who had any knowledge of a competing BIOS. -- Jon Low ]
---
"Hijack Execution Flow:  Dynamic Linker Hijacking"
https://attack.mitre.org/techniques/T1574/006/
 
"DUELING OVER DUAL_EC_DRBG:
THE CONSEQUENCES OF CORRUPTING A CRYPTOGRAPHIC
STANDARDIZATION PROCESS"
by Nadiya Kostyuk and Susan Landau
https://harvardnsj.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/2022/06/Vol13Iss2_Kostyuk-Landau_Dual-EC-DRGB.pdf
     Yes, that Susan Landau.  
     "The NSA subverted the standardization process of the NIST with regards to cryptographic
standards." -- Bruce Schneier
 
     The idiots who use cryptocurrencies (currency speculation according to Dave Ramsey) and
trust blockchain are the same idiots who force their employees to change their passwords
every month (good passwords never become stale, bad passwords don't improve with replacement 
by other bad passwords) and force their subordinates to create passwords that are impossible to 
memorize, hence forcing the user to write the password down somewhere.  They are completely 
ignorant of cryptology.  Bruce Schneier has several rants on his blog.  
Schneier on Security (his newsletter is worth subscribing to)
https://www.schneier.com/
such as
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2022/06/on-the-dangers-of-cryptocurrencies-and-the-uselessness-of-blockchain.html
 
"NIST Announces First Four Quantum-Resistant Cryptographic Algorithms"
by Bruce Schneier
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2022/07/nist-announces-first-four-quantum-resistant-cryptographic-algorithms.html
 
Hat tip to John Harris.  
     Those battery powered high speed grinders will cut through things much faster than
anything else, and won't burn things inside the container as the acetylene torch will.  
So, if you're looking to get the cash cassettes out of an ATM, cut the side out with a high
speed grinder.  
     "Oh, wait, you're actually talking about U.S. Mail boxes and ballot drop boxes."  
     Of course not.  One would be a Federal crime.  The other would be a crime against
Democrats.  In case you didn't see the movie "2000 Mules".  
“2000 MULES” DOCUMENTARY by DINESH D’SOUZA
https://node-1.2000mules.com/
     Low tech attacks are always much easier than crypto attacks.  Human engineering is always
much easier than low tech attacks.  Think for a minute and you'll devise several ways to get
the employee / subordinate to hand you the money / information / good and services.  No
violence, no coercion, no threats, no extortion, no blackmail; those are Spy vs. Spy techniques.  
Remember "Mad Magazine".  Extra credit if you can get the employee / subordinate to think
he was being loyal to his organization / a whistle blower / a patriot.  The bureaucratic alphabet
soup agencies are far less competent than you.  
     Remember the Cap'n Crunch whistle rings?  No, Cap'n Crunch is not the Kellogg's
Company, it's The Quaker Oats Company.  (Kellogg's is totally woke and anti-gun.  I don't buy
Pop Tarts anymore.  And I love Pop Tarts.  Vote with your dollars.  It's the most effective vote
you have.)  I was an operator with AT&T back when pay phones took coins.  Oh ya, I know
all the tricks.  Paper clip between the telephone microphone and the ground of the phone,
usually the lock because it was not painted; to simulated coins being deposited in the phone.  
The whistle created a tone at 2600 Hertz.  Which would trick the phone systems.  Why do you
think the Marine Corps MOS (military occupational specialty) for Signals Intelligence is 2600? 
(You ever been to to a 2600 meeting?) 
I connected to phone systems and phones all over the world from the AT&T facility in
Honolulu, HI.  Every wonder why so many intel sites are in Hawaii?  Where did the enemy
place Edward Snowden?  In the tunnels at Kunia.  Accident?  No.  
     Never forget the good times.  The enemy will attempt to re-write history.  So, you must
remember.  
 
     A Marine buddy recently got his Technical HAM radio license.  I wrote to him. --  
Congratulations, sir! 
Make sure to join ARRL,
https://www.arrl.org/
Check out their books and reviews.
Check out the small hand held units.  The big rigs that require you to string up
antennas are great for home, but can't move.
     Make sure you can plug it into your car system, if you've got an antenna on
your car (I think you should, but maybe that's too high profile for your lifestyle). 
But, if you're going to get a license plate that says you're a HAM or a member
of the local emergency network . . . you might not be worried about such things. 
     Make sure you can plug it into your computer.  I mean a lap top computer. 
Plugging it into your cell phone means the malicious apps on your cell phone
now have access to your radio system.  (Yes, I'm paranoid.  But, that doesn't
mean I'm mistaken.)  Now you can send and receive machine Morse and other
codings.  There is a program to do ITA2 that you can run on your computer. 
We used to use ITA2 for transmission of classified stuff via the teletype
machines in the comm centers.  Yup, we had such in 1981 at 1st Radio Bn.
Kaneohe MCAS.
     I got the Tech license decades ago when there was a Morse code requirement. 
Then I left it for a long time.  Just a few years ago, I got the General license. 
Some Marine Corps buddies wanted to form a network.  We all got these small
hand held units.  But technology changes so fast, I hate to recommend anything
by brand name or model. 
     If you're using directional antennas (Yagi et al), know that pointing a null
of your antenna at the jamming source is more effective than pointing your main
lobe at the friendly source. 
Semper Fidelis,
Spaceman
---
      Tractor Supply doesn't sell tractors.  ARRL doesn't sell radios.
My grandfather loved to play with his shortwave radio.  He had antennas strung all over his
property in Wailuku, Maui.  There are great advantages to being in the middle of the Pacific
Ocean.  All kinds of signals would bounce (ionosphere, ocean surface, satellites, etc.).  You can
do all kinds of things by listening, recording, decoding, analyzing (traffic analysis, et al), etc.  
You don't have to transmit.  
     Do you need a license to buy drugs? guns? make babies?  Of course not.  Information
wants to be free!  You can easily build your own radio transmitter and receiver.  You can
easily buy any radio.  
     Don't like what the radio station is spewing?  Jam it.  Too lazy?  You can buy Russian
jammers on the open market (not the black market).  Though when I was in Signals Intelligence
we never jammed.  We would ask the commanders not to attack the enemy radio sites, not to
jam the enemy radio transmissions.  We loved to listen.  (Hey, some people like to watch.  
Snipers, satellites, etc.)  
     Of course, you've got to find the:  
1)  frequency (frequency hopping, spread spectrum, etc.),
you've got to find the
2)  modulation (Amplitude Modulation (AM), Frequency Modulation (FM),
Phase Modulation (PM), Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK), Frequency Shift Keying (FSK), and
Phase Shift Keying (PSK), Double-Sideband Full Carrier (DSBFC),  Double Sideband
Suppressed Carrier (DSBSC), Single Sideband Suppressed Carrier (SSBSC) aka Single Side
Band (SSB mode), etc. because there are a lot more),
you've got to find a
3)  linguist for which ever language and dialect they are speaking,
or you've got to find the
4)  coding for which ever coding they are using (Morse code, etc.),
or you've got to find the
5) crypto key for which every crypto system they are using.  The cryptosystems are all known.  
It's just a matter of finding the key.  Can't find it?  No problem.  Record the transmission.  We'll
find the key later.  Hey, that's what super computers are for.  Brute force may take more than
the age of the universe, but we don't brute force anything.  
-- Jon Low
 
     "Premature optimization is the root of all evil."  
-- Donald Knuth
 
*************************************************************************
     *****     *****     *****  Intelligence   *****     *****     *****
 
“You are no more armed because you are wearing a pistol
than you are a musician because you own a guitar.”
from "Principles of Personal Defense" by Col. Jeff Cooper, USMC, (1920 – 2006 A.D.)
 
"Download Full Robb Elementary Investigative Committee Report" by Docent
https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/2022/07/download-full-robb-elementary.html
     The bad guy had good intel (knew which classroom door had a defective lock and so went
directly to it without trying any of the other doors) and inside help (knew that an exterior door
would be open for him at a certain time, that's why he was in such a rush to get to the school,
that's why he crashed his truck).
Primary source,
"HOUSE INVESTIGATIVE COMMITTEE
ON THE ROBB ELEMENTARY SHOOTING
TEXAS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
INTERIM REPORT 2022"
https://house.texas.gov/_media/pdf/committees/reports/87interim/Robb-Elementary-Investigative-Committee-Report.pdf
---
"Texas state police launch internal review of Uvalde response
The announcement appeared to widen the fallout of an 80-page report released over the
weekend by the Texas House" by Jake Bleiberg and Paul J. Weber
https://www.police1.com/investigations/articles/texas-state-police-launch-internal-review-of-uvalde-response-FRx3cNIpLUmgoS8K/
 
Dyalog '22 will be held in Olhão, Portugal, from 9th-13th October (inclusive)
https://www.dyalog.com/user-meetings/dyalog22.htm
 
“If you are reading this and can’t put your hand on your defensive firearm,
all of your training is wasted.” -- Col. Jeff Cooper
 
*************************************************************************
 
Semper Fidelis,
Jonathan D. Low
Email:  Jon_Low@yahoo.com
Radio:  KI4SDN
     "Staff, why do you sign your posts with your real name?"  
     Because an English professor, David Yerkes, Columbia University, English Department,
told me that if I don't sign it, it's just graffito.