Tuesday, December 3, 2019

CWP, 3 December MMXIX Anno Domini

Happy Thanksgiving Sheepdogs,

     The primary attribute of a weapon system is reliability. 
A weapon system without operator training is worthless and
dangerous to everyone within range.  There is nothing natural
about shooting.  There is nothing instinctive about shooting. 
Training is required for competence.

*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****

----- Mindset -----

Avoidance, Deterrence, and De-escalation
-- John Farnam

     You can't predict the future.
     You can't predict when some drunk or distracted driver will ram you. So,
you always wear your seat belt when driving.  And you always make sure your
passengers are wearing their seat belts before moving. 
     You can't predict when a fire will start in your abode.  So, you always
keep a fire extinguisher in plain view in your residence. 
     You can't predict when a criminal will attack you.  That's his choice,
not yours.  So, you always carry your pistol on your body with a round in
the chamber.  You're not going to have time to load your gun.  You're not
going to have time to get your gun from where ever you stored it.  So, you
have to carry your loaded gun on your body at all times. 
     [My wife objects to me wearing my pistol in bed.  But, she knew what
she was getting when she married me.  John Wayne kept his shotgun with him
when taking a shower.  Can you name that movie? (It's a classic Western.)] 
     "Those who carried materials did their work with one hand and held a
weapon in the other, and each of the builders wore his sword at his side
as he worked." -- Nehemiah 4:17-18
     ". . . each had his weapon, even when he went for water."
-- Nehemiah 4:23, New International Version Bible

3 Must-Have Elements of Personal Defense
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/11/8/3-must-have-elements-of-personal-defense/
     AWARENESS
     AVOIDANCE
     SKILL DEVELOPMENT
Notice, weapons are never mentioned.  Material possessions are never
mentioned.  Invest in your skill, not material.

No Safe Spaces: Why We Need Personal-Defense Skills
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/11/18/no-safe-spaces-why-we-need-personal-defense-skills/

MENTAL TOUGHNESS:  Fighting Edge for Women
https://www.swatmag.com/article/mental-toughness-fighting-edge-for-women/

----- Safety -----

Don't go to stupid places.
Don't do stupid things.
Don't hang out with stupid people.
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.
Don't look like a freak.
Don't fail the attitude test.
-- John Farnam

     Dorchester County (South Carolina, USA) Sheriff, Ray Nash, gave a
radio interview and said that the indicators of a criminal are: 
no shirt, tattoos, bad teeth, and body odor.
     Smoking destroys your sense of smell and taste. This means you won’t
be able to smell the enemy. 
     Smoking destroys your night vision. This means you won’t be able to
see the enemy at night. 
     “A pack-a-day smoker builds high levels of carbon monoxide in his blood,
which reduce 20 percent of normal night vision at sea level, an effect that
increases with altitude; by 10,000 feet, he’s lost 40% of his night vision.”
– “The Ultimate Sniper” by Major John Plaster, U.S. Army retired,
Paladin Press, Revised edition January 2006, page 8.
ISBN-10: 1581604947, ISBN-13: 978-1581604948

Situational Awareness and Positioning (part IV)
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2014/10/18/situational-awareness-and-positioning-part-iv/
     Training and practice => skill => confidence. 
You will leak information in the form of body language. 
The bad guy will perceive your confidence, it cannot be bluffed. 
That's why Keanu Reeves had to take gun training.  Without it,
his John Wick movies would not have been believable. 
Unless the bad guy is stupid or insane, he will decide that
you are a hard target and move on to an easier target. 
Farnam refers to this as "failing the interview".

“The fast and/or emphatic reholster
is an awesome way to shoot yourself.”
-- Chuck Haggard

----- Training -----

     "The real value of training, though, is that it improves competence,
which leads to a higher level of confidence." 
-- Rehn & Daub

Busting 3 myths of the ‘21-foot rule’
http://exclusive.multibriefs.com/content/busting-3-myths-of-the-21-foot-rule/law-enforcement-defense-security

"You train for the people who love you."
-- Tatiana Whitlock

Critical Pistol Skills course:
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/critical-pistol-skills-229-tickets-76342545609
Standing Your Ground course:
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/standing-your-ground-229-tickets-76352156355
Lee Weems of First Person Safety
https://firstpersonsafety.com/about/

Care enough to continue your training.

Why train?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill

Tatiana's schedule of classes is out for 2020 A.D.
https://tatianawhitlock.com/event/

The Farnams' schedule of classes is out for 2020 A.D.
http://defense-training.com/schedule/

Lee's partial schedule of classes
https://www.eventbrite.com/o/first-person-safety-lee-weems-7661504729

"Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner

----- Practice -----

      Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III

STANDOFF HANDGUN DRILLS:  Accuracy at Situational Speed
https://www.swatmag.com/article/standoff-handgun-drills-accuracy-at-situational-speed/

     “Be careful what you practice. 
Because you will do in combat whatever you have practiced,
no matter how ridiculous.”
-- “Shooting in Self-Defense” by Sara Ahrens

Slow is smooth (because you can control what you're doing). 
Smooth is efficient (no wasted motion). 
Efficient is fast. 

"It’s not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee

----- Techniques -----

“Use only that which works,
and take it from any place you can find it.”
-- Bruce Lee

How to Spot Thieves, Thugs and Terrorists
https://modernsurvivalonline.com/how-to-spot-bad-guys/

Self-Defense for Women: Getting to "No!" You
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2019/10/30/self-defense-for-women-getting-to-no-you/
     "Sorry, Sir, I can't help you." and keep moving.

3 Techniques Predators Use to Hunt Women | by Corinne Mosher
https://warriorpoetsociety.us/corinne_mosher/
Ambush
Distract
Disparity of force

"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee

Massad Ayoob’s Tips and Tactics for Staying Alert and Aware
https://www.personaldefenseworld.com/2014/10/staying-alert-and-aware/#using-your-peripherals
     Mas recommends not putting the strap of your purse over
your head on the other side of your neck, as opposed to just
over your shoulder, because the purse snatcher can injure
your neck when he yanks on your purse.  I would suggest that
having the strap across your chest, rather than just over
your shoulder would cause the thief not to attempt the grab
in the first place. 
     As always, it's a judgment call that you have to make.

Defensive Shooting Stances in the Real World
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/11/1/defensive-shooting-stances-in-the-real-world/
     You can practice by assuming other (even awkward) stances and then
executing from there.  No need to maintain the stance.  Adjust as needed.

How to Spot Armed Suspects
https://www.calibrepress.com/2019/10/how-to-spot-armed-suspects/

The Universal Draw Stroke
https://www.growingupguns.com/2014/10/05/the-universal-draw-stroke/

Pat McNamara on Dealing With D-Bags and When to Draw Your Weapon
https://www.personaldefenseworld.com/2019/10/pat-mcnamara-draw-your-weapon/
     The tactical draw stroke - taking a step to the side while drawing.
Why you should do it and why stepping to the side works even when not
drawing your pistol.

      If the enemy is far enough away that you need to use your sights to aim
your pistol, you need to extend your arms to bring your pistol up to your
line of sight. (Don't bend your neck to move your eye inline with your sights. 
Your head must remain erect, otherwise you will disturb your inner ear balance. 
Rotate your arms at your shoulders to move your pistol up to your line of sight.) 
      If the enemy is close enough to grab your pistol, you need to keep your
pistol in close to your body in a compressed ready or close contact position. 
Both forearms should be firmly pressed against your rib cage.  Tilt the top of
the pistol away from your body, so the slide doesn't get fouled on your shirt. 
If your breast will get in the way of slide when it reciprocates, pull your
pistol further around to the side of your torso, or tilt the top of your pistol
further away from your body.
     If you only have a one hand grip on your pistol, pull the firing side
elbow as far back as possible, press the bottom of the grip or your hand
firmly against your rib cage, and tilt the top of the pistol out away from
your body to prevent the slide from getting fouled on your clothing or breast.

     When shooting with a flashlight, push the emitting end of the flashlight out
in front of anything that you are using for cover.  If you have the flashlight
too far back, the light will reflect off the cover and illuminate you.  Yes,
this exposes your gun and hands to an enemy hiding around the corner, so be careful. 
If you don't push the flashlight out in front of the cover, the reflected light
can blind you, or kill your night vision for several seconds.
(Thanks to Jonathan Clapp, BestDefenseLLC.com) 
     When shining a flashlight though a window, press the emitting end against
the window.  Even a small gap will generate glare that will inhibit your view
through the window. 

Turning To Face A Threat
https://gundigest.com/gun-videos/video-turning-to-face-a-threat

Appendix Carry
http://defense-training.com/2019/appendix-carry/
     There are also documented cases of the shooter shooting himself in the leg
and foot while holstering to a waist holster at three o'clock or nine o'clock. 
But, the femoral artery is the main concern.

Shooting Proficiently With Your Support Hand
https://gundigest.com/gun-videos/gundigest-tv/video-shooting-proficiently-with-your-support-hand

Close-Quarter Confrontations: Defending Yourself at Short Range
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/11/22/close-quarter-confrontations-defending-yourself-at-short-range/

Video: The Ins And Outs Of The Concealed Carry Purse
https://gundigest.com/gun-videos/gundigest-tv/the-ins-and-outs-of-the-concealed-carry-purse
     One should also practice shooting without drawing the pistol out of the purse. 
Shooting through the purse would put a bullet hole in the purse, so should probably
be done as dry practice.  Though only live fire will allow you to determine whether
or not the purse will foul the cycling of the pistol.
     One should also wear the strap across one's chest, not just over one's shoulder,
as this is much more secure.
     The strap must have a steel cable running through it to prevent the purse snatcher
from cutting the strap.

Insults and Challenges- 5 Tips for Effective Verbalization During a Violent Encounter
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/insults-and-challenges-5-tips-for-effective-verbalization-during-a-violent-encounter

----- Tactics -----

You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen

     Retreat is not surrender.  Retreat is a tactical maneuver. 
When the bad guys move to cover or places of tactical advantage,
they are still a threat.  Shooting them in the back is appropriate. 
     Telling the bad guy (who is shooting up the mall or church)
to drop the gun, lets him know where you are and gives him time
to shoot you; which he will do.  (Yes, there are several documented
cases of this.)  Just quietly shoot him in the back of the head.

Shot In The Back
https://americanhandgunner.com/our-experts/shot-in-the-back/
     Captain Massad Ayoob (of Syrian descent, because he mentioned
it in class) gives a much more detailed explanation in his MAG20 class
(which is the lecture portion of his MAG40 class).

"Audacity wins."
-- Carl von Clausewitz

Friends Don’t Let Friends Open Carry
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/friends-dont-let-friends-open-carry
     This article is occasionally updated.

     Positioning – When entering a room: Look to see where the exits are.
If necessary could you break through the window?  Where are the light switches,
fire extinguishers, first aid kits, etc.?  Look for cover and concealment. 
When choosing a seat, be in a position to observe entrances, that affords
you mobility, and that prevents unseen approach to you (back to a wall). 
     Warnings - Do not give verbal warnings.  You will lose the element of
surprise.  To quote Tuco from “The Good, The Bad and The Ugly”,
“When you have to shoot, shoot, don’t talk.” 
We are not police.  We have no obligation to give a verbal warning. 
If you waste time saying, “Halt! Military Police.”  You’ve given the enemy
7 syllables, enough time for him to shoot you several times.  The way human
brains are set up, talking is a high order intellectual activity. It’s almost
impossible to talk and shoot at the same time.  But, it’s easy to get punched,
shot, or stabbed while talking.
     Plan - Have a conscious plan, not just a subconscious reaction.
What will I do if a bad guy enters that door?  What will I do if someone
tries to rob the cashier?  Etc.  Have your plan in mind before you move.
     Maneuver – Never attempt to clear a building.  It's an extremely dangerous
operation that requires hundreds of hours of training and practice.  Even if
you are intimately familiar with your house, you can still get ambushed. 
So, why should you learn how to do it?  You hear glass breaking in the middle
of the night and your daughter screaming from her bedroom down the hall. 
Getting yourself killed doesn’t help anyone.  You must get down the hall
quickly and in a condition to apply accurate fire.  This requires training
and practice. 

     When shooting from cover, shoot at whatever first becomes visible to you,
e.g. a foot, an elbow, etc.  The idea is to shoot the enemy without exposing
yourself.  You don't need to get a center-of-mass shot.  Shooting his elbow
or foot may be enough to make him stop the attack.  You win fights by
minimizing your injury.  What happens to the enemy is incidental to your
purpose of stopping the attack. (Thanks to John Holschen)

     When shooting to the front of a human, the target is within a triangle defined
by the nipples and the bottom of the throat. 
     When shooting to the back of a human, the target is between the shoulder blades. 
     When shooting to the side of a human, the target is behind the armpit.
     We may have to shoot through the enemy's arm, as well as his rib cage;
and maybe even body armor.  Yes, there is a greater than zero probability that your
pistol bullets will penetrate body armor.  There are all kinds of body armor on the
market, between the rubbish issued to military police and the plate carriers issued
to artillerymen.  [Artillerymen don't run around and maneuver as infantry, so they
generally wear the best (heaviest) armor.]  (The Jihadists in Garland, TX wore body
armor, but the police officer, Gregory Stevens, shot through it with his standard
issue pistol.) 

----- Education -----

"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam

Rangemaster Newsletter, November 2019
https://rangemaster.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/2019-11_RFTS-Newsletter.pdf
Excerpt: 
     In a single year, your odds of encountering a potentially dangerous criminal
involved in a violent crime are NOT "on in a million," they are actually "1 in 54."

Active Response Training
http://www.activeresponsetraining.net/

5 Steps To Surviving a 911 Call
https://www.uslawshield.com/5-steps-to-surviving-a-911-call/

The .40 Story
https://americanhandgunner.com/discover/the-40-story/
     A detailed history of the development of the 10mm and
the 40 caliber S&W cartridges.

Headspace
http://defense-training.com/2019/headspace/

Pronunciation Woez
https://americanhandgunner.com/our-experts/pronunciation-woez/

     After Action Analysis, every Tuesday at 2 PM Eastern Time
https://lawofselfdefense.com/after-action-analysis-show-nov-19-2019/
facebook.com/lawofselfdefense
https://lawofselfdefense.com/

History of the Modern Technique
The “Modern Technique”
https://www.thetacticalwire.com/features/6356720b-9e0a-497c-810b-3fa94c145279

"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you’re unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin


*****     *****     ***** Hardware *****     *****     *****

"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley

----- Gear -----

“Preparation doesn't assure victory.  It assures confidence.”
-- Amit Kalantri

Brownells Premium Electronic Earmuffs 2.0 – $ 29.99
http://www.gunsandtactics.com/brownells-premium-electronic-earmuffs-2-0-29-99?
     Can't go wrong for $30. 

     Your flashlight must be bright enough to blind your enemy. 
If you can blind him, you might not have to shoot him. 
That's a big win for you. 

     Wear gloves when it’s cold. Cold fingers will get numb and fumble
ammunition and pistol. Practice with gloves on. When it’s cold, you will be
wearing gloves and you won’t have time to take them off.
     In cold weather wear a hat.
“HEADGEAR: 
     You should have a soft, jungle-style hat for warm weather
because it creates an irregular, difficult-to-detect outline. 
     For cooler temps and night, wear a wool navy-style watch cap. 
Remember that your body loses about 15 percent of its heat through your head.”
– “The Ultimate Sniper” by Maj. John Plaster, U.S. Army retired,
Paladin Press, Revised edition January 2006, page 27. 
ISBN-10: 1581604947, ISBN-13: 978-1581604948

     Do not use a pistol with a ported barrel or compensator as your defensive
weapon.  If you do, when firing from close contact, the muzzle blast will burn
your face and put particulate matter in your eyes.

     If you have painted on white dots in your sights, take a dental pick and dig
out the paint, and then take a black indelible marker and blacken the dots out. 
In low light conditions you won't be able to see the dots and will be using the
silhouette of the sights to aim.  In bright lighting conditions you might,
or might not, use the dots.  The dots and the silhouette will have different
points of impact.  You need to keep your system simple.  You need to have only one
sighting system.  So, get rid of the other sighting system.  If you are hesitant
to blacken out the white dots, check your attitude.

     When aiming, you should have a generous amount of light on both sides
of the front sight to allow you to easily center the front sight in the rear sight. 
If you don't have a generous amount of light on either side of the front
sight when aiming, machine out the rear sight by taking 1/100th of an inch off
the inside of both the right and left hand sides of the rear sight.  For a
total widening of 2/100ths of an inch. 
     In low light conditions, you should be able to easily center your front
sight in your rear sight.  If not, widen the rear sight.  There is nothing wrong
with admitting that your eyes are getting bad.  It happens to everyone with age. 
The only way to avoid it is to die young. 

     Documented cases in which being able to shoot more than 6 rounds without
reloading was the difference between life and death.  Don't let anyone tell
you to use a revolver.  They require reloading too often.  They are much more
difficult to reload than magazine fed semi-auto pistols, which under stress
is devastating.  They take much more time to reload than magazine fed
semi-auto pistols, which in combat is the difference between life and death. 
 ---
"5 Gunfighting Myths Debunked By Massad Ayoob"
https://www.personaldefenseworld.com/2014/10/5-gunfighting-myths-debunked-massad-ayoob/
Excerpt: 
     "The history of gunfighting is, when the fast and furious shooting starts,
what we have on our person is all that we’re likely to have to fight with."
 ---
     You have to carry extra magazines, because one may not be enough. 
(Dedicated enemy who needs multiple rounds to be put down.  Enemy wearing body armor. 
Enemy high on drugs.  Multiple assailants.  The list goes on and on.)
     You have to have your pistol on your body, because you're not going
to have time to get to your shotgun or rifle.  The gunfight will be over
long before you can retrieve a long gun.  Even if it's on an overhead rack
right next to you.  That's how fast gunfights are.
     If you are in condition white, BANG! It's over.
     If you are in condition yellow, you can recognize the presence of the enemy
before hostilities start.  You will see them maneuver into position and elevate
to condition orange.  You will recognize the pre-assault cues and elevate to
condition red.  BANG!  Hopefully, that's you being decisive.  No telegraphing
of your intentions.  No warnings.  Just execute correctly and legally.

The Problem With Revolvers For Concealed Carry
https://www.concealedcarry.com/firearms-ownership/the-problem-with-revolvers-for-concealed-carry/
Excerpts: 
     "There are plenty of documented gun fights where having dozens of
rounds of ammo saved the life of the good guy, . . ."
     "For anyone with the mindset of, well, if I need more than 5 shots
I'm screwed anyway, or, I'm a good shot and don't need more than that,
I can tell you that you're wrong."
     "Going to the range and shooting your revolver and practicing
quick reloads under stress and time is a good idea to help you define
the fine motor skills required to reload."  [If you do this in good faith,
you will quickly convince yourself that it's physically impossible to
reload a revolver as quickly as you can reload a semi-auto.  So, why
would you ever put yourself and your loved ones at such a disadvantage? 
-- Jon Low]

Electronic Hearing Protection: We Test Four Units Ear to Ear
https://www.gun-tests.com/issues/31_11/features/Electronic-Hearing-Protection-We-Test-Four-Units-Ear-to-Ear-27049-1.html#.Xcyet697ncs

     Wally World has Hyper Tough flashlights for $25.  800 lumens. 
Rechargeable via USB port.  (You can plug it into your wall outlet
if you've got an adapter.)  Click switch (not pressure switch) on
the rear that you can activate with your thumb, while holding the
flashlight correctly.  LED (not incandescent bulb).  Aluminum body,
steel pocket clip.  Lithium battery.  3 hour duration at maximum
brightness (800 lumens).  Supposed to be able to withstand a 1 meter
drop.  It's got a oval cross section, so it won't fit in any common
flashlight pouch that you might find at a police or gun store.  But,
you can clip it to the inside of your pocket.  Can't go wrong for
25 bucks.  It works.

----- Technical -----

"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen

     The most important feature of any weapon system is reliability.
Copper jacketed round nose bullets give you the most reliable feeding and chambering. 
Reliability is more important than terminal ballistics.  The gun must go bang when
you pull the trigger. 

“Destiny doesn’t make appointments,
nor does she waste her time with the naive and unready!”
-- John Farnam

*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God’s gift to our students.
Our students are God’s gift to us."

----- Instructors -----

Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam

     I am working with a couple of ladies who cannot allocate large blocks of time
for training, due to small children and other commitments.  So, we are doing the
20 hours of classroom instruction of my NRA Defensive Pistol course in 2 hour
segments every Sunday from ~13:00 (after morning church service) to ~15:00 (when
the babies wake up from their naps).  One must adjust the manual exercises and
lectures to accommodate.  It can be done.  With planning, the time is constructive. 
The key is to think about what you are going to teach, and find logical starting
and stopping points.  Having a week to practice the material taught, has resulted
in zero time being spent on review of last week's material. 
     One week to practice the two hours of material taught.  Compare that to a
4-day handgun course at one of the big gun schools, where the student is expected
to spend a couple of hours at night practicing the 10 hours of material taught
that day.  If the student doesn't fall asleep from exhaustion after the 10 hours
of training.

Qui docet, discit.  (Who teaches, learns.)
-- motto of the American Society of Law Enforcement Trainers

     What is old and obvious to you is novel and unfamiliar to your students. 
So, take your time to explain everything carefully.

     Please practice both right and left handed.  So, that you can stand facing
the student and mirror the students actions to demonstrate the technique. 

     "You don't have to memorize formulae.
Because you can always derive them from first principles."
-- Prof. Sven Hartman, Physics Department, Columbia University
     Teach first principles.  Let the student derive tactics based on the principles
and the situation.  Don't teach situation specific tactics.  Because your students
will default to them, rather than relying on first principles to decide what to do. 
     "But, pre-programmed responses are faster. We don't have time to analyze
during the fight."
     That's only true if you're the bad guy.  The good guy has a duty to think. 
Which includes, but is not limited to, the safety rules.  Yes, combat is a very
difficult, complex, and intellectual endeavor, for the good guy. 
     "Thinking is the hardest thing a person can do. 
That's why so few people do it." -- Henry Ford

     Massad Ayoob says many people lack the money to travel to take firearms
classes.  So, you should assume the responsibility to teach them. 

     “Be careful what you teach. Because your students will do in combat
whatever you have trained them to do, no matter how ridiculous.
     Be careful what you practice. Because you will do in combat whatever you
have practiced, no matter how ridiculous.”
-- “Shooting in Self-Defense” by Sara Ahrens

     Over the Thanksgiving Holiday, I taught a 4-day pistol class.  One of
the students had small hands, weak grip strength, and weak upper body
strength.  None of my pistols would work for her.  I always bring lots of
pistols for students whose equipment does not work for them.  Which was
the case.  She had a pistol, but the grip was too big (she could not get
her middle and ring finger tips to point back toward her) and the recoil
spring was too strong (she could not rack the slide).  Fortunately we
were at a range, Lone Star Gun Range in Austin, TX, that had a large
assortment of rental guns.  She rented a Smith & Wesson M&P 380 Shield EZ. 
The rental had a thumb safety.  But, I recommended that if she chose to
buy one that she get it without the safety.  This pistol solved the problem.

"Every time I teach a class,
I discover I don't know something."
-- Clint Smith, Director of Thunder Ranch

----- Pedagogy -----

Teach positive.  Teach what to do.  Don't talk about what not to do.
-- from John Farnam's Instructor Development class

     It is generally correct to teach positive, what you want the student to do,
not what they should not do.  The exception to the rule is that you must teach
why the wrong sequence in unloading a semi-auto pistol is wrong by demonstrating
that if you rack the slide first and then remove the magazine, the pistol is LOADED! 

     "The biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has happened." 
-- (Attribution unknown)

"Informal Instruction" by the Tactical Professor on November 16, 2019   
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2019/11/16/informal-instruction/
Excerpt: 
     "When we teach an adult, it’s always worth remembering to approach it that way. 
Even if we are a Subject Matter Authority, the person is one of our peers and
deserves to be treated respectfully.  They should be treated like a client in an
Adult-Adult relationship, not a grade school student in a Parent-Child relationship."

     Dustin Solomon, in his book “Building Shooters” states that
an instructor should not expect any learning to take place
the first time new information is presented.
     [That's why you have to email the students detailed lesson plans a couple
of weeks before the class starts. -- Jon Low]

     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.

*****     *****     ***** Legal, Political, and Philosophical *****     *****     *****

How do you win a gunfight?
Don’t be there.
-- John Farnam

     Why do you think the Founding Fathers refused to ratify the U.S. Constitution
until the Bill of Rights was added?  Why do you think we have the 3rd Amendment?
Amendment III
"No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house,
without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war,
but in a manner to be prescribed by law."
     To the best of my knowledge there is no U.S. law that prescribes such a manner. 
Think it could never happen here?  It did.  That's why the Amendment exists. 
Think it could never happen now days?
"China’s Uighurs told to share beds, meals with party members"
https://apnews.com/9ca1c29fc9554c1697a8729bba4dd93b
     The ChiComs arrest the men and throw them in to concentration camps. 
Then the ChiComs force Communist Party Members into the homes and beds of
the wives and children of the imprisoned men. 
     You think any Muslim in China petitions his government for redress of
grievances?  Not when they know the result will be their imprisonment and
their wives and children being raped by ChiComs.  Only evil people do such
things.  ChiComs are evil and always have been evil.  Where do you think
the American Liberals got the idea to control population by murdering
babies?

     Andrew Branca has a valuable gift for you,
an info-graphic describing the 5 elements of the law of self defense. 
You may download a copy free of charge at
https://lawofselfdefense.com/beginjourney/

     We used to get free shipping and not charged any state sales tax
when buying from out of state.  But, now the ammo companies are charging
state sales tax due to a U.S. Supreme Court decision.
     On June 21, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in
favor of the state in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc.  The decision
overruled a longstanding physical presence rule, allowing states to
require remote sellers to collect and remit sales tax.
https://www.avalara.com/us/en/learn/sales-tax/south-dakota-wayfair.html

Caution! The Wrong Lawyer Can Sink Your Self-Defense Case
https://lawofselfdefense.com/caution-the-wrong-lawyer-can-sink-your-self-defense-case/
     Yes, there are inept attorneys.  As Federal District Court Judge
(Hawaii, 9th Circuit) Samuel King said (publicly), "You have to be able
to sleep with your eyes open."  (When you've got a life time appointment
and can retire at anytime, you don't care what anyone thinks of you.)
     Hey, Washer got almost all of his convictions overturned by the appellate
court.  (5th Circuit Court of Appeal, Florida)
https://lawofselfdefense.com/law_case/washer-v-state-2019-fla-app-lexis-17123-fl-ct-app-2019/
     Now he has to do the trial all over again.  Do you think he has
any money left to pay for a second trial?  Do you think a public defender
will mount much of a defense?  (Yes, of course, some will.)
     Remember Bill Cosby.  Hung jury on first trial.  Convicted at the second trial. 
Do you think he had any money left for a second trial?  The defendant almost
always gets convicted at the second trial, because he has no resources to pay
an attorney, private investigators, and expert witnesses.  So, he gets a public
defender, no investigators, and no expert witnesses.  Nobody works for free. 

     Andrew Branca has a special deal for you at
https://lawofselfdefense.com/checkouts/ccwsafebook/
Two copies of his book, "Law of Self Defense" 3rd Edition
for $16.90 in total (including shipping, handling, tax, etc.) 
     Christmas presents for my sister, the attorney, and
friends at church.

Crime Prevention Research Center, Dr. John Lott
https://crimeresearch.org/

     “The tone and tendency of liberalism is to attack institutions
of the country (specifically Judeo/Christian values) under the name
of ‘reform’ and to make war on manners and customs of the people,
under the pretext of ‘progress’.” -- Benjamin Disraeli

22 Virginia Counties Declare Second Amendment Sanctuary Status
https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/11/30/22-virginia-counties-declare-second-amendment-sanctuary-status/

*****     *****     ***** Survival *****     *****     *****

"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House

How to Survive Riots and Civil Unrest
https://www.theorganicprepper.com/survive-civil-unrest-riots/
Excerpts: 
      ". . . this past Friday was a particularly beautiful day. 
 By lunchtime, people were out in the parks enjoying the weather. 
 It was calm, peaceful, and joyful. 
     Within a matter of hours the city had turned into a war zone.  Hours. 
     One of my team members told me on the phone yesterday,
 “If you had said on Friday afternoon that Santiago would be in
 chaos by nightfall, I would have laughed . . .  And then it happened.” "
     "A small woman can defend herself from multiple large intruders with a firearm
if she’s had some training and knows how to use it properly.  But put a kitchen
knife in her hand against those same intruders, and her odds decrease exponentially."

The Importance of Assessment & Awareness in Self-Defense
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/11/15/the-importance-of-assessment-awareness-in-self-defense/
Excerpt: 
     "In the debriefing, the student told the instructors that he was an EMT
and that he had to go to the aid of the girl.  One of the instructors said,
“No, you used to be an EMT. Now, you’re just a dead man.” "
     ". . . when we encounter a person making an attack, or even one who
is acting suspiciously, we should assume that he or she is not alone."

“If you look like food, you will be eaten.” -- Clint Smith

6 Concealed Carry Insurance Options To Protect Your Six (2019)
https://gundigest.com/handguns/concealed-carry/4-self-defense-insurance-options

Self-Defense Gun Owner Insurance Programs Compared
https://www.concealedcarry.com/self-defense-gun-owner-insurance-programs-compared/
     This web page, the chart, and the PDF file are updated on a regular basis.

Hearing loss is permanent and cumulative.

*****     *****     ***** Basics *****     *****     *****

"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses." 
-- Tom Givens

     Statistically speaking, civilian gun fights last 2 seconds, and one or two
rounds are fired from a distance of within 5 feet 50% of the time, within 10 feet
75% of the time [citation Police Officer’s Safety Association].  So, you won’t have
time to load your pistol.  And you certainly won’t have time to get your pistol if
you don’t have it on you.
     If you practice a lot, you will be able to get your pistol from the holster
onto the target and fire in about one and a half seconds.  A concealment garment
will add half a second to your time.  That’s two seconds. 
     If you don’t keep a round in the chamber because you don’t think it is safe,
you don’t understand the mechanics of your pistol.  It is completely safe to keep
the pistol loaded.  The pistol cannot fire by itself.  You must pull the trigger
to fire the pistol.  Just as it is completely safe to keep the gas tank of your
car filled.  There is no chance that your car will run someone over by itself.

"Fear is an instinct. Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN

*****     *****     ***** Miscellany *****     *****     *****

When it’s least expected, you’re selected.
-- John Farnam


Semper Fidelis,
Jon
Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com

The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish
friend from foe from innocent bystanders.
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly.
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the attack
without excessive force, without revenge.
In Jesus name,
Amen

Thursday, October 31, 2019

CWP, 31 October MMXIX Anno Domini

Happy Halloween Sheepdogs,

*****     *****     ***** Software *****     *****     *****

----- Mindset -----

     Opportunities are missed because they are
often dressed in overalls and look like work.
-- Thomas Edison

The Myth! 
http://defense-training.com/2019/the-myth/

     Responsibility is proportionate to opportunity.
-- Woodrow Wilson

     Knowing that I am going to die allows me to avoid
the trap of thinking I have something to lose. 
-- Steve Jobs

Avoidance, Deterrence, and De-escalation
-- John Farnam

----- Safety -----

Don't go to stupid places.
Don't do stupid things.
Don't hang out with stupid people.
Be in bed by 10 PM.  Your own bed.
Don't look like a freak.
Don't fail the attitude test.
-- John Farnam

Daily lesson -- always keep the safety on on your pepper spray.
Mine just shot off in my pocket. My whole damn leg is on fire lol.
-- Selmar K. Dorsey II

Former Punta Gorda officer who shot and killed librarian won’t go to jail
https://www.heraldtribune.com/news/20191016/former-punta-gorda-officer-who-shot-and-killed-librarian-wont-go-to-jail
Excerpt: 
“There was no appointed safety officer for the exercise.
The department had adapted its exercise from a YouTube video
without developing written lesson plans or scripts. Officers
couldn’t distinguish between blanks and live ammunition.
The immediate vicinity was not cordoned off, and protective
gear was not required.  Participants and onlookers were not
searched for unauthorized weapons or live ammunition, and no
safety briefings were conducted before the exercise — just
some of the revelations uncovered by investigations following
Knowlton’s death.”

Guest column: ‘To the Knowlton family…’
https://www.thegunwriter.com/24895/guest-column-to-the-knowlton-family/
Excerpt: 
". . . police training [with regards to Simunitions] is abysmal . . ." 
     Actually, in many cases, it's non-existent.  So, before you go to any force-on-force
training, find out what their safety protocols are.  If they won't tell you, don't go. 
If their instructors haven't had any formal training, don't go.  If their protocols
aren't as good as those practiced at the annual Tactical Conference, don't go. 
Lots and lots of people have been injured or killed in force-on-force training,
because the instructors were incompetent.  This incident was not a rare occurrence.

“The fast and/or emphatic reholster
is an awesome way to shoot yourself.”
-- Chuck Haggard

----- Training -----

     "The real value of training, though, is that it improves competence,
which leads to a higher level of confidence." 
-- Rehn & Daub

Six Do’s and Don’ts of Handgun Training
https://www.guns.com/news/2019/09/19/6-dos-and-donts-of-handgun-training

"You train for the people who love you."
-- Tatiana Whitlock

Solving Trigger Jerk: Drills & Techniques
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/9/25/solving-trigger-jerk-drills-techniques/
     This article is a little deeper than it may appear at first blush.

Care enough to continue your training.

Forget About Setting Goals. Focus on Systems Instead.
https://medium.com/the-mission/forget-about-setting-goals-focus-on-this-instead-c63b9ddeab1f

Why train?
    "To each there comes in their lifetime a special moment
when they are figuratively tapped on the shoulder and
offered the chance to do a very special thing, unique
to them and fitted to their talents.  What a tragedy if
that moment finds them unprepared or unqualified for that
which could have been their finest hour."
-- Winston Churchill

     I took John Farnam's Instructor Development class this past weekend
(5-6 October 2019 A.D.).  And I graduated!  (More of an accomplishment
than you might think.)  Some of the things I learned: 
     Concerning gun shot wounds:
~75% are self inflicted accidents (incompetent gun handling)
~25% are self inflicted intentional (suicide or attempted suicide)
~1-2% are inflicted by another person
So, you are by far the most likely person to shoot you.
So, you must know and practice the safety rules.  Yes, during a gunfight.
Bad guys don't practice the safety rules, because they don't care about
injuring or killing people.  We are the good guys.  We care.
Of those who get shot, only 3% die.
     It's important to shoot targets that have faces and look like persons. 
     Perceptual distortions are common. 
     You will be sued.
     Failure to achieve your goal of bullet placement is a judgment error,
not a marksmanship error.  You have not judged how fast or slow you need
to shoot at that distance to hit that target area.
     Is violence every a good thing?  No.
Force = to compel by physical means.
Violence = force used unlawfully.
This is proper word usage.  Some people use words without knowing what they mean.
Remember, precision of language is precision of thought.
     Avoid training scars.  Don't train things that you wouldn't do in combat.
     We load and unload guns.  Charge and void magazines.  [Overloading words
is fine in computer programming languages such as C++.  But, it's confusing
to beginners.  And when using guns, confusion is dangerous.  -- Jon Low]
     Unnecessary gun handling is an accident generator.
     Make sure your safety glasses cover the sides.  Wear wide brimmed hats.
Wear ear protection.  (Young girls are very sensitive.  They may need both ear plugs and muffs.)
No shooting without protection. 
     Speak in complete sentences.
Silence is better than "um", "ah", "you know", etc.
Use pregnant pauses.  Silence is better than a defensive response.
Make your point, then shut up.
     You must demonstrate!  [Both, Mr. John Farnam (the instructor)
and Mr. James Yeager (the assistant instructor) demonstrated the
course of fire for our test.  They both failed to pass the test. 
As Mr. Farnam says, we fail magnificently.  We are here to fail,
because we are here to learn.  You learn very little when you succeed. 
I suspect they both intentionally failed the test to make a point. 
It was after all an Instructor Development course, not a shooting
course.]
     If the student shows up with a Hi Point, teach him how to use it. 
Don't be arrogant.
     In stranger kidnappings, one hour after the abduction,
there is a 75% probability the hostage is dead.  After 24 hours
there is a 100% probability the hostage is dead.  So, you can't
let the kidnapper get away.  You have to take the shot. 
Don't fear killing the hostage.  If you don't stop the kidnapper,
the hostage will die.
     Use red dots for bad eyes or old eyes.  Using a red dot sight extends the
effective range of your pistol.
     When holding someone at gun point, aim at his navel.  So, you can see his
hands.  [But, you should not be doing this.  In the Marine Corps, we were
taught to never take prisoners. -- Jon Low]
     Ride the trigger forward and backward.  Don't lose contact with the trigger.
Trigger terms:
slack = trigger movement without sear movement (necessary for combat pistols)
break dawn = the hard stop at the end of slack and the start of sear movement
creep = the movement of the sear before the break (there shouldn't be any)
break = when the sear releases the firing pin / striker
over travel = movement of the trigger after the break (this should be minimized)
reset or catching the link = releasing the trigger until you hear or feel the
click of the trigger reset
     James Yeager (the assistant instructor) suggested eliminating the tactical reload
from your repertoire.  Instead, do an emergency reload.  He told us that Massad Ayoob
has been searching for 20 years for a case where a partially loaded magazine that was
retained during a reloading process was ever used.  Mr. Ayoob has never found such a case.
     Mr. Yeager also recommended eliminating malfunction clearing from
your repertoire.  Instead, reload.  Because, most of the time, a failure
to fire is due to lack of ammunition, not a malfunction.  And a failure
to extract is rare.  But, attempting to reload will not fix a failure to extract.
     [There are pros and cons to every technique.  You have to calculate
your probabilities and decide what compromises you are willing to make.
If you believe in Hick's Law, Yeager's suggestions will significantly speed
up your reloading and stoppage reductions operations. 
     Hick's Law says that the fewer decisions you make, the faster you go. 
And the fewer options you have to choose from in any decision, the faster
you go.
Hick, W.E. (1952), “On the Rate of Gain of Information”,
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol. 4, p11-26.  ]
     Don't modify your gun.  Your gun must be "within factory specifications and serviceable".
[This is what the expert witness is going to say at your trial, when you are
prosecuted for murder.  Even though it was a righteous self defense shooting. 
The police did not arrest.  The grand jury did not indict.  The district attorney
declined to prosecute.  So, the governor appointed another prosecutor to
prosecute you.  Think that would never happen to you?  It happened to George Zimmerman
in Florida. -- Jon Low]

A review of "Defensive Shotgun taught by Tom Givens" by Dr. LateBloomer
https://gatdaily.com/defensive-shotgun-with-tom-givens/

A review of "Pistol Shooting Solutions taught by Gabe White" by Tom Givens
https://rangemaster.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/2019-10_RFTS-Newsletter.pdf

I not only use all the brains that I have, but all that I can borrow.
-- Woodrow Wilson

You’re Going To Be In A Gunfight Tomorrow!
http://blog.shooting-performance.com/youre-going-to-be-in-a-gunfight-tomorrow/

Drop It!
http://www.forcenecessary.com/drop-it/
Excerpt: 
     Through it all, it is vital to have a real person in front of you,
doing something dangerous for you to properly draw your weapon for the
right, legal reasons, not a bell, not a whistle, or timer.  A person!
Thus, the desperate need for interactive, simulated ammo training.

7 Defensive Handgun Training Myths
https://gundigest.com/article/7-defensive-handgun-training-myths

Gunfighters I Have Known
https://gunsmagazine.com/discover/exclusives/gunfighters-i-have-known/
Excerpts: 
     "Fit cops shoot better, think more clearly and have the will,
stamina and strength to survive and win."
-- Police Officer III Scott Reitz (ret.)
     ". . . you must look at your front sight in a gunfight; . . ."
-- Patrolman Bill Allard (ret.)
     ". . . surviving in combat is simple: bottom-up planning,
combat marksmanship, thinking outside the box and medical training."
-- Sergeant Major Kyle Lamb (ret.)
     "Don’t have a preferred weapon. Learn to excel and win with whatever you have."
-- Detective III John Helms (ret.)
     "The winner is always the best-trained, most-focused combatant."
-- Robert Kolesar

"Police chief: 'Absolutely no excuse' for Fort Worth woman's death"
https://www.policeone.com/officer-shootings/articles/police-chief-absolutely-no-excuse-for-fort-worth-womans-death-V1QnOuuadWi8WrUY/
     This is the result of insufficient training or poor training.
     As Greg Ellifritz says, if you lack training, you will lack confidence,
which will cause you to go to the gun too soon.  And use the gun inappropriately.

Worst Possible Case and 100 percent Standards
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2019/10/18/worst-possible-case-and-100-percent-standards/
     I think this is the class that Tiffany Johnson and Aqil Qadir taught at
KR Training in Manheim, TX
https://www.krtraining.com/
I had taken the NRA CCW student class and the instructor class from Tiffany and
Aqil a couple of weeks earlier in Woodbury, TN.  [See earlier blog posting,
October 1st of 2019, for my review of their class.]

Support-Hand Shooting: Setup & Skill-Building Tips
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/10/11/support-hand-shooting-setup-skill-building-tips/

3 Perspectives: A Rangemaster Defensive Shotgun Instructor Course AAR (After Action Report)
https://texasfirearmstraining.net/2019/10/26/3-perspectives-a-rangemaster-defensive-shotgun-instructor-course-aar/
     Please note the list of things learned.

The Firearms Training Checklist: How to Avoid Mall Ninjas, Gun-Fu Gurus & Other Tactical Clodhoppers
by Tamara Keel (not Administrator)
https://www.gunsamerica.com/digest/the-firearms-training-checklist/
     Yes, good instructors encourage their students to seek training from other instructors.

"Training is NOT an event, but a process.
Training is the preparation FOR practice".
-- Claude Werner

----- Practice -----

      Practice is the small deposits you make over time,
so that in an emergency, you can make that big withdrawal.
-- Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III

6 Defensive Handgun Drills to Master
https://gundigest.com/more/how-to/training/6-defensive-handgun-drills-to-master

Slow is smooth.  Smooth is efficient (no wasted motion).  Efficient is fast. 

"It’s not daily increase but daily decrease - hack away at the inessentials!"
-- Bruce Lee

Handgun Drills: The Things To Practice – Part 1
https://gundigest.com/article/handgun-drills-things-practice-part-1
Handgun Drills: The Things To Practice – Part 2
https://gundigest.com/article/handgun-drills-things-practice-part-2

5 Shooting Drills To Keep Your Skills Sharp
https://www.usacarry.com/5-shooting-drills/

----- Techniques -----

“Use only that which works, and take it from any place you can find it.”
-- Bruce Lee

Video: Finer Points Of Clearing Corners
https://gundigest.com/gun-videos/gundigest-tv/video-finer-points-of-clearing-corners

"Real fights are short."
-- Bruce Lee

Hostage Shot -- (Thanks to John Farnam)
From cover, assume a Sul position. 
Step into view.
Ask, "What do you want?" 
When the bad guy starts to answer, aim in and take the shot to the cranio-ocular cavity. 
     This is just like the disarm strategy.  Talking, especially answering a question,
is a high order intellectual activity.  It is effectively impossible to answer the
question and shoot at the same time.  This will cause a delay in the bad guy's reaction
to your presentation, giving you the time to make the shot.

Insults and Challenges- 5 Tips for Effective Verbalization During a Violent Encounter
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/insults-and-challenges-5-tips-for-effective-verbalization-during-a-violent-encounter

     There are techniques in every discipline that allow the practitioner to
do the job well.  The techniques are not secret.  It's just that most persons
are ignorant of the correct techniques.  Because they have not endeavored to
get training from masters of the discipline.  Let me give you three examples: 
     When spray painting, create or find a dust free environment. 
Apply a very light coat.  So light that you can barely see it.  Wait for it to dry. 
Apply a very light coat.  Wait for it to dry.  After several very light coats,
the object will look sharp.  (This is common knowledge to anyone who paints
cars professionally.  Thanks to John "Anthony" Grass.)
     When casting an arrow with a recurve bow, during the draw, the arrow must
continuously and smoothly move backwards relative to the riser.  It may slow down,
even approaching a stop at anchor.  But, it must never move forward relative to
the riser before release.  (This takes a great deal of practice to achieve. 
Thanks to Coach Alfred Lizzio, Columbia University Archery Teams.) 
[This is done by all recurve archers at the National and International level. 
Though not all such archer are aware that they are doing this.  Being aware
of all of the technical details is not necessary.  Only executing correctly
is necessary.  You see how this is different from spray painting?  You see
why being a good practitioner does not necessarily make you a good teacher.]
     When shooting a modern firearm with a correct trigger mechanism,
marksmanship is trigger control.  Trigger control is achieving a
"surprise trigger break".  Because the surprise break defeats all of your
autonomic nervous system responses to the report and recoil of the firearm. 
[The archer achieves a surprise break by smoothly drawing the arrow and
training himself to automatically releasing the arrow when the clicker clicks. 
Using the lats between the shoulder blades to pull through the clicker,
triggers the clicker.  But, the archer is not intentionally triggering
the clicker.  The clicker is triggering the archer's release.] 
The shooter does not intentionally fire the shot.  Rather, the shooter
smoothly increases pressure on the trigger (after all slack has been
removed from the trigger) and the sear disengagement releases the shot.
Similar to archery, but the movement is much more subtle.  Similar to
spray painting, as knowledge and awareness of what you are doing is
essential to executing the process correctly.

Run and Gun: The Oscar Plasencia Incident
https://americanhandgunner.com/our-experts/run-and-gun-the-oscar-plasencia-incident/
Excerpts: 
"It was clear to investigators then and now [that] Simms saw [that] the officers
were wearing ballistic vests, and deliberately targeted them for head shots.
It was equally clear to Oscar Plasencia that in his final shootout with Simms,
the cop killer was aiming high, for his head."
     [Concealed means concealed.  Don't let anyone know you are carrying a gun. 
Don't let anyone know you are wearing body armor. -- Jon Low]
"Oscar waited to shoot until he was certain he could hit his target and not send a
bullet past the cop killer into the inhabited background the situation had given him."
     [Such is responsible good guy behavior.  Please do likewise.  -- Jon Low]

Skill Set: A Slower Pace
https://www.thetacticalwire.com/features/5b4eb97d-d6f9-4b2b-9b12-4bbe460c6bd8

----- Tactics -----

You win gunfights by not getting shot.
-- John Holschen

"Audacity wins."
-- Carl von Clausewitz

----- Education -----

"Cogito, ergo armatum sum." (I think, therefore armed am I.)
-- John Farnam

Institutional Memory
https://www.activeresponsetraining.net/institutional-memory
     A fine list of books to read.

Revisiting The 21-Foot Rule
https://practicaleschatology.blogspot.com/2019/09/revisiting-21-foot-rule.html

"You will never get smarter or broaden your horizons
if you’re unwilling to learn from others and read."
-- Becca Martin

"If you haven’t read hundreds of books, you are functionally illiterate,
and you will be incompetent, because your personal experiences alone
aren’t broad enough to sustain you."
-- General James “Mad Dog” Mattis

*****     *****     ***** Hardware *****     *****     *****

"I would like to see every
woman know how to handle
guns as naturally as they
know how to handle babies."
-- Annie Oakley

----- Gear -----

     The surgeon has no favorite scalpel.  He has a skill.  Any scalpel will do. 
If no scalpel is available, any knife will do.  I have seen a surgeon grab a steak
knife off a dining room table to perform a tracheotomy.
     Invest in yourself.  Spend your money on training to develop your skill. 
     The only requirements of gear are reliable and safe operation.  Satisfying
those requirements is not expensive.

Defense in Depth
https://tacticalprofessor.wordpress.com/2019/10/04/defense-in-depth/

     I often tell my students to seek training now, because the fine instructors
don't teach forever.  I find this truth applies to gear as well.  I recommended
a fine holster a few months ago in this blog.  Unfortunately, that holster has
gone out of production.  Fine products go out of production for all kinds of
unrelated reasons:  incompetent management in the company, an unfavorable change
in the currency exchange rate, intellectual property disputes, etc.  So, get
the good stuff while you can.  Get the training while you can.

Wadcutters For Self Defense
https://revolverguy.com/wadcutters-for-self-defense/
Excerpt: 
. . . priorities for choosing defensive ammunition:
1. Reliability.
2. Accuracy.
3. Terminal Effectiveness.
4. Logistics.
5. Other Considerations.
     [If you can't shoot a tight group with your +P high performance personal
defense ammo, you are wrong.  Shoot a lighter recoil cartridge for self defense. 
So, that you can shoot a tight 5 shot group (all bullet holes touching at
5 yards with no time limit).  Which means your equipment will allow you to
get your first shot on target and you can get subsequent shots on target. 
If you can't shoot tight groups with your chosen carry ammo, you will miss
in combat.  Every miss is destroying property, injuring good guys, maybe
killing good guys. -- Jon Low]

Choosing the Best Concealed Carry Belt for You
https://www.everydaymarksman.co/equipment/concealed-carry-belt/
     Gun belts with exotic animal skins,
https://www.thebeltman.net/collections/gunbelts
     Wearing such a belt labels you as a metro-sexual, which
reduces the probability that you will be mistaken for a
gun carrier. 

6 Areas To Focus On To Ensure Your Semi-Auto Pistol Runs Right
https://gundigest.com/handguns/6-areas-to-focus-on-to-ensure-your-semi-auto-pistol-runs-right

     I got my Remington RP45 back from Remington's repair facility.  They replaced
the slide.  It's much smoother now when you rack the slide.  The pistol does not go
into battery after firing every time.  The top front edge of the chamber is getting
stuck on the back bottom edge of the ejection port.  (It's a Glock clone.)  Aidan
is going to look at it and see if he can machine one or both edges to fix the problem. 
     At least the precision is acceptable for a combat pistol.  The slide is no
longer sloppy loose on the frame. 
     Aidan had to machine the breech so that it would properly mate with the bolt face. 
     The slide is just too massive.  It will not move back far enough to get behind
the cartridge when firing standard .45 ACP cartridges.  So, half the time it won't
strip a round from the magazine and feed it into the chamber.  We'll try to fix that
by machining out the slide to reduce its mass.  After Aidan did all these things,
the pistol functioned reliably and grouped well (all 5 bullet holes touching at 5 yards).
     Aidan also did a trigger job.  That is, he polished all contact points in the
trigger mechanism.  He also shaped and polished the inside of the extractor claw where
it engages with the rim of the cartridge.
     It took a cumulative total of 5 hours of machining, an hour (cumulative) of test firing,
and about 250 rounds.  (Not including the computer time necessary to layout the machine
work, or the calculations to figure out how much mass to remove from the slide to get
the slide to move the required distance to get behind the cartridge in the magazine, or
the time to file off all the sharp edges by hand.)
     Which proves that a competent gunsmith can take a piece of junk and turn it
into a race gun.

Tactica Concealed Carry Leggings
https://tacticafashion.com/concealed-carry-leggings

----- Technical -----

"The shorter the fight, the less hurt you get."
-- John Holschen

Sheriff's Tips: Winter Carry
https://www.americanrifleman.org/articles/2019/10/18/sheriffs-tips-winter-carry/

Gun Barrels: How Do They Work?
https://www.nrafamily.org/articles/2019/10/20/gun-barrels-how-do-they-work/
     The diagram is correct.  The second clause of the last sentence is wrong. 
The crown is at the muzzle, not the chamber.

AK-12 Meltdown by Kalashnikov Media [VIDEO]
https://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2019/10/30/ak-12-meltdown/
     AK-12 barrel ruptured after 680 rounds of continuous full auto fire. 
Postmortem disassembly of the rifle and explanation (in Russian, not English)
at the end of the video shows that except for the barrel rupture and the plastic
hand guards burning due to heat from the barrel, everything else appears to be okay.

The Ghost Gunner 3
https://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2019/10/30/ghost-gunner-3/
     Making high quality guns in the comfort of your home.

“Destiny doesn’t make appointments,
nor does she waste her time with the naive and unready!”
-- John Farnam

*****     *****     ***** Instruction *****     *****     *****

Colonel Robert Lindsey to his fellow trainers:
"We are not God’s gift to our students.
Our students are God’s gift to us."

----- Instructors -----

Qui docet, discit.  (Who teaches, learns.)
-- motto of the American Society of Law Enforcement Trainers

     You are not paying me for 5 minutes of work.  You are paying me for
the years of study and experience that allow me to do it in 5 minutes. 

Remember, the students who require the extra effort are the ones who need us the most!
-- John Farnam

"Every time I teach a class,
I discover I don't know something."
-- Clint Smith, Director of Thunder Ranch

----- Pedagogy -----

Teach positive.  Teach what to do.  Don't talk about what not to do.
-- from John Farnam's Instructor Development class

     "The biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has happened." 
-- (Attribution unknown)

Letter to a colleague --
Hi Cindy,
When I teach, I always:
      Email or snail mail a written explanation of the techniques before the class [1]. 
I include my email address, and tell my students to ask questions [2].
(for the academic learner)
     Verbally explain the technique in class.  [Ask for questions.]
(for the auditory learner)
     Demonstrate the technique.  [Ask for questions.]
(for the visual learner)
     Observe the student performing the technique.  [Make corrections.  Offer feedback.]
(for those who learn by doing, the tactile learner)
[1]  Dustin Solomon, in his book “Building Shooters” states that an instructor
should not expect any learning to take place the first time new information is
presented.  So, by giving the student the opportunity to read the explanation
of the techniques beforehand, the in-class explanation will not be the first time
the student has encountered the material.  Of course, some students won't
bother to read the handouts, but there is nothing you can do about that.  You
can only lead a horse to water, you can't make him drink.
[2]  Please ask questions. If you can’t form a question, tell us what you are doing or thinking.
     “It is better to be wrong than to be vague.”
– Prof. Freeman Dyson, at a lecture at the University of California Berkeley
If you are wrong, we can correct you. If you are vague, no one can help you.
. . .
Cheers,
Jon

Email to my present and former riflery athletes --
Hi Team,
---
     Primary source -- (technical, difficult to read and understand, at least for me;
but some of you are going to med school, so have at it)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4747782/
     Johns Hopkins Medical School press release (easy to read, but not useful for
out purposes) --
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/want_to_learn_a_new_skill_faster_change_up_your_practice_sessions
     Article originally published on November 1, 2018, by Inc. magazine, and republished
with permission. -- (easy to read and understand)
"A Johns Hopkins Study Reveals the Scientific Secret to Double How Fast You Learn"
https://getpocket.com/explore/item/a-johns-hopkins-study-reveals-the-scientific-secret-to-double-how-fast-you-learn?
---
     The point is "Don't be a drone."  Feel free to experiment and modify.
Rote repetition (as a form of practice) is wrong.  Rote memorization (as a form
of study) is wrong.

     "Don't memorize anything.  Rather, study it until it becomes obvious."
-- Prof. Norman Christ, Physics Department, Columbia University

     Never memorize formulae.  You can always derive them from first principles.
(Which is better, because then you will know that they are correct.)
-- Prof. Sven Hartman, Physics Department, Columbia University

If a computer can do it better than you can do it, you should not be doing it.
If a monkey can do it with a lower error rate than you can do it, it's monkey work,
not human work.  Don't waste your time doing it.
     Grow up.  Pay attention.  Don't do stupid work.  Don't work stupidly.
---
Cheers,
Coach Jon
(856) 952-9585

     "Train, Practice, Compete
are the key elements in the development of humans."
-- John M. Buol, Jr.

*****     *****     ***** Legal, Political, and Philosophical *****     *****     *****

How do you win a gunfight?
Don’t be there.
-- John Farnam

Alien Gear CCW Reciprocity Map
https://aliengearholsters.com/concealed-carry-reciprocity-map

ERPO (“Extreme Risk Protective Order” or “Red Flag” Law)
http://defense-training.com/2019/erpo/
     Coming to a neighborhood near you.

Legal Boundaries By State: The Travel Guide For American Gun Owners
- BOTH Digital & Physical Book 
https://www.concealedcarry.com/lp-lbbs/?aid=losd
     The digital book is $10.00.  The physical book is $20.00 plus $5.00 shipping.
Andrew Branca says they update the book regularly and you get the updates free of
charge (in digital form I assume).

Concealed Carry Corner: Limitations Of Concealed Carry During Mass Shootings
https://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2019/10/10/concealed-carry-corner-limitations-of-concealed-carry-during-mass-shootings/
     Unlike IDPA or IPSC matches, in the real world, there will be lots of
no-shoots and only one or two shoot targets.  So, your primary job is not
to shoot the bad guys, but rather to avoid shooting the good guys.  You
can't miss.  You can't have innocents in your background.  You can't
accidentally shoot the panicked person who runs into your line of fire. 
At least not if you're one of us.

UPDATED:
Compiling Cases where concealed handgun permit holders
have stopped mass public shootings and other mass attacks
https://crimeresearch.org/2019/05/uber-driver-in-chicago-stops-mass-public-shooting/

Tennessee Attorney General Opinions:
https://tennesseefirearms.com/resources/tennessee-attorney-general/
     Note the opinion,
Possession of Antique Firearms by Felons 19-19 – October 9, 2019
https://www.tn.gov/content/dam/tn/attorneygeneral/documents/ops/2019/op19-19.pdf
Tennessee changed its definition of firearm to coincide with the federal
definition. 
". . . as a result of the passage of Public Chapter 279,the prohibitions
in § 39-11-1307 on the possession of firearms and handguns by individuals
convicted of felonies and certain misdemeanors no longer apply to antique
firearms." 
     So, those convicted of felonies and those convicted of domestic abuse
can now possess flintlocks, matchlocks, percussion cap or similar type of
ignition system muzzle loaders.  So, they can hunt with a muzzle loader.

     Mr.Steven A. Kolb, Director, Industry Operations, Nashville Field Division
of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.
Spoke last night (15 October 2019) at the Tennessee Firearms Association meeting
at the Golden Corral in Hermitage, TN. 
     He told us that you may build your own non-NFA (National Firearms Act)
firearm for your personal use, and that no serial number is necessary. 
You may also transfer said fire to an FFL (Federal Firearms Licensee) and
that the FFL can receive it without a serial number. 
     A receiver does not need to have a model name or model number.
     Shipping an NFA firearm for repair is not considered a transfer.
An ATF Form 5 is recommended, but not needed. 
https://www.atf.gov/firearms/docs/atf-national-firearms-act-handbook-chapter-9/download
---
Section 9.5 Conveyances of NFA firearms not treated as "transfers" under the NFA

9.5.1  Repair of firearms.  ATF does not consider the temporary conveyance of an NFA firearms to an
FFL for repair to be a "transfer" under the NFA.  Thus, a transfer application is not required to convey
the firearm for repair or to return the repaired to its owner/possessor.  Nevertheless, in order to
avoid any appearance that a "transfer" has taken place, ATF recommends that a Form 5 application be
submitted for approval prior to conveying the firearms for repair.  It is also recommended that the FFL
making repairs obtain an approved Form 5 to return a repaired firearm.  If Form 5 are not used to
convey a firearm for repair or return the repaired firearm to the owner, the parties should maintain
documentation showing that the conveyance was for purpose of repair, identifying the firearm, and
showing the anticipated time for repair.  Approved Forms 5, or the recommended documentation, will
show that a unlawful "transfer" did not take place and that the FFL making the repairs is not in
unlawful possession of the firearm.  A non-FFL who proposes to transport a destructive device,
machinegun, or short-barrel shotgun or rifle interstate to an FFL for repair should first obtain an
approved ATF Form 5320.20 before transporting the firearm. [170]
---
In general a non-FFL (you) may ship a firearm to an FFL for repair and
receive it from the FFL upon completion of said repairs.  You don't have
to use an FFL on your side. 
     Concerning rule making (as opposed to laws passed by Congress and signed
by the President), it's a very tedious process.
https://www.atf.gov/resource-center/federal-rulemaking-process

The Moral Component of Deadly Force
https://www.concealedcarry.com/training-2/the-moral-component-of-deadly-force/

Self-Defense & Communication: Be Careful What You Say
https://www.shootingillustrated.com/articles/2019/10/4/self-defense-communication-be-careful-what-you-say/

Might judge’s discovery overturn decades of ATF interpretation on what constitutes a “receiver”?
https://crimeresearch.org/2019/10/might-judges-ruling-have-over-turned-decades-of-atf-interpretation-on-what-constitutes-a-receiver/
John R. Lott, Jr.
President
Crime Prevention Research Center
http://crimeresearch.org
johnrlott@crimeresearch.org
(484) 802-5373

CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE NON-SWORN : HOLDING SOMEONE “AT GUNPOINT”
http://modernserviceweapons.com/?p=11506
    I have been taught how to hold a suspect at gunpoint by the Marine Corps Military Police,
Larry Lindenman, Tom Givens, Massad Ayoob, and others.  It's not easy.  It's not safe. 
It is a high stress procedure.  My advice, don't do it. 
     In the Marine Corps, we were taught to never take prisoners.  Either kill the person or
let them run away.  Because, what are you going to do with them?  You can't protect them. 
You can't feed them.  You can't provide medical help for them.  You can't allot Marines
to guard them. 

     Doctors for Responsible Gun Ownership
A pro-gun doctor referral service.
https://drgo.us/join-drgo/progundocs/

Pepper Spray Laws by State: A Simple Cheat Sheet With All You Need To Know
https://mdcreekmore.com/pepper-spray-laws-by-state-a-simple-cheat-sheet-with-all-you-need-to-know/
Excerpt: 
Pepper spray laws Tennessee
Tennessee has no laws that prohibit individuals from carrying or using pepper spray.
It is legal to buy, carry, use, or ship to Tennessee.

USCCA Sued in Federal Court: Refused to Cover Platinum Member?
https://lawofselfdefense.com/uscca-sued-in-federal-court-refused-to-cover-platinum-member/

Kayla Giles files lawsuit over halted payments on self-defense policy
https://www.thetowntalk.com/story/news/2019/10/18/kayla-giles-files-lawsuit-over-halted-payments-self-defense-policy/4023210002/

Andrew Branca says (concerning self defense insurance programs),
     "If, however, the “self-defense insurance” provider you’ve spent years
paying, reserves to right to DECLINE to cover you, at THEIR discretion, in
the ABSENCE of any apparent qualifications to make such an assessment, and
even worse WITHOUT prior notice to their members that they intend to reserve
the option to apply this condition, ambush-style — well, then what the heck
have you been paying for all those years?"

*****     *****     ***** Survival *****     *****     *****

"If you prepare for the emergency,
the emergency ceases to exist!"
-- Sherman House

Hi Kiddies,
     You buy life insurance to protect your family in case you lose the fight. 
You buy self defense insurance to protect your family in case you win the fight. 
You structure your finances, so that when you are sued, your family is insulated
from your heroic / stupid / courageous / inept actions. 
Being destitute and bankrupt is the result of lack of planning, which is
gross negligence.  There is no justice in this world.  If you want justice,
you will have to wait for heaven.  In this world, there are only winners and
losers.  As G. Gordon Liddy tells his children, "Win!"
     Self defense insurance:
6 Concealed Carry Insurance Options To Protect Your Six (2019)
https://gundigest.com/handguns/concealed-carry/4-self-defense-insurance-options
     Self-Defense Gun Owner Insurance Programs Compared
https://www.concealedcarry.com/self-defense-gun-owner-insurance-programs-compared/
     This web page, the chart, and the PDF file are updated on a regular basis.
Love,
Dad

Love is action.  Love is the things we do.
-- The Senior Pastor at Sunnyvale (California) Presbyterian Church

Hearing loss is permanent and cumulative.

“Preparation doesn't assure victory.  It assures confidence.”
-- Amit Kalantri

     Rest is essential for quality work. 
Quality rest, not just sitting or lying still,
but actually resting.

Faith without action is dead.
Faith with works causes break throughs.
-- Pastor Mike Ayon

*****     *****     ***** Basics *****     *****     *****

"Panic is simply the lack of preprogrammed responses."
-- Tom Givens

Handgun Training: 7 Critical Aspects of Pistol Shooting
https://gundigest.com/more/how-to/training/handgun-training-pistol-shooting

"Fear is an instinct. Courage is a choice."
-- Rear Admiral Joseph Kernan, USN

*****     *****     ***** Miscellany *****     *****     *****

When it’s least expected, you’re selected.
-- John Farnam

     With time your body degrades and dies. 
But, that's okay, because if you aren't wasting
your time, your spirit grows in wisdom.
-- Pastor Mike Ayon

 If you lose your wealth, you have lost nothing;
if you lose your health, you have lost something;
but if you lose your character, you have lost everything.
-- Woodrow Wilson

Semper Fidelis,
Jon

Jonathan D. Low
Jon_Low@yahoo.com

The Warrior's Prayer
Dear God,
     Please give us discernment to distinguish
friend from foe from innocent bystanders.
Give us clear vision so our aim is true. 
Give us calm so we execute correctly.
Give us spiritual maturity so that we stop the attack
without excessive force, without revenge.
In Jesus name,
Amen